Bad Medicine A Discussion of the New Morality By Bob Jones, III Humanity is sick, and +quo

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Bad Medicine A Discussion of the New Morality By Bob Jones, III --------------------------------------------------------------------- Humanity is sick, and "death is passed upon all men that all have sinned." History abounds with symptoms of the fatal disease--war, famine, lawlessness, greed, injustice, hatred, poverty-- all of which exist in our day and in greater number and combination than at any previous time. There has always been war, but never so many wars threatening so many people in so many places at one time. The world has always groaned in travail and pain, been on the verge of collapse, in economic distress, plagued with natural disasters and man-made perils, but never on such a worldwide scale and embracing so many people as now. Always man has searched for a way out of his dilemma. Surely, he reasons, there is an explanation for the problems, and a solution-- a way of escape that will bring man at last to his panacea-- a peaceful world. Somehow the patient has always been unwilling to let the doctor help him. Therefore, the Scripture cries out, "Why will ye die?" (Jeremiah 27:13);"And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life" (John 5:40) Fatally ill, humanity goes on diagnosing its own disease and prescribing its own cure. This exercise in lunacy has led its practitioners to the conclusion that no medicine exists which can heal this world so badly out of joint and broken. The idea of new remedies for new troubles is part of the pragmatism of our times. It is considered that the Bible, so long looked to as God's authoritative revelation of Himself and of man as He knows him, is of little more value than a witch doctor's manual. The Bible is reduced to a "curiosity", a simple effort of an unenlightened, unscientific, underdeveloped mankind to cure the ills of other ages. It is granted that these people did the best they could; but after all, one shouldn't expect too much from people who lived in fear of an all-consuming, all- knowing, exacting, supreme Being, Who exercised control over His creature and judged that creation when it transgressed His "arbitrary and unreasonable standards." It is self-evident that this world is in a mess. In rebellion against God as always, men ever seeking a "home cure" have now concluded that the problem is too much restraint, that human nature needs more freedom, more emancipation from the conventional inhibitions and "thou shalt not's". Acting upon the assumption that truth is relative and ever changing, that a modern world produces complex problems which can only be dispelled with a modern medicine, today's world has prescribed for itself the New Morality-- bad medicine. Few segments of American life have been untouched by the New Morality-- school textbooks teach that the end justifies the means; much of the advertising ethic directly or indirectly teaches that the easy, uninhibited life is the good life; Hollywood has been a prime initiator of and contributor to the New Morality. Now much of the television has followed suit; the poisonous ooze even pours forth from many pulpits. In short, you find few of the American opinion-makers that do not propagate the New Morality. New Morality is calculated to brainwash this generation of any guilt feelings which naturally accompany sin and wrongdoing. The smell of fire and brimstone is about it and betrays its place of origin. New Morality is a Satanic tranquilizer for those who want to sin without feeling sinful. I want to direct your attention to the following verses: Isaiah 8:19-22 19 And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead? 20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them. 21 And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward. 22 And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and [they shall be] driven to darkness. (Isaiah 8) Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. (Isaiah 9:2) When people turn away from the Word of God, they are open to every sort of deception. Isaiah 8:19 speaks of those who turn from God unto wizardry, unto the occult, unto wizards that peep and mutter. It is significant that people are now showing a renewed interest in the supernatural. Even the religious renegade, Bishop James Pike, claimed to have spoken with his deceased son through a spirit medium. People might turn unto anything when they turn away from God. For instance, they might turn to communism or to humanism or to atheism-- yes, even unto the New Moralism. If you were the devil, how would you go about ensnaring the souls of men? The devil uses many deceits; but he has one desire, and that is to keep men out of Heaven and bring them at last to Hell. The devil's most effective weapon, I believe, is the lie which tells men there is no such thing as sin, that God's Word is not meant to be taken literally. If it is not a literal Word, then there is no harm in the breaking of it and certainly no sin in the transgression of it. If God's Word is not literal, then we have no knowledge of sin because God's Word establishes for us certain standards, the violation of which God says is sin. If you believe there is no right and wrong in this world, then you do not believe the Bible. The Bible says, "Sin is the transgression of the law" (1 John 3:4). Sin is the violation of the absolute. If God had an accommodating, sliding-scale sort of justice, there would be no need for the word "sin" in any vocabulary. When men do what is right in their own eyes, they deny by their action that God has given law. God's Word cannot be transgressed without bringing God's judgment and condemnation. Yet the New Moralists with great alacrity set aside the substantive Word of God. They dare to say there is no law except the law of love, and, therefore, there is no sin so long as all is done in love. "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them." (Isaiah 8:20) These New Moralists have no light in them according to the Scripture because they fail to speak according to the law and to the testimony. --------------------------------------------------------------------- Who Speaks For the Mew Morality? --------------------------------------------------------------------- Liberal churchmen. Those we are warned against in the Scripture because they bring "another gospel" (Galatians 1:9) seem to be the chief purveyors of this madness. Bishop John A. T. Robinson, for instance, the Englishman who wrote the blasphemous book, "Honest to God" is considered to be one of the leaders of this movement. A sample of Bishop Robinson's "wisdom" is as follows: "The sanctions of Sinai have lost their terrors, and people no longer accept the authority of Jesus even as a great moral teacher. Robbed of its supernatural supports, men find it difficult to take seriously a code of living that confessedly depended on them." (1) Or this: "For this reason it [love] is the only ethic which offers a point of constancy in a world of flux and yet remains absolutely free for and free over the changing situation. It is prepared to see every moment as a fresh creation from God's hand, demanding its own and perhaps wholly unprecedented response." (2) Continuing he says: "The fact that the old landmarks are disappearing is not something simply to be deplored. If we have the courage, it is something to be welcomed-- as a challenge to Christian ethics, to shake itself loose from the supports of super-naturalistic legalism... for nothing of itself can always be labeled wrong. One cannot, for instance, start from the position "Sex relations before marriage" or "divorce" are wrong or sinful in themselves." (3) In this country and Episcopalian preacher by the name of Joseph Fletcher wrote the book, "Situation Ethics", which is considered by most to be the "Bible" of the New Morality. Examine some of the "cream" that flows from Dr. Fletcher's pen: "Theodore Roosevelt was either not altogether honest, candid, or altogether thoughtful when he said `No man is justified in doing evil on the ground of expediency.' He was mired down in intrinsicalistic legalism. Love could justify anything. There is no justification other than love's expedience. (4) Therefore, in the relativities of this world where conscience labors to do the right thing, we may always do what would be evil in some context if in this circumstance love gains the balance. It is love's business to calculate gains and losses and to act for the sake of its success. On this ground then, we must flatly oppose the classical means-ends rule in Christian ethics and moral theology. (5) As we know, for many people sex is so much a moral problem largely due to the repressive efforts of legalism.... Whether any form of sex (hetero, homo, or auto) is good or evil depends on whether love is fully served." (6) Dr Fletcher was quoted in the San Francisco Chronicle of November 12, 1966, as saying that the Ten Commandments should be amended to read: "Thou shalt not covet ordinarily; thou shalt not kill ordinarily; thou shall not commit adultery... ordinarily. I look at situations one at a time... You asked me how often pre-marital sex would be all right, and I would say relatively infrequently-- maybe once in a hundred times. But in some situations unmarried love could be infinitely more moral than married love." Every respectable man rejects such an idea as being patently absurd and unquestionably filthy. The public is entitled to know that Joseph Fletcher was identified under oath on July 6, 1953, as a member of the Communist Party by Herbert Philbrick, former FBI undercover agent. (7) Philbrick revealed that he and Fletcher were members of the same Communist cell in the Boston area. Among the 45 stated goals of the Communist Party are the following: "24. Eliminate all laws governing obscenity by calling them censorship and a violation of free speech and free press. 25. Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and TV. 26. Present homosexuality, degeneracy, and promiscuity as normal, natural, health." If success in carrying out these goals entitles Party members to citation for meritorious service, Dr. Fletcher has to be deserving of the title, "Most Successful". The World Council of Churches as a body is committed to the New Morality. The following statement was made at their meeting in Geneva in 1966: "Through revolution, the free creative man works out his own future as that of mankind by liberating it from the ballast of traditions and the number of laws and rights which have accumulated through the long course of history." The March 5, 1965, edition of TIME magazine said: "The twentieth century sexual revolution directly challenges Christianity and its basic teaching against fornication and adultery. Some progressive church thinkers now advocate a "New Morality" to take account of the facts of life. What they propose is an ethic based on love rather than law in which the ultimate criterion for right and wrong is not divine command but the individual's subjective perception of what is good for himself and his neighbor in each given situation." (8) In other words, if you come to a place in life where you think it is more loving to kill a man, go ahead and kill him because it is all right if you do it in love. If you are a student in college and you are about to fail your course and you love your parents and don't want to hurt them, go ahead and cheat because it is better to cheat and to steal a grade than to hurt your parents whom you love. Such is the ethic of the New Morality and such is its nature that even its most dedicated advocates sooner or later fall before it as corrupted victims of the moral looseness which by its very nature it always leads to. One such case in point would be the shocking circumstances which surrounded the 1966 murder in Columbus, Ohio, of the former National Council of Churches official, Dr. Robert W. Spike. At the time of his death, he was a member of the faculty of the University of Chicago Divinity School and an American Baptist minister. A radical theologian, Dr. Spike, like many of the modern ecumenicists, was vociferous and active in civil rights causes, and a practitioner of the New Morality. The Columbus Citizen-Journal reported: "His battered body was found at 1:15 p.m. Monday in the room lying face up in a pool blood clad only in a green raincoat. The health magazines with pictures of nude men and women and the addresses of night spots were found in Dr. Spike's attache case in the room." I have learned from a judge in Ohio that the man who confessed to Spike's murder was mentally incompetent and turned on Spike when he became aware that Spike and others were using him for perverted sexual purposes. When a man who is mentally incompetent becomes incensed over the indignity and shame of such vile acts practiced on him by a man holding a doctor's degree, one wonders where sanity really lies. Educators, too, are brainwashing students with the New Morality. In Chicago not long ago at an annual conference on higher education, I sat in a seminar on the changing societal values and their implications for the college community. One professor stood up and espoused the view that he had no business telling a student what was right and what was wrong. As an example of his philosophy, he said that if a student came expressing an intense hatred for his mother-in-law, a hatred which could be relieved only by the student's killing his mother-in-law, he could not tell the student that it was morally wrong to kill his mother-in-law. He could only advise him of the consequences to be derived from killing his mother-in-law. Then he would let the student decide whether to murder or not to murder. Many will think I have drawn upon an extremely broad, isolated, and ludicrous example, but not so. Venerable standards of right and wrong are no longer held sacred by a great many in the teaching profession. How foolish men can be when they fail to bring every thought into captivity to the Lord Jesus Christ. --------------------------------------------------------------------- What Do The New Moralists Speak? --------------------------------------------------------------------- What do they believe? Obviously their philosophy begins with the belief that man has outgrown God, that man himself is now ready to play God and to determine right fro wrong. They would first believe that man has reached a place in his evolution, and I challenge the reader to find a New Moralist who is not an evolutionist, where man can finally make it alone without leaning on a "god-crutch". Any system which teaches that man is not answerable to God must begin with the thesis that man did not come from God. God, therefore, has to be the product of man's imagination-- a prop to lean upon. The New Morality, all protest to the contrary, boils down to lawlessness. The deadly germ of antinomianism is implicit within the very term "situation ethics." Read for yourself what the New Moralists think of God's law. A. McKay Brabham, Jr., editor of the South Carolina Methodist "Advocate", gives the Ten Commandments mere human stature: "The Ten Commandments represent the highest development of a code of ethics ever devised by man." (9) An editorial in the Columbia Record quoted from "The Tiger", the Clemson University student newspaper, remarks made by the Rev. R. F. Elliott, Jr., on the New Morality: "The Ten Commandments were a small culture for a small group of people wandering in the wilderness, and they cannot possibly apply to the modern large society of today. The Then Commandments were not written by God. There are no written rules that we have to obey.... Man must make decisions according to the existing situation.... There can actually be no right and no wrong." (10) Mr. Elliott is director of the Wesley Foundation at Clemson University. In the same vein, I recall an attitude expressed by a Canadian pastor to the effect that the Ten Commandments were no more relevant for our times than the dietary laws, the forms of government, and other regulations of Moses' time. He scornfully said that no one generation was competent to lay down a moral blueprint for successive generations. Furthermore, he maintained that the Bible should not be quoted to justify a behavior pattern that is contrary to "the mind of God as we know it today." Who gave him the authority to decide what God's mind is for today? Remember this: the only way we have of knowing the mind of God is by knowing the Word of God wherein God has revealed Himself. This man and others like him are practicing psychiatry without a license. They have set about to psychoanalyze God. They unabashedly declare that they know the mind of God today and that the Ten Commandments do not represent the mind of God. Where did they do such exhaustive research that brings them to this conclusion? What schools did they attend where such knowledge abounds? The New Moralists believe that man is imperfect and has produced a world that is imperfect. One does not have to be intelligent to know that-- even the New Moralist can know that. Obviously, something is wrong with man. The New Moralists propose to have the remedy-- love. Love, they believe, will save the world and those within it. The Lord said, "I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved" (John 10:9). The New Moralist does not buy that. He believes that in loving his fellow man he demonstrates his love toward God. Of course, in so doing, he ignores the Lord Who says, "If ye love me, keep my commandments." (John 14:15) We have no way of showing our love to God except by obeying His Word. The Lord Jesus Christ said, "Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you." (John 15:14) Obedience is the fruit of love. The New Moralists advocate throwing away the Rule Book; and, indeed, the theologians had done a good job of that before New Morality ever came on the scene. In fact, there would be no New Morality unless the Bible had first been denied as the authoritative Word of God. When you consider that it has been denied, doubted, attacked, vilified by many "esteemed" men of the cloth, you can better understand how the educators, sociologists, and psychologists find it easy to say that God has not spoken and replace revealed truth with love-- the only rule of life. "The Christian Century" in May, 1967, had this to say: "Man has come far enough in the process of evolution to be of age, realizing that self-good is possible only through living both freely and responsibly." (11) One might expect that kind of sophomoric reasoning from a college journal, but it is inexcusable foolishness when it appears in a quasi- intellectual periodical of the adult world and one that calls itself Christian at that. An honest and mature observation of life shows that without clearly defined and rigidly enforced laws there can be no order in society. Responsible living is disciplined living. When irresponsible men decide to live "freely" without respect for established law, anarchy results. A world where men live "freely" is a world not worth living in. Man is a creature in rebellion. He is the only part of God's creation not in subjection to the Creator. It is no accident that every civilized society has been highly structured and closely regimented. Without the restraint of enforceable law imposed upon him, man is uncontrollable. Certainly no Christian is free to do as he pleases. He is bound by the Word of God. The New Morality advocates the debilitating philosophy of permissiveness. It is time we came back to the realization that there are some absolutes. It is time we relearned the ability to become indignant over wrong and over sin. It is time we were again able to hate sin as God hates it. We see immorality and lasciviousness displayed everywhere about us, and it no longer makes us mad. We have been so unrelentingly brainwashed over the past few years that we take sin for granted. Sin is no longer sin but just a way of life that we must accept. God does not accept it. The time has come to dust off the Rule Book and proclaim it. Someone has observed, you cannot play the game if you are allowed two strikes or six, if you can use a bat or a cannon, if one day you can have three men on third base and the next day there is no third base at all. We must stop making up our own rules and get back to God and His established truth. People who follow the New Morality pride themselves on being free from encumbering rigidity. In truth, they are only free from good sense. They pride themselves on being open-minded; but I believe when you reach the point where you are so open-minded that your brains are falling out, you have gone too far! There is nothing new about New Morality. It is as old as the Garden of Eden. It is the old urge of sinful man to rid himself of his responsibility under God and to the Word of God. It is the old immorality taken out of the slim, fixed up a little bit, put on a level of respectability and worshiped. It is man turning unto his own way. It is man calling evil good and good evil. There is nothing new about it. Someone said not long ago that if the prodigal son were living today, he would not go back to his father and say, "Oh, Father, I have sinned. Forgive me." Down there in the hog pen in that far country he would pick up the telephone; and he would call his father, collect of course, and would say, "Hey, Dad, come on down here and join me, The New Morality is the greatest. Life with the pigs is real fine. Everybody is doing it. I am compelled to ask the question, "Where is the New Morality leading us?" After careful examination I have to say that every degenerate should welcome the New Morality. It gives him license to steal, kill, cheat, commit fornication, practice sedition; and it enshrouds him in a cloak of acceptability while he is practicing his evil. The New Morality leads to confusion and national ruin. America is in the death throes, and the New Morality is playing an ever more responsible part in it. Before we ever realized what the New Morality was and before it was given a name, it had begun its erosive work in America. It came as a bedfellow of advancing liberalism and agnosticism and apostasy. The so-called higher criticism of the Scripture opened a Pandora's box of many evils, among which was the New Morality; and New Morality is helping lead America to a premature grave. I do not think America has any special claim to the blessings of God. There are some who would equate Americanism and Christianity. It is popular to think that if you fight for this country you fight for God. I regret that, because it keeps a log of people from understanding that it is necessary to be born again, to receive Jesus Christ as personal Saviour. Man would still rather try to work his way to Heaven than accept the righteousness which is in Christ Jesus. Working to save America is a noble ideal; but since Ephesians 2:8,9 says, "For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.", even the grand work of saving America is excluded. It is true that our forefathers saw the need to establish this nation upon the Word of God. They at least realized that God was our help. Actually only a few of the founding fathers probably knew the Lord; but they all had a fear of God in them, and they all knew that God's Word was true, whether they knew the Lord Jesus Christ or not. Because of this, god did bless this nation for a time and for a testimony to His Name. God's blessing, I believe, is all but removed today. According to Isaiah 32:17, the fruit of righteousness shall be peace; and without righteousness there is no peace. Why should God bless an unrighteous nation? He has never done it in history. He has never brought healing to a land where the people remain in wickedness and unrighteousness. Before He brings healing to a land, He requires that people humble themselves and pray and seek His face and turn from their wicked ways. It is necessary for Him to forgive the sin of individuals before He heals the land of many sins (II Chronicles 7:14). America is not inclined in this direction in the slightest. God's judgment is reserved for a nation of stiff-necked and unrighteous people. Isaiah 8:21 and 22 give us a most vivid picture of what happens to a nation when its people turn from God-- they become hungry, soul starved. They look up, and they look out, and they look around; and they cannot find help. They are in trouble and in darkness and suffer the anguish of despair. At an earlier point in Israel's crisis-ridden history, Moses delineated the cause of defeat when he said, "are not these evils come upon us, because our God is not among us? (Deuteronomy 31:17). God is not among us. and America finds itself in a day of unparalleled evil and deepening peril. We have given Him the foot and said, "Get out of here, God. We don't want You in our country any more. We can solve our own problems. We don't need Your Word in our schools. We don't need the morality of the Bible. But don't go too far. If we get in trouble, if we have riots in the streets, if we have economic ruin, we might get back in touch; but don't call us, we'll call You." The New Morality is supplanting the morality of the Bible and helping lead this nation away from greatness; but worse, it is leading us away from the blessing of God. Perhaps you ask yourself, "Is there any hope?" I have asked myself that many times. I do not know if there is hope at our doorstep or not. Maybe God's judgment has already been pronounced; and maybe America is like the city of Nineveh which after a great revival and turning to God under Jonah's preaching , a short time later was cursed by God through the prophet Nahum who said, "The LORD [is] good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him. But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies." (Nahum 1:7-8) "There is no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?" (Nahum 3:19) Maybe God has reserved like judgment for America. I do not know; but if there is yet hope, it lies only in an awakening to our needs, in repentance and in understanding that "Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin [is] a reproach to any people." (Proverbs 14:34) I like what Dr. Noel Smith, former editor of the Baptist Bible Tribune, had to say some time ago: "There are two streams of humanity flowing through this world. There is the stream of unregenerate wicked humanity. Like our rivers and lakes, this stream is fouled and polluted with every form of corruption and moral filth: idolatry, adultery, fornication, drunkenness, gambling, theft, blasphemy, sacrilege, sex perversion, envy, jealousy, hatred, murder. This stream does not have within itself the power of renewal, revival, and continuity. Every day it gathers to itself more filth. It has no tributaries of fresh waters. The tributaries are as foul and polluted as the main stream. There is no hope for a stream like that. Why did all the ancient states and empires disintegrate, break up and turn to dust? Why is life in every country on earth today becoming increasingly corrupt, foul, and violent? Why are the basic institutions of responsible and orderly government collapsing? For may reasons; but the basic reason is the stream of unregenerate humanity has no inward powers of renewal, revival, and continuity. There are no fresh waters flowing into it to neutralize its violence and filth. Humanity is more universally corrupt and violent today then ever before because the stream is longer and has accumulated more pollution." (12) If there is any hope, it is to repair unto the Lord. The injection of Christ's righteousness can alone give cleansing where there is only putrefaction and death. "Should not a people seek unto their God?" Isaiah says. People in trouble and in guilt seek unto God for pardon and peace. People in peril look unto God for protection. Afflicted people look to God for healing and deliverance. Should not people in this nation look unto God, to the law and to the testimony, to the Word of God? Not to the New Morality-- there is no help there. Make God's Word your Counsellor, and you will be counseled aright. "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them. (Isaiah 8:20) We are living in a day of unparalleled darkness. Many voices, including that of the New Morality, clamor from the darkness. There is no light in them because they speak not according to the law and to the testimony. The Word of God still has the power to break through the darkness of the human heart and give light (Psalm 119:130). Those who shut their eyes to the light of God's Word shall be justly abandoned to the darkness and left to the emptiness of the vain imaginings of their hearts. To those who would know Him and walk in the light as He is in the light, the Scripture says, "Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light." (Ephesians 5:14); "This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all." (1 John 1:5); "Thy word [is] a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path." (Psalms 119:105) "whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place" (2 Peter 1:19). Jesus said, "I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." (John 8:12). You can have that light if you will have Jesus Christ as your personal Saviour. If you will not, the God declares to you that it is the foolishness of man which perverts his way. (Proverbs 19:3). -------------------------------------------------------------------------- References -------------------------------------------------------------------------- (1) John A.T. Robinson, "Honest to God" (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1963) p. 109 (2) Ibid., p 115 (3) Ibid., pp 117, 118 (4) Joseph Fletcher, "Situation Ethics" (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966), pp. 125, 126 (5) Ibid., p. 132 (6) Ibid., p. 139 (7) "Blu-Print," November 15, 1966 (8) "Time", March 5, 1965, p. 42 (9) South Carolina Methodist "Advocate", October 6, 1965. (10) "Columbia Record", September 27, 1966. (11) "Christian Century", May, 1967. (12) "Baptist Bible Tribune", October 20, 1967, p. 5. Bob Jones University Press 1968 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Other publications available from Bob Jones University Press, Inc. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- $.10 "Is Jesus A Revolutionary?" by Bob Jones A pamphlet for God's people-- to point out what the Bible has to say about a Christians's obligation to his country and his relationship to law. $.35 "Campus Crusade Examined in the Light of Scripture" by Charles Woodgridge Collegiate compromise analyzed as to its alliances, its laws, its music, and its philosophy. $.15 "Scriptural Separation-- First and Second Degree?" by Bob Jones A forthright message by chancellor of Bob Jones University showing the fallacy of trying to differentiate between "degrees" of separation.

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