Computer underground Digest Wed Sep 22 1993 Volume 5 : Issue 74 ISSN 1004-042X Editors: Ji

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Computer underground Digest Wed Sep 22 1993 Volume 5 : Issue 74 ISSN 1004-042X Editors: Jim Thomas and Gordon Meyer (TK0JUT2@NIU.BITNET) Archivist: Brendan Kehoe Shadow-Archivists: Dan Carosone / Paul Southworth Ralph Sims / Jyrki Kuoppala Ian Dickinson Cookie Editor: Etaoin Shrdlu, III CONTENTS, #5.74 (Sep 22 1993) File 1--Phil Zimmerman Comments on Encryption Flap File 2--NEW State Dept FLASH on Moby Clipper (Grady Ward) File 3--"Secret Science" File 4--Comment on Elansky BBS/Conn. Law File 5--Fingerprinting Welfare Recipients File 6--Gov't Computer Databases & Right to Privacy (Thesis Abst) File 7--Revised WH E-mail FAQ Cu-Digest is a weekly electronic journal/newsletter. Subscriptions are available at no cost electronically from tk0jut2@mvs.cso.niu.edu. The editors may be contacted by voice (815-753-0303), fax (815-753-6302) or U.S. mail at: Jim Thomas, Department of Sociology, NIU, DeKalb, IL 60115. Issues of CuD can also be found in the Usenet comp.society.cu-digest news group; on CompuServe in DL0 and DL4 of the IBMBBS SIG, DL1 of LAWSIG, and DL1 of TELECOM; on GEnie in the PF*NPC RT libraries and in the VIRUS/SECURITY library; from America Online in the PC Telecom forum under "computing newsletters;" On Delphi in the General Discussion database of the Internet SIG; on the PC-EXEC BBS at (414) 789-4210; and on: Rune Stone BBS (IIRG WHQ) (203) 832-8441 NUP:Conspiracy; RIPCO BBS (312) 528-5020 CuD is also available via Fidonet File Request from 1:11/70; unlisted nodes and points welcome. EUROPE: from the ComNet in LUXEMBOURG BBS (++352) 466893; In ITALY: Bits against the Empire BBS: +39-461-980493 ANONYMOUS FTP SITES: UNITED STATES: halcyon.com( 202.135.191.2) in /pub/mirror/cud aql.gatech.edu (128.61.10.53) in /pub/eff/cud etext.archive.umich.edu (141.211.164.18) in /pub/CuD/cud ftp.eff.org (192.88.144.4) in /pub/cud AUSTRALIA: ftp.ee.mu.oz.au (128.250.77.2) in /pub/text/CuD. EUROPE: nic.funet.fi in pub/doc/cud. (Finland) ftp.warwick.ac.uk in pub/cud (United Kingdom) COMPUTER UNDERGROUND DIGEST is an open forum dedicated to sharing information among computerists and to the presentation and debate of diverse views. CuD material may be reprinted for non-profit as long as the source is cited. Authors hold a presumptive copyright, and they should be contacted for reprint permission. It is assumed that non-personal mail to the moderators may be reprinted unless otherwise specified. Readers are encouraged to submit reasoned articles relating to computer culture and communication. Articles are preferred to short responses. Please avoid quoting previous posts unless absolutely necessary. DISCLAIMER: The views represented herein do not necessarily represent the views of the moderators. Digest contributors assume all responsibility for ensuring that articles submitted do not violate copyright protections. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 21 Sep 1993 05:36:08 GMT From: hugh@GARGOYLE.UCHICAGO.EDU(Hugh Miller) Subject: File 1--Phil Zimmerman Comments on Encryption Flap Phil asked me to forward this to the Digest. It points up the problems of keeping _ANYTHING_ secret in the electronic world (unless, of course, it is SECURELY encrypted \;-}). It is more or less self-explanatory. Let me square his remark at the end, though: whatever happens, Phil is facing some pretty vast legal bills. Now is the time for all of us who favor crypto for the masses to pony up and put our wallets where our mouths are. I pledge $100 NOW, and challenge every one of you to match or exceed me. I'll keep it up until Phil's out of the hole. ($100 on a regular basis is a lot of money on an assistant professor's salary with 3 kids.) Examine your conscience and write that check. Pronto. Hugh Miller Asst. Prof. Dept. of Philosophy Loyola University Chicago ++------------------- Date--Sun, 19 Sep 1993 13:38:44 -0500 From--Philip Zimmermann Subject--Zimmermann statement on PGP investigation Some of you may have received my Internet message of a couple of days ago about the ongoing U.S. Customs investigation of the exportation of PGP, which has now progressed to the level of Federal Grand Jury subpoenas. This earlier message was intended by me for distribution to a very small group of friends who previously communicated their concern about me and the investigation and asked to be kept informed. I did not send the message to anyone outside this group. Unfortunately, I did not adequately assert my desire that the message not be further disseminated. It appears that the message has gone completely public. This was not my intention. My lawyer, Phil Dubois, has been in touch with the Assistant U.S. Attorney (William Keane) assigned to the investigation. We have no reason to believe that Mr. Keane is anything other than a professional and reasonable person. He made it clear that no decision has been made regarding any prosecution of anyone for any offense in this matter. Such decisions will not be made for some time, perhaps several months. Mr. Keane also made clear his willingness to listen to us (me and my lawyer) before making any decision. It appears that both Mr. Keane's mind and the lines of communication are open. My fear is that public dissemination of my message will close the lines of communication and put Mr. Keane into an irretrievably adversarial position. Such a result would not serve any of our interests. My lawyer tells me that nothing irritates a prosecutor more than being the subject of what he perceives to be an orchestrated publicity campaign. He also tells me that his nightmares involve FOAs (Friends Of the Accused), invariably people with good intentions, doing things on their own. I understand that the issues involved in this investigation are of the greatest importance and transcend my personal interests. Even so, I would rather not turn an investigation into a full-scale federal prosecution. I ask that everyone keep in mind that the government's resources are limitless and that mine are not. Speaking of resources, many of you have offered help, and I am grateful. Those wishing to contribute financially or otherwise should contact either me or Philip L. Dubois, Esq., at dubois@csn.org or by phone at 303-444-3885 or by mail at 2305 Broadway, Boulder, CO, 80304. Mr. Dubois has just got on the Internet and is still learning how to use it. Donated funds will be kept in a trust account, and all contributions will be accounted for. If this whole thing somehow goes away with money left in the account, the balance will be refunded to contributors in proportion to the amounts of their contributions. This message can be widely circulated on public forums. Philip Zimmermann prz@acm.org 303 541-0140 ------------------------------ Date: Tue, 21 Sep 1993 21:13:17 GMT From: Grady Ward Subject: File 2--NEW State Dept FLASH on Moby Clipper (Grady Ward) (please edit follow-ups) In a fresh (to me, stunning) development, the Austin Code Works received a letter today (Tuesday 9/21/93) from the State Department, Bureau of Politico Military Affairs, Office of Defense Trade Controls advising them, in part, of their need to register as an International Arms Trafficker *even if* their crypto material is intended solely for *domestic* publication, regardless of whether they are selling executables, source, descriptions, algorithms of any crypto (and presumably viral detection) software or documentation, as defined by ITAR. This requirement literally implies that a Cereal manufacturer is required to register as an arms trafficker if it wants to include a secret de/coder ring in the box, has a cardboard outline of a de/coder printed on the box, or even a description how to construct or use a de/coder ring. Complete text of the letter follows: (State Department Seal) United States Department of State Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs Office of Defense Trade Controls Washington, D.C. 20522-0602 AUG 31 1993 Austin Code Works 11100 Leafwood Lane Austin, TX 78750-3587 Dear Sir: It has come to the attention of this office that your company is making cryptographic source code and technical data available for commercial export claiming a technical data exemption from the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. Cryptographic software, including source code, is a munitions article as defined in 22 CFR # 120.1, category XIII(b). Further, the exemptions listed in 22 CFR # 125.4 for technical data do not apply to cryptographic software and source code. A valid Department of State license is required to export cryptographic source code. As such, it would be a violation of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations to export cryptographic source code without a valid Department of State export license. We take this opportunity of advise you that any company or individual who engages in the United State in the business of either manufacturing or exporting defense articles or furnishing defense services is required to register for a fee with the Office of Defense Trade Controls (DTC) pursuant to 22 U.S.C. # 2778(b)(1)(A) and 22 C.F.R. Part 122. Furthermore, the export of such defense articles and related technical data must be licensed by the Department of State in accordance with 22 U.S.C # 2778(b)(1)(B)(2) and 22 D.F.R. Parts 120-130 (International Traffic in Arms Regulations). A booklet entitled "REGISTRATION: The First Step in Defense Trade" is enclosed. If you are unsure whether an article is on the U.S. Munitions List, you may send five (5) copies of descriptive literature about the product and request a commodity jurisdiction determination from this office according to 22 C.F.R # 120.5 of the ITAR. If you have any questions regarding the matters discussed in this letter, please do not hesitate to contact this office at (703) 875-6650. Sincerely, (signed) Clyde G. Bryant, Jr., Chief Compliance and Enforcement Branch ++++++++++++++++ I guess this means that all FTP sites who implement the GET command and have anything to do with crypto or viral detection, including RFCs, overviews or discussions of specific techniques or algorithms, etc. must be registered as International Arms Traffickers *even if* they disallow all but domestic FTP connections. What to do now. My advice to this new twist of the NSA and State Department regulating activities *within* the United States is twofold: (1) GET and FAMILIARIZE yourself with PGP sources or other crypto options NOW and upload it to your local BBS (if you deem it still legal for you to do these things) and (2) Consider supporting the Electronic Freedom Foundation. PGP sites: black.ox.ac.uk (129.67.1.165) src.doc.ic.ac.uk (146.169.2.1) ftp.demon.co.uk (158.152.1.65) ghost.dsi.unimi.it (149.132.2.1) nic.funet.fi (128.214.6.100) soda.berkeley.edu (128.32.149.19) Electronic Freedom Foundation 1001 G Street, NW Suite 950 East Washington, D.C. 20001 202/347-5400 voice 202/393-5509 FAX FTP ftp.eff.org ------------------------------ Date: 22 Sep 93 19:05:22 EDT From: Urnst Kouch <70743.1711@COMPUSERVE.COM> Subject: File 3--"Secret Science" ((MODERATORS' NOTE: Urnst Kouch is editor of Crypt Newsletter, a periodic 'Zine of tech information and political satire and commentary)). "In 1989 the Pentagon classified as secret a set of rocks -- Russian rocks gathered by Americans, with Moscow's approval -- from below the surface of Soviet territory. [According to the classification memorandum] '. . .Those who want them must be government-certified to handle secret rocks.' Soviet officials said they were ordinary rocks . . ." --from Herbert N. Foerstel's "Secret Science: Federal Control of American Science and Technology," (1993, Praeger Publishers) CuD readers following the National Security Agency's attack on Phil Zimmerman and the cryptography algorithms involved in Pretty Good Privacy might want to stroll over to their favorite library and browse Herbert N. Foerstel's "Secret Science," an interesting book which reviews the increasingly smothering and anti-democratic government control over technology and science in the US. Foerstel is the head of the University of Maryland's Engineering & Physical Sciences Library and his book expends quite a bit of effort documenting the National Security Agency's efforts to control and classify any technology - usually cryptography - which falls within its sphere of interest. Completely beyond public oversight, the NSA operates almost entirely behind the curtain of "deep black" classification, despite, in recent years, a cynical facade of public relations efforts and "friendly" review of cryptography research. Foerstel's book recounts the relentless campaign by the NSA to control cryptographic research funding through the National Science Foundation and efforts to wrest all independence from the scientific community through the idea of voluntary prior restraint. What this translates to, according to "Secret Science," is that all scientists engaged in cryptographic research should be gentlemen and funnel all findings to the NSA for oversight or the agency will use executive mandates to intimidate and quash those in non-compliance. Foerstel does not candy-coat the story, pointing out when he thinks it appropriate, the self-serving agendas and illogic of government leaders. For example, Foerstel writes: "Many in business and government point out the impossibility of controlling cryptographic software. Indeed, the U.S. has agreed to let its allies decontrol mass market software with encryption features, and foreign companies, unencumbered by munitions-type restrictions are bringing encrypted software and related services to the international market. The British have stated publicly that they are permitting the uncontrolled export of such software, but US software manufacturers are prevented from selling their products abroad." Foerstel also compares the price of a brute force solution to the current dumbed down NSA compliant DES key: $5,000 as opposed to _$200 septillion_ using the original IBM 128-bit key. The conclusion he draws is simple and ugly: Our government is determined to impede the development and dissemination of sophisticated cryptographic tools in the private sector, mainly because it wants to reserve the right to break the privacy of American citizens when deemed necessary. The rationalization that national sensitive technology must be kept from foreign hands is a sham. It's hard to emphasize how good a read "Secret Science" is! In addition to amusing stuff on the above passage dealing with "secret rocks," the book covers the explosion of classification during the Reagan administration, the drive to lock up general scientific material in libraries thought to be sensitive even _after_ widespread international publication and the FBI's continuing campaign to comb public libraries for imagined revolutionaries, troublemakers, foreigners or anyone with foreign-sounding names who accesses the technical literature. ------------------------------ Date: Sat, 18 Sep 1993 18:05:26 -0400 From: Doug Luce Subject: File 4--Comment on Elansky BBS/Conn. Law : > (a) A person is guilty of inciting injury to persons or property > when ... he advocates, encourages, justifies, praises, incites or > solicits ... any assault upon ... the police force of this or any > other state .... Public decentralized computer networks are an assault on what we call the police force. These information systems furnish easily accessible facts and opinions on drugs, criminal acts, criminal psychology, police practices, and government policy. They are a new medium which disseminates high-quality data currently unfettered by state or mass media controls. They force close public examination of the power constructs of the government of the United States. There isn't a more acute or potentially destructive threat to law enforcement agencies as they are today. It is to the advantage of the police to round up and permanently detain the people responsible in any way for the operation of the networks. Bad publicity generated by this effort will be far outweighed by the benefit of nullifying this destructive potential. ------------------------------ Date: Mon, 20 Sep 93 19:09:57 EDT From: joec@CFCSYS.LINET.ORG(Joseph Christie) Subject: File 5--Fingerprinting Welfare Recipients A further update. Last week the Suffolk County Legislature voted to implement a fingerprinting system for welfare recipients. The plan is being forwarded to NY State, who hasn't said that Suffolk can not do this but they did authorize fingerprinting on a test basis in two upstate counties and not in Suffolk. Suffolk County says they don't need State approval and the State refuses to comment until they formally receive and review the official policy statement from Suffolk. Opponents claim that the county should go after provider fraud as this is a big ticket item whereas recipient fraud is a small ticket item. On another note, the Sept. 13th issue of Communications Week mentions that ViaCrypt, a division of Lemcom of Phoenix, is preparing to market a public key encryption program. They have obtained a sub-license from PKP. According to ViaCrypt's president, "What we're going to do is marry our family of encryption engines to selected parts of PGP code." Further "(It) will be covered by the PKP patent license but from the outside will look like PGP." They expect to market the MS-DOS version in early Nov. Mac and UNIX versions to follow. Cost $199.95 per user but will sell for half price through the end of this year. ------------------------------ Date: Tue, 21 Sep 1993 12:31:54 CDT From: CuD Moderators Subject: File 6--Gov't Computer Databases & Right to Privacy (Thesis Abst) ABSTRACT Computerized Governmental Database Systems Containing Personal Information And The Right to Privacy by Lewis William Oleinick, M.P.Af. The University of Texas at Austin, 1993 SUPERVISORS: Chandler Stolp and Philip Doty This report identifies and examines the potential threats to individual privacy created by the collection, aggregation, and dissemination of personal information by governmental agencies and the role computer systems play in potentiating such threats. Computer matching, computer profiling, the national criminal justice database, and portfolio creation via data aggregation of personal information are the governmental activities stipulated to be potentially threatening to personal privacy. These four activities are forms of "dataveillance." Dataveillance poses dangers to the security of civil liberties in a free society. To carry on an intelligible discussion about privacy and how the collection, aggregation, and dissemination of personal information by governmental agencies may threaten individual privacy it is necessary to first define privacy and personal information. Independence, autonomy, dignity, and respect create a conceptual framework upon which privacy may be defined. Privacy is a culturally defined norm. As such a discussion of the American cultural tradition of privacy is necessary to understand both how Americans have defined privacy over time and the roles privacy has played in American society in 1) "starting over," 2) in interpersonal relationships, and 3) in maintaining the "balance of power" with the State. Privacy is held to be as important as the unalienable rights of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" by the majority of the American public. Americans have become more and more concerned with their privacy as intrusive technologies have evolved. Many Americans fear that computers allow the U.S. Government too much power over the average citizen. Privacy has been protected in the United States by precedents set in court cases, by legislation and by executive act. The breadth of cases pertaining to privacy precludes the examination of all cases. Supreme Court cases provide a historical overview of the evolution of the right to privacy as the questions presented to the Court have become more complex with the introduction of new technologies into the law enforcement process. Congress has attempted to address the public's concerns of the government's collection, aggregation, and dissemination of personal information by passing legislation designed to protect individual privacy. The four major pieces of legislation passed by Congress for the protection of the citizen's right to privacy are the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Computer Security Act of 1987, and the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988. The Office of Management and Budget has produced regulations designed to enforce the intent of the legislation promulgated by Congress. These regulations are contained in OMB Circular A-130 which details federal information policy. This report concludes by suggesting the need for the implementation of a Privacy Protection Board at the national level. Such a board would be based on the model suggested by David Flaherty. The primary conclusion that should be drawn from this report is that society as a whole must re-evaluate the existing paradigm of who should be in control of personal information; i.e., should it be the agency who collects it or should the power of control remain with the individual about whom the information was collected. This report suggests that a certain modicum of control over the disclosure of personal information should revert to the individual about whom the information was collected. ------------------------------ Date: Sat, 4 Sep 1993 18:41:02 EST From: Dave Banisar Subject: File 7--Revised WH E-mail FAQ Revised WH E-mail FAQ WHITE HOUSE ELECTRONIC PUBLICATIONS AND PUBLIC ACCESS EMAIL FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Updated August 30, 1993 Table Of Contents I. Signing up for Daily Electronic Publications. A. Widely Available Sources. B. Notes on Widely Available Sources. C. Direct Email Distribution II. Searching and Retrieving White House documents. - WAIS - GOPHER - FedWorld BBS III. Sending Email to the White House. - Internet Direct - Forwarding From Other Networks I. HOW DO I SIGN UP FOR ELECTRONIC PUBLICATIONS BY THE WHITE HOUSE? The White House Communications office is distributing press releases over an experimental system developed during the campaign at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. You can obtain copies of all the press releases from a wide variety of on-line services or discussion groups devoted to either national politics in general or President Clinton in particular. These are listed in sections I and II. Section Ic explains how you can sign up to receive press releases directly from the experimental MIT system by using an automated email server. The present system was not designed to handle high levels of message traffic. A more powerful system will become available in due course, and in the meantime, it would be appreciated if you used this service sparingly. One appropriate current use is secondary redistribution and archiving. If you use it, you will be carried forward when the more powerful system that replaces it. A. WIDELY AVAILABLE SOURCES 1. On USENET/NETNEWS, electronic publications are found on a variety of groups: Direct Distribution alt.politics.clinton alt.politics.org.misc alt.politics.reform alt.politics.usa.misc alt.news-media alt.activism talk.politics.misc Indirect Distribution misc.activism.progressive cmu.soc.politics assocs.clinton-gore-92 2. On CompuServe: GO WHITEHOUSE 3. On America Online: keyword WHITEHOUSE or THE WHITEHOUSE or CLINTON 4. On The WELL: type whitehouse 5. On MCI: type VIEW WHITE HOUSE 6. On Fidonet: See Echomail WHITEHOUSE 7. On Peacenet or Econet: See pol.govinfo.usa. B. NOTES ON WIDELY AVAILABLE SOURCES 2. CompuServe's White House Forum (GO WHITEHOUSE) is devoted to discussion of the Clinton administration's policies and activities. The forum's library consists of news releases and twice daily media briefings from the White House Office of Media Affairs. CompuServe members can exchange information and opinions with each other in the 17 sections in the forum's message area. The message board spans a broad range of topics, including international and United Nations activities, defense, health care, the economy and the deficit, housing and urban development, the environment, and education and national service. 3. On America Online the posts are sent to the White House Forum, located in the News & Finance department of the service and accessible via keywords "white house" and "clinton." The White House Forum on America Online contains the press releases from the White House, divided into the categories "Press Briefings," "Meetings & Speeches," "Foreign Policy," "The Economy," "Technology," "Health Care," and "Appointments." The area features a message board so you can discuss the releases with other AOL members, and a searchable database for easy retrieval of releases in the topic that interests you. 4. MCI Mail users can access daily information on the administration's programs provided by the White House through MCI Mail bulletin boards. The available boards are: WHITE HOUSE ECONOMIC, WHITE HOUSE FOREIGN, WHITE HOUSE SOCIAL, WHITE HOUSE SPEECHES and WHITE HOUSE NEWS. A listing of these boards can also be obtained by simply typing VIEW WHITE HOUSE at the COMMAND prompt. C. DIRECT EMAIL DISTRIBUTION If you don't have access to the these accounts or if you would prefer to receive the releases via email, then the next section details how to sign up for this service. The server is not set up to answer email letters, comments or requests for specific information. To reach this MIT server, send email: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--Help The server works by reading the subject line of the incoming message and taking whatever action that line calls for. If you want to sign up to automatically receive press releases, then your subject line would begin with the word RECEIVE. You can then specify what kind of information you are interested in receiving. The categories of information are: ECONOMIC POLICY Get releases related to the economy such as budget news, technology policy review, etc. FOREIGN POLICY Get releases related to foreign policy such as statements on Bosnian airdrop, Haitian refugee status, etc. SOCIAL POLICY Get releases related to social issues like National Service (Student Loan) program, abortion, welfare reform, etc. SPEECHES All speeches made by the President and important speeches made by other Administration officials. NEWS Transcripts of press conferences released by the White House Communications office, as well as the President's remarks in photo ops and other Q&A sessions. ALL All of the above So, if you wanted to sign up to get releases related to the economy your email message would look like this: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--RECEIVE ECONOMY When you send a signup message to the clinton-info server, it sends you back a status message letting you know what distribution streams you are signed up for. If you ever want to check on what groups you are signed up for send the following message: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--STATUS You can stop receiving email releases by sending a REMOVE message to the clinton-info server. The word REMOVE would be followed by whatever distribution stream you wanted to drop. If you wanted to stop receiving message about the ECONOMY then your mail would look like this: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--REMOVE ECONOMY You could substitute SOCIAL, FOREIGN, SPEECHES, NEWS or ALL for ECONOMY in the above message and you would be dropped from that distribution list. If you send the subject line REMOVE ALL, then you will be taken off the email distribution system all together and will not receive further releases of any kind. You can also ask for help from the automated server. Send an email query as follows: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--HELP The server will respond by sending you a detailed form that will guide you through the process of signing up for the various distribution streams. As you will quickly discover, there is a automatic form processing interface that parallel the quick and easy subject line commands discussed here. More detailed help is available by sending an email query as follows: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--Please Help! Finally, if you want to search and retrieve documents, but you do not have access to the retrieval methods discussed in section II, you can do this via email through the MIT server. You can obtain the WAIS query form by sending an email query as follows: To: Clinton-Info@Campaign92.Org Subject--WAIS Once you have identified the documents that you want, be careful not to request them all at once, because you may be sent a message containing all the documents and this message may be too big for some mail delivery systems between the email server and you. II. HOW DO I RETRIEVE WHITE HOUSE PUBLICATIONS FROM INTERNET ARCHIVES? Various sites are archiving the press releases distributed . What follows is an incomplete list of some of the sites containing the documents that have been released to date. This FAQ will be updated to reflect new sites as they become known. SITE DIRECTORY 1. SUNSITE.UNC.EDU pub/academic/political-science/whitehouse-papers 2. FTP.CCO.CALTECH.EDU /PUB/BJMCCALL 3. FTP MARISTB.MARIST.EDU 4. CPSR.ORG /CPSR/CLINTON 5. FedWorld Online System 703-321-8020 8-N-1 or: Telnet fedworld.doc.gov Notes: The following are notes on how to log in and get information from the above sites. 1. Office FOR Information Technology at University of North Carolina Maintains the full collection of White House electronic release available for search with WAIS and also accessible via Gopher and FTP. 1.a WAIS (:source :version 3 :database-name "/home3/wais/White-House-Papers" :ip- address "152.2.22.81" :ip-name "sunsite.unc.edu" :tcp-port 210 :cost 0.00 :cost-unit :free :maintainer "pjones@sunsite.unc.edu" :description "Server created with WAIS release 8 b5 on Feb 27 15:16:16 1993 by pjones@sunsite.unc.edu These are the White House Press Briefings and other postings dealing with William Jefferson Clinton and Albert Gore as well as members of the President's Cabinet and the first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, Chelsea, Socks and others in Washington DC. Dee Dee Meyers and George Stephanopoulos. Other good words: United States of America, Bill Al Tipper Democrats USA US These files are also available via anonymous ftp from sunsite.unc.edu The files of type filename used in the index were: /home3/ftp/pub/academic/political-science/whitehouse- papers/1993 ") Folks without WAIS clients or gophers that act as WAIS clients may telnet to sunsite.unc.edu and login as swais to access this information via WAIS. 1.b GOPHER is a distributed menuing system for information access on the Internet developed at the University of Minnesota. gophers are client-server implementations and various gopher clients are available for nearly any computing platform. You may now use gopher clients to access the White House Papers and other political information on SunSITE.unc.edu's new gopher server. You may also add links from your local gopher server to SunSITE for access to the White House Papers. For gopher server keepers and adventurous clients to access SunSITE you need only know that we use the standard gopher port 70 and that our internet address is SunSITE.unc.edu (152.2.22.81). Point there and you'll see the references to the Politics areas. For folks without gopher clients can telnet to sunsite.unc.edu to try out gopher access. You need to have access to internet telnet and: telnet sunsite.unc.edu login: gopher The rest is very straight forward. Browsing options end with a directory mark (/), searching options end with an question mark (?). There's plenty of on-line help available. 2. No special instructions. 3. The CLINTON@MARIST log files which contain all the official administration releases distributed through the MIT servers are available via anonymous FTP. These logs contain in addition to the official releases, the posts that comprise the ongoing discussion conducted by the list subscribers. To obtain the logs: FTP MARISTB.MARIST.EDU - the logs are in the CLINTON directory and are named CLINTON LOG9208 thru CLINTON LOGyymm where yymm stands for the current year and month. Problems should be directed to my attention: URLS@MARISTC.BITNET or URLS@VM.MARIST.EDU. Posted by Lee Sakkas - owner, CLINTON@MARIST 4. Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility is providing all Clinton documents on technology and privacy at the CPSR Internet Library, available via FTP/WAIS/Gopher at cpsr.org /cpsr/clinton (and in other folders as relevant). For email access, send a message with the word "help" at the 1st line of text to listserv@cpsr.org. 5. The FedWorld Computer System, operated by the National Technical Information Service, archives White House papers in a traditional BBS type file library. Connect to FedWorld by calling (703) 321-8020. No parity, eight data bits and one stop bit (N-8-1). FedWorld accommodates baud speeds of up to 9,600. It is also possible to Telnet to FedWorld at FedWorld.doc.gov. White House papers are located in the W-House library of files. To access this library from the main FedWorld menu, enter . Files are named with the first four digits being the release month and day (e.g. 0323XXX.txt). Some standard abbreviations after the date include: rem - Remarks by the President pc - Press Conference transcript pr - Press Release AM - AM Press Briefing PM - PM Press Briefing sch - The President's public schedule spch- Text of major speeches. These files are saved in ASCII format. Files can be viewed online by requesting to download a file and then selecting (L)ist as the download protocol. This will display the file a screen at a time. White House papers are kept in the above format for up to two months. Papers more than two months old are compressed using Pkzip into a single file that contains all of the files for that month (e.g. 0193.zip contains all papers released during January 1993). In addition to White Documents, FedWorld also provides a gateway to more than 100 government funded BBSs and computer systems. III. HOW DO I SEND EMAIL TO THE WHITE HOUSE? We are pleased to introduce this new form of communication into the White House for the first time in history. As we work to reinvent government and streamline our processes, this electronic mail experiment will help put us on the leading edge of progress. Please remember, though, this is still very much an experiment. The White House email system is under construction. This is a new project and suffers from all of the problems common to a startup operation. The Communications office is currently working on defining what this system will do, as well as trying to come up with equipment and staffing to make sure that it works. Nobody wants this new venture to work more than the staff that has devoted so many hours to getting it up and running. But much time and effort will be required before the system is truly interactive. In the mean time, they will need a little patience from the electronic community. When you send to the White House you will receive an immediate acknowledge that your message has been received. Email messages are currently being printed out and responses are being sent out via US Mail, so if you send a message to the White House, please include a US Post office address for replies. You can send email to the following addresses: Internet Direct: President@WhiteHouse.GOV Vice-President@WhiteHouse.GOV Please send corrections, deletion and additions to this FAQ to: Updates@Campaign92.Org ------------------------------ End of Computer Underground Digest #5.74 ************************************

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