The Energy Machine of Joe Newman Abstracted from an article in the May 1987 issue of Disco

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The Energy Machine of Joe Newman Abstracted from an article in the May 1987 issue of Discover Magazine . ********************************************************************* . Joe Newman claims he has invented an energy machine that harnesses a heretofore untapped source of energy. What the machine does says Newman is to convert mass into energy by tapping into the mechanical energy of Newman's "gyroscopes". In 1979 Newman applied for a patent and in 1982 he was rejected at the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) which said it "Smacks of perperual motion". . Newman Appealed the decsion and subsequently demonstrated his motor but claims he wasn't taken seriouly. In 1984 Newman sued the PTO in Federal Court. Judge Jackson appointed a special master to investigate. The investigator, William Schuyler, Jr, was an electrical engineer, patent attorney, and former Commissioner of Patents. Schuyler issued his report in Sept 1984. It stated the evidence was "overwhelming" , labeled as "clearly erroneous" the PTO's claim that the machine was impossible, and concluded that on the basis of "very clear evidence" that the Newman machine was operable and "entitled to a patent". The PTO objected to the report. The judge rejected the conclusions and sent the case back to the PTO for reconsideration. THe PTO reconsidered and rejected the application once again. The Judge, at PTO's suggestion, directed Newman to surrender his machine to the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) for testing. After numerous squabbles, the NBS tested the machine. The NBS concluded that the machine did not work as claimed. Newman claimed that the NBS has botched the tests and had grounded the machine thereby draining away most of its energy and in additon had tested his motor as if it were a generator. . During court room testimony, Newman's lawyer called 3 expert witnesses, a physicist and two engineers. The first witness said ocilloscope traces showed more energy coming out then going in. He also said that he hooked a standard motor to a pump and ran it for 6 minutes untill it exhausted the batteries running it. Using the same pump and identical batteries, he hooked the pump to the Newman motor and it was still running and pumping oil after 8 hours. The witness, Roger Hastings, explained the essential feature of the Newman motor to be the extremely long wire used to wind the coil - 55 miles in one version, with many thousands of turns. The wire is so long that the current doesn't have time to reach the end before the flow is reversed by the commutator as the rotor turns. . The second witness, Milton Everet, a mechanical engineer, told how he and two EE professors from Mississippi State University, compared a newman motor to a standard motor and found it drew one-tenth the current while pumping water at a comparable rate. Everet also described how a Newman motor with a 90 pound rotor was hooked to a worn out flashlight battery. It ran for 4 and three-quarter hours until he finally gave up, shut it off, and went home. . The third witness was Ralph Hartwell, a telivison station eingineer and battery expert. He connected a small standard electric motor to some nearly dead penlight batteries. THe motor ran for one minute and 15 seconds befor the battery was drained. He then hooked that same battery to the 90 pound rotor Newman motor which proceeded to run normally. After 75 minutes, Hartwell unhooked the battery from the Newman motor and re-connected it to the standard motor. This time the standard motor ran for 2 minutes and 25 seconds before the battery gave out. . One of Newmans financial backers, Dan Benvenuti, has become disillusioned due to public displays that have not come off as envisioned. Dan arranged for an acquantance of Newman's, Sam Taliaferro, to build a Newman-style coil and test it. Benvenuti was disappointed when the test showed the device to be no more efficient then standard electric coils. Time and again, Benvenuti says he has arranged financing for Newman only to have Newman back out at the last minute. Newman has recieved support by only one large tecnology company, Rayovac. Rayovac has supplied batteries, observed the machine, and inspected batteries after they powered Newman's machines. Pat Spellman, Rayovac's director of product developoment says he's seen enough to be convinced that somethilng unique is going on. "It's not at all clear to us how the batteries get rejuvenated when they run a Newman motor. Beyond that I'd rather not get into it." he says. Rayovac prepared a special battery pack for Newmans car. It has 68 250 volt batteries connected in series and delivers about 0.025 amps at 17,000 volts or 340 watts. . The car was to be demonstrated in the Mississippi Coliseum but just before the demo it was announced that it was damaged in the trip up. The car is rolled out anyways and Newman came out holding up a single transistor battery, and climbs into the car. The right wheel, which has been jacked up off the ground, begins to turn. Newman claims the car is running off the single transistor radio battery. On Feb 4, 1987, Newman demos the car again in Lucedale. Using the 17,000 volt battery pack he goes 4 mph for about a mile. On March 11, the car is driven at similar speeds for about two hours in an arena in Biloxi, Mississippi. . . . The Discover article concludes as follows: . ************************* Newman is wrong. The power required to propel an 1,800 pound car at four mph is about 0.29 horsepower or 215 watts. The Newman car used a battery pack that delivered about 20 milliamps at 17,000 volts or 340 watts. The hulking 550 pound Newman motor thus transformed 340 watts of battery power into 215 watts of driving power, for an efficiency of 63% - a decidedly unmiraculus figure, inferior to that of a conventional electric motor. . But the question is, How long can the car be driven at that speed? Newman says the batteries will never run down. Rayovac specs list the energy capacity of the battery cells at 518 milliamp-hours. Since the Newman car draws 20 milliamps, physics says the batteries should be exhausted after 25.9 hours. Until Newman drives his car at four mph for more than 25.9 hours, he'll remain within the realm of the first and second laws of thermodynamics. ******************************************

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