3 09-02-87 03:38 aed Moscow authorities ban street demonstrations By GERALD NADLER MOSCOW

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3 09-02-87 03:38 aed Moscow authorities ban street demonstrations By GERALD NADLER MOSCOW (UPI) _ Moscow city authorities have banned demonstrations in the heart of the capital in the wake of a series of street protests that grew out of Mikhail Gorbachev's policies of "glasnost," or openness. Moscow Deputy Mayor Anatoly Kostenko told the Vechernaya Moskva newspaper Tuesday that ban was included in new temporary rules for organizing and holding assemblies, meetings, processions and demonstrations in the capital. "The executive committee of the Mosocw Soviet has ruled out the holding of mass participation activities in Red Square and areas adjoining the Moscow Kremlin and also in a number of other squares in the center of the city," the Tass news agency said, citing Kostenko's report. Kostenko explained that the measure putting a halt to the demonstrations was meant to keep the city's most heavily frequented and visited areas open to Muscovites and guests in the capital. The ban came five weeks after some 500 Crimean Tatars staged an overnight sit-in at the edge of Red Square July 25-26, forcing the historic area to be closed while the Tatars held placards demanding they be returned to their homeland. Late dictator Josef Stalin deported the Crimean Tatars in 1944 from their Black Sea homeland to Central Asia, charging they collaborated with the occupying German army in the war. Last winter, Jewish refuseniks held a street demonstration in Moscow demanding the right to emigrate and freedom for Soviet refusenik prisoner Josef Begun, who has since been released. On Saturday, some 100 members of the Hari Krishna sect from 13 Soviet cities gathered in Moscow to demand rights, but were dispersed after about five minutes, a spokesman for the group reported Sunday. Although the July demonstration by the Crimean Tatars was allowed to proceed unmolested, letters of indignation began appearing in the Soviet press about the inconvenience caused to citizens and guests in the capital. Moscow Mayor Boris Yeltsin, a supporter of Gorbachev's reformist policies, made note of the letters during an interview with the Izvestia newspaper but defended the new policies. The Crimean Tatar demonstration, in which participants came to the capital from Central Asia, erupted after a Soviet statement promised that a government commission headed by Soviet President Andrei Gromyko would look into their demands. Despite official urgings to the Crimean Tatars to present their case quietly, they staged the sit-in, demanding that they see Gorbachev. The group dispersed only after they won an audience with Gromyko. After the audience with Gromyko, Crimean Tatar spokesmen expressed dissatisfaction, vowed to continue their struggle and assembled in a Moscow park. The protests finally ended when authorities put the leaders on planes back to Central Asia. The other Tatars left the capital soon after.


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