To: All Msg #61, 10-Jul-90 01:42pm Subject: H.H.D.L. and Congress by Robert McNamara, U.S.

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From: Us-Tibet Committee/Info. Service Sent To: All Msg #61, 10-Jul-90 01:42pm Subject: H.H.D.L. and Congress by Robert McNamara, U.S. Tibet Committee His Holiness the Dalai Lama will visit the United States this September, and there is great interest on Capitol Hill in having His Holiness address a joint session of Congress. The Bush Administration, ever craven before the Chinese, does not welcome such an enlightening event, and will no doubt try to manever behind the scenes to block any invitation from the Congress to the Dalai Lama. It is suggested that Tibet supporters write to their Senators and Representatives and urge them to support the initiative to have the Dalai Lama address a joint session of Congress. If the Congress senses that there is strong grass-roots support for having the Dalai Lama speak in Congress, it may be able to resist the efforts of the Administration to appease the Chinese government. A. M. Rosenthal, columnist and former foreign correspondent and executive editor of the New York Times, published, in the Sunday Week In Review section of July 8, 1990, an excellent article on the subject of His Holiness addressing the Congress. The text of the column, which was headlined "Congress and the Monk" follows: by A. M. Rosenthal In late September of this year, Congress will have a splendid opportunity to honor itself and the name of the United States -- and correct a great wrong to a monk who leads a nation from exile. On Oct. 5, 1989, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to this monk, born Tenzin Gyatso in a Himalayan village and now the Dalai Lama, national leader of Tibet and the embodiment of its Buddhism. He won the prize for leading his nation's struggle for freedom from four decades of Chinese Communist captivity -- without ever using the weapon of hatred. He happened to be in the United States that day. He comes from time to time to preach to American Buddhists. The Bush Administration, like American Administrations before it, understood that showing respect to the Dalai Lama would infuriate the Chinese Communists who have held his nation in brutal captivity since 1950. So the Bush Administration ignored the Dalai Lama and the award given to him. This boycott was one of the more vulgar episodes of diplomatic toadying in modern American history. Millions of Tibetans have died in slaughter, imprisonment and torture. Tibetans still die for freedom in their mountain towns and villages. They fight a particularly vicious occupation, designed to wipe out not only their sovereignty but their religion and national memory as well. But we don't want to irritate the Chinese Communists, do we? So the executive branch of the Government keeps pretending the Dalai Lama does not exist. He has never seen an American President. One day I heard one of the Dalai Lama's few representatives in the United States say he was not permitted into the State Department. He did have the privilege of calling in once in a while to see if somebody would lunch with him, outside. The envoys of all sorts of international goons and killers are bowed into the State Department, but the representatives of this good man are not even allowed close enough to press their noses against the windows. But the United States Congress does not feel that way. Congress has passed many resolutions expressing support and sympathy for the Tibetans. The resolutions carry no enforcement power, but they outrage the captors in Beijing. And they give strength to Tibetans at home and in Dharmsala, an Indian town where the Dalai Lama and his fellow refugees are permitted to live. In Dharmsala, Tibetans post the resolutions on the walls, so happy are they at any sign that the world remembers them. That is history; this is news: Republicans and Democrats in both houses have been quietly talking about the possibility of having the Dalai Lama address a joint session of Congress. Only four other foreigners who were not heads of state have received that honor: the Marquis de la Fayette, Winston Churchill when he was out of office, Lech Walesa and Nelson Mandela. All the senators and representatives I spoke to said they thought the Dalai Lama had earned the honor and that Americans would want the stain of the boycott wiped out. But most of them brought up the big obstacle. Traditionally the Administration is asked its opinion of such a move. Given their record of kowtowing to the Chinese Communists, the Bush people will run screaming into the night at the very idea. In both houses of Congress, new bills are being written to deny Communist China the low tariffs granted to most other nations. That proposal already has been vetoed by the President and will be again. Again, Congress may not put together the two-thirds vote to override the veto. But Tibetans should be treated separately and distinctly, as victims of an international crime still going on. Whatever happens to tariff legislation, the Dalai Lama and his people deserve at least a hearing, dignity, recognition -- the three things that mean so much to all political prisoners. The issue will land on the desks of Representative Thomas Foley of Washington and Senator George Mitchell of Maine. As Speaker of the House and Senate majority leader, they will have to decide whether the opposition of the Administration should be automatically accepted as an irremovable Veto of the desire of the majority of Congress to hear and honor the Dalai Lama. Senator Claiborne Pell of Rhode Island, Democratic head of the Foreign Relations Committee, says there is a 50-50 chance of an invitation to the Dalai Lama. They have faced worse odds for decades, Tenzin Gyatso and all his people suffering in the Himalayas. ### From: Robbie Barnett Sent To: All Msg #62, 12-Jul-90 09:37pm Subject: World Politicians for Tibet /* Written 3:05 pm Jul 10, 1990 by gn:robbieb in cdp:tibet.informat */ /* ---------- "MPs call for Tibet Self-Determinati" ---------- */ Subject: MPs call for Tibet Self-Determination News Update/Tibet Information Network/7 Beck Road London E8 UK phone (-44-81) 533 5458/ Robbie Barnett MPS FROM 17 COUNTRIES CALL FOR TIBET SELF-DETERMINATION London, Monday 9 July 1990 At a conference in London which ended on Sunday, MPs from 17 countries declared their support for Tibetan self-determination. The MPs issued a declaration calling on the Chinese Government to start negotiations with the Dalai Lama "for a peaceful transfer of power leading to independence for the Tibetan people", and said they would urge their own Governments to acknowledge the Dalai Lama and his exile Government as the sole representatives of the Tibetan people. The 3-day International Consultation on Tibet involved 140 politicians, academics, lawyers and representatives of non-Governmental organisations from 34 countries in detailed discussions about the Chinese presence in Tibet. The conference represented the highest level of political discussion of the Tibet issue for many years. International debate of the subject ended when China was accepted into the UN in 1971. Although the British Government refused to attend, saying that it acknowledged "the special position of the Chinese authorities in Tibet", conference participants included Steingrimur Hermannsson, the current Prime Minister of Iceland, as well as observers from 6 other Governments. Last week the Chinese Ambassador in London called for the immediate cancellation of the conference, describing it as an interference in China's internal affairs. The conference was convened by huamn rights groups at the UK Parliament and the US Congress and organised by International Alert, London-based NGO involved in conflict resolution. On Sunday the Conference, chaired by Lord Ennals, a former junior Foreign Minister in the UK, announced that a co-ordinating organisation would be set up to link the efforts of MPs in different countries. MPs supporting the declaration included many from countries outside Europe, with strong contingents from India, Nepal, Australia, the United States, Malaysia, and Lithuania. Some MPs represented large groups or political parties in their own parliaments, and a French deputy announced that in France a cross-party group of 65 MPs had been formed to support the Tibet issue. The conference also announced that "an international commission of distinguished persons" would be set up to advance the aims of the Conference Declaration, which included an offer to assist Parliamentarians who want to make fact-finding missions to Tibet. Especially significant was the presence of representatives from the Mongolia Democratic Party and the Mongolia Democratic Union, who announced their support for the "Tibetan people's struggle for their self-determination". Dandindorg Ninge, of the General Co-ordinating Council of the Mongolian Democratic Union, noted that the Tibet conference was the first international involvement of his party since one-party rule was ended in Mongolia. He added that the Mongolian Government had previously accepted that Tibet was part of China, but said the Democratic Parties in Mongolia "were interested to make a change in that situation." Delegates heard a former Minister from the Zimbabwe Government declare sorrow at China's failure to allow self-determination in Tibet "when it had worked so hard to assist us in our fight for self-determination and independence in Zimbabwe." Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku, former Attorney-General, said that African attitudes to Tibet were based only on the Chinese version of the facts, and called on Tibetans to go and explain their situation to people in Africa, many of whom had "lived through similar atrocities". In a debate at the UN earlier this year China told the African nations that critics of their human rights record were being led by Western countries in an attack on developing nations. In an important statement by the socialist group at the European Parliament, Jannis Sakellariou, an MEP from West Germany, said that the group "did not accept the Chinese claim that Tibet was part of China" and called for China to recognise the Tibetans' right to self-determination. The conference was particularly significant for an important criticism of United States foreign policy made by a representative of the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Mary-Beth Caviness, staffer to Committee Chairman Senator Claiborne Pell, cited Chinese arms sales to the Khmer Rouge and to Middle Eastern countries as proof that US reliance on China as an ally was misguided. "China is not and never has been a reliable ally of the United States", she said, adding that Tibet was now accepted in the US as an international issue. Although international conferences on the situation in Tibet have been held in Germany, India, Denmark and Japan since Chinese police opened fire on demonstrators there in October 1987, the London Consultation was the first gathering of high ranking politicians to discuss the issue. It was unique in focussing on the question of Tibet's political status rather than limiting itself to human rights abuses. The meeting was attended by senior reperesentatives of the Tibetan Government-in-exile, as well as two Tibetan dissidents who had escaped in the last six months from Tibet after being imprisoned for taking part in pro- independence demonstrations. One, a 25-year old monk from Drepung near Lhasa, had had 4 ribs broken and his skull fractured twice during arrest and interrogation in the Tibetan capital in March 1988. Reperesentatives of the Chinese exile organisation, the Federation for a Democratic China, indicated a significant basis of support within the organisation for Tibetan views. Officially the FDC has committed itself only to supporting the federal option for Tibet, but conference delegates were told by Lan Dong, FDC Information Secretary, that in a recent survey of Chinese exiles in West Germany, 65% had supported the Tibetans' right to independence. Participants included three former Foreign Ministers, as well as the former Attorney-General of the United States and the cureent Attorney-General of New South Wales, Australia. - end -

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