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MUFONET-BBS NETWORK - MUTUAL UFO NETWORK ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ASTRONOMY NEWS - WIRE ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 旼컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴커 =START= XMT: 14:01 Thu Jul 11 EXP: 14:00 Fri Jul 12 쿌STRONOMERS SAY ECLIPSES HAVE CHANGED MEXICAN HISTORY 쿗A PAZ, MEXICO (JULY 11) UPI - Astronomers say the eclipse 퀃hat swept from Hawaii to South America Thursday was one of 퀃he most spectacular this century, but there is no way it 퀇ill match the impact eclipses have had on Mexican history. 쿓istorical records of eclipses in Mexico go back over 1,000 퀉ears. A partial eclipse in 1116 may have led the Aztecs to 쿫egin a journey that ended in the founding of Tenochtitlan, 쿻ow Mexico City. 쿌nd a total eclipse over the Valley of Mexico in April of 1325, much like the one that passed Mexico City Thursday, 쿺ay have been a sign for the Aztecs to end their wandering 쿪nd found the capital of the greatest empire in the history 쿽f pre-hispanic Mexico, which in the 20th century became the 쿹argest city in the world. 쿟he Aztecs and Mayas worshiped the sun, making an eclipse a 쿬ause for fear and panic. The fear caused by an eclipse was 쿭escribed in the Chilam-Balam, a book written in Maya 퀂hortly after the Spanish Conquest: ''And the face of the 퀂un was bitten. And he darkened and put out his face. And 퀃hen there was great fear. 'He has burned! Our god has 쿭ied,' cried the priests.'' 쿌n eyewitness to an eclipse in 1508 during the reign of 쿮mperor Moctezuma II said, ''Piece by piece, the fire of the 퀂un was eaten until it was replaced by a ring of fire. There 퀇as no way to see it and not foretell the total destruction 쿽f the world.'' 쿥hen Hernan Cortez conquered the Aztecs in 1521, many Aztecs 쿶nterpreted the eclipse of a decade earlier as forshadowing 퀃he eclipse of their own power. 쿏uring the colonial period Spanish authorities blamed 쿮clipses and other celestial occurrences for illnesses, 쿯amine, and other disasters. 쿑riar Antonio Tello, a Franciscan monk, wrote in 1577, ''And 쿽n the third of August there was a great eclipse, which 쿬aused a great plague in which many Indians died.'' 쿌 Dominican prior, explaining a food shortage in 1692, wrote 퀃o the King of Spain, ''The cause, sire, was the express 퀇ill of God, manifested in a total eclipse of the sun that 퀃his Kingdom experienced on the 23rd day of August, 1691.'' ''The influences of the same were so malign that not only 퀇as the earth sterilized and dried, but also the seeds and 쿯ruits produced by it were made ill and contaminated,'' the 쿾rior wrote. 쿐ven today some Mexicans, especially in rural areas, still 퀇orry about the effects of eclipses. Eclipses are said to 쿬ause hairlips among unborn babies, spoil cows' milk and 쿭amage crops. 쿚n Thursday some pregnant women were advised to tie red 쿬loths around their waists and place scissors or knives 퀅nder their bellies to protect the unborn child. 쿞ome farmers tie red ribbons around trees, crops and plants, 쿪nd farm animals. =END=

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