1. The word //indriya// is derived from the Vedic god Indra,
the ruler of the gods in the ancient pantheon. Hence the word
suggests the idea of dominance or control.
2. See Selected Texts below, Section 5.
3. Don Quixote fights "commending himself to God and his
mistress" and he feels himself as an instrument of Dulcinea
who infuses valour into his arms. "She fights in me, she is
victorious in me and I live and breathe in her, receive life
and being itself from her." He thus belongs to the large band
of those who sustain their faith by the love of a feminine
being and his Dulcinea corresponds to the Virgin Mary of the
Catholics and to the Tara and Prajnaparamita of Mahayana
4. //Zen in English Literature//, 1948, p.199.
5. //Ibid.//, p.201.
6. See //Visuddhimagga//, IV,45-49.
7. Faith lends itself to emotional excitement; vigour to the
excitement of doing things and wanting to do more; wisdom to
the excitement of discovery.
8. //Visuddhimagga//, IV,49
9. //Majjhima Nikaya//, i,57.
10. The commentary to this passage should be consulted. It has
been translated in Bhikkhu Soma, //The Way of Mindfulness//,
11. //Samyutta Nikaya//, iii,13; //Visuddhimagga//, XIV,7.
12. E.g. //Abhidharmakosha//, vi, pp.142-144.
13. //Trimshika// by Vasubandhu, ed. S. Levi, 1925-26.
14. Sec. 16; commentary in //Atthasalini//, PTS, 1897 (=Asl.),
15. //Indriya//. //Asl.// 122: "Through overwhelming ignorance
it is a 'dominant' in the sense of 'dominant influence'; or
it is a 'dominant' because by exercising discernment
(//dassana//) it dominates (associated //dharmas//)."
16. //Asl.// 123: "As a clever surgeon knows which foods are
suitable and which are not, so wisdom, when it arises,
understands dharmas as wholesome or unwholesome, serviceable
or unserviceable, low or exalted, dark or bright, similar or
dissimilar." Similarly //Abhidharmakosha//, I,3; II,154.
17. Dharma: the four holy Truths (//Asl.//).
18. //Vebhabya; aniccadinam vibhavana-bhava-vasena//. Or "a
19. Or "examination."
20. Or "breadth." Wisdom is rich and abundant, or massive.
21. //Medha//; also "mental power." "As lightning destroys even
stone-pillars, so wisdom smashes the defilements;
alternatively, it is able to grasp and bear in mind."
22. //Milindapanha//, I,61: "It is like a lamp which a man would
take into a dark house. It would dispel the darkness, would
illuminate, shed light, and make the forms in the house stand
23. Because it gives delight, is worthy of respect (or
"variegated"), hard to get and hard to manifest, incomparable
and a source of enjoyment to illustrious beings.
24. //Milindapanha//, as translated in my Buddhist Scriptures,
151-52 (see Appendix, Ia).
25. //Asl.// 123: "This penetration is unfaltering
(//akkhalita//), like the penetration of an arrow shot by a
26. //Visuddhimagga//, XIV, 7. //Dhammasabhava-pativedhalakkhana
27. A full translation of this text has been published, as Wheel
No. 21, under the title //The Removal of Distracting Thoughts
(Vitakka-santhana Sutta)//. With the Commentary and Marginal
Notes, translated by Soma Thera. Buddhist Publication
28. //Sotapattiyangani//: The four are: unshakable faith in the
Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha; and perfect morality.
29. //Sammappadhana//: the effort of avoiding or overcoming evil
and unsalutary states, and of developing and maintaining good
and salutary states.
30. //Satipatthana//: mindfulness as to body, feelings, state of
mind and mind-objects.
32. The truths of suffering, its origin, its cessation and the
way to its cessation. The Commentary says that, in the field
ascribed here to each faculty, the respective faculty is
dominant at the height of its particular function, while the
other four are concomitant and are supporting the dominant
function. But the faculty of wisdom is the highest in rank
among the five.
33. That is, of his having attained Arahantship.