Title : NSF 93-163 NSF Support of Ocean Sciences: An Informal Guide Type : Program Guideli

---
Master Index Current Directory Index Go to SkepticTank Go to Human Rights activist Keith Henson Go to Scientology cult

Skeptic Tank!

Title : NSF 93-163 NSF Support of Ocean Sciences: An Informal Guide Type : Program Guideline NSF Org: GEO / OCE Date : January 12, 1994 File : nsf93163 NSF SUPPORT OF OCEAN SCIENCES An Informal Guide DIVISION OF OCEAN SCIENCES The Foundation provides awards for research in the sciences and engineering. The awardee is wholly responsible for the conduct of such research and preparation of the results for publication. The Foundation does not assume responsibility for such findings or their interpretation. The Foundation welcomes proposals on behalf of all qualified scientists and engineers, and strongly encourages women, minorities and persons with disabilities to compete fully in any of the research and research-related programs described in this document. In accordance with Federal statutes and regulations and NSF policies, no person on grounds of race, color, age, sex, national origin, or disability shall be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any program activity receiving financial assistance from NSF. NSF is equipped with TDD (Telephonic Device for the Deaf) which enables individuals with hearing impairments to communicate with the Division of Human Resource Management for information relating to NSF programs, employment, or general information. The number is (703) 306-0090. Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) provide funding for special assistance or equipment to enable persons with disabilities (investigators and other staff, including student research assistants) to work on an NSF project. See Program Announcement NSF 93-46 or contact the program coordinator at (703) 306-1636. Copies of the text of most program announcements and other key NSF publications are available electronically using the Science and Technology Information System (STIS). The full text can be searched on-line, and copied from the system. Forms and tables, however, are not included. Instructions for use of the system are in NSF 91-10 STIS Flyer. The printed copy of the STIS Flyer is available from NSF Forms and Publications Unit, Room P15, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA, 22230, or call (703) 306-1130. If you have access to BlTNET or the INTERNET, send a request to pubs@nsf or pubs@nsf.gov, respectively. In your request, include the reference to žNSF 91-10 STIS Flyer, the number of copies, your name, and a complete mailing address. Programs described in this publication are in Category 47.050 (Directorate for Geosciences) in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance. PRIVACY ACT AND PUBLIC BURDEN STATEMENTS The information requested on the application material is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. It will be used in connection with the selection of qualified proposals and may be used and disclosed to qualified reviewers and staff assistants as part of the review process and to other government agencies. See NSF-50, Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Record, and NSF-51, Reviewer/ Proposals File and Associated Records 56 Federal Register 54907 (October 23, 1991). Submission of the requested information is voluntary. Failure to provide full and complete information, however, may reduce the possibility of your receiving an award. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 120 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to: Herman G. Fleming Reports Clearance Officer Division of Contracts, Policy & Oversight National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22230 and to: Office of Management and Budget Paperwork Reduction Project (3145-0058) Washington, DC 20503 CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION TO NSF's DIVISION OF OCEAN SCIENCES 1 II. OCEAN SCIENCES RESEARCH SECTION (OSRS) 1 Programs 1 Proposal Target Dates: 1 November and 1 May 3 III. OCEANOGRAPHIC CENTERS AND FACILITIES SECTION (OCFS) 3 Programs 3 Centers and Facilities 3 Proposal Target Dates 3 Ocean Drilling Program 4 Proposal Target Dates 4 IV. PROPOSAL PREPARATION AND REVIEW 4 Format and Proposal Preparation 4 Notes on Electronic Mail Reviews 5 V. MAJOR OCEAN SCIENCE INITIATIVES 6 V.1 Introduction 6 V.2 Global Change Programs 6 V.2.1 World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) 6 V.2.2 Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) 6 V.2.3 U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (US - JGOFS) 6 V.2.4 Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments (RIDGE) 6 V.2.5 Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (GLOBEC) 6 V.2.6 Land Margin Ecosystems Research (LMER) 6 V.2.7 Arctic System Science Ocean- Atmosphere-Ice Interactions (ARCSS-OAII) 6 V.2.8 Marine Aspects of Earth System History (MESH) 6 VI. OTHER MAJOR OCEAN SCIENCES INITIATIVES 7 VI.1 Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) 7 VI.2 Continental Margins (MARGINS) 7 VI.3 Marine Biotechnology 7 VI.4 High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) 7 VII. POSTDOCTORAL PROGRAMS 7 VII.1 Postdoctoral Program in Ocean Modeling 7 VII.2 Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments (RIDGE) Postdoctoral Fellowship Program 7 VII.3 Special Notice - Research Fellowships in Marine Biotechnology Program 7 VIII. AGENCY-WIDE (Cross Directorate) PROGRAMS 8 VIII.1 Underrepresented Groups Activities 8 VIII.1.1 Women's Programs 8 VIII.1.1.1 Research Planning Grants (RPG) 8 VIII.1.1.2 Career Advancement Awards (CAA) 8 VIII.1.2 Visiting Professorships for Women (VPW) 8 VIII.1.3 Minority Programs 8 VIII.1.3.1 Minority Research Initiation (MRI) 8 VIII.1.3.2 Minorities in Marine Sciences 8 VIII.1.4 Support for Persons with Disabilities 8 VIII.1.4.1 Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) 8 VIII.2 Undergraduate Activities 9 VIII.2.1 Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) 9 VIII.2.2 Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) 9 VIII.2.3 Undergraduate Faculty Enhancement (UFE) 9 VIII.2.4 Instrumentation and Laboratory Improvement (ILI) 9 VIII.2.5 Course and Curriculum Development (CCD) 9 VIII.3 Other Activities 9 VIII.3.1 Graduate Research Traineeships (GRT) 9 VIII.3.2 Presidential Faculty Fellows Program (PFF) 9 VIII.3.3 NSF Young Investigator Awards (NYI) 9 VIII.3.4 Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) 10 VIII.3.5 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) 10 I. INTRODUCTION TO NSF's DIVISION OF OCEAN SCIENCES The Division of Ocean Sciences (OCE) and its closely related divisions, the Divisions of Earth Sciences (EAR) and Atmospheric Sciences (ATM), are in the Directorate for Geosciences (GEO). Marine-related research, while primarily found in OCE and also EAR and ATM, is also supported by the Directorates for Biological Sciences in specific programs such as Systematic and Population Biology and Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, Engineering (Ocean Engineering), and the Office of Polar Programs (Polar Ocean Sciences and Polar Biology and Medicine). The Division of Ocean Sciences is composed of the Ocean Sciences Research Section (OSRS), and the Oceanographic Centers and Facilities Section (OCFS). OSRS supports research through five programs in: (1) Physical Oceanography, (2) Chemical Oceanography, (3) Marine Geology and Geophysics, (4) Biological Oceanography, and (5) Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination to improve understanding of processes in the ocean and the Laurentian Great Lakes. The Oceanographic Centers and Facilities Section (OCFS) supports acquisition, and operation of instruments and facilities needed to carry out these research programs. Within OCFS is the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), which provides for the operation and maintenance of the ocean drilling ship JOIDES RESOLUTION, and provides funds to conduct research related to drilling programs. This guide provides general information on the structure, functions and policies of the Division of Ocean Sciences. An organizational chart for the Division (Figure 1) also shows telephone numbers. All staff can be reached using electronic mail via INTERNET and OMNET. A general mailbox may be used (ocerev@nsf.gov or NSF.OCE respectively) for forwarding to the appropriate staff member. All program management staff members have both INTERNET and OMNET mailboxes. The most efficient U.S. Postal Service mailing address is: Program or Person Division of Ocean Sciences, Rm. 725 National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22230 The NSF building is one block from the Ballston Metro Station on the Orange Line. Please note that all NSF publications referred to in this document are available by electronic mail, 24 hours a day, using NSF's Science and Technology Information System (STIS). Other documents available via STIS include: NSF Bulletin, žDear Colleaguež letters, press releases, NSF organizational charts and phone directories, NSF vacancy announcements and award abstracts (1989 to present). An informational sheet on how to use STIS is attached. In addition, whenever possible, the NSF publication number is given following the description of a program so that the official program announcement can be readily obtained for those who require more specifics. II. OCEAN SCIENCES RESEARCH SECTION (OSRS) Programs The five OSRS programs have common proposal target dates and panel schedules for unsolicited proposals, so that interdisciplinary proposals can be effectively handled. The Biological Oceanography Program supports studies of relationships among marine organisms as well as interactions of these organisms with their geochemical and physical environment. A central focus is to understand ecosystems ranging from ocean margins and continental shelves to central gyres and ocean basins, and to understand the roles of organisms in global-scale processes. The program supports research on ecosystem function, biological adaptation, population and community ecology, marine biotechnology, behavioral ecology, and related studies required to address these themes. The Chemical Oceanography Program supports scientists who seek to understand processes affecting the chemistry of oceans, and how these processes respond when perturbed. This research involves processes and mechanisms affecting chemical compounds and phases in the ocean to determine routes and rates of chemical cycles in the ocean, as well as alterations during transit. The program is divided into five areas: equilibria and physicochemical properties; transfers and transformations at the land/sea boundary; material fluxes, transport, and alterations; the influence of biochemical processes; and development of tracers to study large-scale processes. The Marine Geology and Geophysics Program supports studies of the composition and evolution of oceanic lithosphere, deep-ocean basins, and continental margins; the distribution, composition and history of terrigenous and biogenic sediments on the seafloor; and the history of the oceans. Research methods include seismic reflection and refraction; magnetic studies of crust and sediments; analysis of gravity data; petrologic and geochemical studies of ocean crustal and mantle rocks; paleontologic, mineralogic, and geochemical analyses of marine sediments; and studies of samples recovered by the Ocean Drilling Program. The Physical Oceanography Program supports research to better understand physical oceanographic phenomena and their interactions on scales from global (e.g. thermohaline circulation) to molecular (e.g. turbulence and diffusion). Emphasis is on understanding complex physical oceanic processes through a balanced program of field studies, analysis, laboratory studies and theoretical and numerical modeling. In-situ and remote sensing techniques, as well as new technology and interdisciplinary activities are encouraged. Major programs are currently supported to understand ocean circulation and variability; heat and salt budgets; air-sea interactions; wave motions and tides; turbulence, microstructure, and diffusion; and coastal, near-shore, estuarine and lacustrine processes. The Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination Program supports a wide range of multidisciplinary activities that broadly seek to develop, transfer, or apply instrumentation and technologies that will benefit research programs supported by OCE and enhance the conduct of basic ocean science research. Instrumentation and technology projects supported by this program must be broadly usable and be of benefit to more than a particular research project. The scope of projects varies from short-term feasibility studies to developing, constructing and at-sea testing of a prototype to demonstrate that useful and applicable data are obtained. If ocean research is to be undertaken, joint consideration with the relevant research program may be undertaken for the instrument development phase of the project. In addition, the interdisciplinary coordination program area supports a limited number of research initiatives that cross the four basic ocean science sub-disciplines (physics, chemistry, biology, geology and geophysics). Limited support is also provided for international planning activities in relation to intergovernmental and international science organizations. If you have questions concerning which program to direct your proposal or want to discuss interdisciplinary proposals, please contact the OSRS Section Head. Proposal Target Dates: 1 November and 1 May Merit review panel meetings occur about 3 months after these target dates. A target date is a cutoff date for the receipt of proposals after which date the proposals will still be reviewed, but they may be delayed until the next cycle. Proposals requesting ship time in a given calendar year should be submitted by the 1 November target date, 14 months preceding. May 1 is the latest target date for proposals requiring major ship time commitments for the following calendar year. Ship time may no longer be available by this late date, however, since the organization and coordination of the US academic fleet through UNOLS (University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System) requires this amount of lead-time to schedule ship time. III. OCEANOGRAPHIC CENTERS AND FACILITIES SECTION (OCFS) Programs The Oceanographic Centers and Facilities Section supports construction, conversion, acquisition, and operation of major shared-use oceanographic facilities. The University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) schedules the use of these facilities as well as expeditionary programs. These large and expensive shared-use facilities aid NSF-funded research and training of oceanographers. Examples include ships, submersibles, shipboard equipment, and instruments to collect and analyze data. OCFS also supports the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). ODP is responsible for managing the internationally supported Ocean Drilling Program and providing the U.S. contribution to that program. Operation of the JOIDES Resolution, downhole logging and core curation are contracted to the Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc. (JOI). Additionally, JOI manages and coordinates the U.S. Science Support Program with NSF support. The ODP program includes funds for (1) planning workshops and U.S. participation in the JOIDES planning structure; (2) support of U.S. scientists participating in shipboard scientific teams and for necessary follow-up studies leading to publication in the Initial Reports; (3) acquisition of site-specific geologic and geophysical data; (4) support for a national advisory structure; and (5) educational activities. Separate guides are available for the Ocean Drilling Program and Centers and Facilities. Centers and Facilities The Ship Operations Program funds operation and maintenance of research vessels and submersibles used by NSF-funded scientists. This includes crew and marine staff salaries; maintenance, overhaul, and repair; direct operating costs such as fuel, food and supplies; shore facility costs directly related to ship operations; and indirect costs. The Shipboard Scientific Support Equipment Program funds ship equipment deemed essential to proper and safe conduct of ocean science research, for example, deck, navigational, and communication equipment. The Ship Construction or Conversion Program supports new-ship construction, conversions of ships to research vessels, and remodeling and refitting of research ships. The Instrumentation and Technical Services Program provides oceanographic instrumentation for shared-use aboard various research vessels that are commonly used by NSF-funded scientists. The program also provides support for marine technicians who supply basic technical services on these ships through the Marine Technician program. Examples of shared-use instrumentation include CTD's, rosettes, box corers, shipboard computers, etc. Basic technical services provided by marine technicians include the maintenance, calibration, scheduling, logistical assistance and at-sea supervision of shared-use instrumentation. The National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (NOSAMS) is supported by OCFS and is located at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The facility was established to provide radiocarbon dating services for the oceanographic research community and to provide research into new isotopic dating methods. Scheduling and use of the facility are controlled by the facility director, and user fees are charged. Persons who wish to use the facility should contact the Director, NOSAMS, McLean Laboratory, Woods Hole Oceanographic Facility, Woods Hole, MA, 02543 Proposal Target Dates Ship Operations: 1 October Marine Technicians: 1 October Oceanographic Instrumentation: 1 September Shipboard Scientific Support Equipment: 1 September Ship Construction/Conversion: contact the Program Miscellaneous (not otherwise classified) facilities: contact the Section. Ocean Drilling Program The Ocean Drilling Program accepts unsolicited proposals in four areas: 1. Regional geological and geophysical field studies to define scientific problems that require drilling. Work is concentrated on high priority areas that address the major thematic goals of the ODP as well as areas and themes identified by the long-range plans of the JOIDES planning structure. In general, priority will be given to studies proposed for regions that will be drilled approximately 2-3 years following the research cruise. 2. Downhole geophysical or geochemical experiments/techniques that are related to a specific drilling leg or drilling program. These research projects must also be endorsed by the appropriate JOIDES panel for inclusion in the scientific plan for the proposed drilling leg. 3. New methods, techniques, or concepts to improve drilling or the collection and analysis of drilling data. Instrument projects involve only the initial development, not the advanced development, production or ongoing use of the tool or technique. 4. Synthesis research projects to provide new insights toward future drilling goals. Proposal Target Dates For proposals submitted in response to the above-stated areas of interest, the two OSRS target dates are observed. Primary responsibility for research on the geologic samples recovered by the Deep-Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and by ODP resides with research programs, such as the Marine Geology and Geophysics Program. IV. PROPOSAL PREPARATION AND REVIEW Format and Proposal Preparation Grants are awarded on the basis of competitive, merit review of solicited and unsolicited research proposals. Such reviews are normally conducted through the mail and/or by a panel. Proposals may request support for up to five years. Single-year support requests are discouraged. Grants are usually made as continuing grants and funded in yearly increments. The yearly increments require minimal (but essential) application effort on the part of the principal investigator (PI) to secure the following year continuing commitment, the extent of which is described at the end of this section. Proposals may request support for individual efforts by one investigator or for collaborative efforts by a group of investigators. Group proposals should be indicated as such in a cover letter accompanying the proposal and in the project description. The cover letter should describe the objectives of the project and the relevant contributions of each investigator. Where multiple organizations are involved, the proposal can only be submitted by one of them. One PI is designated as the leader and that PI's institution should submit 15 copies of the proposal. Other institutions need submit only one signed copy. Except for the cover page, the proposals should be identical and should contain all the information necessary for reviewing the project. It is helpful if, on the page following the cover page, all investigators in the project are listed with their affiliations and a budget summary is included. In the case of larger, collaborative research programs, discussion of the proposal with the cognizant program officers prior to submittal is advised. The proposal format and requirements are specified in the latest revision of Grants for Research and Education in Science and Engineering (currently NSF 92-89, revision October 1992, 2nd Printing) which is available upon request from: Forms and Publications Unit, Room P15 National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22230 Phone: (703) 306-1130 INTERNET: pubs@nsf.gov Please be aware the NSF regulations for proposal formatting are subject to frequent change and failure to comply with the most recent guidlines will result in processing delays. For your benefit as well as ours, check STIS (see cover) for electronic information regarding the latest requirements or contact the program of interest well in advance of submission. At the time of this printing (December 1993), the following requirements for proposal format must be followed in order to avoid delays in review. Investigators should make sure they are cognizant of the most up-to-date guidelines. The research coordination office or business office of your institution should be able to help. Each proposal must include: Information about Principal Investigators/ Project Directors, NSF Form 1225 (1/90). Only a single copy of Form 1225 should be submitted with each proposal sent to the Foundation. It must be received before the proposal review is initiated. Submission of the information on the form is voluntary (submitting the form is not), and individuals who do not wish to provide the personal information should check the box provided for that purpose. Cover Page, NSF Form 1207 (4/92). The 1992 update is required with all proposals. Signatures of the PI and the Authorized Organizational Representative are required. Table of Contents. Project Summary. The summary should not be more than one page in length, should be written in the third person, and should include a statement of objectives, methods to be employed, and the significance of the proposed activity to the advancement of knowledge. Project Description (including Results from Prior Support). The Project Description, including results from prior support, must not exceed 15 pages except for multi-PI collaborative proposals. The Results from Prior NSF Support sections may not exceed 5 pages of the 15. Visual materials, including charts, graphs, maps, tables, photographs, and other pictorial presentations ARE NOT INCLUDED in the 15-page limit, but the number of these should not be excessive. Pages should be of standard size (21.6 cm x 27.9 cm = 8.5" x 11") and should conform to the standard formatting instructions (in particular, 2.5 cm margins and type no smaller than 10 point font size). In addition metric units should be used throughout unless impractical or inefficient. Call the program officer if you are unsure about these strictly enforced page limits. Bibliography. Include full title of articles and/or books. Biographical Sketches. Limited to 2 pages per investigator. Required for all senior personnel are: (1) vitae, listing only academic essentials and investigator mailing address; (2) list of a maximum of 5 publications most closely related to the proposed project and up to 5 other significant publications, including those being printed; (3) list of persons, other than those cited in the publication list, who have collaborated on a project, book, article or paper within the past 48 months; and, (4) names of each investigator's own graduate and postdoctoral advisors. Other information is not needed. Budget Justification Budget, NSF Form 1030 (8/90). Should include itemized costs for equipment and the time and dollar amount associated with each individual. Current and Pending Support, NSF Form 1239 (1/87) or equivalent. Ship Request, Form 831 (7/92) (mandatory ship is required). Where to Submit. Send the original and 15 copies of the proposal to: Announcement No.________ (if based on a specific program solicitation) Proposal Processing Unit, Rm. 60 National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22230 If a proposal is being submitted in response to a specific NSF Announcement or Solicitation, the delivery address MUST CLEARLY IDENTIFY THE NSF ANNOUNCEMENT OR SOLICITATION NUMBER under which the proposal is being submitted. If not, be sure to indicate the Division and Program to which the proposal should be directed. FIFTEEN copies of the proposal are needed. Do not send the 15 copies to the program office. It is advisable, however, to send an informal advance copy (does not need official signatures) to the program so that staff will be alerted to its arrival and can expedite its handling. Essential forms, which must be submitted as part of the proposal, can be found in the latest edition of NSF publication Grants for Research and Education in Science and Engineering (currently NSF 92-89, revision October 1992, 2nd printing). CONTINUING COMMITMENTS (Committed Renewals) To secure the next year of funding for a continuing commitment, the principal investigator need send only a brief summary of scientific progress to the cognizant program officer NO LESS THAN THREE MONTHS prior to the renewal date. This can be done via electronic mail, but be sure to contact the cognizant NSF program for acknowledgment of receipt. In addition to this, however, you must notify the program in any of the following circumstances: 1. A need for a budget increase - in all cases consult with your program officer to see whether this is financially possible, and, if so, what extra documentation is necessary. 2. Unexpended funds expected to exceed 20% at the end of the current support period. 3. A change in current support of senior personnel. Notes on Electronic Mail Reviews You are encouraged to send proposal reviews to the Division of Ocean Sciences via OMNET/Telemail, or INTERNET. Approximately one-third of the reviews submitted to the Ocean Sciences Research Section for proposals considered for funding are submitted via E-mail. Instructions for using each system are included in the proposal review package. It is not necessary to fill out the enclosed hard copy review form, or to return it if you use E-mail. An interactive form has been prepared by OMNET/Telemail to simplify the proposal review process. PLEASE USE THIS FORM WHEN SUBMITTING REVIEWS VIA OMNET/Telemail. To activate this form, type COMPOSE OCE.REVIEW at the Command? prompt. The interactive form includes on-line help to guide you through the process. When OCE receives your review, a receipt will be posted to your mailbox identifying the proposal you reviewed only by its NSF number. INTERNET - You may submit reviews through the INTERNET. An acknowledgment will be sent back to your INTERNET address. The address to which you should post your reviews is: ocerev@nsf.gov Please make sure to include all the necessary Additional Information in addition to the review itself, i.e.: Program Requesting Review Your Name Proposal Number Principal Investigator's Name Overall Rating (1.0 [excellent] - 5.0 [poor]) Prior Support Rating (1.0 - 5.0), if applicable. V. MAJOR OCEAN SCIENCE INITIATIVES V.1 Introduction From time to time, ocean scientists propose to undertake major programs often of a multidisciplinary, multi-institutional and international scope. Through a variety of mechanisms involving workshops, identification of steering committees and development of science plans, such efforts become recognized within the government and funds are assigned for their support. Usually, government agencies, either individually, or in concert, publish program solicitations (also sometimes called Requests for Proposals, (RFPs) or announcements of opportunity) with specific deadlines for proposals. One of the larger suites of such programs are grouped together in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. These and other programs supported by OCE are briefly described below, together with the OCE programs which have responsibility for them. Further information can be obtained from the OCE program noted in each case, including the location of the relevant national community planning office. V.2 Global Change Programs V.2.1 World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) The goal of WOCE is to understand the global ocean circulation well enough to model its present state and predict its evolution and relate them to long-term climate change. A secondary goal is to provide a scientifically sound strategy for continued monitoring of the ocean after the experiment. A knowledge of ocean circulation is critical to other oceanographic programs, since it controls the transports of heat and other biological and chemical constituents. (Physical Oceanography Program) V.2.2 Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) The goals of the TOGA Program are to investigate (1) the interannual variability of the tropical ocean-global atmosphere system, its predictability, its interactions, and the mechanisms responsible for them, and (2) the feasibility of modeling the coupled interannual variability of ocean-atmosphere interaction for predicting climate on interannual time scales (Physical Oceanography Program). This is a joint program with the Division of Atmospheric Sciences. V.2.3 U.S. - Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (US - JGOFS) The goals of US-JGOFS are to determine and understand on a global scale the processes controlling the time-varying fluxes of carbon and associated biogenic elements in the ocean, and to evaluate the related exchanges with the atmosphere, sea floor and continental boundaries, to enable prediction of their influences on, and responses to, global change perturbations. (Chemical or Biological Oceanography Programs) V.2.4 Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments (RIDGE) RIDGE seeks to understand the physical, chemical, and biological causes and consequences of energy transfers between the global mid-ocean-ridge volcanic system and the ocean environment. (Marine Geology and Geophysics or Biological Oceanography Programs) V.2.5 Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (GLOBEC) Animal populations in the ocean often exhibit huge oscillations in numbers on time scales varying from seasonal to decadal. Some oscillations in living populations result from man's direct perturbations, but others can result from or indicate changes in the physical processes working in and around our seas and our planet. A much enhanced understanding of the controls on populations and secondary production in marine ecosystems is essential for the preservation and utilization of living resources in the sea, and because marine animals are pivotal in shaping ocean ecosystems and in cycling biogenic materials. (Biological Oceanography Program) V.2.6 Land Margin Ecosystems Research (LMER) The goals of LMER are to increase understanding of: (1) the organization and function of land-margin ecosystems (estuaries, coastal wetlands, tidal portions of rivers, the Laurentian Great Lakes, and coastal reefs are examples); (2) the linkages between these systems and adjacent terrestrial and marine systems; and (3) the impacts of major natural environmental perturbations in these regions, particularly sea-level rise and freshwater inputs (Biological Oceanography Program). This is a joint program with the Division of Environmental Biology. V.2.7 Arctic System Science Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions (ARCSS-OAII) ARCSS seeks to understand the physical, geological, chemical, biological and social processes of the arctic system that interact with the total Earth system, and, thus, contribute to or are influenced by global change. Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions goals are to understand how feedback processes within the Arctic amplify global climate change, how Arctic and global systems will be affected by, and have an effect on, changes in the fluxes of ice, fresh water, and water-borne materials; how ecosystems and humans in the Arctic will respond to global change; and how changes in the Arctic system will affect the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination Program). This is a joint program with the Office of Polar Programs. V.2.8 Marine Aspects of Earth System History (MESH) The purpose of MESH is to determine the ocean's role in global climate change by reconstructing ocean/atmosphere/ice dynamics under conditions different from those of the present; and thereby to test climate models in order to determine whether they can successfully reproduce climatic conditions known to have occurred in the past. (Marine Geology and Geophysics Program) VI. OTHER MAJOR OCEAN SCIENCES INITIATIVES VI.1 Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) CoOP is the NSF component of the proposed U.S. National Program in coastal ocean processes. CoOP is identifying and promoting fundamental interdisciplinary science programs which can provide the nation with tools needed to attack the pressing societal coastal issues of the next decade. These include the effects of global change, coastal population increase and effects of development, and fisheries management. (Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination) VI.2 Continental Margins (MARGINS) This program will study the physical mechanisms responsible for deformation and seismic activity on continental margins, determine the magma sources and processes resulting in volcanism on passive and active margins, and identify and quantify the controls upon sediment accumulation and transport on the continental margins. (Marine Geology and Geophysics Program) VI.3 Marine Biotechnology There are two aspects of OCE's activities in Marine Biotechnology. One focus is aimed at using marine systems to develop products and processes of significant economic, environmental and human value. This centers on the need for ocean scientists to provide the fundamental understanding and experience for breakthroughs in biotechnology using marine systems. The second thrust is aimed at assimilating modern molecular biological techniques into the ocean sciences to address fundamental problems in ocean and environmental sciences. (Biological Oceanography Program) VI.4 High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) OCE's goal is to foster the solution of fundamental problems in ocean sciences, with broad economic and scientific impact, which require the application of HPCC techniques and resources. (The OCE program most relevant to your interests.) VII. POSTDOCTORAL PROGRAMS VII.1 Postdoctoral Program in Ocean Modeling Under the sponsorship of NSF and the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) offers a postdoctoral program aimed at training the next generation of ocean modelers. The sponsors and the steering committee are particularly interested in making appointments to: fluid dynamicists, applied mathematicians, physicists, and meteorologists as well as biological, chemical, and physical oceanographers who wish to pursue dynamical modeling of the ocean; physical ocean modelers who wish to pursue models that incorporate the chemistry and biology of the oceans; and scientists interested in developing fully interactive ocean/atmosphere models. The UCAR program offers visiting research appointments of one year, renewable for a second year. Successful applicants receive $33,000/year and benefits in accordance with UCAR policies. For additional information contact the UCAR Office of Programs at (303) 497-8649 or send e-mail to b.appelhans (OMNET) or bappelha@ncar.ucar.edu (INTERNET). VII.2 Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments (RIDGE) Postdoctoral Fellowship Program The RIDGE Postdoctoral Fellowship Program is intended to foster interdisciplinary approaches to studies of mid-ocean ridge processes by providing opportunities for research that cross traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics, chemistry, biology and geology. Applicants are normally expected to submit a research plan that requires a change of institution from the doctoral institution. It is expected that two fellowships will be awarded each year for a two year period. The Fellowship provides a stipend, an institutional allowance, and a special allowance to aid in defraying costs associated with the research. For additional information contact either the RIDGE Office, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543; phone 508-457-2000 ext. 2587; Omnet: RIDGE.OFFICE; Internet ridge@copper.whoi.edu, or the Marine Geology and Geophysics Program, or the Biological Oceanography Program. VII.3 Special Notice - Research Fellowships in Marine Biotechnology Program (Discontinued) This is to inform the Ocean Science Community that the Research Fellowships in Marine Biotechnology Program has been discontinued following the 1993-1994 competition (deadline of 1 September 1993), awards to be announced 1 February 1994. This Fellowship Program has been highly successful and with the completion of the latest round will have helped train approximately 40 Fellows to use recently developed molecular tools to study the ecology of the oceans. The Biological Oceanography program has seen a steady increase in the number of successful proposals which utilize these new molecular techniques to address ocean science problems and anticipates this trend will continue. VIII. AGENCY-WIDE (Cross Directorate) PROGRAMS Cross-Directorate programs are targeted towards NSF-wide initiatives, usually to address education and human resources needs. The following is a selected list of such programs. More details can be found in specific NSF announcements or the NSF Guide to Programs-Chapter 8 (NSF 92-78) which may be on file at your institution, or can be obtained from NSF's Forms and Publications Unit. Information can also be obtained from an appropriate OCE program officer or by contacting the Senior Staff Associate for Cross Directorate Programs, (703) 306-1603. VIII.1 Underrepresented Groups Activities NSF has instituted a number of activities directed specifically at attracting, retraining or advancing the number of women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in SEM education and research. VIII.1.1 Women's Programs VIII.1.1.1 Research Planning Grants (RPG) RPGs are one-time, limited grants for women scientists and engineers who have not had prior independent Federal research support, primarily for feasibility studies for longer-term research projects with the objective of strengthening the investigators planning and proposal writing capabilities. Contact the program of interest for further information. VIII.1.1.2 Career Advancement Awards (CAA) The goal of the CAA Program is to support activities that will enhance the applicants research career. Applicants should have had some prior research experience as a principal investigator or project leader (typically at least five years beyond any postdoctoral) or have had a significant research career interruptions. VIII.1.2 Visiting Professorships for Women (VPW) The focus of this program is to support women to serve as visiting faculty members at a host institution. It enables women scientists experienced in research to undertake research at a university or research institution which has the necessary facilities. The visiting professor also undertakes lecturing, counseling and other interactive activities to increase the visibility of women scientists in the academic environment of the host institution, and to provide encouragement for other women to pursue careers in science. Inquiries regarding this program should be made to the Program Director, NSF Visiting Professorships for Women, (703) 306-1697. VIII.1.3 Minority Programs VIII.1.3.1 Minority Research Initiation (MRI) MRI provides one-time grants for minority scientists and engineers through the following specialized programs: 1) Research Opportunities for Minority Students and College Faculty, 2) Research Initiation Awards (RIA), 3) Research Planning Grants (RPG), 4) Career Advancement Awards (CAA). Utilizing existing NSF supplemental programs, principal investigators with NSF awards may include talented and promising minority students and college faculty in their research projects as research assistants. Science teachers (middle and high school) who are underrepresented minorities, and who have a keen interest in research, may also participate. Most ROAs are for summer support but may be made for the academic year and supplements may be requested for each participant. The MRI-RIA program supports minority scientists and engineers who have not served as a principal investigator on a Federal research award. The MRI-RPG program provides limited grants to minorities primarily for feasibility studies for longer term research projects. The MRI-CAA program provides funding to expand the research opportunities of minority scientists and engineers (particularly junior faculty) but are not intended to be a substitute for regular research grants. Contact the program of interest for more information. VIII.1.3.2 Minorities in Marine Sciences This opportunity was developed in the Division of Ocean Sciences to fund minority undergraduate activities. This program does not exclusively target minority institutions. The funding is split about 50% to 50% for minority and majority institutions, respectively. A wide range of projects have been supported from sending students to professional society meetings to give papers/posters, to supporting minority participation in established, intensive courses in marine sciences, to funding travel for students and mentors to go on oceanic research cruises. For additional information, contact OCE Special Programs at (703) 306-1580. VIII.1.4 Support for Persons with Disabilities VIIII.1.4.1 Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) FASED provides funds for specialized equipment or other assistance needed for handicapped individuals (including principal investigators, other senior personnel, postdoctoral associates, other professionals, and graduate and undergraduate students) to participate in an NSF-sponsored grant. FASED funds may be included as part of a regular proposal submission or as supplements to existing NSF grants. General inquiries may be made to the OCE program of interest or the FASED Program Coordinator at (703) 306-1636. VIII.2 Undergraduate Activities VIII.2.1 Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) RUI is a special program to support research by faculty members of non-doctorate granting departments at Predominantly Undergraduate Institutions (defined as those institutions that have awarded 20 or fewer Ph.D. degrees in the past two years in fields supported by NSF). Contact the program of interest. VIII.2.2 Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) REU supports hands-on research experiences for promising undergraduates, through two kinds of REUs. REU supplements are additions to existing awards (up to $5,000) to support a small stipend and other needs of an undergraduate. Application should be made to the cognizant program officer of the existing research award. REU site awards (up to $5,000 per student) are to support approximately 8-12 undergraduate students at an institution. Application should be made to Special Programs, (703) 306-1580. VIII.2.3 Undergraduate Faculty Enhancement (UFE) UFE offers opportunities for groups of faculty who teach undergraduates to learn about new techniques and developments in their fields. For addtional information contact UFE, (703) 306-1665. VIII.2.4 Instrumentation and Laboratory Improvement (ILI) The Instrumentation and Laboratory Improvement Program (ILI) supports the development of new or improved laboratory courses or experiments in the sciences, mathematics, and engineering. General inquiries may be directed to the Division of Undergraduate Education, (703) 306-1667. VIII.2.5 Course and Curriculum Development (CCD) The Course and Curriculum Development Program supports projects to improve the quality of courses and curricula in science, mathematics, and engineering. General inquiries may be directed to the Division of Undergraduate Education, (703) 306-1666. VIII.3 Other Activities VIII.3.1 Graduate Research Traineeships (GRT) The GRT Program provides portable support to enable individual students the widest latitude in planning their graduate study. Applications to the GRT Program should follow guidelines that are set for a given FY including: (1) disciplinary focus; (2) institutional submission limitations; (3) structural innovation; and (4) funding pattern. For more information, please contact the GRT Program Director, Division of Graduate Education and Research Development, (703) 306-1630. VIII.3.2 Presidential Faculty Fellows Program (PFF) The PFF Program was established at the request of the President of the United States to recognize and support the scholarly activities of some of the Nation's most outstanding science and engineering faculty members early in their careers. The awards are intended to allow Fellows to undertake self-designed, innovative research and teaching projects, to establish research and teaching programs, and to pursue other academic related activities. General inquiries may be addressed to the PFF Program, (703) 306-1697. VIII.3.3 NSF Young Investigator Awards (NYI) Young investigator awards are granted to the Nation's most promising young science and engineering faculty in an effort to enhance the academic career of recent Ph.D. recipients by providing flexible support for research and educational activities. These awards are also aimed at promoting public awareness of the work of academic scientists and engineers and to foster contact and cooperation with industry and institutions that support research and education. These awards consist of a base annual grant for up to five years with provisions for additional funding to match dollar-for-dollar any funding or equipment donated by industry sources. General inquiries may be directed to the Directorate for Geosciences, GEO NYI Information, (703) 306-1557. VIII.3.4 Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) The SGER Program provides one-time grants of up to $50,000 for small-scale, exploratory, high-risk research. Awards are typically for one year. General inquiries should be directed to the OCE program of interest. VIII.3.5 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) SBIR provides grants to science-based and high-technology small business firms for advanced research on scientific or engineering problems that could lead to technological innovation and significant public benefit. Objectives of this program include stimulation of innovation in the private sector, facilitation of the commercial application of NSF supported research results, and improvement of the return on investment from Federally funded research for its economic and social benefits to the nation. Areas of specific interest to OCE include, but are not limited to: 1) oceanographic measurement, sampling, and reporting systems; and, 2) marine\estuarine aquaculture. For additional information contact the SBIR office, (703) 306-1390, or OCE Special Programs, (703) 306-1580. PT 34, 04 KW 1008004 NSF 93-163 (Replaces NSF 89-49)

---

E-Mail Fredric L. Rice / The Skeptic Tank