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Date: Mon, 2 Jan 1995 19:08:02 PDT
Reply-To: "Adam C. Engst"
Sender: TidBITS - a newsletter for Mac users
From: "Adam C. Engst"
To: Multiple recipients of list TIDBITS
Welcome to 1995! Along with a new sponsor, this issue brings news
of Copland and Windows 95 slips, the first official Macintosh
clone licensee, the announcement of two new mailing lists from
Apple designed to help Macintosh Internet users and providers,
and a look at some of the ways you can run DOS and Windows
software on a Macintosh. Finally, we present a look back at
the major events of 1994 and ahead at 1995.
This issue of TidBITS sponsored in part by:
* APS Technologies -- 800/443-4199 --
Makers of hard drives, tape drives, and neat SCSI accessories.
For APS price lists, email: <--- NEW!
* Northwest Nexus -- 206/455-3505 -- http://www.halcyon.com
Providing access to the global Internet.
* PowerCity Online -- Prices & info: <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Online email ordering of 40,000 items of software and hardware.
Copyright 1990-1995 Adam & Tonya Engst. Details at end of issue.
Automated info: Comments:
Apple Internet Mailing Lists
Excuse Me, But Your Slips Are Showing
Putting DOS in the Machine
1994 and 1995: Forward and Backward
[Archived as /info-mac/per/tb/tidbits-257.etx; 30K]
Welcome to 1995, and keep an eye out next week for the news from
Macworld San Francisco. We'll be at the Netter's Dinner, of course
(barring the Martian Death Flu that flattened me in Boston), and
at the Hayden booth at random times during the show. [ACE]
**The Netter's Dinner** is scheduled for Friday, January 6th at
the usual place and time and with the usual spicy Chinese food.
For information and to reserve a spot, send email to Jon Pugh at
**PowerCity Sponsoring** -- I'd like to welcome our newest
sponsor, PowerCity Online, a company doing business much as we do
with TidBITS - entirely online. Unlike most hardware and software
resellers, PowerCity concentrates on selling to the online world.
PowerCity works through email, so to request pricing and
availability information, you send email to their CompuServe
address <email@example.com> (a full Internet connection is
in the works). The PowerCity folks can provide a certain amount of
technical information and information on related products to help
you better decide among similar products.
When I first heard about PowerCity, I was in the market for a
Sonic Systems microBridge/TCP, so I sent them a query. In about a
half hour (they aim for 15 minutes, but the CompuServe gateway can
slow things down), I had a quote that was not only $50 cheaper
than MacWarehouse (none of the other major mail order vendors
carried the microBridge/TCP at the time) but was also in stock.
(MacWarehouse was back ordered.) PowerCity usually charges $5 to
$10 for shipping in the U.S., as opposed to the flat $3 charged by
most other vendors, but my order did arrive overnight
(international shipping is available). Subsequent anonymous price
requests by a friend for other products turned up competitive
Overall, I found PowerCity easier to deal with than other mail
order vendors, although that may be due to my comfort with email
(I find the phone tiresome and inefficient for this sort of work).
If you do decide to order, PowerCity accepts Visa, MasterCard, and
American Express only. Despite the popular belief in the
insecurity of email, everything I've heard from vendors about
credit card laws indicates that in almost any credit card dispute,
the bank gives the benefit of the doubt to the customer, not to
the merchant. If you're still uncomfortable sending your credit
card number in email, all I can say is, don't do it. [ACE]
**Christopher Allen** writes:
Everyone should know that during Macworld RSA Data Security will
be at the Apple Pavilion giving out free System 7.5 DigiSign
signers. Notaries will be on hand to notarize the necessary
documents, so remember to bring three forms of ID (at least one a
photo, and no two items may be of the same kind). This is
particularly useful for those of you who may have had difficulty
getting signers in other countries.
**David Strom**, InfoWorld's "Network Curmudgeon" columnist, is
always on the lookout for new sites to test a variety of
networking and communications products for his column. The tests
take place at the actual end-user site, and David obtains donated,
fully-functional products from the participating vendors. Those
interested in getting more information and willing to test mainly
network-based products should contact him at .
**Patrick Pruyne** writes:
USRobotics has begun shipping chip swap kits to owners of USR
Sportster v.34 and v.FC modems. The user-installed chip
replacements are offered, in part, to address compatibility
problems which can occur when either the USR Sportster v.34 or
v.FC communicate with a non-USR v.FC modem. Under these
circumstances the connection can collapse if a v.FC retraining
sequence is initiated.
The new v.34 chip replacement kit will be sent upon request at no
charge to owners of the USRobotics v.34 Sportster with a valid
serial number. Similarly, owners of the USR Sportster v.FC can
receive a free v.FC replacement chip, or upgrade to the more
robust v.34 standard for $34.
The chip sets will not work in any non-USRobotics modems nor
USRobotics modems that are not already v.FC or v.34 class.
USR Chip Swap Program: 800/543-5844
USR tech support -- 708/982-5151 -- 708/933-552 (fax)
(use the subject line: IOD LIVE)
Apple Internet Mailing Lists
by Adam C. Engst
I'd like to commend Chuq Von Rospach of Apple for recently setting
up two new mailing lists, one devoted to discussing issues
surrounding the use of Macintosh Internet client software, such as
Eudora, Anarchie, and Netscape, and the other dedicated to
discussing the Macintosh Internet server software, including
programs like MacHTTP, FTPd, and MailShare.
Although both topics are often discussed in the
newsgroup on Usenet, many people (myself
included) have much more trouble keeping up with a Usenet
newsgroup than a mailing list. In addition,
has become a very high volume group with many discussions about
communications issues that aren't related to the Internet. Nothing
wrong with that, but it makes it difficult to pull out Internet-
To subscribe to the first list, apple-internet-users, send email
to and put "subscribe apple-internet-
users Your Full Name" alone in the body of the message. To post a
message to the group after you have subscribed (the list won't
accept postings from non-members), send it to .
To subscribe to the second list, apple-internet-providers, send
email to and put "subscribe apple-
internet-providers Your Full Name" alone in the body of the
message. To post a message to the group after you have subscribed
(the list won't accept postings from non-members), send it to
Although the tenor of these lists will no doubt be determined by
the participants, I'd encourage people to think about the
community aspect of a mailing list. Beginners often ask "stupid"
(where "stupid" is defined as "unfamiliar with the relevant
technology") questions; if we help these people initially, they'll
be in a position to want to help others later. By setting up a
forum where everyone can help everyone else, it's less likely that
the more knowledgeable people will burn out quickly. And, since
Chuq is archiving every post to the mailing lists, new people can
browse back to find answers without having to ask. Hopefully Chuq
will get a WAIS server, AppleSearch, or something set up so that
we can search the information as well.
Excuse Me, But Your Slips Are Showing
by Geoff Duncan
Microsoft announced last week that the next version of its Windows
operating system - dubbed Windows 95 - would be delayed until
August of this year, postponing its release date another six
months. This version of Windows was originally announced in 1993
and set to ship in mid 1994. Last summer, Microsoft moved the ship
date to early 1995 and now we're looking at the third quarter of
1995. One can't help but wonder if some marketers in Redmond
aren't seriously regretting the product's naming scheme.
On the heels of this announcement, members of the computing
industry press contacted Apple to inquire about the ship date of
the next version of the Macintosh operating system, code-named
Copland (see TidBITS-256_). Apple responded by confirming what
(apparently) everyone at Apple knew **except** marketing and
management: Copland will not ship until (at least) mid 1996. Until
that point, Apple representatives and marketing had been insistent
that the PowerPC version of Copland would ship in 1995. However,
some in contact with Apple through informal channels (as well as
developers attending closed-door conferences in Cupertino) report
that no one working hands-on in the Copland effort had any
illusions about shipping in 1995. Apple representatives speculated
that individual components of Copland might be broken out and
shipped before the entire OS, but they declined to be specific.
What does this mean for the more immediate future? For one thing,
it means the introduction of new OS components with Marconi - such
as OpenDoc and Open Transport - becomes more important to Apple in
order to generate developer support for these technologies. It
also means Apple cannot as easily link support for future hardware
improvements to Copland. Look for support of new hardware
standards - PCI, FireWire, 64-bit SIMMs, new PowerPC CPU chips, as
well as MovieTalk, video conferencing, and 3-D graphics - to be
delivered well before Copland. This slip may also endanger Apple
ever releasing a full version (or any version) of Copland for
by Geoff Duncan
On December 28, 1994, Power Computing Corporation of Milpitas,
California, became the first company to announce it had reached a
licence agreement with Apple for rights to build Macintosh clones.
Power Computing expects to supply Mac clones to other PC makers to
sell under their own logos as well as directly to consumers via
mail order. According to the New York Times, Power Computing plans
to begin shipping PowerPC-based clones in mid 1995 for as little
as $1,000 each. Apple indicated it expects a few other companies
will announce licensing agreements "in the near future."
If your first reaction to the name "Power Computing" is "Who's
that?", you aren't alone. Power Computing is a small, little-
known, start-up company with no established brand recognition,
distribution channels, or manufacturing track record. However, its
CEO and President, Stephan Kahng, is a veteran of the PC-clone
game and is credited with developing the Leading Edge PC for South
Korea's Daewoo Corporation in the 1980's. Power Computing's
largest outside shareholder is the Italian company Olivetti, a
large manufacturer of PC-clones.
If you wonder why Power Computing is the first company to announce
an agreement to manufacture Macs, you still aren't alone. Apple
has been coy when speaking about potential licensees of Macintosh
technology, saying only that there were several possibilities and
that it would leave any statements up to licensees. Industry
speculation has pointed to Motorola, Zenith, Pioneer, and even IBM
as being likely to strike a deal with Apple, but apparently Power
Computing decided to make a splash with its announcement. This
could potentially jump-start other efforts to licence the
Macintosh as other manufacturers rush to firm up their deals. But
it's important to remember that no large personal computer makers
have committed their own manufacturing resources to Mac clones,
nor have any agreed to buy systems manufactured by Apple.
Industry scuttlebutt has held for years that Apple should licence
the Macintosh, and it's generally been accepted that Apple must
licence its technology in order to expand market share. It's a
risky strategy: Apple has controlled about ten percent of the
personal computing market for the last few years, but that is
expected to decline in relation to the PC market for 1994, even
with unprecedented Macintosh sales and the success of the first
Power Macs. Mac clones will significantly "cannibalize" Apple's
own revenues and cause the company to decrease in size as it lays
off employees and focuses more on its software business. However,
an aggressive and successful cloning strategy could allow the
Macintosh to penetrate a greater portion of the market and - cross
your fingers - fight a winning battle with the Windows-Intel
Many members of the Macintosh user and development community feel
extremely nervous about clones. They point to early IBM PC clones
that claimed 100 percent compatibility but didn't deliver, causing
untold numbers of headaches for consumers and businesses (and
giving savvy technicians a sinecure!). Users and some industry
experts agree that a bad Mac clone could be disastrous for Apple;
however, others feel that clones - even bad ones - will allow
Apple to leverage its brand name. As one industry source put it,
"Would you rather drive a Volkswagen or a Mercedes?" In any case,
look for Apple to closely supervise the production of the first
Putting DOS in the Machine
by Tonya Engst
If you've ever worked in a "mixed-platform environment" (MIS speak
for an organization having different computers running different
operating systems), you've probably experienced frustration over
file conversion, not to mention general angst over the fact that
some programs only run on one operating system.
The cold, hard, business facts of life currently state that some
people (who would otherwise happily use Macintoshes) simply must
use DOS or Windows software. Insignia, Orange Micro, and several
other companies have long-offered DOS or Windows compatibility in
a Macintosh, but the products don't yet have the price to
performance ratio that makes masses of people buy them, use them,
and rave about them. Insignia's SoftWindows costs too much for the
speed and compatibility it offers, and Orange Micro may be asking
a fair price for their OrangePC cards, but the cards offer more
than what most users require.
**Houdini Magic** -- Last spring, Apple introduced the DOS
Compatibility Card, code-named Houdini, as an option for the
Centris 610 (see TidBITS-204_). It looked as though Apple finally
had a solution for people wanting to purchase a 68040-based Mac
that could switch into DOS mode and competently run DOS or Windows
software on a 486SX-based PC. Dan Magorian
reviewed the Houdini for TidBITS. We didn't find room for the
article before Apple dropped the DOS Compatibility Card, but Dan
had nice things to say:
"The Houdinis are quite good. The card has a control panel
interface and its integration with the Mac is superb - the PC
boots transparently and virtually all PC software runs. I can
offer many examples of how nicely integrated it is. With a single
monitor you tend to forget that the PC is running. You flip via a
user-defined hot key sequence. The monitor flip defaults to a
pleasant fade in-and-out, or you can flip faster. At shutdown the
Mac reminds you about the PC so you don't lose work, though you
can turn off the reminder." Dan's complete article is available
As another indication of the quality of Houdini's integration with
the Mac, we've heard reports that the card has very little trouble
with beta versions of Windows 95.
**Houdini Disappearing Act** -- Based on Dan's report and various
trade press articles, I thought Apple had something in the
Houdini. In fact, Apple finally had a Mac I might be able to
badger my parents into purchasing (my mom is a hard core DOS
WordPerfect user and my dad uses Windows in his job at AT&T).
Unfortunately, Apple used the Houdinis to test the market and
planned from the beginning to discontinue them after the initial
shipments ran out. Enough of the market must have reacted the way
Dan did, because the card is back and the new specifications look
promising. The card has returned in two forms, one from Apple
(which should ship in first quarter 1995), the other from Reply
(which is currently shipping).
**Apple's DOS Compatibility Cards** -- Apple plans to introduce
DOS Compatibility Cards for the Power Mac 6100 and the Performa
6100 series. According to Apple, the new cards will offer a 66 MHz
486DX2 running DOS and Windows, built-in SoundBlaster
capabilities, and a way for DOS and Windows software to take
advantage of the Mac's Ethernet port. To be more precise for you
network people, Apple says the card will come with, "Macintosh ODI
Driver for NetWare IPX and TCP/IP support in DOS/Windows
environment using the built-in Ethernet connections."
The card can use memory installed in the Macintosh, or it can use
up to 32 MB of "local" memory installed in the lone SIMM slot on
the card. Apple's wording suggests that the card can use either
Mac memory of local memory, but not both at the same time. The
card will enable you to use DOS or Windows-based CDs, and it comes
with a PC game port. The card permits DOS and Windows software to
print to Macintosh printers, and makes the Mac's printer port
emulate a PC parallel port.
Apple anticipates selling the card for $699. You can find complete
details about the anticipated DOS Compatibility Card by using the
following URL to locate Apple's online tech support library, and
then typing "dos compatibility" in the search field.
If you think a DOS Compatibility card may be in your future, you
might enjoy InfoWorld's recent article in the 05-Dec-94 issue
about their testing experience with a beta version of the card.
**Reply's DOS on Mac card** -- Although Reply only recently
entered the Macintosh arena, they've been in the motherboard
business for some time. Previously, Reply made MCA motherboard
upgrades for IBM's PS/2 PCs and other micro-channel-based
computers. Reply licensed Houdini technology from Apple and has
created a variety of options for the Centris 610 and 650, and the
Quadra 610, 650, 700, 800, 900, and 950. The DOS on Mac card comes
as a 50 MHz 486DX2 with DOS (for $495 list) or as a 66 MHz 486DX2
with DOS and Windows (for $695 list). Various options for the
cards include network software, a SoundBlaster module (which
includes DOOM), and memory upgrades for the card itself.
A Reply representative told me that the Reply cards have been
shipping since early December, but that currently you can only get
them through Reply. He said that starting in January Reply will
sell the card through regular channels, such as mail order.
**Final thoughts** -- Apple has taken a one-card-fits-all
approach, by creating a single PC card that includes most options.
Conversely, Reply has broken out the technology into different
options so you can better customize your purchase. If you are
considering a card, of course, you'll buy the one that works with
your Mac, since there is no overlap between the Macs that the
different cards work with. I hope that, over time, Apple or Reply
will release a wider spectrum of cards for a wider variety of
Most any avid Macintosh user has had a friend who wanted a Mac but
ended up buying a DOS-based system in order to run a specific
program. People tend to buy computers that make it easy to share
work with others. If those others use DOS WordPerfect, a
proprietary Windows-based communications client, or a DOS-based
database system, then a computer running DOS may make the most
sense. The DOS Compatibility Card and DOS in Mac cards, with their
promised speed, price, and compatibility put DOS in the machine in
a way that should make the masses rave.
Insignia -- 800/848-7677 -- 415/694-7600 -- 415/964-5434 (fax)
Orange Micro -- 714/779-2772 -- 714/779-9332 (fax)
Reply Corporation -- 800/801-6898 -- 408/942-4804
408/956-2793 (fax) --
1994 and 1995: Forward and Backward
by Adam C. Engst
Welcome to 1995! At this juxtaposition of endings and beginnings,
I'd like to pass on some thoughts I've been mulling over in regard
to predictions and look back at last year's more interesting
**Predictions** -- People often ask me what I think the Mac
industry, the Internet, or I myself will be like in five years, in
ten years, or who knows when. I never pretend to be a
prognosticator in entrails, so I base my answers on several basic
First, with the clarity of hindsight, could I have predicted where
things sit today from some length of time in the past? In other
words, if you ask what I'll be doing in five years, I look back
five years and see if I could have predicted my current situation.
I find this method useful for determining whether a prediction is
possible. If the current situation was unimaginable in the past, I
see no reason that I should be able to predict the same length of
time into the future.
Second, all my thoughts about the future are predicated by a pair
of contradictory statements, each of which on its own works
* "The world is constantly changing."
* "The more things change, the more they stay the same."
The first statement (an expression of Heracliteanism, for those of
you with a passing interest in Classical philosophy) makes sense,
and I doubt anyone would seriously argue with it. No matter what
tack you take, the world is changing, at the levels of the
physical, the cultural, the intellectual. But, the second
statement, more of a popular aphorism, seems equally sensible.
Cells may die and be replaced within our bodies, but we stay
pretty much the same. Governments come and go, but the lot of most
people remains the same. Fashion may come and go, but the penguin-
effect of the tuxedo has remained constant for many years.
Again, I never said I was a seer, but if you keep these basic
truisms in mind while analyzing the current situation, you'll
stand as much of a chance as I do at gazing into the murk of the
gleaming crystal sphere.
**A look back** -- It's much easier to look back than it is to
look forward, and I just thought I'd glance at some of the events
that caught my attention.
* Early in 1994, the Macintosh celebrated its tenth birthday.
Apple put on a good show, but it was up to the industry to note
that Apple had survived for ten years both because of and despite
the Macintosh. Is Apple going away any time soon? I seriously
doubt it - Apple's too big and continues to sell more Macs every
year. But will the Mac as we know it last another ten years?
That's a good question for the soothsayers.
* What Apple didn't quite manage to do at the Macintosh birthday
party was release the Power Macs. They did appear though, a few
months later in March, and have proven wildly successful. Apple
pulled off a technical coup in moving the entire platform to a
different CPU based on RISC rather than CISC with few notable
problems. It took a few months for most major programs to appear
in native mode, but clearly the Power Macs are here to stay and
the 680x0 line is fading fast.
* Less successful was the release of eWorld, Apple's online
service. Based on the same software used by America Online, eWorld
has been rightly criticized for having too little information, for
offering insufficient Internet connectivity, and for not being the
official channel to Apple for users. When all is said and done,
Apple's new graphics for the AOL interface aren't enough; users
want content, and in my opinion, the content Apple should provide
is full, official, guaranteed technical support. Just think, Apple
could make money on tech support rather than paying vast sums to
let people wait on hold at 800/SOS-APPL.
* The great industry implosion started with Aldus and Adobe
merging toward the middle of March. Aldus has disappeared in favor
of the Adobe name, and FreeHand reverted to Altsys, the original
developers (who were later purchased by Macromedia). Not to be
outdone, Novell purchased WordPerfect and picked up Borland's
Quattro Pro spreadsheet in the process. Next in line was Symantec,
which swallowed competitor Central Point (after having previously
eaten Fifth Generation Systems, which had in turn purchased
Salient Software earlier). Never one to be left behind (and
perhaps the target of many of the other mergers), Microsoft
announced an agreement to purchase of Intuit in October, pending
FTC approval. Rumors about Apple and AT&T, Apple and IBM, and
Apple and Motorola all proved to be nothing more than vapor.
* This was definitely the year of the Internet, perhaps the first
of many. Growth blazed on at the tremendous 10 to 20 percent per
month rates (depending on what you look at and when), and the
World-Wide Web took the spotlight as the sexiest Internet service
around. NCSA Mosaic for the Mac was joined (and in many ways
surpassed) mid-year by EINet's MacWeb and, toward the end of the
year, by Netscape Communications' Netscape. Even Apple got in on
the action, awarding eleven Cool Tools certificates (and Power Mac
7100s) to deserving Macintosh Internet developers.
* Although OpenDoc's tiny modules still lie in the future, the
backlash against bloated programs began with the release of
Microsoft Word 6.0, which boasts an impressive feature set that
helps it to leap tall buildings, very slowly. Word's 25 MB
standard install bulk enables it to stop speeding trains, and
users of machines with the 68030 chip (reportedly about half the
installed base of Macs) wondered what sort of kryptonite was
bringing the Document Processor of Steel to its knees on their
previously capable machines.
* Last but certainly not least, Intel closed out the year with
what will become a textbook case of how to repeatedly shoot
yourself in the public relations foot with the Pentium debacle.
Despite having known about the bug for months, Intel tried to hush
it up until the Internet took over and turned a couple of
incorrect calculations into a firestorm of public outrage that
burned Intel at every misstep, until the company finally offered
to replace any bad Pentium chip for anyone for any reason.
* MacWEEK -- 12-Dec-94, Vol. 8, #48
Painter 3.0 -- pg. 1
MacTools 4.0 -- pg. 39
Power Macintosh 8100/110 -- pg. 40
Epson Stylus Color -- pg. 44
CD-Recordable Software -- pg. 46
Gear for Macintosh Multimedia 2.4
Easy-CD Pro 4x 1.4
Netscribe 2000 2.1 -- pg. 47
* InfoWorld -- 19-Dec-94, Vol. 16, #51
TCP/Connect II 2.0 -- pg. 78
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