Date: Wed Jun 29 1994 23:08:00 To: All Subj: Mack's patients UFO - Recent discussion on th

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Date: Wed Jun 29 1994 23:08:00 From: Tim Joiner To: All Subj: Mack's patients UFO ------------------------------- Recent discussion on this echo centered around whether or not Dr. John Mack had performed any psychological tests on his subjects. Below are a few paragraphs from his book, taken from pages 16-17, that deal with this subject. As you will see, although he specifically states that four subjects were given a complete battery of tests, he fails to mention whether any of those four were among the cases reported in the book. ### Begin excerpt from "Abduction", by Dr. John Mack ### Efforts to establish a pattern of psychopathology other than disturbances associated with a traumatic event have been unsuccessful. Psychological testing of abductees has not revealed evidence of mental or emotional disturbance that could account for their reported experiences (Bloecher, Clamar, and Hopkins 1985; Parnell 1986; Parnell and Sprinkle 1990; Rodeghier, Goodpaster, and Blatterbauer 1991; Slater 1985; Spanos et al. 1993; Stone-Carmen, in press). My own sample demonstrates a broad range of mental health and emotional adaptation. Some experiencers are highly functioning individuals who seem mainly to need support in integrating their abduction experiences with the rest of their lives. Others verge on being overwhelmed by the traumatic impact and philosophical implications of their experiences and need a great deal of counseling and emotional support. The administration of a full battery of psychometric tests is time-consuming and expensive. I have undertaken to have four of my cases tested by Ph.D. psychologists. One twenty-one-year-old man, who I knew was quite troubled - one of two of my seventy-six cases who had to be hospitalized for psychiatric reasons - revealed a complex picture of emotional disturbance and troubled thinking in which cause and effect in relation to the abduction experiences could not be sorted out. The other three tested in the normal range with no obvious psychopathology found. The effort to discover a personality type associated with abductions has also not been successful (Basterfield and Bartholomew 1988; Basterfield, in press; Mack, in press; Rodeghier, Goodpaster, and Blatterbauer 1991). Psychologist Kenneth Ring has posited the notion of an encounter-prone personality (Ring 1992; Ring and Rosing 1990), a tendency of an individual who has been affected by unusual experiences to be more open to them in the future. But in this, as in any hypothesis concerning the personalities of abductees, it is important to keep in mind that the encounters may in many instances be found to have begun in early infancy, and children as young as two years old have talked of their abduction experiences. I have two boys under three in my own sample. Cause and effect in the relationship of abduction to building of personality are thus virtually impossible to sort out. ### End Excerpt ### One obvious point is that Dr. Mack has not expressed the method used to select the four subjects for testing from his total sample of 76. He mentions that one young man was "quite troubled", and the implication is that he was certain beforehand that this individual would show signs of mental illness. If this is so, was he chosen for testing _because of this, or in _spite of it? And what of the other three cases? Were they "best-case" or "worst-case" patients, were they the first three he treated, or were they chosen at random? Has anyone heard him comment on this? Tim


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