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SPUTNIK1.TXT - "Time To Study The Facts"
- by Mark Milchiker, a biophysicist
Note: The following article was excerpted from the October, 1989
edition of "SPUTNIK", the monthy digest of the Soviet Press.
It is published in the Soviet Union, and translated into
several languages, with of course English being one of them.
The following article was "abridged" from the Soviet language
magazine, "Priroda I Chelovek". If someone is interested in
the full text of this article, perhaps they could try to
obtain a copy of the above magazine and have it translated.
The following article also contained about a half-dozen photos
of various UFOs pictured over the Soviet Union.
- Tom Mickus 11/20/89
TIME TO STUDY THE FACTS
The above epigraph, which belongs to an outstanding scientist
of our time and the founder of world cosmonautics, clearly shows what
he thought of the fairly mysterious and debatable problem of the
possible contact between earthly, human civilization and intelligent
beings from extra-terrestrial worlds.
Indeed, have non-earthmen ever visited our planet? Are contacts
with them maintained today? Are such contacts possible in the future?
These questions stir many people, especially enthusiasts researching the
problem. I will try to answer these questions and outline the appropriate
little-known views of Tsiolkovsky. This great schooteacher of Kaluga
not only foresaw mankind's egress into outer space, but also, long before
the commencement of the Space Age and the huge growth of interest in
"visitors", declared that extra-terrestrial civilizations could exist
and make contact with mankind.
Unfortunately, there is no telling what facts collected by "people
whose judgement may be relied upon" Tsiolkovsky had in mind. The
scientist did not specify them. But the phrase itself is highly significant,
suggesting that appropriate facts existed even in his days, that people
collected and tried to analyse them over half a century ago! And what
is the situation now?
It is known that twenty years ago groups of researchers all over
the world collected about two hundred and fifty thousand stories about
flying objects, tales of other unorthodox phenomena, and of contacts between
humans and extra-terrestrial beings, referred to as hominoids. If all
these were falsifications or hallucinations, it would suggest that the
world is full of lunatics, wouldn't it? Shouldn't these stories be
Here is what Tsiolkovsky wrote in 1928 in his work "The Will of the
Universe. Unknown Intelligent Forces:"
"A mass of inexplicable phenomena have been recorded in history and
literature. The majority of them can undoubtedly be classified with
hallucinations and other delusions, but does this apply to all such
phenomena? Now that the possibility of interplanetary travel has been
proven, man should show greater consideration for such 'incomphrehensible'
phenomena. I believe that some such phenomena are not illusions, but real
proof of the presence of unknown intelligent forces in outer space."
Tsiolkovsky categorized as such phenomena, in particular, images
of a geometric figure and a man which had observed in the sky in the spring
of 1886 and the word "ChAU" which he had seen spelled in Russian letters
on the horizon during the sunset on May 31, 1928. Thus, Tsiolkovsky
observed what is known as anomalous phenomena himself.
It all shows that obscure phenomena do exist. Moreover, researchers
have found evidence of possible contacts between humans and extra-terrestrials
in the distant past. I will make bold to say that in our days, too,
thousands of people have seen objects which I call ALO (astra-levitating
objects or objects flying from the stars in the sky).
The eye witness accounts of such phenomena are fairly numerous a
A group of enthusiasts in the West has even set up an international
organization for coordinating the study of UFOs - ICUFON (Intercontinental
UFO Galactic Space-craft Research and Analitic Network).
For instance, one of the most recent eyewitness accounts came from
Mozambique. On February 11, 1988, thousands of people in the city of Beira
witnessed an ALO flight.
The object appeared in the sky at approximately three o'clock in the
afternoon local time, hanging over the city. Workers at the local
meteorological station said that the object, which looked like a parachute
and had two powerful sources of light aboard, remained at a height of about
three kilometres and could be very well observed through field-glasses. It
continuously revolved around its axis. From a short distance the object
was observed by the pilots of a passenger plane of the Mozambiquean LAM
Air Company, which, having taken off from the city airport, was then
gaining altitude. Only three hours later did this gleaming object fly away
southwards. Incidentally, this unorthodox phenomenon was also watched by
APN's and Izvestia's own correspondents in Mozambique (see Izvestia,
February 18, 1988).
How can we, scientists, classify the multitude of similar facts?
They are either well-presented falsifications or true stories. Everyone
is free to interpret them as he wishes.
Of course, it would be simple to laugh off all these stories. But
I am not an advocate of such an approach.
It is known that during the first meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev
and Ronald Reagan in Geneva, the US President said that if the Earth was
threatened by an extra-terrestrial invasion, the United States and the
Soviet Union should pool their efforts to rebuff any attack. Was this
just a casually dropped idea, a hyperbole geared to emphasize the importance
of this meeting of the top leaders of our two countries? However, it is
quite possible that President Reagan was not joking at all, that he had
serious reasons for making such a statement.
Possibly, efforts to decipher the ALO structure and manufacturing
technology are being made in the United States, and Americans are working
seriously on the problem of contact with messengers of extra-terrestrial
civilizations. Back in 1981 Dr.Colman S. von Kevietzky, Director of above
-mentioned ICUFON, a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics (Aerospace), and a former military man, sent to President
Reagan two packages of materials containing proofs of the military activity
of UFO's ("flying saucers"), demanding that the government prevent a fatal
war between the United States and galactic forces. This brings to mind
H.G.Well's "The War of the Worlds", doesn't it?! Von Kevietzky received a
reply from the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs in
the US National Security Council, Major-General Robert L.Schweitzer, saying
that the President was fully aware of the threat so competently outlined
in Kevitzky's document. Soon afterwards, General Schweitzer was dismissed
- in the opinion of US researchers, under an all too clearly fabricated
excuse. It seems as if the real reason for his dismissal was Schweitzer's
indirect admission of the development of problems connected with contacts
with UFOs in the United States. That cost him his position.
The most curious fact, however, was that long before this happened
the "National Enquirer Magazine" published extracts from statements of
official representatives of the US State Department about a possible threat
posed by extraterrestrial visitors.
In view of the hushing up of this problem, Dr. von Kevitzky made
public all information about UFO activity he had in a Memorandum intended
for the government and peoples of all countries. A press release which
was then circulated warned that the pursuit of UFOs by earthly military
forces could provoke a global Pearl Harbor. The Memorandum said that
instead of the insane slipdown, with all its nuclear arsenals and secret
military missions, towards a war in space, man should realize that he was
not an isolated entity living on a planet isolated in the Universe.
Another press release, issued by the ICUFON jointly with the
Planetary Professionals Citizens Committee in 1982, said that the time
has come to lift the iron curtain of the secrecy surrounding the global
UFO problem. All available documents regarding UFOs should be granted
to interested individuals and institutions.
So that is where the wind blows from. And, as I see it, it was
no fortuity that the US President should suddenly have raised the question
of visitors from outer space. This subject was too serious for high-
I am profoundly convinced of the objectivity and authenticity of
much ALO data, having done fifteen years' research myself jointly with
specialists in various fields. Our research has a public service basis.
We have collected a vast body of information on the sites of presumptive
ALO Landings - eyewitness accounts, photographs, and the data of various
psycho-chemical analyses. At the places of putative ALO landings and
contacts of earthmen with non-earthmen aided by biological detection and
ranging frames measurements were taken of the residual fields induced by
the extra-terrestrial visitors on the ground and in the atmosphere. It
was established that these fields survived for seven to nine years.
Furthermore, we closely questioned those who claimed that they had
been in contact with non-earthmen. The questioning was done under hypnosis
(hypnotesting), the conversations being tape-recorded. To our way of
thinking, such a method made it possible to establish the authenticity of
the contactor's story, to reconstruct forgotten facts, and to specify
details. Of the twelve contactors, four were interrogated using this
The most incredible case of contact was an encounter by driver
V.P.B. with extra-terrestrials near the village of Polushino in the
Mozhaisk District of the Moscow Region. The meeting, it was claimed,
took place on July 28, 1980. The visitors studied the contactor using
a ring-shaped cap placed on his head and connected by cables to a panel.
Then they talked with him. Finally, they told the man that he would
forget about their encounter. And indeed he only recalled it following
a period of great stress. A detailed study of a map depicted by the
contacter which he had seen over the panel aboard the extra-terrestrial
vehicle and which had consisted of nine stars that had formed a hoof-shaped
figure led us to draw the conclusion that this particular ALO had arrived
from the southern constellation of Vela (Sails).
I realize that any sober-minded reader might be persuaded that all
these stories are a mere send-up. Another surprise is the abundance of
proofs of encounters with ALOs and ALOnauts. Such a profusion of facts has
a double explanation: either the earthmen are susceptible to collective
psychosis or extra-terrestrial civilizations really are studying our planet.
There are no other possibilities.
Now let us return to the views of our great dreamer, whose works are
still only poorly known. In many of his writings, Tsiolkovsky tries to
convince his readers that life does exist on other planets, that outer
space is populated by highly intelligent social beings and predominantly
highly developed civilizations. In his "Scientific Ethics" he wrote:
"Since life has appeared on Earth, why shouldn't it have appeared on
billions of other planets having the same conditions as our own? The
presence of life in the Universe is an incontestible fact. To assume that,
apart from man, the Universe is unpopulated and lifeless because we cannot
see its life is a gross delusion." According to Tsiolkovsky, when
civilization spreads from one area of outer space to another, it "creates
a wide variety of breeds of perfect beings -- capable of living in different
atmospheres, at different gravity, on different planets, in a vacuum or
in rarefied gas, living on food and without food - exclusively on sunrays,
beings which resist cold, and beings which resist abrupt and considerable
But a question arises, why have representatives of extra-terrestrial
civilizations to this day failed to present themselves to mankind with full
visual clarity? As if anticipating this question, in 1933 Tsiolkovsky wrote
on a letter from student A. Yudin of Tomsk: "Attempts of higher beings to
help us are possible, because they continue to be made to this day. We,
people, do not try to convince animals of the irrationality of their life.
The distance between us and perfect beings is hardly any less."
But if we concede that people may encounter probes and ALOnauts, we
should think about making psychological preparations for such contacts.
The importance of such psychological readiness goes far beyond the confines
of cosmonautics proper. Man must form a clear idea of what he wants of
the possible contacts with extra-terrestrial civilizations. Perhaps in view
view of such contacts he should at least cease to silence the problem and
talk about it openly?
It is clear that the problem of searching for contacts with extra-
terrestrial civilizations must pass from the field of purely academic
speculations to the field of scientific research and practical actions not
limited to radioastronomy. It appears that searching for and studying
emergence of ALOs and the presumptive "contact" with representatives of
other worlds should change from a semi-legal gratuitous occupation into
work of serious research teams, which, most importantly, would strive not
to disprove eyewitness accounts, but to search for proofs of such contacts.
Methodologically, such an approach would be more fruitful. The only way
to solve this problem is by using integral methods and by drawing on the
achievements of various branches of science - natural, engineering, and
social. This requires laboratories fitted with special equipment for
searching for, confirming, and meticulously analysing "contacts". This
should be done if only to make the problem cease to be an object of
speculation, science fiction, send-ups, and mystification, so that science
could, with full confidence, declare its findings on the subject.
Incidentally, it should be recalled that Tsiolkovsky was against
any limitation of the sphere of scientific research. Speaking, with his
friend Alexander Chizhevsky, one of the founders of cosmobiology, he mae
indignant remarks about people who regarded as scientific only what they
already "hold in their hands", excluding obscure phenomena from the sphere
"Man is yet to study the entire Universe, a place which abounds in
unknown and simply obscure phenomena. And yet he is already putting up
fences between the possible and the impossible! Study this, but don't
dare touch that!"
What an apt and absolutely correct summing up of the question!
The entire history of the formation of many scientific disciplines,
including cosmonautics, shows that unorthodox ideas were first denied
acceptance. Research connected with the quest for ALOs is presently at
an embryonic stage. In fact, it is being rejected as absurd because it
And how good it would be if the scientific search for extra-
terrestrial civilizations were always keynoted by the words of another
pioneer of Soviet cosmonautics, Friedrich Tsander:
"Who, fixing his gaze on the sky on a clear autumn night, at the
sight of the stars glimmering in it, has not thought that distant planets
are perhaps inhabited by intelligent beings like ourselves but are
culturally thousands of years ahead of us? Innumerable cultural values
could be delivered to the Earth and multiply the treasury of science if
man could transport himself there. What negligible expenditures this
great scheme would require compared to what man squanders!"
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