.HE 750803SB.DET Srimad Bhagavatam 6.1.50 Detroit, August 3, 1975 Nitai: (leads devotees)
Srimad Bhagavatam 6.1.50
Detroit, August 3, 1975
Nitai: (leads devotees) Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya. Om namo
bhagavate vasudevaya. Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya. Pancabhih
kurute svarthan panca vedatha pancabhih, ekas tu sodasena trin
svayam saptadaso 'snute. "The mind is the sixteenth item, and
above the mind, the soul is the seventeenth item. He is the
living being; therefore he is one only. In cooperation with the
other fifteen items along with the mind, the living entity is
enjoying the material world alone. The instruments are the five
sense organs, the five working organs, the five objects of the
senses. Thus the mind is sixteen and the living entity himself is
seventeen. In this way the living entity is enjoying different
situations of three types, namely happiness, distress, or a
mixture of both."
Prabhupada: Pancabhih kurute svarthan panca vedatha pancabhih,
ekas tu sodasena trin svayam saptadaso 'snute. So we are fallen
into great ocean of nescience, covered. First of all the five
senses, knowledge acquiring senses, jnanindriya and karmendriya,
working senses, ten, and sense object... We have got eyes;
therefore eyes are engaged for seeing something beautiful, rupa.
Rasa. Rasa means taste. That is the business of the tongue. And
to see beautiful thing, that is the business of the eyes. Rupa,
rasa, sabda. Sabda means sound. The ear, we have got ear. We want
to hear nice songs, music, radio, television. So ear is there;
the objects are there. Rupa, rasa, sabda, gandha, smelling. There
is good odor also, bad odor also. Rupa, rasa, gandha, sabda,
sparsa. In this way we are entangled, completely under the laws
of material nature. I am the spirit soul. Saptadasah. I have
given my power of attorney to the mind, and mind is creating
different varieties of the sabda, sparsa, rupa, rasa, gandha,
sabda, sparsa. In this way, life after life, as it is explained
in the previous verse, yathajnas tamasa upaste vyaktam eva hi, na
veda purvam aparam nasta-janma-smrtis tatha. So nasta-jan... I do
not know. I do not know means I cannot remember what I did in my
past life and what is going to happen in the next life, in
ignorance, tamasa. Ajnas tamasa upaste. This is tamo-guna. The
present life as it is, we try to enjoy. That's all, without
caring for the next life, or without understanding what was my
past life. But human being should be intelligent enough that
"Why..? I am enjoying, or I am suffering. The other person, he is
differently enjoying or suffering differently. Why the
differences are there?" This is intelligence. Why not one kind of
enjoyment? Why not everyone millionaire? Why not everyone pauper,
or poor? There are varieties. So they do not consider it. They
are so fool, they... They should, that "Why I am put into this
condition? Why he is put into another condition? Why the other is
put in another condition?" That is called tamasa. They do not
care to know also. Tamasa. Tamase ca. So this is not life. This
is animal life. Therefore Vedic injunction is "Don't keep in this
animal life." Tamasi ma: "Don't keep yourself in this darkness."
Jyotir gama: "Come to the light." So jyotir gama means... That is
tapasya. To come to the platform of light, it requires tapasya,
austerity. That is required. The human life is meant for tapasya,
to come to the life platform. Tapo divyam putraka yena suddhyet
sattva. Tamasic or tamas or darkness means just like a person is
attacked with tuberculosis, but he doesn't care for it. But
intelligent man goes to the physician, asks that "Why I am
suffering? What is the medicine?" That is intelligence. So human
life begins when one is inquisitive to know "Why I am suffering?"
That is human life. And if he keeps himself in darkness--"Oh,
this is... Suffering is suffering. Let me enjoy..." Sometimes
they want to forget the suffering by another suffering, drinking
or LSD, to forget suffering. That is another suffering, another
suffering so much so that one becomes crazy and commits suicide.
This is going on, a very precarious life. And human life is the
only opportunity to rectify these mistakes and come to his
original position, constitutional position, means the spiritual
platform. Brahma-bhutah prasannatma na socati na kanksati, samah
sarvesu bhutesu mad-bhaktim labhate param. That is wanted.
Brahma-bhutah. As soon as one becomes brahma-bhutah, then
immediately he becomes prasannatma, jubilant, just like one is
suffering from a disease, and some way or other, when he is
relieved from that disease, immediately he becomes jubilant. That
is required. That is wanted. Brahma-bhutah prasannatma. And when
one becomes jubilant, then, in that attitude, one can enter into
devotional service of the Lord, not in the material condition,
which is always suffering. Duhkhalayam asasvatam. But we go on
suffering just like animal. Animal is being taken to the
slaughterhouse; still, he is eating very jubilantly. Next item,
he will be killed. So this kind of consciousness is called animal
consciousness. Yasyatma-buddhi kunape tri-dhatuke sva-dhih
kalatradisu bhauma idya-dhih, yat-tirtha-buddhih salile na
karhicij sa eva go-kharah. Go-kharah. So this Krsna consciousness
movement means to deliver people from this ignorant ignorance
platform and bring him to the light platform, or and knowledge
platform, so that one can understand what is his constitutional
position, how he can stop the sufferings of life, and how one can
become eternally blissful life of knowledge. (break) ...ness.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, He has given us the Siksastaka. Ceto-
darpana-marjanam. By chanting the Hare Krsna mantra...(break) In
the Bhagavata says, tapasa. Tapasa means "by undergoing severe
austerities, penances." Tapasa brahmacaryena samena damena va.
This is the instruction in the sastra. One has to become perfect
by tapasa, by austerities. Tapasa brahmacaryena. And becoming
brahmacari, celibate. What is called? Celibate life? Eh?
Prabhupada: Celibacy, yes. Life of celibacy, controlling the sex
desire. This is tapasya. Tapasa brahmacaryena samena damena va.
These things are education. And what is this nonsense education
how to become a big mechanics of motor car parts? This is not
education. This is sudra, sudra education. It is not education.
It is called silpa. Silpa-vidya, brahma-vidya. Vidya means
brahma-vidya. Therefore, in the Vedic society, education was
meant for the brahmanas. Education was not meant for the sudras.
Education was meant for the brahmanas and partially of the
ksatriyas, neither of the vaisyas nor of the sudras. What
education? Vaisyas livelihood is, or his occupational duty is,
how to produce food, how to give protection to the cows, and if
there is excess stock, how to trade with it. So anyone can learn
by seeing only. It doesn't require any high education. If the
father is tilling the field, the son can learn it by seeing it.
If the father... Just like in Vrndavana, we... Krsna... Krsna was
going to tend the cows and calves of Nanda Maharaja. There was no
education. It can be learned simply by seeing others doing that.
So at the present moment education means many Indians are coming
to America to learn how to polish motor car parts or how to
create technology. So this is not education. This is not ed...
But the Europeans and Americans, they are going to India for
learning brahma-vidya. That is education. The Europeans and
Americans, when they go to Vrndavana and Mayapur, they do not go
there to see how we have manufacturd cycle and machine for
sewing. They have seen enough of this. We may be very proud in
India: "Now we are manufacturing cycle and sewing machine or some
motor parts, advanced." This is not advanced. Education means how
to make one brahmana, how to teach him how he become sense
controlled, sama, dama, mind control, how to become truthful, how
to become clean, how to become simple, how to become full of
knowledge, how to apply knowledge in practical life, how to know
God. This is education. This is education. So the present
situation of the human civilization is very, very dark, tamasa.
They want to live in the city without working for producing their
food. And there are butchers. They kill innocent animals. And in
the city they eat the meat, and to digest they drink and work
like hogs and dogs whole day and night. This is civilization.
This is not civilization. This is darkness, darkness of life. So
we are in the darkness of life at the present moment because it
is Kali-yuga, and... The system is always there so long the
material world is there and the living entities are fallen in
this material world. So they are implicated more or less. So in
the Satya-yuga, Treta-yuga, Dvapara-yuga, they were not so
implicated as they are implicated at this moment, Kali-yuga,
because the age of misunderstanding... And the duration of age is
also very short. Prayena alpa ayusah. In this age people are
living not very long. Although the limit is hundred years, nobody
is living hundred years. It is reduced, reduced, more and more.
In the Kali-yuga the memory will be reduced, the duration of life
will be reduced, the strength of the body will be reduced,
people's sense of mercifulness will be reduced. In this way there
are eight items mentioned in the Srimad Bhagavatam. It will be
reduced. So this is the age of Kali, and we are in darkness, and
a mode of life just like animals. So this is our position. But
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, He is sympathetic. He
comes, therefore. He comes... He came in the Dvapara-yuga, by the
end of Dvapara-yuga, and He left behind Him this Bhagavad-gita,
being merciful upon these conditioned soul, that "You make your
life perfect by reading this Bhagavad-gita. I am leaving behind
Him. Arjuna is My friend." So in the way of questions or answers
and in the way of Arjuna's falling in difficulty... Arjuna was
not difficulty. He is personal friend of Krsna. But in order to
derive the instruction of Bhagavad-gita, he showed himself as in
ignorance. The benefit is our, that we have got this Bhagavad-
gita. But still, we are so fallen. Because Krsna said that sarva-
dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja, therefore people
misunderstood. Again Krsna came in this Kali-yuga as Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. Krsnaya krsna caitanya namne. The Rupa Gosvami, he
prayed to Caitanya Mahaprabhu, namo maha vadanyaya. Krsna came.
That's all right. But He was not so liberal. He wanted first of
all surrender. Sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja,
aham tvam sarva-papebhyo moksayisyami. Krsna made condition.
Krsna is personal Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. He came
to show His mercy, and therefore He left Bhagavad-gita to be read
by common... Any common man can understand. But the rascals are
so rigid that they will misinterpret. Krsna left it for reading
it by everyone. Any common man can understand. Dharma-ksetre
kuru-ksetre samaveta yuyutsava. This is the beginning. Any common
man can understand. The Kuruksetra is still there, and it is
dharma-ksetra. Still people go there to take bath in the Brahma-
kunda during lunar and solar eclipse. It is a great dharma-
ksetra. But they will interpret, "Dharma-ksetra kuru-ksetra means
this body." Where they get this meaning. Where is the dictionary?
No, because he is scholar, he has invented some meaning. This is
going on, and people are misled. So the time is very, very, bad,
and even there is attempt to deliver them, they are so rigid and
so stubborn, dog obstinacy, they want to remain in the doggish
condition of life. It is very, very difficult. But Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is so kind. Krsna said in the Bhagavad-gita,
manusyanam sahasresu kascid yatati siddhaye, yatatam api
siddhanam kascid vetti mam tattvatah. To understand Krsna is not
so easy thing. Manusyanam sahasresu.... After many, many millions
of persons, one tries to become siddha. Siddha means to
understand what he is, jnana. That is brahma-bhutah prasannatma.
And yatatam api siddhanam... Just like there are two classes of
transcendentalists: the Mayavadi and the Vaisnava. That is all
over the world. So Mayavadi, they are supposed to be siddhas.
They are not siddha, but they are trying to become siddha, to
understand the spiritual position. Neti neti: "I am not this; I
am not this; I am not this." But they are not siddhas. Siddhas,
when they will understand that vasudevah sarvam iti sa mahatma
sudurlabhah, when they will understand Krsna, that "Krsna is
everything," sa mahatma, that mahatma, not this ordinary mahatma,
"Narayana, namo narayana..." He is ordinary. Sa mahatma
sudurlabhah. Very rare mahatma. Who is? Vasudevah sarvam iti sa
mahatma: "Vasudeva, Krsna, is everything." That is siddha.
Siddha. And again, yatatam api siddhanam kascid vetti mam
tattvatah. So Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is very kind that without
considering whether he is a siddha or viddha or anything else--
"Let them take Krsna-prema." Therefore Rupa Gosvami prayed to
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, namo maha-vadanyaya krsna-prema-pradaya te,
krsnaya krsna-caitanya-namne gaura-tvise nama. He understood that
"Here is Krsna, but He has come now in the most liberal way.
Everyone He is giving Krsna-prema." How? "Chant Hare Krsna,
dance, and become a lover of Krsna." So nice. Simply by chanting
and dancing, one is becoming... Practical it is. All these boys
and girls, four or five years ago they did not know who is Krsna.
That is surprising to everyone. The whole world is praising this
movement because they see practically that how these European-
American boys and girls are so much absorbed in the thought of
Krsna. That is Caitanya Mahaprabhu's gift. Namo maha-vadanyaya
krsna-prema-pradaya te, krsnaya krsna-caitanya-namne. So very
simple thing. Don't think I have played something wonder. No, it
is not my wonder. The process is wonderful, the process itself.
You have to simply accept; then your life will be successful. It
is not that "Bhaktivedanta Swami has brought this." They say.
They give me the credit. That is my good fortune also. But
actually I am just like a peon. I have brought, but I am
delivering it without any adulteration. That may be my credit.
And if you take it without any adulteration and practice it, then
your life is successful. This is the secret of success. Chant,
dance, take prasadam, live very happily, and look very brilliant,
and next life go to home, back to Godhead. So kindly... I am very
pleased that you are doing nicely. But don't be proud. Always
remain humble, meek, that "I am nothing. I cannot..." That will
be nice. And if you think, "Now I have become liberated. I can
chant and dance," no, don't think like that. Just like even
Caitanya-caritamrta author, he says, purisera kita haite muni se
laghistha: "I am lower than the worm in the stool." Jagai madhai
haite muni se papistha: "I am more sinner than Jagai-Madhai." In
this way... That is not artificial. A Vaisnava must think like
that, that "I am rotten. I have no value." Don't be proud. Then
the things will go on nicely. And as soon as you become proud,
then maya--"Yes, you are God. Come on. I will kick you on your
face. Come on." (laughter) These rascals becomes God, and the
maya kicks on the face and they think that they have become God.
Don't become like that. Always remain humble servant and you will
be happy. Thank you very much.
Devotees: Jaya Prabhupada! (end)
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