Re: Origins of Fundamentalism
To: Andrew Cummins
Christianity is an amalgam of pagan religions, picking the most successful
features from each.
As to the early writers and the question of myth consider the following;
Adonis born pre 2000 BC of virgin Astarte, for whom the spring festival
of rebirth, Eastros was named, called both God the Father and Son, Crucified
to save mankind and then resurrected.
Horus born 1550 BC of virgin Isis (Egyptian name for Astarte) received gifts
from 3 kings, was crucified on cross, many other similarities to Jesus story.
Krishna born 1200 BC of virgin Devake, (angelic voice announced his birth to
her) in a cave, (early christian writings claimed Jesus born in cave, not
manger) heralded by a bright star, while foster father in city to pay taxes,
evil king Kansa tried to kill savior by ordering slaughter of all male
children, visited by wise men with gifts, many sayings and teachings similar or
identical to Jesus' teachings,
performed many miracles and was crucified.
Indra born 725 BC of virgin, walked on water, other miracles, similar
teachings, crucified-nailed to cross.
Buddha born of virgin Maya, via descent of Holy Ghost upon her, performed
miracles, was crucified, went to Hades for 3 days, then ascended to Heaven.
Mithra born of virgin 600 BC, Dec 25, born in a cave, magi brought gifts,
shepherds worshipped, had 12 disciples, died on cross to atone for mankind's
sins, ascended to heaven at spring equinox (Eastros).
Held "last supper with his 12, celebrated a type of Eucharist with
wafers marked with a cross.
Quirinius, born of a virgin in 506 BC, crucified by King Amulius, whole earth
covered in darkness, other parallels.
Attis, born of virgin Nana 200 BC, hanged on tree, resurrected, called father
god, died as atonement of sins, followers celebrated his resurrection on
Eastros by parading in streets carrying small decorated pine trees and
exchanging gifts. (Attismas trees?)
There are 20 crucified savior/god/resurection myths from the Middle East which
predate Jesus and all incorporate several similarities found in the story of
As you can see, early christians incorporated the most interesting features
of the above EARLIER savior-gods into a story remarkably like the one for Jesus
and even appropriated the pagan holidays and rituals. No requirement for a
role model, either.
The name Jesus Christ MEANS sun-savior. Jesus is from Hebrew "Yeshua," savior,
and Christ may be traced to the Chaldean "chris"=sun. The story of Christ's
birth in the book of Luke is lifted from Chaldean astrology. The three wise
men are the stars of Orion's belt, which rise in the east at sunset on the
winter solstice. They point to the spot on the horizon where Sirius, the
brightest star of all the
"host of heaven" rises two hours later, and where the reborn sun rises
the following morning. Other characters in the winter sky include the animals
in the stable, Aries& Taurus, and the Virgin Virgo which rises at midnight,
bringing forth the reborn sun.
Barbara Walker's "Woman's Encyclopedia of myths and Secrets" thoroughly
documents the details of pre-Christian sun-saviors that [were mentioned].
And Abelard Reuchlin's "True Authorship of the New Testament" proposes
the theory that the Christ myth was assembled by Arius Calpurnius Piso, in
order to disrupt and confuse the Jewish rabbis resisting roman authority.
As you can see, there seems to be some tangible and credible support for some
rather heretical (to Christians) ideas in this area. To suggest that none of
these ideas was known to the writers of the Gospels is quite absurd given the
time and place in which they were written.
It just seems like too much of a coincidence to me that these ideas
were so carefully mirrored in the story of Jesus.
I picked this up out of the docs for a program called "Pagan Daybook"
by Alchemy Mindworks. (the same guys who made Graphics Worshop- I can't
believe they would touch this!) This might be of interest to you all.
(btw, under "December 25," it's listed as the day of the sun. Guess
who's there? Apollo, Helios, and _MITHRA_)
The Pagan Daybook for DOS
by Alchemy Mindworks Inc.
It might well be asked what relevance the festival of Fortuna or
the months of the goddess have to a world of personal computers.
They have none, of course. Fortunately, this isn't a world of
personal computers. It's a world of people, and our calendars
date back to before January 1, 1970.
The holidays and festivals we commonly recognize are for the most
part judeo-christian. However, the early christians who devised
them did so to a large extent through expediency, for there was
already a long list of observances which were popularly
celebrated, and a lot of old gods to dedicate the days of the
As such, Easter is really the feast of the Celtic goddess Eostre.
Christmas, perhaps the most celebrated of christian festivals,
was strategically located four days after the winter solstice. In
fact, what evidence there is for ascribing a birthday to Christ
puts it somewhere in the middle of January.
The Pagan Daybook is a small DOS application which will avail you
of a very different calendar. It will tell you what each day
meant before they became encumbered with saints or marked merely
as bank holidays and long weekends.
As a final note, while most of these festivals date back to
medieval times or earlier, the pagan calendar is far from being
archaic. History is written by the winners, and the christian
domination of Europe and later of North America has seen
predominantly christian cultures in the western world.
Recognition and worship of the old gods didn't vanish with the
coming of the christians, however. Fertility magic, wicca and the
rites that medieval christians were to call witchcraft are still
followed, although as a rule not by stockbrokers and corporate
ABOUT THE DATES
The festivals and other occurrences in the Pagan Daybook are a
fusion of numerous traditions. They include Celtic, Roman and
Norse feasts, and quite a few other dates which have
traditionally been observed somewhere in Europe at some time in
the past. Not all of these dates were the occasion for elaborate
festivities. Especially in the Roman calendar, which seems to be
bursting with feasts and celebrations, many of the days of note
were only significant in passing, or to a select group of people.
Some of the dates are a bit contentious... you may find that you
disagree with their precise location in our contemporary
calendar. As is common in dealing with historical references,
various sources frequently offer various dates for things. This
is often complicated by how calendars were reckoned in ancient
times. Because ancient calendars slipped... that is, they tended
to gain or lose days due to their creators not knowing precisely
how long a year takes... we are often confronted with a
particular observance appearing at two times during a year,
depending on how a year is counted. Someone using the Julian
calendar a few dozen years after its instigation, for
example...it slipped fairly badly... might work out the day for a
particular festival either by counting from the start of the
calendar year, which slipped, or by counting from the most recent
equinox or solstice, which did not slip.
Except in a few cases, the Pagan Daybook's calendar has omitted
christian festivals. There are a number of reasons for this, not
the least of which is that this is a pagan daybook. Practicality
intervenes as well... according to Audrey Butler's Dictionary of
Dates, there's at least one christian festival on almost every
day of the year. Finally, research into the saints for whom these
days are named suggests that most of them were either canonized
for having suffered some barbaric demise... hardly a cheery
thought to start the day with... or through medieval papal
politics, having been absolute scoundrels when they were alive.
The contemporary church has actually de-canonized a few of the
really nasty ones.
The Pagan Book of Days, by Nigel Pennick, published by Destiny
Books, ISBN 0-89281-369-5. This book formed a lot of the basic
structure for the Pagan Daybook application.
Ye Gods!, by Anne S. Baumgartner, published by Lyle Stuart Inc,
ISBN 0-8184-0349-7. This is a dictionary of just about every
deity ever to seduce a mortal or hurl a lightning bolt. It's an
enormously fun book, well written and engaging.
Who's Who in the Ancient World, by Betty Radice, published by
Penguin, ISBN 0-14-051055-9. This is a very good and detailed
listing of ancient figures, both real and mythological... and the
ones who couldn't make up their minds.
Everyman's Dictionary of Dates, revised by Audrey Butler,
published by J. M. Dent and Sons. This is a list of dates of
significance throughout history, as well as several fairly useful
The World, The Flesh, The Devil, by Eric Ericson, ISBN 0-8317-
9512-3. This is a biographical dictionary of witches throughout
history. It's an interesting overview of historical pagan
beliefs, if a bit harrowing in places.
Coven, published by Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-35750-7. Coven
is a story about witchcraft in contemporary Wales. At present
it's fairly difficult to locate.
The Order, published by Jam Ink Publishing, ISBN 1-895268-02-8.
The Order is set in the Scottish highlands, in a decaying castle,
in the winter of 1882. It's the story of a young woman who finds
herself in the midst of a secret society whose members appear to
be killing each other. The secret society dates back to crusader
times... the mystery behind it dates back considerably further.
Oh yes, should you fail to support this program and continue to
use it, a leather winged demon of the night will tear itself,
shrieking blood and fury, from the endless caverns of the nether
world, hurl itself into the darkness with a thirst for blood on
its slavering fangs and search the very threads of time for the
throbbing of your heartbeat. Just thought you'd want to know
Enjoy, pagan witches and vile atheists! (btw, I got this on
Nightowl 12, (in the miscellaneous section) so if your sysop has it,
you might want to pick it up and see what pagan holiday was there
before YOUR favorite Christian holiday!)
Here's some more information on Easter that I picked up from the
calendar, not the text file. Thank me thrice, as I looked it up,
copied it to paper, and typed it out.
Easter is the festival of the Anglo-Savon goddes of spring,
Eostre, or Ostara. Eostre is the protector of fertility and the friend
of children. Legend has it that to amuse some children once, she
changed a bird into a rabbit, which set about laying eggs for them to
If I find anything else that so blatantly exposes the origin of
"Christian" holidays, I'll get it to you.
... I'm not a religious man, I'm a Christian.
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