CULT 010 THE HISTORY OF JEHOVAH'S WITNESS Charles Taze Russell, born Feb. 16, 1852, was th

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CULT 010 THE HISTORY OF JEHOVAH'S WITNESS A Charles Taze Russell, born Feb. 16, 1852, was the founder of "Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society", who later became known as Jehovah's Witnesses. Russell lived in Pittsburg and He was not educated beyond the seventh grade, he had no theological training, and knew neither Greek nor Hebrew. His chruch background was Scotch-Irish Presbyterian, although he became an agnostic early in life. Later he returned to the study of the scriptures and became convinced that the Bible did not really teach such doctrines as the Trinity, the Diety of Christ, the Bodily resurrection of Christ and the existance of hell. In 1884 he and a group of like minded people formed the "Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society". Russell perjured himself in court, and his wife was given a decree of divorce because the Judge of the High Court of Ontario opined that no woman of ordinary sensibility could live with a man of so much egotism and arrogance. Russell wrote numerous articles and published a six-volume series of books entitled, "Studies in the Scriptures". Russell proclaimed himself "the faithful and wise servant" of Luke 12:42. Russell died in 1916. B Joseph Franklin Rutherford succeeded Russell. Joseph Rutherford or "Judge Rutherford" as he was called, was sent to the Atlanta penitentiary for sedition in 1918, and was released in March, 1919. He became a martyred hero to the Witnesses. Rutherford was a lawyer and a special judge in the absence of the regular judge of the Eighth Judicial Circuit Court of Boonville, Missouri prior to 1909. In 1917, he was unanimously chosen to succeed Russell. He held the position of President of the Society until his death in 1942. Some of his accomplishments were as follows; 1. He wrote a book a year, plus numerous articles for the "Watchtower" and "The Golden Age" and successive editions of the "Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses". 2. He revealed the new name for the Society as "Jehovah's Witnesses" in 1931. The name was supposedly revealed by God from Isaiah 43:10. 3. He did help the cause of religious freedom by winning many cases in the U S Supreme Court as well as in State Supreme Courts. C Nathan H. Knorr succeeded Rutherford as President of the Jehovah's Witnesses immediatly after Rutherfords' death. Knorr had been a bodyguard for Rutherford, so he was familiar with the duties of the President. Knorr founded a committee that set the groups' doctrine and published its' articles, instead of having one man doing all the writing. Two of the most popular and dangerous books to come out of this committee were "Let God be True" and "The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures". JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST I. THE J.W. POSITION ON THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST A "THE KING, CHRIST JESUS, WAS PUT TO DEATH IN THE FLESH AND WAS RESURRECTED AN INVISIBLE SPIRIT CREATURE." WATCHTOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY, PG. 22, EDITION 1946. B "IN HIS RESURRECTION HE WAS NO MORE HUMAN. HE WAS RAISED AS A SPIRIT CREATURE."-- "THE KINGDOM IS AT HAND", WATCHTOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY, PG. 258. C THE WATCHTOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY, IN "STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURE", PG. 129, VOLUME 2, HAS EVEN SUGGESTED THAT "CHRIST'S BODY WAS DISSOLVED INTO GASSES" OR "PRESERVED SOMEWHERE AS THE GRAND MEMORIAL OF GOD'S LOVE". D THE J.W. BELIEF CENTERS AROUND 1 PETER 3:18. THIS VERSE SAYS THAT CHRIST WAS "MADE ALIVE IN THE SPIRIT". E "DEMATERIALIZING HIS ASSUMED HUMAN BODY AND RETURNING TO HIS INVISIBLE SPIRIT STATE, JESUS IN HIS ASCENSION RAN NO RISK TO HIS LIFE SUCH AS FROM RADIATION BELTS AROUND THE EARTH OR COSMIC RAYS IN OUTER SPACE. WHILE HE DID NOT ASCEND TO HEAVEN IN THE HUMAN BODY THAT HE HAD SACRIFICED AND THAT HE LEFT FOREVER UPON GOD'S ALTAR, HE DID RETURN TO HEAVEN WITH THE MERIT OR VALUE OF HIS HUMAN LIFE THAT HE HAD LAID DOWN FOR DYING MANKIND."-- "LET YOUR NAME BE SANCTIFIED", PG. 272. II. WHAT THE BIBLE TEACHES CONCERNING THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST: A 1 COR. 15:14 "IF CHRIST HAS NOT BEEN RAISED, THEN OUR PREACHING IS VAIN, YOUR FAITH ALSO IS VAIN" B "THE WORD "RESURRECTION" IN THE BIBLE IS NEVER APPLIED TO SOUL OR SPIRIT OF MAN."-- "J.W.'S AND THE RESURRECTION" PORTLAND TRACT SOCIETY. C JOHN 2:19 "DESTORY THIS TEMPLE, AND IN THREE DAYS I WILL RAISE IT UP." THEN VERSE 21 "BUT HE WAS SPEAKING OF THE TEMPLE OF HIS BODY." THE GREEK WORD "SOMA" IS TRANSLATED "BODY" THROUGHOUT THE NEW TESTAMENT, AND THAT IS THE WORD JOHN USES. D LUKE 24:39 "SEE MY HANDS AND MY FEET, THAT IT IS I MYSELF; TOUCH ME AND SEE, FOR A SPIRIT DOES NOT HAVE FLESH AND BONES AS YOU SEE THAT I HAVE." THIS SHOWS THAT IS WAS NOT ONLY A BODY OF FLESH AND BONE, BUT ALSO THE SAME BODY THAT WAS CRUCIFIED. LATER IN LUKE 24, VS. 42 43 HE EATS FOOD. SOMETIMES J.W.'S ATTEMPT TO EXPLAIN THIS BY 1 COR 15:44 AS A "SPIRITUAL BODY". PAUL STILL USES THE WORD "SOMA" FOR BODY IN THIS VERSE SO A SPIRITUAL BODY IS NOT "A SPIRIT". E CONCERNING 1 PETER 3:18, THIS VERSE ONLY PROVES THAT IT WAS BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD THAT CHRIST WAS RAISED AS MENTIONED IN ROMANS 8:11. F THE TRUE TEACHING CONCERNING THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST DOES INDEED DETERMINE A PERSONS ETERNAL DESTINY, 1 COR 15: 14,17 AND ROMANS 10:9. APPLICATION 1. WRITE THESE VERSES IN YOUR BIBLE FOR QUICK REFERENCE AND BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THEM. 2. WHEN DISCUSSING THIS TOPIC WITH A J.W., DON'T LET THEM STRAY FROM THE TOPIC. BE SURE TO DISCUSS ONLY ONE TOPIC AT A TIME AND REACH A CONCLUSION BEFORE MOVING ON TO ANOTHER TOPIC. 3. ALWAYS REMEMBER 1 PETER 3:15 WHEN WITNESSING TO A J.W., OR ANYONE ELSE FOR THAT MATTER. 4. MEMORIZE OUT THEME VERSE: COL 2:8,9. 5. PRAY !!!

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