컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴캑 A Pagan View of Christian Creation 쳐컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴
The tempest in our public schools promoted by fundamentalist Christians
over the subjects of sex education and creationism, raises an opportunity for
all of us to participate in a search for the real "truth". I suggest we apply
scientific scrutiny, the same process used to determine the validity of
evolution, to the origins of Christianity itself.
Amazing recent discoveries in archaeology, linguistics, art history, and
chaos theory, have been publicly reported in newspapers & books, shedding
light on a pivotal event in human prehistory. This event, from which Judaism,
Christianity, and Islam derive, can be described as the greatest murder
mystery and cover-up of all time.
We are all familiar with tales of an earlier harmonious and peaceful age.
The Bible tells of a garden where woman and man lived as equal before a male
god decreed that woman be subservient to man. The ancient Greeks wrote of a
"golden race" who tilled the soil in peace before a "lesser race" brought in
their god of war. From the time when Schliemann helped establish the reality
of Homer's Troy, science has slowly changed its perception of myths as sheer
fantasy to a view that myths represent a garbled recollection of actual
Today, new archaeological excavations, coupled with reinterpretations of
older digs using more scientific methods, reveal a very long period of peace
and prosperity when our social, technological, and cultural evolution
progressed. During this period of peace (measured in millennia, not decades
or centuries), all the basic technologies, on which our modern civilization is
built, were developed in societies that were not male dominant, violent, or
based on ranking.
More evidence that ancient societies were organized very differently from
ours are the many otherwise inexplicable images of the Deity as female in
ancient art, myth, and even historical writings. Indeed, the idea of the
Earth or Universe as an all-giving Mother has survived even into our time.
Even in Christianity, the devotion to Mary is widespread. Although she is
regarded as non-divine by the Catholic church, millions of people pray to her
as the "Mother of God" seeking her compassion, protection, and solace.
It is intuitively easier for us to think of divine power in human form as
a female creatrix rather than a male creator. Our ancestors must have
answered the basic questions (Where do we come from before we are born? Where
do we go after we die?) by noting that life emerges from the body of a woman.
It would have been natural for them to associate the universe with an image of
an all-giving Mother from whose womb emerges all life and to which, like the
cycles of vegetation, it returns after death to be reborn again. Societies
with this view of the divine would naturally be organized much differently
than societies which worship a divine Father who wields a thunderbolt or
Previous scientific analysis stereotyped the societies that worshipped a
Mother Goddess as "matriarchal", in other words, where men were subservient to
women. However, re-examination of the evidence shows that underlying the
great diversity of human culture are really two basic models of society. The
first is the "dominator", the ranking of one half of humanity over the other.
The second, in which social relations are based on "linking" rather than
ranking, is best described as a "partnership" model. In this model,
differences between the sexes are not equated with either inferiority or
During the prehistory of our Western civilization, a cataclysmic turning
point occurred when the direction of our cultural evolution was quite
literally turned around. The progression of the societies that worshipped the
life generating and nurturing powers of the universe was interrupted. From
the peripheral areas of our globe came invaders who ushered in a very
different form of organization for society. As the archaeologist Marija
Gimbutas writes, these were people who worshipped "the lethal power of the
blade" -- the power to take rather than give life that is the ultimate power
to establish and enforce domination.
Although it seems as if humans constantly strive for higher goals in
truth, beauty, and justice, our history instead has been a jagged series of
movement to higher ideals punctuated by massive regressions. The values of
intolerance, brutality, oppression, and warfare, demonstrated all too clearly
in the Greek Dark Age and the Middle Ages, parallel the Biblical view that
"Knowledge is Bad, Birth is Dirty, Death is Holy".
These values resulted from the Orwellian remaking of sacred stories along
with the rewriting of codes of law in the Middle East, largely as the work of
male priests. The Great Goddess was gone, a faint memory living only in the
retelling of her rape and murder. Other stories were absorbed, covered-up,
twisted, and reversed.
This process of re-mything has profoundly affected the Western mind in
primarily one sacred book, the first half of the Bible. The re-mything
explains why, despite attempts to give an impression of unity, there are so
many inconsistencies and contradictions in the Bible. One well known example
is the two different stories of how God created human beings found in Chapter
1 of Genesis. The first tells that woman and man were simultaneous divine
creations. The second, more elaborate one tells that Eve was created as an
afterthought out of Adam's rib.
We can still read in the Bible of the enormous physical destruction which
accompanied the re-mything. The Hebrews, and later also the Christians and
Muslims, razed temples, cut down sacred groves of trees, and smashed pagan
idols. Up to modern times, not only through book burning, but through the
burning and persecution of heretics, those who did not hold the "correct" view
were killed or converted. Today, this conditioning by fear dominates all
aspects of life in child rearing, school, and law.
The authoritarianism and male dominance that Western fundamentalists
preach to their followers always contains a coded message: "Don't think,
accept what is, accept what authority says is true. Above all, do not use
your own intelligence, your own powers of mind, to question us or to seek
independent knowledge. For if you do, your punishment will be horrible
indeed." In an open debate, however, the public can decide for itself whether
to reject the "traditional" values of the fundamentalists and instead return
to the original life-affirming values of our ancestors.
This essay is far too short a medium to document the many sources that
point to the ancient time when partnership, creativity, and caring prevailed,
when tools were more important than weapons, when men and women were equals,
and people lived with more solidarity than aggression. Instead, I encourage
the public to read the scholarly yet passionate book, The Chalice & The Blade
by Riane Eisler, which will substantiate the claims I make.
My hope for the future is that humans rediscover our ancient heritage of
partnership. If so, then our children will not learn epics in which men are
honored for being violent or fairy tales about children who are lost in
frightful woods where women are malevolent witches. They will be taught new
myths, epics, and stories in which human beings are good; men are peaceful;
and the power of creativity and love is the governing principle. Our thirst
for knowledge, justice, and equality will at last be freed. After the bloody
detour of the last 3500 years, both women and men will at last find out what
being human means.
/s/ Steve Burton
Comments and feedback welcomed
The Gaia Hypothesis BBS, Mount Plymouth, FL 904-383-0907