ANARCHY 'N' EXPLOSIVES
=====> VOLUME 3 <=====
This is the MOST important or one of the most important volumes regarding
the various mixtures of anarchy that I will be "publishing" to the "public".
Also, it may as well be the MOST DANGEROUS to prepare, the substance we will
be dealing with is Trinitrotoluene, or short - TNT. This high expolosive
is a VERY DANGEROUS, slightly unstable substance. The crystalized crude TNT
is about the color of brown sugar and feels greasy to the touch. It is
suitable for many uses as a high-explosive, but not for the use in high-
explosive shells. It is also highly reactive to many other chemical
substances. It can be incorporated into dynamite and many other explosives
that will be explained in further detail later, in other volumes of ANARCHY.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO FINISH THIS PROJECT UNLESS YOU ARE FULLY CAPABLE SAFELY
EXECUTING THE PROCESSES IN A SAFE ENVIRONMENT! IF YOU CHOOSE TO CONTINUE,
READ THE INSTRUCTIONS COMPLETELY THROUGH BEFORE BEGINNING AND HAVE ALL
MATERIALS AND TOOLS (INCLUDING SAFETY/EMERGENCY EQUIPTMENT) READY FOR USE
WHEN OR IF THEY ARE NEEDED. THIS IS NOT A JOKE! USE AT YOUR OWN RISK!!!!!
Preparation of Trinitrotoluene (Three Stages). A mixture of 294 grams
of concentrated sulfuric acid (density 1.84) and 147 grams of nitric
acid (density 1.42) is added slowly from a dropping funnel to 100
grams of toluene in a tall 600-cc. beaker, while the liquid is stirred
vigorously with an electric stirrer and it's temperature is maintained
at 30 to 40 degrees celsius by running cold water in the vessel in
which the beaker is standing. The addition of acid will require from an
hour to an hour and a half. The stirring is then continued for half an
hour longer without cooling; the mixture is allowed to stand over night
in a separatory funnel; the lower layer of spent acid is drawn off; and
the crude mononitrotoluene is weighed. One-half of it, corresponding to
50 grams of toluene, is taken for the dinitration.
The mononitrotoluene (MNT) is dissolved in 109 grams of concentrated
sulfuric acid (d. 1.84) while the mixture is cooled in running water.
The solution in a tall beaker is warmed to 50 degrees
and a mixed acid,
composed of 54.5 grams each of nitric acid (d. 1.50) and sulfuric acid
(d. 1.84), is added slowly drop by drop from a dropping funnel while
the mixture is stirred mechanically. The heat generated by the reaction
raises the temperature, and the rate of addition of the acid is regulated
so that the temperature of the mixture lies always between 90 degrees
and 100 degrees. The addition of the acid will require about 1 hour.
After the acid has been added, the mixture is stirred for 2 hours longer
at 90-100 degrees to complete the nitration. Two layers seperate on
standing. The upper layer consists largely of dinitrotoluene (DNT), but
probobly contains a certain amount of TNT. The trinitration in the
laboratory is converniently carried out without separating the DNT from
the spent acid.
While the dinitration mixture is stirred actively at a temperature of
about 90 degrees, 145 grams of fuming sulfuric aced (oleum containing
15% free SO3) is added slowly by pouring from a beaker. A mixed acid,
composed of 72.5 grams each of nitric acid (d. 1.50) and the 15% oleum,
is now added drop by drop with good agitation while the heat of the
reaction maintains the temperature at 100-115 degrees. After about
three-quarters of the acid has been added, it will be found necessary
to apply external heat to maintain the temperature. After all the acid
has been added (taking 1 1/2 to 2 hours), the heating and stirring are
continued for 2 hours longer at 100-115 degrees. After the material has
stood overnight, the upper TNT layer will be found to have solidified
to a hard cake, and the lower layer of spent acid to be filled with
cdata bstals. The acid is filtered through a Buchner funnel (without filter
paper), and the cake is broken up and washed with water on the same
filter to remove excess of acid. The spent acid contains considerable
amounts of TNT in solution; this is precipitated by pouring the acid
into a large volume of water, filtered off, rinsed with water, and added
to the main batch. All the of the product is washed three or four times
by agitating it vigorously with hot water under which it is melted.
After the last washing, the TNT is granulated by allowing it to cool
slowly under hot water while the stirring is continued. The product,
filtered off and dried at ordinary room temperature, is equal to a good
commercial sample of crude TNT. It may be purified by dissolving in warm
alcohol at 60 degrees and allowing to cool slowly, or it may be purified
by digesting with 5 times its weight of 5% sodium hydrogen sulfite
solution at 90 degrees for half an hour with vigorous stirring, washing
with hot water until the washings are colorless, and finally granulating
as before. The product of this last treatment is equal to a good
commercial sample of purified TNT. Pure ALPHA-TNT, melting point 80.8
degrees, may be procured by recrystallizing this material once from
nitric acid (d. 1.42) and once from alcohol.
Well, that's it... AND REMEMBER MY WARNING!
future editions of ANARCHY 'N' EXPLOSIVES comming soon.....
(whenever I have time to type them up!)
by Doctor Dissector of course!