To ALL Msg #46, 30-Jan-89 1218pm Subject TIME MAGAZINE Ported to UNITEX via The Big Electr
From: James Waldron Sent
To: ALL Msg #46, 30-Jan-89 12:18pm
Subject: TIME MAGAZINE
Ported to UNITEX via The Big Electric Cat - NYC's
Public Access UN*X System
I hope everyone was able to read TIME magazine over the vacation.
As you probably know, instead of selecting a man of the year, they picked
earth as planet of the year. I thought their 33 page article on
environmental problems and over-population was well-written and
constructive instead of just more doom-and-gloom.
TIME mentioned the following as things all nations should be doing:
A. To slow-down destruction of animal and plant species and ecosystems:
1) Develop local organizations and educational programs to impress
upon people the value of genetic diversity and the irreversible
damage that occurs when species are wiped out.
2) Establish comphrehensive national zoning plans so that preservation
goes hand in hand with development.
3) Set up projects to demostrate that tropical forests and other
endangered habitats can be developed--and yield economic returns--
without being destroyed.
4) Make environmental review an integral part of lending procedures
within nations so that local banks are prevented from providing
funds for projects that destroy habitats,
5) Increase funding to develop zoos and other "gene banks" as places
where species can be perpetuated.
B. To slow-down the greenhouse effect:
1) Impose special taxes on carbon-dioxide emissions, which would
encourage energy conservation.
2) Increase funding for research on alternative energy sources,
including solar power, and safer designs for nuclear reactors.
3) Provide financial aid to enable developing nations to build
high-efficiency power plants rather than conventional facilities.
4) Launch a mammoth international tree-planting program.
5) Develop techniques for recovering part of the methane that is
given off by landfills and cattle feedlots.
C. To reduce the amount of garbage being dumped on land and sea:
1) Raise the price of garbage collection and toxic-waste removal
and the penalties for improper disposal as incentives for companies
and households to curb the problem at the source. Households
should be charged according to the amount of garbage they produce.
2) To encourage recycling, sharply increase the variety of containers
that can be returned to stores or other collection points. Raise
the reward for returned items. Require households to sort
garbage into recyclable and nonrecyclable items.
3) Increase funding for the testing of chemicals to determine their
toxicity and cancer-causing potential.
4) Ban ocean dumping.
5) Ban the export of waste.
D. To slow-down the population explosion:
1) Make birth-control information and devices available to every
man and woman.
2) Expand educational and employment opportunities for women,
which will stimulate their interest in family planning.
3) Where religious preferences inhibit the use of artificial
contraception, provide education in natural birth-control techniques.
4) Increase funding for research and development of new methods of birth
control that are easier to use or more acceptable in some
cultures than current techniques.
What the United States should do:
1) Raise the Gasoline Tax
2) Toughen Auto Fuel-Efficiency Requirements
3) Encourage Waste Recycling
4) Promote Natural-Gas Usage
5) Encourage Debt-for-Nature Swaps
6) Support Family Planning
7) Ratify the Law of the Sea
8) Make the Environment a Summit Issue
O.K., so if all the steps needed to save the environment are well known
and feasible, then why are they not taken? Senator Albert Gore addresses
this question , he gives five barriers to political action. (I'll let
you read p.66 of TIME Jan.2,1989 issue for his response.) Yes, amazingly
enough, some people still deny there is a problem. If you are one of
these people please read this article for you are sadly mistaken.
Other people realize there is a problem but think it will cost too
much to do anything about it. What these people ignore is that in
the long run it will cost much more if we do nothing. The problem
is not going to magically go away, and it may be too late to start
to "fix" the environment later. Already, whole ecosystems are probably
doomed. (Rainforests.) Finally, some people are very aware of the
problem and are even willing to help pay for making improvements,
but they're too busy to do anything now. (Like recycle their own
garbage or send a donation to Greenpeace,WWF,Sierra Club, Cousteau
Society, Friends of the Earth, Rainforest Action Network, Natural
Resources Defense Council,The Nature Conservatory,the Wilderness
Society, etc.; or to write their elected representatives, or to
educate others.) I urge these people to take a few minutes a week
for these activities.
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