Don Allen All Full-court press vs USSR 03 Feb 92 224900 AREAHUMAN VIA QEcho 2.66a Forwarde

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Don Allen All Full-court press vs USSR 03 Feb 92 22:49:00 AREA:HUMAN VIA: QEcho 2.66a Forwarded from Usenet ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Article 2388 of misc.activism.progressive: Newsgroups: misc.activism.progressive From: Blythe Systems Subject: NEWS:Full-court press vs USSR continues Message-ID: <1992Jan31.013434.12043@pencil.cs.missouri.edu> Followup-To: alt.activism.d Sender: rich@pencil.cs.missouri.edu (Rich Winkel) Organization: PACH Date: Fri, 31 Jan 1992 01:34:34 GMT Approved: map@pencil.cs.missouri.edu Lines: 118 Via The NY Transfer News Service 718-448-2358, 718-448-2683 `FULL COURT PRESS' CONTINUES AGAINST USSR By Pat Chin (Copyright Workers World Service: Permission to reprint granted if source is cited.) Did the advocates of capitalism triumph in the Soviet Union due to the inherent bankruptcy of socialism? Or was the seizure of political power by counterrevolutionary Boris Yeltsin and his supporters aided by external forces? World imperialism has considered undermining the worker's state in the USSR a priority ever since the 1917 revolution. No stone has been left unturned in imperialism's efforts to destabilize socialist construction. And now, well documented information reveals that the U.S. government, through the National Endowment for Democracy, the CIA and other entities, intensified this campaign against the Soviet Union over the past 10 years. So important was the task of stopping communism that the operation rose to the level of what is known in secret service parlance as a "full court press." Sean Gervasi writes about the campaign in his article "Western Intervention in the USSR," in the Covert Action Information Bulletin, Winter 1991-92 issue.) According to Gervasi: "In the early 1980s the Reagan Administration had adopted a plan to destabilize its major adversary. The strategy combined intense open and covert attacks. It utilized political pressure, economic operations, military force around the world, propaganda, and assistance to anti communist opposition groups in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union." Under the guise of creating a "democratic breakthrough," the U.S. openly carried out operations once conducted in secret by the CIA. The acceleration of the arms race was also part of the U.S. strategy to disrupt the Soviet economy. Its aim was to "spend the USSR into bankruptcy." Thus popular discontent could be stirred up at the diversion of public funds from development and social programs into defense. (See: John van Oudenaren, "Exploiting the 'Fault Lines' in the Soviet Empire," RAND Corporation, Aug. 1984) Moreover, Gervasi states, "Evidence is growing that the purpose was not to encourage reform, but to provoke the outright overthrow of communist rule." Funds for undermining communism in the Soviet Union came through the National Endowment for Democracy, which was established by the U.S. Congress. The NED describes its work as being pro-democracy rather than anti-communist. But "pro-democracy" is just the code word for pro-capitalist. And what could be more anti-communist than capitalism? According to NED strategy, victory over communism involved three essential tasks: strengthening "democratic culture," "democratic civil society" and "democratic political institutions." Anti-communist views were disseminated through publications and other media, including the CIA-run Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. Private sector institutions were developed, especially pro-western "trade unions." Women and youth organizations and cooperatives were also set up. Gaining support from opposition figures and establishing pro-Western political parties was considered crucial. This, according to Gervasi, "effectively meant building a movement composed of anti communist parties, organizations and individuals. The end result was a 'democracy' defined almost exclusively by the existence of elections." This tactic is seen as being at least partially responsible for Yeltsin's emergence and the August countercoup that consolidated his hold on power. Enormous resources were devoted to the task. The "full court press" against the Soviet Union involved millions of dollars channeled through U.S. government departments and agencies, including the Republican and Democratic parties. Between 1984 and 1990, $40.5 million was spent on Europe. Ninety percent of this sum went to destabilizing Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. With the emergence of the Gorbachev grouping in the USSR, this amount steadily grew. The distribution of funds involved over 50 organizations, clandestine and open. They included government agencies such as the CIA, and British, German, French and Israeli intelligence agencies. The U.S. Department of Labor was also a recipient of NED funds, as were sub-groupings of the NED like the Free Trade Union Institute. Then there are corporate groupings; labor organizations like the AFL-CIO's Agency for International Free Labor Development; the Unification Church; and Union of Councils for Soviet Jews. Foundations, private groups and businesses were used as conduits. Grants also went to foreign recipients or U.S. recipients involved in foreign projects. "The CIA," concludes Gervasi, "was probably spending $160 million per year on intervention operations in the Socialist Bloc. The minimal conclusion that can be deduced from all this, even taking into account the complex channeling and rechanneling of funds and projects through intermediaries, is that during the 1980s, Western governments, businesses and private organizations were devoting something on the order of $100 million per year to intervene in the internal affairs of the Soviet Union." --------------------------------------------------------------------- Don dona@bilver.uucp --- QuickBBS 2.66/O (Reg)

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