(Sysop's Note: The following three flyers were given to me at the 1986 International Pagan

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(Sysop's Note: The following three flyers were given to me at the 1986 International Pagan Spirit Gathering, and concern the dispute between several AmerInd factions and several mining companies over a certain amount of land in Arizona. In my personal opinion, some of the "facts" presented here are debatable or unsupported, and not all of the opinions are well thought-out or reasonable, but one thing is certain: if no action is taken to stop this relocation IN ITS CURRENT FORM, it will literally be an act of genocide. Please read this information and make up your own mind. - Brad) ___________________________________________________________________________ B A C K G R O U N D July 7, 1986 is the deadline for the removal of more than 10,000 Dineh (Navaho) Indians from their ancestral homes in the Southwest. Their removal is dictated by Public Law 93-531, the Relocation Act, passed in 1974 by a largely misled and uninformed Congress. The law partitions a 3,000 square mile "Joint Use Area" (JUA) within the "1982 Executive Order" area, constructs a 300 mile fence imposing the partition, and requires the removal of all Navaho residing on 1500 square miles of land. The lands are in the heart of the Navajo reservation in Arizona. A Relocation Commission was established under the Act to implement the relocation. P.L. 95-531 supposedly was passed to "settle" a "land dispute" between Navajo and Hopi Indians. Several investigations have shown that the "dispute" was manufactured and fought out between white attorneys represen- ting Peabody Coal, the U.S. Department of the Interior, and a number of electrical utilities and coal gasification compaines operating in the Four Corners, high atop the Black Mesa. Within the Tribes this struggle is reflected in the split between the traditional Indians and their pro-development "progressive" chairmen. Traditionals United in Resistance When the U.S. fencing crew reached Big Mountain in 1977 is encountered the literal resistance of the Elder women, who ever since then have continued that resistance, tearing down every fence post and becoming the inspiration for the resistance movement throughout the JUA. These Traditional Dineh refuse to be separated from their Hopi neighbors with whom they have shared the land and religion since before the White Man arrived in North America. Their resistance is supported by the solidarity of the Traditional and religious leadership of the Hopi people, none of whom recognize the legitimacy of the law or the "Tribal Chairmen" who act in their names. The Relocation Act The purposes of the legislation were (1) to transfer "quieted title" for lands to the Tribal chairmen so the lands could be leased, (2) to allow access to the massive Black Mesa coal seam in order to strip mine it and supply power for the Central Arizona Project (CAP) and other projects, (3) to remove the traditional Indians living above this coal seam who were opposed to the industrialization and devastation of their land, culture, and religion. This legislation was godfathered by Sam Steiger and Barry Goldwater of Arizona, and literally written by the past and future attorneys for Peabody Coal. The law was passed in 1974, in the midst of Watergate and an "energy crisis," by a Congress which adhered to its own tradition of not overruling the "home state" Congressmen. Which Hopi? The entire "relocation" is being carried out on behalf of the "Hopi people." Yet the only Hopi "representative" recognized by the U.S. is "elected" in pathetic proceedings in which that "Chairman" recently received the votes of only 908 Hopi people, or less than 10% of the Hopi people. The overwhelming majority of the Hopi boycott elections, which violate their customary decision-making process. Trail of Tears Replay: Genocide This would be the largest peacetime forcible removal of a people in U.S. history and would duplicate in scale and effect the Trail of Tears death march of the Cherokee under Andrew Jackson in the 1830's. There is no difference. International experts on displacement of indigenous peoples have found that such uprooting of traditional land-based peoples literally destroys their lives. The Fourth Russell Tribunal convened in Rotterdam in 1980 and found that this removal violated the United Nations genocide convention. Big Mountain Resistance - AIM It was at Big Mountain that the Dineh made their stand, throwing the fencing crews out as soon as they appeared in 1977. In 1979 Katherine Smith drove them out at gunpoint again, was arrested and later acquitted when a jury could not be formed. In 1979 the Dineh people of Big Mountain declared their independence, and their total resistance to the removal. In 1981 a Survival Camp was established at Big Mountain by the American Indian Movement, under the direction of the Elders of Big Mountain. The people had sought out AIM's support in 1977, and the Movement put itself at the service of the Traditional leadership. Support Groups Also in 1979 the first non-Indian "support group" was formed, bringing together anti-nuclear activists, environmentalists and a wide variety of other persons of conscience working in support of the poeple of Big Mountain and the JUA who are opposing removal. Presently their exists an international network of nearly 100 Big Mountain Support Groups. Investigations In 1985 the House Appropriations Committee released its investigation of the relocation program, concluding that the program was a massive failure and that it (the investigators) could not see how the program could be made to work. Also in 1985 President Reagan assigned ex-Secretary of Interior William Clark to search for an alternative to relocation. After 6 months Clark concluded that the Hopi Tribal officials would never willingly compromise. He suggested that "other agencies" of the government should develop alternatives which would halt relocations, and provide a "comprehensive" solution to the entire issue of Navajo and Hopi use of lands in the Four Corners. The Demands Key demand of the people resisting removal, and of the support network, is (#1) REPEAL OF P.L. 95-531 to bring a halt to the forced removal of these Indian people. The people also demand (#2) that those already removed from the land be allowed to return, (#3) that the U.S. government redress the complex mess of issues it has generated with its 100 years of boundary-drawing between the Navajo and Hopi people, and (#4) that those who want to move should be assisted in doing so. In the face of continuing plans U.S. plans to remove the people in July, there is a national Mobilization underway to confront and resist any attempt to remove the people. The Mobilization is directly accountable to the Elders on the land. ___________________________________________________________________________ PROCLAMATION OF THE BIG MOUNTAIN DINE NATION DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE From the Beginning, the Great Spirits set forth sacred Laws for the children of Mother Earth, the Dine. Great Spirits created the Sovereign Dine Nation within the four sacred mountains: Sis naajinni (Blanca Peak, Colo.) to the east, Tsoodzil (Mount Taylor, N.M.) to the south, Dook'oosliid (San Francisco Pk., Arizona) to the west, Dipe' Nitsaa' (Herperus Peak, Colo.) to the north. Within this Natural boundary the Dine Nation lived in accordance to the Spiritual Laws to live in Harmony with all the Natural Life. The Great Spirits provided us with the Nitliz (sacred stones) as offerings and the Dzil laazh (sacred mountain soil Bundle) representing the universe. With prayers and songs we offer the Nitliz to the trees, to the hills, to the wind, and the thunder beings in the sacred rain. The Dzil laazh is our power to live close to our mother the Earth and father Sky. These are our sacred ways to survive in this universe and to communicate with the unseen forces in Natural life. As Dine, we wander the grounds of Mother Earth along with the Eagle, the Deer, and the little ants; together we survive in the natural state. In our sacred existance we seek no changes to our livelihood, because this Natural life is our only known survival and it's our sacred laws. In this Natural and Spiritual way we nourish from the fruits and vegetables of our fields and meat from the mountains. Our thirst is moistened by the sacred Springs and our injuries and pain are healed by the medicines of the canyons and hills. From the beginning Bii Ochidi (spirit for the four legged) gave the Dine the sheep, cattle, and horse to be part of our Survival and our spiritual ways. As a Dine Nation our prayers and songs are offered to the Great Spirits of the Universe, so we, the natural life wish to continue to live in balance of the Natural life. We speak for the winged beings, the four legged beings, those that crawl upon the grounds, the water beings, and those who have gone before us and the coming generation. This 28th day of October 1979, the Big Mountain Dine Nation is "Declaring Independence of the Area known as "Big Mountain," via Arizona." Our interpretation of "Declaration of Independence" is that the United States Government and the Navajo Tribal Government have violated the sacred laws of the Dine Nation by allowing exploitation of natural resources. Our Mother Earth is continously raped by the exploitation of coal, uranium, oil, natural gas, and helium. Our Father the Sky has been contaminated by the poison from burning coal and the radiation from uranium mining. Our sacred water has been abused, so that now there is no certainty for the future generation. Our interpretation of "Declaration of Independence" is that the United States Government has divided the Indigenous people by the boundaries of politics, Euro-American education, modernization, and christianity. The United States Government denies our rights to exist as Indigenous people on our Mother Earth. Our interpretation of "Declaration of Independence" is that Public Law 95-531 has divided the Sovereign Nation of the Dine and the Hopi and is therefore disrupting our spiritual and traditional ties. The livelihood of the Dine, the livestock, has been exterminated, thereby starvation exists among the traditional elders. Our sacred shrines have been destroyed by attempts at land restoration and mining. There are continuous threats of relocation which disturb the hearts and minds of our traditional elders and weakens their health and longevity. The supremacy and the genocidal system of the Federal Government is destroying our true existance as a traditional Dine Nation here in Big Mountain. Unconditional Demands to the Proclamation of the Big Mountain Dine Nation: 1. We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council immediately convene a special session to act on the recent situation in the Former Joint Use Area; and 2. We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council reconsider the sacred Laws of the Dine for the protection of our sacred Mother Earth from the exploita- tion of the Natural Resources; and 3. We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council support Congressional legisla- tion in order to void and nullify all court decisions and administrative actions concerning the partition of the Joint Use Area, relocation of certain Dine residents in the affected area, livestock reduction and partition fencing, and 4. We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council appropriate funds to assist in legal defense for and the development of the Big Mountain Dine Nation. Further, by these conditions the Big Mountain Dine Nation, via Arizona, have stood in solidarity to combat Injustice, Genocide, Racism, and Discri- mination. "Declaration of Independence" has been declared, our last recourse, and if necessary Big Mountain Dine Nation will use its Sovereign right to dispose of any activities pertaining to Federal fencing, land restoration, and other intents of Public Law 95-531 in the area Big Mountain. From here on the "Independent Dine Nation" of Big Mountain will present its conditions and additions to the United Nations. BIG MOUNTAIN DINE NATION Signed by Roberta Blackgoat, Chairperson; Kee Shay, Vice-Chairperson; NaBane Kadenehe, Secretary; Lawrence Simonson, Treasurer. Also signed by 65 of the Council of Elders. ___________________________________________________________________________ (There is a hand-written address on the bottom of my copy of the above: Big Mountain Support Group, 3126 Shattuck, Berkeley, CA 94705, (415) 644-3031.) ___________________________________________________________________________ B I G M O U N T A I N R E L O C A T I O N I N F O YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Letter-writing campaigns do work. This is undeniably a situation in which education can result in a change in the law because of the effect of relo- cation of the people and the tremendous amount of money being wasted now and in the future if the program is allowed to continue. Write individual and personal letters, call, or meet with your Senators and Representative. Write follow-up letters and keep this issue alive. The Big Mountain Legal Committee will help you write answers to the responses you get, and provide supporting documents if necessary. Please send a copy of your letters and all responses you receive to BMLDOC. Repeal is not a popular idea in Congress. The basic feeling in Congress is that this issue has been litigated and legislated over the course of nearly three decades. Repeal is thought of as a radical departure from what they feel is a hard-earned compromise. It is our job to point out to Congress the realities of their "compromise"--the evidence that relocation is not working and that the program is wasting taxpayers' money. Most Congressional offices respond with a form letter which states their understanding of the situation, thanks to the letter writer, and goes no further. In order to get beyond this form response, it is best to ask specific, direct questions that require an individualized response. Replies often mention hearings planned or in progress. Congress can study a problem until the storm blows over. Ask when results of hearings will be made public and to receive a copy of the reports. Then ask what will be done about the findings. Keep writing or calling - don't let the subject be dropped. *Request Senate Oversight Hearings to be held in Flagstaff as soon as possible. Someone wrote a short, 4-paragraph letter to the editor in a Florida news- paper which included the BMLDOC address for more information. Four people responded asking for more information and volunteering to be letter writers. The seeds we plant grow quickly and the effects are far-reaching. There are many effective ways of reaching out to the public. HERE ARE SOME THINGS THAT CAN BE SAID TO CONGRESS: - Where do you stand on the relocation of 10,000 to 15,000 Navajo and Hopi Indians as a result of P.L. 95-531? - Relocation of traditional indigenous people has never succeeded, accor- ding to anthropologists and sociologists. - A recent report by the House Subcommittee on the Interior and Related Agencies concludes that the relocation program is not working. - Since 1977 the government has been able to relocate only one-third of the affected families. Relocation Commisssion statistics show that twice as many families must be moved in the next year as the total moved in the past 9 years, if the July 1986 deadline is to be met. - Navajo and Hopi families have been relocated to cultural situations in which they cannot survive. Fifty percent of the families relocated to Flagstaff, the most common relocation site, have already lost their homes. What are you doing with regard to the growing evidence that relocation is not working? - PL 93-531 requires relocation to take place with "minimum adverse im- pact." Doesn't the present program, which clearly produces a high rate of failure, violate the law? - How has the report on relocation by the House Appropriations Committee affected your position on relocation? What is being done to correct the shortcomings of the Relocation Commisssion and the problems of reloca- tion citied in the report? - The cost of relocation to US taxpayers, originally estimated at $34 million, has already risen to $275 million, and could reach $1 to $2 billion when costs of supporting services and welfare are included. - How can you justify spending taxpayers' money on a program that is turning self-sufficient people into refugees dependent on government services for their survival? - How can you justify continuing to spend so much money on an ineffectual program which produces a 50% failure rate? - Extending the relocation program will only increase the expense to taxpayers and the agony of the Navajo and Hopi people. Relocation needs to be ended. - Shifting the partition line will only exchange the hardship of one group of Navajos for hardship to another group of Navajos. It could cause as many problems as it might solve, according to a House Appropriations Committee investigation. - Where is the water going to come from to resettle relocatees on the newly acquired lands? According to Relocation Commissioner Sandra Massetto, "It could be ten years before the question of water rights on the newly acquired lands is resolved." Without sufficient water, the new lands are useless, and without knowing how much water is available, how can the Relocation Commission plan for resettlement? A Navajo tribal commsssion estimated that that the new land can support less than 20% of the relocatees. To enable the Navajo Trive to acquire the new lands, the federal government is trading away valuable land to developers for next to nothing. - Traditional religious leaders of the Hopi wrote in March 1985, "There is no need for this bill as there was no fighting, quarelling, nor warfare taking place...We have never supported the Relocation Program...We see this as merely a political conflict instigated and promoted for resource development...Take immediate steps to bring about a total repeal of PL 93-531." - A study by Navajo Tribal Attorney Richard Schifter showed the Healing- Jones decision did not require a 50/50 land partition at all, only that the "value" of the land and resources should be divided equally between the two tribes. - It is the only Indian land claim in US hsitory in which the government is evicting people instead of offering money compensation. The difference is that all other Indian land claims would have removed white people. - If this relocation is carried through, it will be one of the largest forced removals of Indians in American history, and will add yet another chapter to the disgraceful history of abuse Indians have suffered at the hands of the US government, unless Congress has the courage to reverse its course of action. Repealing the law is the only way to prevent this problem from becoming an international disgrace. - The federal government created the problem by approving a hastily and arbitrarily drawn Hopi Reservation boundary in 1882 that erroneously included the homes of hundreds of Navajos. Now the federal government should act responsibly to solve the problem. - Congress was misinformed when it passed the law in 1974 about the number of Navajos to be relocated, the conditions under which they would be moved, and the cost to taxpayers. Now Congress needs to correct its error. - The Hopi Tribe should be compensated for the mistakes of the US govern- ment in some other way, not at the expense of the Navajo people, not by being given 960,000 acres of land that is the home of thousands of Navajos. Those Navajos already victimized by relocation should be com- pensated and should have the right to return to their homeland. LETTERS AND PHONE CALLS ARE MOST URGENTLY NEEDED TO THESE PERSONS: Senator Alan Cranston Senator Pete Wilson Congressman Ralph Regula Senate Hart Office Senate Hart Office Rayburn House Office Building, Room# 112 Building, Room# 720 Building, Room# 2209 Washington, DC 20510 Washington, DC 20510 Washington, DC 20510 (202) 224-3553 (202) 224-3841 (202) 225-3876 Senator Bennett Johnston Congressman Sidney Yates Senator James McClure Senate Hart Office Rayburn House Office Senate Dirkson Office Building, Room# 136 Building, Room# 2234 Building, Room# 361 Washington, DC 20510 Washington, DC 20510 Washington, DC 20510 THESE PEOPLE ARE ON INTERIOR APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEES- LETTERS TO THEM WOULD BE ESPECIALLY VALUABLE: IN THE HOUSE... IN THE SENATE: ADDRESS CODES: ADDRESS CODES: H = House S = Senate OB = Office Building OB = Office Building L = Longworth R = Russell, H = Hart, C = Cannon D = Dirkson OB = Office Building OB = Office Building ex.: Les AuCoin ex.: Senator Robert Byrd Rayburn House Office Building Senate Hart Office Building Room 2159 Room 311 Washington, DC 20510 Washington, DC 20510 IN THE HOUSE... IN THE SENATE: Les AuCoin (Oreg.-D) Robert Byrd (WV-D) RHOB, Room 2159 SHOB, Room 311 (202) 225-0855 Tom Bevill (Ala.-D) Mark Andrews (ND-R) RHOB, Room 2302 SHOB, Room 724 (202) 225-4876 (202)-224-2043 Edward Boland (Mass.-D) Dale Bumpers (AR-D) RHOB, Room 2426 SDOB, Room 239 (202) 225-5601 (202) 224-4843 Norman Dicks (Wash.-D) Quentin Burdick (ND-D) RHOB, Room 2429 SHOB, Room 311 (202) 225-5916 (202) 224-2551 Joseph McDade (Pa.-R) Thad Cochran (MS-D) RHOB, Room 2370 SROB, Room 326 (202) 225-3731 (202) 224-5054 John Murtha (Pa.-D) Edwin Garn RHOB, Room 2423 SDOB, Room 505 (202) 225-2065 (202) 224-5444 Tom Loeffler (Tex.-R) Patrick Leahy (VT) LHOB, Room 1212 SROB, Room 433 (202) 225-4236 (202) 224-4242 Ralph Regula (Ohio-R) Paul Laxalt (NV-R) RHOB, Room 2209 SROB, Room 323A (202) 225-3876 (202) 224-3542 Warren Rudman (NH) SHOB, Room 530 (202) 224-3324 Ted Stevens (AK) SHOB, Room 522 (202) 224-3004 Lowell Weicker SHOB, Room 303 (202) 224-4041


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