Authors: Micheal Cranford (firstname.lastname@example.org), Bob Garwood (email@example.com
Authors: Micheal Cranford (firstname.lastname@example.org),
Bob Garwood (email@example.com)
Title: Creationist Credentials
By Michael Cranford:
The source of theinformation on colleges and universities is from
"Bear's Guide to Earning Non-Traditional College Degrees," 10th Ed. Where
used below, the word "Accreditation" refers to accreditation by one of the
recognized Regional Accrediting Agencies, OR by the (legitimate) American
Association of Bible Colleges. California has a three tier system: At the
low end are "Authorized" schools. More highly scrutinized are "Approved"
schools. "Accredited" schools are accredited by the regional Accrediting
Dr. Carl Baugh, a fundamentalist Missouri Baptist minister with no
scientific background, claims to be an archaeologist. He also claims
to have a Ph.D. from the California Graduate School of Theology in
Glendale. When a local skeptic checked with the primary organization
responsible for accreditation (The Western Association of Schools and
Colleges), he was informed that this "graduate school" has not been
accredited. Reverend Baugh claims to have found "human" footprints
that measure nearly forty inches from heel to toe.
California Graduate School of Theology is "Approved" by the state of
California (A step up from "Authorized.") but is not accredited. All degrees
are in theology. Credit is given for "experiential learning."
Dr. Richard Bliss, a member of the ICR staff, has claimed to have a
D.Ed. from the University of Sarasota located in Florida. In the 1984
spring issue of "Scientific Integrity", William V. Mayer pointed out
that this university has been characterized by the "Philadelphia
Inquirer" as a diploma mill in a Florida motel (see Lovejoy's College
Catalog). Bliss has accused evolutionary scientists of "intellectual
dishonesty". He also claims to be "a recognized expert in the field of
science education" and is co-author of a "two-model" book that is being
pushed for use in the public school system.
Bear lists the "University of Sarasota" as a "short residency" (total
residency may be as short as six weeks) school. The school is the equivalent
of California "Approved," but is not accredited.
Dr. Clifford Burdick of the CSRC (Creation Science Research Center)
is a "flood" geologist who has spent forty years trying to prove that
giant humans once roamed the earth and even mingled with the dinosaurs.
Burdick has displayed a copy of his Ph.D. from the University of
Physical Sciences (Phoenix, Arizona) in the Glen Rose Creation Evidence
Museum. However, the State of Arizona Board of Regents, the University
of Arizona Department of Geology, and the Arizona State Bureau of
Geology and Mineral Technology have never heard of this "university."
Bear hasn't heard of this school either. There appears to be a "University of
Psychic Sciences," in National City, California.
Dr. Kelly Segraves, director of the CSRC, listed himself as M.A.
and D.Sc. on the 1975 CSRC letterhead. After having it called into
question, Segraves dropped the D.Sc. in 1981 and now lists "D.R.E." in
its place. Segraves has claimed that his D.Sc. is honorary from
Christian University, yet a computer search indicated that the only
university with that name is located in Jakarta, Indonesia. The next
closest match is a Bible College called Indiana Christian University
(see below). Segraves claims to have received his M.A. from Sequoia
University in 1972 but Bette Chambers discovered that there is no such
place. The closest name match is a Sequoia College in California,
which only offers two year associate degrees and has no record of any
student named Kelly Segraves. Note that "D.R.E." is a doctorate of
religious education and does not qualify as a scientific degree.
There are or were several "National Christian University," in Richardson,
(Texas), Dallas, and apparently Oklahoma City and/or Missouri. Bear can
offer no other information, except that "National Christian" appears on a
European list of degree mills. There is a "Christian International
University" in Phoenix, Arizona (which was established in Texas in 1967, and
moved to Arizona in 1977 when "the Lord provided a central home"). The only
staff member listed as having a Doctorate is the President, whose degree is
from...National Christian University. CIU is the the equivalent of California
"Authorized," but not Accredited.
Sequoia University did exist, in California and Oklahoma, but a judge in Los
Angeles, in 1984, issued a permanent injunction to cease operations "until it
complies with the state education laws." The "university" offered degrees in
osteopathic medicine, religious studies, hydrotherapy, and physical sciences.
Dr. Harold S. Slusher of the ICR claims to have an honorary D.Sc.
from Indiana Christian University and a Ph.D. from Columbia Pacific
University. Robert J. Schadewald recently discovered that Indiana
Christian University is a Bible College with only a 1/2 man graduate
science department, and Columbia Pacific University is nonaccredited.
"Indiana Christian University" is unknown to Bear. Columbia Pacific University,
in San Rafael, California, is California "Approved," but not Accredited.
Of listed faculty, 23% have their own Doctorate from ... Columbia Pacific
In a recent article firstname.lastname@example.org (Callen Roy) writes:
"Here is a fairly complete listing ICR faculty and their degrees, taken
from the 1987-1988 ICR Graduate School catalog. I have added, in
parentheses, the fields in which they received their degrees, whenever
I was able find this information." [ deleted stuff addressed below ]
"[ ... ]
* Bliss, Richard B....................Director of Curriculum Development
....................Chairman of Science Education Dept.
[ ... ] Ed.D. (Science Education Emphasis), University of Sarasota, 1978
[ ... ]"
The University of Sarasota is a nonaccredited diploma mill with no campus
and is located in a Florida motel. Bliss wrote his "doctoral thesis" on the
"two-model" teaching of origins. He has accused evolutionary scientists of
"intellectual dishonesty" and insists that he is "a recognized expert in the
field of science education". Note that Bliss claims that he received his M.A.
in 1972 and not in 1978 as you have indicated above. 
By the way, you seem to have missed Dr. Harold Slusher at the ICR. Slusher
claims to have an honorary D.Sc from Indiana Christian University and a Ph.D
from Columbia Pacific University. Indiana Christian is a Bible College with
a 1/2 man graduate science department (one person for both math and science)
and Columbia Pacific is nonaccredited. 
On a related note, Dr. Kelly Seagraves of the Creation Science Research
Center (CSRC - a bitter rivel of the ICR) claimed to have both an M.A. and a
D.Sc until 1981. After exposure his D.Sc suddenly changed to D.R.E. (doctor
of religious education). He claims that his M.A. is from Sequoia University
although a search for that school proved fruitless. The closest match was a
Sequoia College, which offers 2 year associate degrees (and has no record of
Seagraves). He insists that his D.Sc was honorary from Christian University.
A computer search shows that school to be located in Jakarta, Indonesia. 
Dr. Clifford Burdick (CSRC) claims to have a Ph.D in geology from the
University of Physical Sciences in Phoenix Arizona. Unfortunately, neither
the Phoenix telephone book nor the State of Arizona Board of Regents has the
faintest idea where the school is located. 
Dr. Carl Baugh claims to be an archaeologist with a Ph.D from the California
Graduate School of Theology in Glendale. The Western Association of Schools
and Colleges says this school is nonaccredited (not to mention that theology
was expelled from science over 400 years ago). 
"[ ... ]
You'll note that some very well-known and respected universities are
[ ... ]"
I have personally met creationists from both MIT and Stanford. This does
not make creationism scientific, but rather shows just how immune some people
are to education. If, for example, someone with a Ph.D in astronomy were to
claim that the sun orbits the earth , geocentrism would not suddenly become
scientific. Having a degree is no guarantee of competence in any particular
field. I personally know someone with a degree in physics who is unable to
calculate points on a circle using sines and cosines (and who incidentally
also endorses astrology and biorhythms). Donald Chittick (physical chemist,
George Fox College, Newberg, Oregon)  claims that the lack of helium in the
earth's atmosphere proves that the earth is only about 10,000 years old. You
would expect a chemist to know that the earth's gravity is not strong enough
to keep any really light (low mass) gas from continually escaping into space.
"[ ... ]
a * marks the professors who were once Evolutionists.
[ ... ]"
The claims that some creationists make about having once been evolutionists
are largely regarded as specious since these people relentlessly misrepresent
evolution. They are also unable to give any kind of coherent definition of
science. During the 1982 "Balanced Treatment of Creation-Science [sic] and
Evolution-Science Act" trial in Little Rock Arkansas, W. Scott Morrow (chemist,
Wofford College, South Carolina) claimed to have once been an evolutionist and
rambled for more than an hour about how closed minded evolutionary scientists
were. When Judge Overton asked him for just one example of a scientifically
valid creationist paper's having been rejected, Morrow was unable to respond
but went on to imply that the entire international scientific community was
engaged in a conspiracy. He then said "I know a closed mind when I see one"
while referring to scientific colleagues. After leaving the stand, he told
reporters that the judge wasn't paying attention and was obviously biased.
Creationists' Scientific Publications :
Eugenie Scott and Henry Cole used SCI-SEARCH to do a 3-year scan of over 1000
scientific and technical journals looking for articles written by creationists.
Only 6 papers from creationists were published. None of the papers were about
creationism. They then checked submissions to journals and discovered that out
of 135000 submitted manuscripts only 18 covered creationism. All were rejected
for several faults including "ramblings", "no coherent arguments", "high-school
theme quality", "tendentious essay not suitable for publication anywhere", "more
like a long letter than a referenced article", "no systematic treatment", "does
not define terms", and "flawed arguments".
Scott and Cole ended up concluding "from the reviewers' comments, it appears
that laymen rather than professional scientists are submitting the few articles
that have surfaced the last 3 years". "... when only 18 articles are submitted
to 68 journals in three years, and those articles are submitted apparently by
persons not skilled in established scientific methodology and theory, it is
inappropriate to invoke censorship." 
 On Creationism
Free Inquiry, Spring 1982, volume 2, number 2, page 4.
 Creationist Pseudoscience
the Skeptical Inquirer, Fall 1983, volume VIII, number 1, page 32.
 personal check via phone calls.
 Evidence for Scientific Creationism
Science, May 17, 1985, Vol. 228, page 837.
 Warning, this "for example" was not randomly chosen.
 Donald Chittick is also a member of the (idiotic) ICR.
Repealing the Enlightenment, about the 1982 Arkansas equal-time trial.
Harpers, April 1982, pp. 38-78.
Creationism in Schools
The Decision in McLean verses the Arkansas Board of Education.
Science, February 19, 1982, volume 215, pp. 934-943.
Reviews of Thirty-One Creationist Books,
National Center for Science Education, 1984.
Evolutionists Confront Creationists
Proceedings of the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Pacific Division,
American Association for the Advancement of Science,
April, 1984, volume 1, part 3.
Science and Creationism : A View from the National Academy of Sciences, 1984.
Science as a Way of Knowing - Evolutionary Biology
American Zoologist, volume 24, number 2, 1984.
Crusade of the Credulous
California Academy of Sciences Press, 1986.
Meanwhile, I'm saving up box-tops and when I have enough, I'll get some
degrees and become a scientific type person just like those creationists.
By Bob Garwood:
In article <5968@pdxgate.UUCP> email@example.com (callen roy) writes:
>There have been some names added to the list. Additional information on
>some of the professors has been noted. And, Current titles are corrected.
>a * marks the professors who were once Evolutionists.
>C. Allen Roy
> Adjunct Faculty
>DeYoung Donald B..........................Professor of Astrophysics
> B.S., Michigan Technical University, 1966
> M.S., Michigan Technical University, 1968
> Ph.D. (Physics), Iowa State University, 1972
Since astrophysics is my field, I thought I'ld try and check up on this
In _American Men and Women of Science_, 18th edition, 1989-90,
DeYoung is also shown to have the following degree:
MDiv., Grace Theol. Sem. 1981
In addition, as of that edition, it lists him as being an Associate
Prof of physics at Grace Col. in Winona Lake, Ind. For research, it
gives "Mossbauer effect studies of transition metal borides." There is
no indication in this book of any background or expertise in astrphysics.
It classifies him as "SOLID STATE SCIENCE".
Furthermore, a check of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts shows
no publication by a Donald DeYoung in any of the many journals that
He clearly is NOT an astrophysicist (although he may play one at the ICR).
National Radio Astronomy Observatory
E-Mail Fredric L. Rice / The Skeptic Tank