In Adamic historical theory, the first man, Adam, was the first kingdom- founder on earth,

---
Master Index Current Directory Index Go to SkepticTank Go to Human Rights activist Keith Henson Go to Scientology cult

Skeptic Tank!

In Adamic historical theory, the first man, Adam, was the first kingdom- founder on earth, the originator of the monotheistic concept of kingship--i.e. the idea of supreme authority vested in an individual national leader. But his was a temporal, physical, political kingdom, not at all like the spiritual "kingdom of God" founded by Jesus Christ. As the much imitated first kingdom- founder, however, Adam is called "the first man", and as the second kingdom founder, the one and only originator and founder of a spiritual kind of kingdom, Jesus Christ is called "the second man" (1 Cor. 15:47). Adamic historical theory is concerned with the first kingdom-founder, or "first man", Adam, and the history of the Adamic kingdom that he founded. But to understand the relationship of the historical Adam to the Biblical Adam we have to begin with the story of Creation as it is told in Genesis 1 - 3. Also, in presenting the theory I shall be using the term "God", but the reader can mentally substitute "circumstances" or "forces", or something like that if those terms are less disturbing. In the interests of clarity, however, I shall of course personify (as for example "God said:" since that is normal in any human language. In the middle ages, probably in the twelfth or thirteenth century, the medieval Church invented the idea that Adam was "the first man" in the physical sense of being the first human anatomy on earth--rather than in the more significant spiritual (i.e. "intellectual/theoretical/ideological") sense of being the first kingdom-founder. There is little or no justification in Genesis for the materialistic interpretation of the terminology "first man, Adam" making him the first human body on earth. On the contrary, from Genesis it would appear that Adam's world was well populated with human bodies--the species homo sapiens--when Adam was born. The medieval Church, however, firmly established the materialistic interpretation. In order to support that materialism, the medieval Church was more or less forced to invent what I call the "rerun" theory, according to which the story of the Creation is told twice in Genesis--Genesis 2 being a "rerun" of Genesis 1. The medieval Church succeeded in firmly establishing her peculiar "rerun" theory; and both the materialistic interpretation of Adam and the "rerun" theory survive strongly today. But to understand Adamic history it is necessary to get rid of both of those (still popular) misconceptions! Instead we shall adopt the view, implied by 1 Cor. 15:47, that Adam is called the "first man" because he was the first kingdom-founder. By originating the monotheistic concept of monarchy, the House of Adam began human life as we know it--meaning civilized national life. He was therefore "the first man" in the sense of beginning human life as we know it on earth. And, as we shall see, he was "the first man" in other senses as well--none of them having to do with his bodily form or physical appearance. The kingdom he founded flourished before Sumer, Babylonia, and ancient Egypt, and was very much more advanced than those great civilizations in agriculture and related sciences (especially astronomy and mathematics), and in philosophy and theology. We know about an earlier civilization because the Sumerians, Babylonians, and ancient Egyptians, all tell us that they were instructed by an earlier and more advanced civilization. Our interest is in how and where that earlier civilization arose, and what happened to it, and we shall refer to it here as "Adamic" because under that name we can reconstruct its history from Genesis, as well as from the information it left behind. The human species progressed slowly from primitive agricultural commun- ities, to settlements, villages, city-states, and finally magnificent dynastic civilizations. That primitive progress can be traced in Mesopotamia, the land between the rivers--the Tigris-Euphrates valley--where it culminated in the advanced dynastic civilization that preceded Sumer, Babylonia, and Egypt. That is the civilization that we call "Adamic"; which brings us back to Genesis, and a more rational literal interpretation of Genesis 1 and 2 than the strained "rerun" theory. Genesis 1 is a record of the Adamic kingdom's highly advanced theory of the physical creation and formation of the physical universe. It preserves, however imperfectly, a deep understanding of the physical development of the universe, closely analogous to modern scientific cosmogony and cosmology. But (see below) Genesis 1 has nothing to do with the story of the creation of Adam and Eve nor the beginning of the cultural development of civilized life and nationhood, all of which began with the kingdom founded by the House of Adam. That history begins in the second chapter of Genesis. The medieval Church, to support the "rerun" theory, had to imagine that the creation of man, male and female, in Gen. 1:27, refers to Adam and Eve, rather than to mankind. But after making that artificial identification of Adam and Eve in Gen. 1, even the most ardent supporters of the "rerun" theory acknowledge that there is almost no other synchronism between Genesis 1 and Genesis 2. Of course there isn't! The two chapters don't synchronize because they deal with totally different subjects. Not only that, but the idea of Adam and Eve in Genesis 1 is totally out of character with the rest of Gen. 1, which nowhere suggests that any life form began with a single individual pair. How far cultural development had progressed when the founder of the House of Adam was born is an open question. Did any kind of human language exist? Many authorities confidently assert that it did, and had existed for thousands of years. They may be right. But the evidence they rely on is the develop- ment of organized patterns of living--and on that kind of evidence we could conclude that a human language exists among termites! Adamic theory leaves unanswered how far spoken language may have developed before Adam. The origin of human language also remains unknown. It has been suggested (by archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie) that true language, in which there is no observable relationship between symbols (signs, words) and the things they stand for, may have developed first as writing. That would go a long way toward explaining primitive body-painting. But whatever may have been the stage of development when Adam was born, Genesis and the rest of the Bible makes very clear that the creation of Adam was intimately related to the creation of an Adamic mational human language. Genesis reveals that Adam was inspired by the "whatsoever principle" of naming, whereby "whatsoever" Adam named anything, that was its name (Gen. 2:19). It is the essential principle of a true Adamic language that there is no necessary relationship between signs ("words") and what they stand for. Nor is there any restriction on what can be appointed as a sign (a "word"). In order to express Adamic theory consistently the terms "word" (or "words") and "name" (or names) are used in a highly generalized sense. By the "whatsoever principle" of naming, anything whatsoever can be a word (name) for anything whatsoever. That is the "whatsoever principle" of naming that Adam was inspired to adopt. To appreciate the broad generality of the "whatsoever principle" of naming, it is important to understand that names (words) don't have to be spoken or written signs. Taps in a Helen Keller's hand, or anything "whatsoever" can be appointed as a name (a word). The counterpart of the "whatsoever principle" of naming is the restriction that there must NOT be any necessary relationship between a word (name, symbol, phrase, sign, algorithm) and what it stands for. You may call the dog a "bow wow" but in God's law, as it was revealed to Adam, any observable relationship between the sound of "bow wow" must not be NECESSARY to its assignment as a name. You may refer to yourself with the personal pronoun, I, and observe that the letter "I" is a stylized representation of the upright human figure--but you must NOT make that image and likeness essential to the meaning of "I". With the inspired "whatsoever principle" of naming, and its counterpart, Adam was able to conceive of abstractions, like the word "am", for which there is no clear image and likeness. It is thus that the "whatsoever principle" of naming confers on me the self-awareness created by comprehending the words "I am!" In Adamic theory there can be no self-awareness unless and until the words "I am!" (or equivalents) are comprehended. It is the comprehension of the words "I am" that confers on me my human BEING. My Creator explicitly tells me so in Exodus 3:14 where He says: "I am that `I AM!'" THAT PRINCIPLE OF CREATION, AND ALL THAT IT PORTENDS, IS SOMETHING THAT MODERN MENTALITIES FIND ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE TO GRASP. From the principle that human BEING begins with comprehension of the words "I am", and the principle that words (names) must never be bound to corresponding images and likenesses, came the first and greatest two laws of the Adamic kingdom--which have come down to us as the first two commandments: 1. I am the Lord thy God, thou shalt have no other gods before me; and 2: Thou shalt not bow to and give worth to images and likenesses. In very early times the Tigris-Euphrates valley was known as Aden or Eden and it seems that the founder of the House of Adam was born in that region. Reading the Hebrew of Gen. 2:1 very literally, it tells us that prior to Adam, "no speech of a Queen yet used to be on earth, and no herb of the tillage yet used to flourish as the Lord God had not caused rain upon the earth, and to cultivating the land mankind was insignificant." (This reading is explained more fully in my Annotated Translation of Genesis 1 - 3 in DL 9 on this forum.) As Genesis continues it appears that Adam attempted to "cultivate the land" but God frustrated ("pressed") him with dust from the ground--and made him reflect on that problem (Gen. 2:7). In that way God brought Adam to a new location in Eden which was lushly fertile, a veritable Garden area--the "Garden of Eden" as we call it. The garden's fertility gave Adam the leisure to think, and it therefore provided him and his livestock with plenty of vegetation to eat, but also with food for the mind--"every tree of delight to understanding" (Gen. 2:9). It was there that Adam learned the essential "whatsoever principle" of naming, and the essential law against bowing to images and likenesses. Whether or not any form of human language existed at the time, or what was its state of development, is irrelevant to Adam's overt recognition of the "whatsoever principle" of naming, and his adoption of the first two command- ments. Those two commandments are absolutely essential to the creation and preservation of human life on earth--as (I hope) will become clear. Human life, beginning with Adam, is VERBAL, not organic. Thus Adam gave "whatsoever- principle" names to his livestock--animals and fowl--and to all "life" = all existence, meaning everything he observed (Gen. 2:20). Adam's "whatsoever-principle" language gave him reflective life, but he had to get others to understand his "whatsoever-principle" words. Gen. 2:20 says that he was singularly unsuccessful in that effort, and it vaguely suggests that he may even have tried to get animals to understand him. Being totally unsuccessful he quit trying (he "slept" in deep frustration), and he fell in love with "one from his side", and mated with her, Gen. 2:21. She became pregnant. (Gen. 2:22 says she was "built to woman" which is a Hebrew idiom for pregnancy.) Adam made her his "wife"--and she would become Queen over the Adamic kingdom (whether or not he had other consorts). Adam still faced the task of getting others to accept his "whatsoever- principle" names. Since he refused to allow natural responses to images and likenesses ("bow wow, yo he ho, pooh pooh) in devising his names (words) they had no natural, reasonable, or logical basis. The task of getting others to accept them meant he had to establish a pure Faith--unquestioning acceptance that the "bow wow" is a canine, with no natural, reasonable, observable relationship to logically connect "canine" with "bow wow". Acceptance and adherence to his "whatsoever-principle" names thus constituted a pure Faith. (For emotional reasons today, human language is not called a Faith-- though clearly that is what it is. To avoid the emotionally disturbing word "Faith" it is now said that human languages are "conventional"--which means the same thing. But it is because Christians long ago recognized that human language is necessarily a Faith, that they long ago declared that all things depend upon a Faith! They understood very well that the Judeo-Christian faith began with, and still begins with, a spoken and written Adamic language--a language built on the Adamic "whatsoever-principle" of naming. We learn from Gen. 3:20 that where Adam had failed, it was Eve who succeeded in establishing the Adamic faith--Adam's language of: "whatsoever Adam called everything, that was its name". But we'll get to that. For now it will suffice to say that Adam evidently gained enough followers to found his kingdom in Eden, with himself as King and Eve as Queen. It was a kingdom bound by a faith, a national language--analogous to what Victorians called "The Queen's English". With the incredible advantage of an established national faith (namely the Adamic language) the Adamic kingdom made rapid progress. And, having learned the extraordinary power of the "whatsoever principle" it was suggested that the same principle could be applied to legislation. Adam could legislate what was good and what was evil, and whatsoever Adam said was good, that was good, and whatsoever Adam said was evil, that was evil. At Eve's suggestion, we are told, Adam applied the "whatsoever principle" to legislation and thus attempted to outlaw nakedness in Eden. Natives of the area, who had not become subjects of Adam's kingdom, rebelled against the attempts of his followers to enforce the ban on naked- ness. Like many other prohibition laws since, prohibiting nakedness brought disaster. Adam and his followers were driven out of Eden, and they began a long migration to the East. We presume that some scattered in all directions, and some even remained in Eden, but the main Adamic body under the leadership of Adam and his Queen, evidently went East, because the brandished sword to prevent his return was on the East of Eden, Gen. 3:24. It is necessary to pause a moment here to mention that the Biblical idiom does not distinguish between the House of Adam and its founder. That is usual. Israel, for example, was Jacob's name and it is the name of his progeny. In the case of Adam and Eve--the king and queen of the Adamic nation--it seems that not only does the name Adam refer to the founder of the House of Adam and his heirs, but the name Eve was bestowed upon whomever became the queen of the nation. Hence we do not know how long the nation was in Eden since it was not limited to the lifetime of an individual king. The nation was finally driven out of Eden, but the seeds of monotheistic (monarchial) civilization had been sown there--in the Tigris-Euphrates valley, and they were destined to germinate and reappear. And those of the Adamic nation who fled West were bound to find the fertile Nile valley, and there again put down the roots of a monotheistic civilization. Meanwhile the main body migrated East, and no doubt made several attempts to settle and to re- establish the kingdom--only to be driven off each time by hostile natives. But along the way they undoubtedly sowed seeds of the idea of monotheistic civilization. Finally, some two-thousand miles East of Eden, they broke through some high surrounding mountains to discover a marginally fertile protected plateau, which is now called the Tarim Basin. There, protected by the high surrounding mountains, the nation was successfully re-established. The land of the basin at that time covered a huge underground freshwater sea which was tapped for irrigation. Adam appointed two co-regencies under Cain and Abel who were charged to administer farming and sheep-ranching, respectively. And they called the Tarim Basin "the face of the earth"--much as we today call the adjacent territory (Tibet) "the roof of the world". In the style of our modern "Westerns", war eventually broke out between Cain and his farmers, and Abel and his ranchers. Abel's people were wiped out. Cain was expelled from the face of the earth and he and his people, the Kenites, went back to dwell in "the land of Nod, on the east of Eden", Gen. 4:16. Subsequently, the House of Adam in its 130th year appointed a new co- regency under Seth, and Seth 105 years later appointed the dynasty of Enos, and so on, as recorded in Gen. 5--until at one time there were as many as nine regencies over what must have been a flourishing city-state nation. Because the Adamic nation forbade bowing to images and likenesses they could not use graphic images and likenesses as a means of communication--nor any forms such as pictographics, ideographics, or hieroglyphics, which depended on a residual image-and-likeness component. That forced the nation to develop phonetic graphics, which began with what we now call cuneiform. But later the nation developed a twenty-four-sign phonetic alphabet, from which all the alphabets of the world are descended. It is therefore not too far afield to say that Adam and human life as we know it, began with the invention of writing. That puts Adam no earlier than about 3500 to 4000 B.C. It is very possible that Cain's people established or developed the civilization of Sumer, and carried cuneiform writing to them. If so that would mean that Cain was expelled from the face of the earth after cuneiform had been developed there, but before the twenty-four-sign alphabet had been invented. The alphabet was later carried into early ancient Egypt, but it is also found in different Mesopotamian remains, prompting Sir Flinders Petrie to remark that the alphabet is as old as history. At the face of the earth, with the advantage of writing to preserve its learning and understanding, the nation progressed rapidly in agriculture and structural engineering for irrigation, in astronomy and mathematics for tracking the seasons, and in basic science as well as technology for mining and quarrying. When it had grown sufficiently in knowledge and power it sent out emissaries and settlers to develop other territories. They naturally concentrated on those areas where the earlier seeds of Adamic civilization had taken root after the nation's expulsion from Eden. Chief locations for development were Sumer and Babylonia, and the fertile Nile Delta of Egypt. The nation established a calendar-system with thirty-day months and a twelve-month ideal or "sacred" year of 360 days, but a civil year of 365 days, both tied to the Autumnal Equinox for the first month of the year. The sacred calendar was synchronized to the solar year by adding a month at the end of the year, whenever that was necessary in order to keep the Autumnal Equinox in the first month of the calendar year. In other words a month was added when- ever the calendar would have been thirty days or more out of step with the equinox. That generates a repetitive cycle of intercalations, a cycle that repeats in 103 years. The 365-day calendar had 5 days added whenever needed to keep the equinox in Month 1 of the civil calendar. Such a cycle is called a "calendar cycle". Our modern calendar, for example, is based on a 400-year calendar cycle. The rule is that an inter- calary day is added every fourth year ("leap-year") except at the end of a century unless it is the end of the 4th century of the 400 year cycle. By that rule, in 400 years there are 365.25 x 400 - 3 days = 146097 days. Dividing that by 400 we find that our mean calendar year has 365.2425 days. The 103-year calendar cycle had 37623 days giving it a mean year of 365.27185 days. The actual solar year was slightly longer 6000 years ago than it is now, since it is now decreasing by about .53 seconds per century. If that rate of increase has been constant then, the average value of the solar year over the past six thousand years has been 365.242425, and 6000 years ago the length of the solar year was 365.24279 days. It is to be noted that the 103-year calendar cycle is generated very simply and naturally by adding a thirty-day month whenever necessary. We can also now conclude that the 103-year cycle kept the calendar very accurately synchronized to the solar year at that time. But while that calendar cycle was arrived at very simply, it is evident that the Adamics had astronomical knowledge that is far from simple. It appears that they had even ascertained the date of what is called "zero degrees perihelion" which is when the equinoxes on the earth's orbit (points when earth's axis is exactly perpen- dicular to the plane of its orbit) coincided with the perihelion and aphelion (closest and farthest approach to the sun) of the earth's orbit. It seems that they considered basing their calendar epoch (i.e. "year 0") on the year of 0 perihelion. But apparently for reasons of numerical symbolism, and perhaps also from historical considerations, they finally put the calendar epoch 44 years later, at midnight of the Autumnal Equinox of 4000 B.C. Many other astronomical cycles were known and observed, having to do with the relationship of the calendar to the solar year and of the lunar year to the solar year. Of these the one that shows up most prominently in records was a 97-year (solar) calendar cycle. But there is no need to go into any more detail concerning the astronomical calendar cycles, in order to learn and understand how they impinge on Adamic history. Another kind of (non-astronomical) calendar cycle was based on the idea of "a year of months" which was, of course, 30 years. Every thirty years there was a calendar festival, called an "End Festival" at which time, if a dynastic house had appointed no suitable heir, the dynasty was declared officially ended. And there was a "Great End Festival" every fourth "End Festival", which is to say at the end of every 120 years. However those festivals also had to be synchronized to the calendar and that was done by delaying the sixth "Great End Festival" so that it came at the end of the 121st year. That way six "Great End Festivals" coincided with seven 103-year cycles, at the end of 721 years. It is because of the calendar cycles, especially the "End Festivals" that we know that the chronology in Gen. 5 refers to dynasties or "houses" rather than individual rulers. The idea of "End Festivals" was continued in ancient Egypt by what are called the Egyptian "Sed Festivals". In Egypt a new dynasty officially began at a "Sed Festival"--whereas at the face of the earth the Festival was when a dynasty was officially ended. And when the Gen. 5 chronology is examined it is found that each of the dynasties named there ended in the year ending a calendar cycle, usually in the year of an End Festival. Even without the direct statement in Gen. 6:9 it would be clear that each of the names in the Gen. 5 chronology are the names of dynasties that lived for many generations. (It is mildly amusing that some modern versions have changed Gen. 6:9 to read "Noah was a just man and perfect in his generation [singular]" but in the Hebrew it is clearly: "Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations [plural].) The 103-year calendar cycle was handed down to ancient Egypt and kept the Egyptian calendar accurately synchronized to the solar year for many centuries. But typical of the overall pattern of retrogression, the Egyptians during the 18th Dynasty, had lost all understanding of the science behind their calendar system, and the calendar was changed to a simple 365 days. There is an 18th Dynasty record complaining of the calendar change, but it was was adopted by then, and the Egyptian so-called "vague year" was established. That calendar allowed the Egyptian year to slip a quarter of a day every year, or a whole year in 1461 years--the so-called "sothic cycle". Egyptologists, blinded by their belief in gradual progress, assumed that ancient Egypt had used the vague-year calendar, without revisions, for over two thousand years, and base their reconstruction of Egyptian chronology on that (obviously naive) assumption. It was very convenient since the Egyptians annually recorded the first appearance of the star Sirius, and the date of the "heliacal rising" of Sirius on the Egyptian calendar allowed them to pinpoint the year of that record, in the belief that it would have to have been either the year assigned or a year one sothic cycle earlier or later. It never seems to have occurred to them that at any earlier time the Egyptians may have had a scientifically accurate calendar. So they had to make such explanations as that (in one case) the harvest festival "had to be an offering of green corn", and in another case "the earliest high Nile on record" (by a full month!) To regulate agriculture the Adamics invented what we call the "zodiac". It consisted of pictures superimposed on celestial constellations in the zodiacal belt--a belt encircling the celestial sphere, centered on the earth's orbit (projected to the celestial sphere) and extending 23.5 degrees above and below the orbital line. It is the belt in which the moon and the planets are always seen. The pictures originally identified six equal sections around the zodiacal belt. Later that system was replaced with pictures identifying twelve equal sections around the belt. Today we have twelve unequal sections or constellations as a result of combining the two systems. The purpose of the zodiac was to tell farmers the time of year, when to expect summer heat or winter cold, or when to expect the rainy season or the dry season, or in the Nile Delta when to expect high Nile. They had only to look up at the night sky to see where the moon was against the zodiac, and they could tell what month of the year it was. If they new where the month was with respect to new moon, they could figure the actual day of the month from the moon's phase. The most essential information supplied by the zodiac was, of course, planting time. In later times, and among more primitive people it was believed that the zodiac CAUSED the rains of the rainy season, or CAUSED the heat of summer, &c., and astronomical science degenerated into astrology--although there was more to the astrological misunderstandings. It will be convenient to refer Biblical dates to the Adamic epoch at the Autumnal Equinox of 4000 B.C., calling that year, Year 0 A.K., from which the year B.C. or A.D. can be easily calculated. In 1056 A.K. the dynasty of Noah was appointed to oversee the burgeoning missions and settlements where the Adamic settlers were developing civiliza- tions, and commerce with those civilizations. Meanwhile the bare-bones outline in Gen. 5 bespeaks a furious power struggle at the face of the earth. The high point of nine dynasties reigning over territory at the face of the earth was reduced to just two--Lamek and Methuselah. Noah, who reigned over the settlers and missions, and Noachian mariners, was probably not threatened. We know that Noachian settlers penetrated into India, China and Japan, and into Europe, and there is even some evidence they may have reached the shores of the Americas. The development of the face of the earth required extensive irrigation which was obtained from artesian wells ("fountains of the deep") that tapped the vast underground fresh-water sea ("the waters under the earth"). Since the land was surrounded by high mountains, we find that the Adamics carried with them a picture of their world, representing it as a dome of land over an ocean of water, surrounded by high mountains. We find that that is the picture of the Chaldean world, with the mountains supporting the sky. And similar representations are found in ancient Egypt and Sumer. Tapping the underground water was eventually so excessive that it became a threat to the nation's survival. The danger was that too much irrigation could soften the "floor" of the basin, and since earthquake activity is fairly common in the region, there was the threat that if the land was too heavily irrigated it could collapse into the underground sea. That threat was clearly foreseen, and the nation was warned that if the excesses continued its days would be 120 years, Gen. 6:3. Scholars unfamiliar with the calendar cycles seem to have no idea where the "120 years" came from. It was, of course, a warning that the nation might not see the next "Great End Festival". Like most such warnings it went unheeded, except by Noah who built an ark for himself, his family, and his livestock, in order to survive the impending disaster. In the 600th year of Noah (1656 A.K.), the 17th day of Month 2, (night of our 30 Oct. to 1 Nov.) "were all the fountains of the deep broken up" Gen. 7:11, as the flooded face of the earth collapsed into the underground sea. Miraculously, Noah seems to have survived the catastrophe. The rain continued forty days, but "the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days" Gen. 7:24. In the 17th day of Moth 7 "after the end of one hundred and fifty days" (Note 5 x 30 = 150 days, confirming 30-day months) the ark rested upon the high hills (Heb. ARRT "Ararat", high peaks or highest hills. There is no evidence of a mountain in Armenia, or anywhere else, named Ararat as early as 2344 B.C., the year of the flood.) The collapse of the face of the earth breached the once mighty Pe Shan, and the water drained out through the breach in the mountains, inundating China as recorded in the Chinese Shu King. Meanwhile winds from the Gobi desert drove in through the breach, eroding the mountain at a phenomenal rate and burying the Adamic kingdom under perhaps a mile or more of desert sand. The water draining through the breach, and the sand blowing in, have left a totally desiccated region that looks as though it could not have been fertile or inhabited within the past tens of thousand of years. However the catas- trophe responsible its appearance happened in 2344 B.C.--the 1656th year of the House of Noah. What was left after the destruction of the face of the earth were a number of Noachian settlements, and Sumerian, Babylonian, and Egyptian dynastic civilizations that acknowledge their debt to the earlier and more advanced civilization--a civilization that perished, probably forever beyond reach. But it may be noted that archaeologist A.H. Sayce has shown that the Biblical description of the "sons of Noah; Shem, Ham, and Japheth" corresponds to an outline of the geographical distribution of the white race at the time of the deluge. Although Noah and his family were the only inhabitants of the face of the earth that who survived its destruction, it would seem that many descendants of Adam did survive--in addition to the Kenites (Cain) who had long since been expelled from the face of the earth. Outside of the Bible, evidence of the Adamic civilization is overwhelming in the advanced scientific knowledge that was handed down from earliest times by people and cultures and civilizations that had no means of deriving such advanced information. But it is fashionable to ignore just how early modern scientific concepts first appeared. What the popular modern mythology tries to preserve is a picture of gradual progress from primitive fantasies to a true scientific view of the universe and the laws of science. Adamic theory puts the "gradual progress in the pre-Adamic (10000-4000 B.C.) past, followed by a meteoric rise, when the invention writing began human civilization as we know it, and then a catas- trophic destruction in 2344 B.C. How far progress went in the Adamic kingdom we can only guess, based on bits and pieces found in early cultures which presumably came from the Adamic kingdom and Adamic settlers. Modern scholars rarely mention, for example, that the Pythagoreans, long before Aristotle, taught that the earth is a sphere freely poised in space and orbiting the sun. The Pythagoreans boast that Pythagoras pried that "secret knowledge" loose from the Egyptian priests, who had preserved it, but obviously didn't understand it themselves. Nor do they mention the full heliocentric theory of Aristarchus--none of that knowledge supposedly existed before Copernicus. Nor is there usually any mention of Lucretius who carefully explains why bodies of different weight must nevertheless fall at the same speed in a vacuum. That and a whole lot more from a disciple of Epicurus, writing more than a thousand years before Galileo! Then there is the extraordinary insight of Genesis 1:2 in which it is recognized that an "earth without form" corres- ponds to a black body--darkness; plus the recognition in Gen. 1:3 that the first departure from the formless state had to create light, before there were any stars (or suns) in the universe. These are things that modern minds could easily appreciate if modern teachers dared to teach them--but they contradict the mythology of gradual progress. What seems impossible for modern minds to understand and appreciate is, however, as I mentioned at the outset, the principle that human life is VERBAL not organic, and that self-awareness, human BEING is created by comprehension of the words "I am!" The consequences of that insight are enormous, and it is necessary in concluding this essay to mention some of them, even though they may go far beyond anything that the reader wants to know or understand! The prime consequence of the creation of the human self by comprehension of the words "I am!" is the necessary conclusion that therefore ALL THINGS known to mankind are created by the word that identify, express, and describe them. In the universe there was no spherical earth orbiting the sun until man, circa 4000 B.C., described a spherical earth orbiting the sun. That makes our spherical earth and solar system no more than about 6000 years old! We can now project it back in time for several billion years, but it came into existence no more than 6000 years ago, because it was not described more than 6000 years ago--just as Newton's mm/d^2 law of gravitation is only a little more than 300 years old. Again we can project its operation back to the birth of the uni- verse, but Newton's "law of gravitation" did not exist before Newton described it as such. Modern physicists have, in the past decade, come close to once again recognizing that the universe is created the way in which we describe it. In physics, a version of that insight is known as "the anthropic principle" and it is discussed in popular as well as serious books and papers on modern physics-- for a popular treatment see for example, Davies "The Accidental Universe". The anthropic principle is also discussed by Stephen Hawking in his new book "A Brief History of Time". But modern scientists still adhere to the creed of Scientific Empiricism, and believe that science is built on "observations". It does not seem to have dawned on them that an "observation" is not an observa- tion until it is expressed in words (symbols, algorithms, &c.). The understanding that we and the universe are created by the words with which we describe ourselves and the universe affirms that God is "the Word" (John 1:1) manifest in "the voice of the words" (Deut. 4:12) [and Jesus Christ is "the Word" incarnate]. Knowing that we and our universe are created by the words with which we identify, express, and describe all things, is such a powerful and revealing insight that it is difficult to imagine how far the Adamic kingdom may have progressed in knowledge and understanding with the aid of that incredible key. They did not apply themselves to the development of a materials technology, as we have, but they seem to have far surpassed us in scientific theoretical knowledge leading to a deep understanding of God and His creation--the physical universe. With that remarkable scientific insight they were able to leave to us a 6000-year chronological prophecy, describing in very general terms the history of the descendants of Adam. That is usually considered to be outside the pail of science. But there are many who have held otherwise. They have said that a sufficiently comprehensive scientific understanding of God's universe would necessarily include a knowledge of past and future developments in the history of mankind, as well as in the history of the physical universe. To quote Stephen Hawking's new book, that is exactly what he also now says: "Yet if there really is a complete unified theory, it would also presumably determine our actions." And within the limits of the uncertainty principle it may well be that "the Word" revealed to the Adamic nation the general outline and consequences of a unified theory that made it possible, in general terms, to predict six thousand years of the history of the Adamic people and their followers. That is the "unified theory" that remains to be discovered and recovered from the text of the Bible! The chronology of Biblical prophecy is referred to the astronomical clock (e.g. the "time, times, and half a time" = 3.5 x 360 years = 1260 years, which is an extremely accurate luni-solar calendar cycle). THAT is what later degenerated into astrology! The clock to which historical proph- ecy was referred came to be thought of as CAUSING the prophesied events. Finally let it be noted that it should be possible to predict the pattern of future history if, but only if, man has free will (as Judeo-Christian theory declares). For if man has free will, mankind is analogous to a set of random particles and the statistical future of the set as a whole is predictable. But if man does not have free will, then of course it is impossible to make a prophecy of future history without first knowing the constraints on man's will. But in that case it would be possible to make specific predictions rather than only a general overall pattern-prophecy with, a specific here and there. The generality of Biblical prophecy therefore may be viewed as affirming man's free will.

---

E-Mail Fredric L. Rice / The Skeptic Tank