frontera carnet.panama 1136 pm Jan 10, 1988 SPEECH BY THE FOREIGN MINISTER OF PANAMA, DR.

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frontera carnet.panama 11:36 pm Jan 10, 1988 SPEECH BY THE FOREIGN MINISTER OF PANAMA, DR. JORGE ABADIA ARIAS, IN THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS), 11/13/87 [This document is about half of the original speech. Frontera News edited it for PeaceNet. For a full copy, or more information, contact the Panamanian Consulate, Flood Building, 870 Market #546, San Francisco CA 94102, (415) 956-4632.] Panama comes to this Assembly today with great hopes, but also with very grave concerns and warnings, the nature and dimensions of which pertain directly, fundamentally and vitally to the "raison d'etre" of the Organization of American States.. The Panamanian government has a recognized tradition of seriousness in its international conduct and in observance of its commitments toward other nations. Buttressed by that recognition, at the 42nd Assembly of the United Nations, I denounced a moral aggression an an economic aggression against the Panamanian nation, and I denounced the danger that those aggressions could worsen and be exacerbated as dark heraldings of military aggression. The deeds I denounced clearly constitute a violation of basic norms of public international law, a threat to the ideals of peaceful co- existence and reciprocal respect in relations among nations. Mr. President, as the representative of the Republic of Panama, I come to this Assembly with the painful mission of conveying to you the moral and economic aggression that is being waged against the Panamanian state, conceived carefully within a global strategy, structured unscrupulously and put in motion without regard to resources, without concern for procedures. PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE In its structuring, in its development and in its tactics, the subversive movement which arose in my country betrays sinister similarities to general directives and details of actions of a "Manual of Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare" that was denounced three years ago in the United Nations, but adapted now to Panamanian reality. In 1980, public writings and statements by task forces of influential conservative political sectors in the United States of American identified Panama as a focal point of subversion. They pointed out Panama's military leadership as inconvenient to the national security interests of their country, and they called the Carter-Torrijos Treaties a dangerous mistake that was necessary to correct as soon as possible and permanently. With premeditated timing, these sectors described the Panamanian government as an extreme left dictatorship, brutally aggressive, contrary to the strategic interests of American national security. They recommended that if the Carter-Torrijos Treaties failed, the Panama Canal should be put under the protection of the Interamerican Defense Board in order to assure that the nations of this hemisphere would have regular and free access to the Pacific and the Atlantic. They declared by placing the responsibility for the Panama Canal with the signatory countries of the Rio Treaty, who in turn would designate the Interamerican Defense Board as their agent, the problem of the Panama Canal would be placed on an appropriate strategic level. Before continuing, I should warn Your Excellencies that these words are not mine but rather expressions extracted literally from public and official documents which constitute the conceptual basis of current policies that are being carried out in some of our countries. Among these documents is that entitled "A New Interamerican Policy for the Eighties." These machinations have not succeeded completely in the last few years because their authors did not take into account that a new conscience was being born in America and that our peoples were going to understand that were these designs implemented with regard to the Panama Canal, the vast natural resources of the region would also be in danger, becoming eventually a threat for their own status as independent and sovereign states. The "Manual of Psychological Operations" to which we have referred has been utilized to try to break up the two decades-old alliance between the people and the Defense Forces of Panama, in order to try to overthrow the Panamanian government, to try to do away with the political constitution of the Republic of Panama, and to make of Panama's territory not just a docile, obedient enclave but also a vortex of activities designed to undermine the right of the people of the American continent to self-determination and independence. WHAT THE INSTRUCTIONS WERE Let us now consider what the instructions were and what has happened. let us make a comparison of tactical directives and the results that gives us proof of the condemnable means that, in their arrogant and unscrupulous blindness, certain sectors of the American government have utilized against such a materially weak country as Panama. --A negative image of the Panamanian government must be created. --The reputation of the leaders must be soiled with crimes that shock social sensitivities. --All the military must shown as cruel, corrupt people. --Government figures must be portrayed as a gang of thieves. --They must be associated with the international Mafia and the international activities of communism. --The misuse of public funds must be underscored, incriminating everybody. --They must be insulted so that the people lose respect for them. In this manner, then, the sinister campaign began that spewed out the violent and unfortunate events that occurred in June of this year. On September 22, 1985, with respect to the naming of a commission to investigate the murder of Dr. Hugo Spadafora, the then President of the Republic of Panama,a Dr. Nicolas Ardito Barletta, in a letter which he sent to the Attorney General, stated, "As you are aware, the Constitution and the Law that I swore to uphold and defend as President do not permit me to do so given that the investigation of unlawful acts corresponds exclusively to the Attorney General." Later, that invisible army of counterfeiters that has been set up by the enemies of the Republic of Panama would undertake to make it appear as a motive for the resignation of Dr. Ardito Barletta alleged pressure on him because he wanted to name a commission that he himself had indicated clearly was alien to his rights and his rights and his constitutional powers. This beginning of the campaign was intended fundamentally to discredit the Armed Forces and their top command, those who today represent the surest and most unbending defense of the national liberation program that General Omar Torrijos inculcated in them; and in the officer ranks lies the principal obstacle to those who seek to re-establish a colonial regime in the territory of the Panamanian state. Our commitment to perfect the democratic process, born of our own needs and aspirations, is fully demonstrated by the equanimous, measured, patient and highly tolerant manner in which the Panamanian President, Eric Arturo Delvalle, has managed the crisis, his refined patriotism revealing an exemplary respect for Panamanian law and for the norms that govern and guarantee human rights, rights which are authentic proof of the desire for democratic co-existence of the Panamanian nation. I turn, then, to relate to you how in a Member State of this Organization sedition was planned under the sponsorship and the moral and material support of influential and powerful sectors of the government of another state that is also a Member of this Organization, that also is obligated by the principles and norms that govern it. THE YEAR 1985 The year of 1985 proved propitious to exploit the good faith, the ingenuousness and the nobility of the great anonymous majority of the American people, and to begin to manipulate public opinion, preparing it to accept offensive actions which compromise in negative fashion the prestige of the United States of America in the eyes of the world. The Manual of Psychological Warfare warns that the human being should be considered as a primary objective in a political struggle, and the most critical point of the human being thus conceived is his mind. It explains that as soon as his mind has been affected, the "political animal" is defeated without the need for violence. With precise instructions, it points out that the target of the action are the minds of the population, of the entire population, of the forces of the Crusade, of the military forces and of the civilian population. In this way then, with the support of the prestige of large newspapers [N.B. the New York Times and the Washington Post, for example], known throughout the Americans for their tradition of honesty and truth in earlier times, began systematically to undermine the reputation of key figures in Panamas' political leadership, always basing their articles and their slanderous reports on alleged reliable sources, on invisible officials and form officials of government agencies who asked that their names not be revealed; or they were based on alleged confidential reports that circulated in the Congress but that no one recognized having seen; these actions thereby constructing little by little a sentence of culpability without ever presenting proof, showing as irrefutable truths all the allegations of the political opposition in Panama which, in turn, displayed the slander that appeared in their communications media, saying that it was information published in the United States of America, supplied by official sources in that country. In this sinister game of mass dissemination of murmurs at the two poles of the axis of the plot against Panama, that invisible army was constructed a fictitious Panama of its own invention, carefully delineated so that it could evoke repugnance and rejection among the largest possible number of Panamanians and Americans. MAY 1986 In May of 1986, with inconceivable reports in a flood of falsehoods and slander, the battle began for the victory over the minds of Panamanians and Americans. We were protected by our own truth, but the American people were defensless because the only information they had was supplied by an army of counterfeiters engaged in war against the Panamanian nation. Following a detailed plan, they later began to develop in Panama front organizations which gained influence through the use of tactics of internal subjective control, employed by meticulously trained elements, and calculating the moment in which they would be fused into a single action front to mobilize the masses, an action which was conceived to overthrow the legally constituted government and replace it with a de facto regime. Citizens with established reputations in all walks of national life were priority recruits at the outset as part of an alleged movement of moral rescue of society, apparently apolitical and innocuous, in order to then take them gradually toward the larger purpose of a great redemptive crusade, and giving them training little by little in the most modern techniques of persuasion and propaganda. Later they would extend the contagion more and more to new elements, and get ready to form a united front. From the outset, the principal activists in the mission to proselytize were selected on the basis of specific criteria: their knowledge of the mentality of high school and university students; their familiarity with the problems and mental barriers of each union with regard to trying to infiltrate them; their understanding of the feelings and the passions and the aspirations concerning attracting elements with leadership skills, and preparing leaders who could organize mobilizations on short notice. The incentive, the source of permanent encouragement, was a statement contained in the Manual of Psychological Warfare which reads, "When internal subjective control has been developed in parallel fashion along with other activities, any leader can shake the governmental structure." Simultaneously, a massive and systematic effort was being developed to exacerbate political sensitivities in order to relate government administration to all life of society, so that even the intimate problems would be unconsciously viewed as governmental activity and all potential hatred, discontent or natural antipathy or spontaneous hostility could be targeted toward the authorities, toward the established powers. On the basis of a studied system of cell formation, immediate reaction mechanisms were being introduced in a sector of the population by means of a scientifically prepared vocabulary, giving the words a different meaning from the true one, gradually falsifying in order to avoid problems of acceptance, beginning with skillful sophisms and without ever going into deep explanations. The objective was to have the words "democracy," "justice," "liberty," "human rights," "moral," "Christian conscience," "patriotism," "resistance" and "crusade" produce the desired effect of rejection of civil authority and the Defense Forces of Panama, the desired effect of longing for a change of government as an urgent individual need and, in addition, as a noble goal, as a higher mission. This is all evident in their writings. They were organizing discussion groups, dinners, meetings of elements with common activities, under any pretext, using anything from intellectual curiosity to cravings for expansion of social contacts, and even through pseudo-mystical and occult sects. In this manner they introduced beachheads and the means to mobilize in groups, associations, clubs and political parties, because the objective was to create a national conscience of falsified reality, to stimulate acceptance or an organized lie and, with profound knowledge of the tactics of subversion, undermine all strata of society, preparing an insurrectional mobilization that could have the effect of paralyzing the national economy. As the seditious contagion grew, the vocabulary had to be molded with the goal of making it more seductive in the eyes of American public opinion, and expressions were being spread in daily talk that previously were only used in necessary instances and very rarely, such as "civil liberties," "due process," and human rights." For Panamanians, freedom of thought is a secular custom with deep roots in our history and in our way of life. We call the absence of justice cleanly and plainly injustice or denial of justice, and we called violations of human rights outrages long before the expression became fashionable, and "civil liberties" for us have always been "individual guarantees." But the important audiences were no longer just Panamanians but rather the people and the Congress of the United States and the international community, utilizing sectors of foreign communications media. It is sad and shameful to have to recognize that a considerable number of Panamanians expanded the ranks of that army which for several years has been limiting its actions and its words strictly to the directives of a policy of psychological warfare. On the other hand, it is reassuring that national majorities have turned their back on them when they tried to convince the population that what they were doing was to protect the people and not themselves, that their excesses were acts of a democratic movement and that their higher mission justified them, because the final objective of the insurrection was a free and democratic society in which those acts would no longer be necessary, and that the attacks on the national economy were a necessity because of the system of oppression, and that this would be changed when the forces of justice assumed. Today we see that they succeeded in leaving us a divided country. But that division is between Panamanians who defend the patriotic truth of national liberation and those Panamanians who, having failed in their attempts, have thrown themselves into the streets of the world to shout lies that reactionary and fascist forces grab up to join in with them. But that minority that is trying to hand over the destiny of the fatherland to foreign interests continues to have, nonetheless, a great capacity to do harm; and the lesson that we Panamanians are learning today we denounce here so that no other sister nation will ever suffer it. Now, besides all the foregoing, I want to call the attention of this Assembly to other aspects of the aggression that has been mounted against the Panamanian state. If we have signed a Charter with principles and norms which should govern relations among American states, it is not possible for a Member state of the Organization unilaterally and capriciously to interpret those principles and those norms without introducing an element of grave danger for peaceful co-existence on our continent. In the Permanent Council of OAS and in the United Nations General Assembly, the Republic Panama denounced a long list of actions which constitute interference in our internal affairs. We shall never forget the support received from our sister nations. We refer again here to those denunciations because there are those who persist in interfering in our internal affairs while alleging supposed justifications. I wonder, furthermore, if it is not a grave danger for the Member states that in the Congress of the United States of America a draft bill is circulating entitled "The Democracy in Panama Act of 1987" and in which requirements are established that the Government of Panama must meet in order to be acceptable to said body? For one state to exist, does it have to receive the approval of the Congress of another state? Can the Congress of one state impose a change of government on another state? ============================================= from The NY Transfer BBS 718-448-2358 Source: NY OnLine BBS 718-852-2662

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