Computer underground Digest Wed Mar 10 1993 Volume 5 : Issue 19 ISSN 1004-042X Editors: Ji

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Computer underground Digest Wed Mar 10 1993 Volume 5 : Issue 19 ISSN 1004-042X Editors: Jim Thomas and Gordon Meyer (TK0JUT2@NIU.BITNET) Archivist: Brendan Kehoe Shadow-Archivists: Dan Carosone / Paul Southworth Ralph Sims / Jyrki Kuoppala Ian Dickinson Copy Eater: Etaion Shrdlu, Senior CONTENTS, #5.19 (Mar 10 1993) File 1--Author responds to Shopping Mall criticism File 2--Re: Hackers in the News (CuD #5.18) File 3--Internet Talk Radio (fwd) File 4--Call for Stories -- Reasons to Build the NII Cu-Digest is a weekly electronic journal/newsletter. Subscriptions are available at no cost from tk0jut2@mvs.cso.niu.edu. The editors may be contacted by voice (815-753-6430), fax (815-753-6302) or U.S. mail at: Jim Thomas, Department of Sociology, NIU, DeKalb, IL 60115. 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Digest contributors assume all responsibility for ensuring that articles submitted do not violate copyright protections. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Wed, 10 MAR 93 13:27:55 GMT From: CAROLINA@VAX.LSE.AC.UK Subject: File 1--Author responds to Shopping Mall criticism CuD 5.07 published my article "Scenes of Passive Resistance at a Shopping Mall" which presented a legal strategy based on accounts of the Washington 2600 incident. I have received a good deal of feedback since then and CuD has published two detailed responses. I felt that it would be appropriate to respond to a few of the criticisms raised. In CuD 5.08, ims@beach.kalamazoo.mi.us had a number of things to say about lawyers -- many not very positive. While I appreciate his/her generally favorable response to the article, there were three points I wish to respond to. The first deals with a lawyer's duty to a client. >Also, see Corpus Juris Secundum (CJS), Volume 7, Section 4, >Attorney & client: "The attorney's first duty is to the courts and >the public, NOT TO THE CLIENT, and wherever the duties to his >client conflict with those he owes as an officer of the court in >the administration of justice, THE FORMER MUST YIELD TO THE >LATTER." (emphasis mine) I trust this needs no further >explanation. Unfortunately, this requires a great deal more explanation. First, the statement in CJS (which is a legal encyclopedia, and not positive law) must be offset by the law regarding a lawyer's duty to his client. In every U.S. jurisdiction I am aware of, a lawyer owes a duty to zealously advocate the client's position within the bounds of the law. Additionally, a lawyer must maintain client confidences under all but the most strained of circumstances. For example, if a client confesses that he murdered someone, the attorney can counsel the client to turn himself in, but MUST NOT reveal the confession. In fact, if the attorney breaks this rule and testifies against the client, the testimony will be inadmissible. If a lawyer feels that he or she cannot continue as counsel, his or her only recourse is to resign from the case without disclosing the reason and ask the court to appoint a new attorney. (Before I am flooded by mail from other lawyers, please understand that this is a gross oversimplification. If you are curious, ask a practicing criminal attorney or a law student taking a class in professional responsibility.) I think that this statement from CJS, standing on its own, does not give an accurate portrayal of a lawyer's duty to a client. I would also caution anyone about trying to discern the state of the law by reading statements in isolation taken from old Supreme Court decisions, legal encyclopedias, hornbooks, casebooks, etc. Law, like programming, can be a tricky business. Parts that look clear at first glance can be influenced by other bits you do not see at first. Would you try to predict the operation of a ten million line program by studying the source code of only one sub-module? I want to highlight two smaller issues raised by ims. First: >>A really smart cop might say to the guard, "I will not make the >>search, but I won't stop you if you search." Stand your ground >>at this point. Tell the real cop that you REFUSE to allow the >>search unless the real cop orders the search to take place. > >Excellent suggestion, but be sure to take the above precautions >regarding true identity and lawful authority before you think about >"consenting". I should clarify what I wrote -- NEVER consent. Always make it clear that you OBJECT to a search, but your objection cannot rise to the level of physical violence. If a police officer orders you to open your bag, you will have to open it. Next: >>The only words you should utter after being arrested are "I want to >>speak with a lawyer." >Change this to, "I demand counsel of my choice." The 6th Amendment >is your authority. If the court tries to force you to use a "licensed >lawyer" or a "public defender", it is not counsel of your choice. The reason I suggested the phrase "I want to speak with a lawyer" is that under the rapidly disappearing _Miranda_ rule, this is the magic phrase which tells police officers that they are no longer allowed to ask you any questions. As an aside, ims' 6th Amendment argument has been tried with mixed success. At best, courts have been told that they MAY allow a defendant to represent herself, but it is by no means an absolute right. (I use "herself" since the leading case involved the trial of attempted Presidential assassin Squeaky Frome.) I obviously have radically different views from ims@beach.kalamazoo.mi.us about whether having a lawyer in court is a good idea. I tend to believe that having a lawyer is the best way of staying out of jail or at least minimizing the time spent there. Of course, you would expect me to say that since I am a lawyer. :-) In CuD 5.12, Steve Brown <70511.3424@COMPUSERVE.COM> had two broad criticisms of the article. In his first criticism, he asks why I am urging confrontation with security guards. To quote: >>Third, recognize that a mall IS private property and the mall >>operators can throw you out for little or no reason. Fourth, >>mall cops are not government agents, and as such, their conduct >>is (mostly) not governed by the Constitution. So what does this >>all mean? Basically, Ghandi was right. The ticket to dealing >>with obstreperous uniformed mall cops is polite, passive >>resistance. The key here is POLITE. At all times, assure the >>mall cop that you will obey all lawful instructions. Do not give >>the uniforms any reason whatsoever to escalate the scene. >> >>If you are confronted by a group of threatening looking mall >>cops and they hassle you, ask if you are being ejected from the >>mall. If yes, then wish the officers a nice day and head for the >>nearest exit. If no, then wish the officers a nice day and head >>for the nearest exit. (Do you see a pattern emerging? Remember, >>you do not generally have a "right" to stay in a mall. Thus, >>your best defense from ignorant mall cops is to get the hell off >>of their turf.) > >"The mall operators can throw you out for >little or no reason." So if that's the case, why would you even want >to stay and ask a bunch of unintelligent questions. As for your >strategy, I think Ghandi would tell you to forget about being polite. >I think he'd tell you to "get the hell out of Dodge." Why you would >encourage anyone to confront "obstreperous uniformed mall cops with >polite, passive resistance" is beyond me. I think that I failed to clearly express myself on this point. By all means, I would encourage someone to leave the mall if that is possible. My understanding of the 2600 incident is that the attendees may have been detained by force, and my encouragement of polite passive resistance is restricted to this kind of situation only. I am NOT suggesting a 60's style sit-in as sponsored by civil rights groups, and thus I am not urging anyone to "confront" guards with passive resistance. The strategy -- as I see it -- is for use only when the guards make it clear that you are being detained. In fact, the opening parts of the strategy are designed to determine whether or not a forceful detention is in progress. In Mr Brown's second and larger criticism, he begins by reminding me that law enforcement officials have used the term "hacker" as a dehumanizing shorthand to lump all computer users into one big malicious group. He compares this practice with my use of the term "uniform" to describe all security guards and police officers. In his words: >My biggest concern is your attempt to dehumanize the police in a >similar way. Whether you know it or not (maybe you don't really >care), you have employed the same dehumanizing method in your >effort to portray law enforcement. The computer world should not >alienate its "enemy" through the use of name calling. > >Your effort seems to have been to inform people of their legal >recourses during an incident similar to the "2600 Harassment" >incident. The strength of the legal advise given, however, was >weakened by the strategy you chose to use. You have probably >confused a good many people in your attempt to explain sound >legal ideas. A GUARD is a guard. A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER >(police, cop) is a law enforcement officer. > >A uniform unfortunately is what many ignorant people see. It is >a way to dehumanize a person who gives you a ticket when you >speed, prevents you from driving home after a fun night of >partying, rushes your child to the hospital while he or she >bleeds to death in a patrol car, and risks his life to protect >yours during a robbery. Occasionally, he or she has to arrest an >individual whether it be for a crime committed with a computer or >not. Often when a police officer is killed in the line of duty, >the news passes like a cold wind. It's much easier to put a >bullet through a uniform than someone with a wife or husband and >children. I have quoted Mr Brown rather extensively because I feel he has raised a very valid point. My use of the term "uniform" to describe both security guards and police officers was ill-advised and I apologize if anyone has taken offence. People who wear uniforms often have difficult jobs to perform, and we should always remember that underneath they are people, too. The second point raised by this criticism is that I equivocated guards and police officers when in fact they have very different training and goals. I plead guilty -- I should have been more careful with the distinction. In my defense, I will point out that part of the strategy is to get a police officer on the scene if at all possible. As I stated, police officers have been trained about the scope of Constitutional protections and can often be useful in defusing situations like this. I will be the first to admit that police officers have a very difficult, and often thankless, job to perform. I, for one, am always glad to see a police officer on patrol when I am driving at night. (These days, my wife and I feel better when we pass a Bobby on foot patrol in London.) I am glad that Mr Brown called me on my insensitive use of the term "uniform", and I also hope that when confronted by police officers (or any person) we remember to act in a civilized fashion -- even if confronted with what we perceive to be incivility. Disclaimer: This is not presented as a legal opinion and should not be relied upon as such. If you have questions, please contact a lawyer in your jurisdiction. /s/Rob Carolina ROBERT A. CAROLINA Member, Illinois State Bar Association ------------------------------ Date: Tue, 9 Mar 93 13:00 PST From: john%zygot.ati.com@HARVUNXW.BITNET(John Higdon) Subject: File 2--Re: Hackers in the News (CuD #5.18) Having been a guest on a Los Angeles radio talk show with a representative from Thrifty Tel, I can give you the real reason that company keeps its totally insecure five-digit access codes. The "hacker tariff" (which the CPUC approved, bypassing normal hearings, etc.) is a major profit center for the company. Thrifty Tel stays in business because of the money that it extorts from its "hacker trap", not from its third-rate reselling operation. The claim that adding a couple of digits to the access codes would inconvenience customers is utter nonsense. The calls are placed using dialers, and at 50 ms dialing rates the addition of five more digits to the code would increase the call setup time by less than one-half second. As a reseller, I would never consider using less than ten digits for an access code, which happens now to be the industry norm. But no one should be taken in by Thrifty Tel's self-righteousness. The company has no desire whatsoever to eliminate its "hacker problem". On the contrary, it is the constant supply of "new meat"--kids that have not yet heard about the infamous Thrifty Tel--that keeps the doors open on that despicable operation. I would even be willing to bet that there are many open codes that are not even assigned to customers to make it even easier for those nasty hackers to fall into the trap. While I give no quarter to people who steal computer and telephone services, I have even less respect for the Thrifty Tels of the world who exploit the problem for self-enrichment. ------------------------------ Date: Thu, 4 Mar 1993 00:26:59 EST From: mkovacs%mcs.kent.edu@KENTVM.KENT.EDU Subject: File 3--Internet Talk Radio (fwd) Originally from nis@cerf.net via Bernard.A.Galler@um.cc.umich.edu Reprinted with permission from ConneXions, ConneXions--The Interoperability Report is published monthly by: Interop Company 480 San Antonio Road, Suite 100 Mountain View, CA 94040 USA Phone: (415) 941-3399 FAX: (415) 949-1779 Toll-free (in USA): 1-800-INTEROP E-mail: connexions@interop.com Free sample issue and list of back issues available upon request." Internet Talk Radio Carl Malamud (carl@radio.com) Over the past few years, two trends have come together to present an opportunity for a new type of journalism. On the one hand, the trade press has focused on marketing and product reviews, leaving an ever-larger gap for a general-interest, technically-oriented publication focused on the Internet. At the same time, the Internet has made great progress in supporting multimedia communication, through standards such as IP multicasting and MIME messaging. Internet Talk Radio attempts to fuse these two trends and form a new type of publication: a news and information service about the Internet, distributed on the Internet. Internet Talk Radio is modeled on National Public Radio and has a goal of providing in-depth technical information to the Internet community. The service is made initially possible with support from Sun Microsystems and O'Reilly & Associates. Our goal is to provide a self-sufficient, financially viable public news service for the Internet community. Head: Flame of the Internet The product of Internet Talk Radio is an audio file, professionally produced and freely available on computer networks. To produce these files, we start with the raw data of any journalistic endeavor: speeches, conference presentations, interviews, and essays. This raw information is taped using professional-quality microphones, mixers, and DAT recorders. The information is then brought back to our studios, and edited and mixed with music, voice overs, and the other elements of a radio program. The "look and feel" we strive for is akin to "All Things Considered" or other programs that appeal to the general interest of the intelligent listener. Our goal is hit the topics that don't make it into the trade press. Instead of SNMP-compliant product announcements, we want to present descriptions of SNMP. Instead of articles on GOSSIP, we want to describe the latest Internet Drafts and place them in perspective. Instead of executive promotions, we want to give summaries of mailing list activity and network stability. Instead of COMDEX, we want to cover the IETF. Head: Town Crier to the Global Village The result of Internet Talk Radio's journalistic activities is a series of audio files. The native format we start with is the Sun Microsystems .au format, closely related to the NeXT .snd format. This format consists of the CCITT Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) standard of 8 bits per sample and a sampling rate of 8000 samples per second, using the u-law [ed. use greek letter mu] encoding (a logarithmic encoding of 8 bit data equivalent to a 14 bit linear encoding). A half-hour program would thus consist of 64,000 bits per second or 15 Mbytes total. Programs are initially spool on UUNET, the central machines of the Alternet network. Files are then moved over to various regional networks for further distribution. For example, EUnet, a commercial network provider for Europe with service in 24 countries, will act as the central spooling area for the European region. The Internet Initiative Japan (IIJ) company will provide the same service for Japanese networks. The goal of coordinated distribution is to reduce the load on key links of the network. Transferring a 15 Mbyte file over a 64 kbps link does not make sense during peak times. On the other hand, a leased line has the attribute that a bit unused is a bit forever gone. Transferring large files at low priority in non-peak times has little or no incremental cost. Files thus move from the UUNET central spool area, to regional spools, to national and local networks. We anticipate most of this transfer to be done using the FTP protocols, but some networks are discussing the use of NNTP news groups and MIME-based distribution lists. It is important to note that Internet Talk Radio is the source of programming and does not control the distribution. These files are publicly available, subject only to the simple license restrictions of no derivative work and no commercial resale. Distribution is controlled, as with all other data, by the individual networks that make up the Internet. We intend to work closely with networks all over the world to ensure that there is some coordination of distribution activity, but ultimate control over this data is in the hands of those people who finance, manage, and use networks. We don't believe indiscriminate use of anonymous FTP is the proper method for distributing large archives. Previous experience with ITU standards, with RFC repositories, and with large software archives such as the X Windows System indicates that setting up a top-level distribution hierarchy goes a long way towards alleviating network load. Even with a top-level hierarchy, however, there will always be anonymous FTP sites and there will always be people that go to the wrong FTP server. This behavior is largely mitigated by setting up enough "local" servers and publicizing their existence. Like any large distributor of data, we are mindful of the load on the transcontinental and regional infrastructures and will take aggressive steps to help minimize that load. Head: Asynchronous Times, Asynchronous Radio Once files have made their way to a local or regional network, they are moved to the desktop and played. Once again the individual users of the network decide how to present data. We hope to see a wide variety of different ways of having our files played and only list a few of the more obvious methods. The simplest method to play a .au file on a Sparcstation is to type "play filename." If the file is placed on a Network File System (NFS) file system on a central server, the user simply mounts the file system and plays the file. Alternatively, the user copies the file to a local disk and plays it. More adventuresome playing of files uses multicasting. A simple multicast program called "radio" for a local Ethernet is available from CWI, the mathematics institute of the Netherlands. A more sophisticated approach, IP multicasting, allows a program to reach far beyond the confines of the Ethernet. IP multicasting might be used on a local basis, or can have a global reach. There is a consortium of regional networks that have formed the Multicast Backbone (MBONE), used for audio and video programming of key conferences such as the Internet Engineering Task Force. Internet Talk Radio does not assume use of the MBONE for playing files. Needless to say, the operators of the MBONE are free to play Internet Talk Radio files (and we would be delighted if this happens), but it is up to the local network affiliates to determine how and when they distribute this audio data. In many cases, people will want to play files on a wide variety of different platforms. The Sound Exchange (SOX) program is a publicly-available utility that easily transforms a file from one format to another. Using this utility, the Macintosh, Silicon Graphics, DECstation, PC, and many other platforms can play Internet Talk Radio files. Head: Geek of the Week In the spirit of dignified, conservative programming, the first production from Internet Talk Radio is dubbed Geek of the Week. Geek of the Week features technical interviews with key personalities on the Internet. Some of the people who have agreed to appear on Geek of the Week include Daniel Karrenberg of the RIPE NCC, Dr. Marshall T. Rose of Dover Beach Consulting, Milo Medin of the NASA Science Internet, and Daniel Lynch of Interop Company. Geek of the Week focuses on technical issues facing the Internet. This initial program is sponsored by Sun Microsystems and O'Reilly & Associates. Their support makes it possible for Geek of the Week to be produced professionally and then to be distributed at no charge. One of the issues that Internet Talk Radio faces are the vestiges of Appropriate Use Policies (AUPs) that linger from the original ARPANET days. While Sun Microsystems and O'Reilly & Associates view Internet Talk Radio in terms of an investigation of on-line publishing, of multicasting, and other engineering issues, we feel it important that our sponsors are given due credit in the programs. At first glance, this smacks of the crass and commercial. Indeed, it smacks of advertising. Jumping to that conclusion, however would be a simplistic mistake. The Appropriate Use Policies were formulated to guarantee that networks are used for the purposes envisioned by the funding agents. In the case of an AUP-constrained networks such as the NSFNET, this means that use of the network must benefit U.S. science and engineering. We feel that an in-depth interview with Internet architects clearly falls within the purview of all AUP policies. However, we understand that certain networks may not accept certain types of programming. For this reason, our central spool areas are carefully picked so they are AUP-free. This way, if a network feels the programming is inappropriate, they can simply inform their users not to obtain or play the files. It should be noted that one advantage of supporting the professional dissemination of news and information up-front is that the user is not directly charged. Somebody has to pay for information to be produced, and the sponsorship model means that copy protection, accounting, security, and all the other complications of a charging model are avoided and that high-quality news and information becomes increasingly available on the Internet. Head: The Medium is the Message While Geek of the Week is our flagship program, we intend to intersperse mini-features throughout. The Incidental Tourist, for example, will feature restaurant reviews and other travel information for sites throughout the world. The Internet Hall of Flame will highlight non-linear behavior on mailing lists, and we will have periodic book reviews by Dan Dorenberg, one of the founders of Computer Literacy Books. The logical extension to Geek of the Week is to begin coverage of industry functions. To date, we have received permission to tape for later rebroadcast sessions and presentations at the European RIPE meetings, the IETF, and at the INTEROP Conferences. We are negotiating with other industry forums to try and establish permission to cover additional conferences. Our hope is to begin providing news summaries of these key conferences. If you can't make it to the IETF, for example, Internet Talk Radio would like to provide a half-hour news summary describing what happened on each day. The next logical step is to begin producing analysis of key technical topics. Here, we look at in-depth (e.g., 15 minute) summaries of technical topics such as MIME, proposals for the next IP, SNMP v. 2, or the architecture of the Global Internet Exchange (GIX). We would also furnish analysis of political topics, such as the POISED effort to reorganize the Internet standards process, or the background of the IPv7 debate. Eventually, our hope is to combine all these reports together and form a daily news broadcast to the Internet. When you walk in and start reading your mail, you simply click on the "radio" icon and listen to Geek of the Week while deleting messages from the more hyperactive mailing lists. Head: Tomorrow is the Future The "radio" metaphor was carefully chosen. We wanted an alternative to plain ASCII files, yet did not feel that the Internet infrastructure was ready for regular video feeds. Production of video or true multimedia required an order-of-magnitude higher investment in production facilities. After all, we know bad TV since we see so much of it. Eventually, Internet Talk Radio wants to go beyond the confines of the simple radio metaphor. Already, we describe the service as asynchronous radio, recognizing that our listeners can start, stop, rewind, or otherwise control the operation of the radio station. As a multicasting infrastructure gets deployed throughout the Internet, we see the opportunity to expand the radio metaphor and begin the creation of a truly new news medium. Multicast groups and videoconferencing tools allow the creation of an Internet Town Hall, a moderated forum with a very wide reach or games shows like Name That Acronym where everybody gets to play. Because we are on the Internet, we can add a wide variety of different programming techniques. While listening to a series of interviews about MIME messaging, for example, you might also scroll through a series of Gopher menus that hold more information about the MIME standards, or search a WAIS database for a biography of the speakers. We hope that Internet Talk Radio will be the first of many such information services on the Internet, supplementing the random anarchy of news and mailing lists with professionally produced news and information. Indeed, we hope that Internet Talk Radio forms the first of many "desktop broadcasting" efforts. Internet Talk Radio debuts at the Columbus IETF at the end of March. Stay tuned for more information. Head: For More Information Guido van Rossum, FAQ: Audio File Formats, ftp.cwi.nl:/pub/AudioFormats2.10. An excellent introduction to audio formats, encoding, and other information about sound files on different platforms. This same site also has copies of the SoundExchange (SOX) program for translating files into different audio formats, and the Radio program for playing a sound file on an Ethernet. ------------------------------ Date: Fri, 19 Feb 1993 13:08:37 EDT From: "by way of Terry Winograd " Subject: File 4--Call for Stories -- Reasons to Build the NII Please circulate this announcement to any person or list you think would be interested in responding. We're looking forward to hearing your stories! With thanks, Laura Breeden Executive Director FARNET >=-=-==-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- = CALL FOR STORIES: 51 Reasons to Invest in the National Information Infrastructure FARNET (the Federation of American Research Networks) is launching a national search for good stories about how and why people use the Internet in education, research, health care, libraries and manufacturing. Right now, Congress is considering ways to expand and build upon the successes of the Internet. The stage is being set for the creation of a 'national information infrastructure' computer and communications sytems that will make it possible for Americans to access and use all kinds of electronic information in the 21st century. Your stories will help set the agenda for the national information infrastructure. We must receive your story submission by March 31, 1993. Because critical information policy issues are already being debated, the timetable for the first round of the project is short. This summer a collection of the stories including at least one from each state and the District of Columbia will be published in an illustrated booklet and delivered to members of Congress, other elected officials, and project participants. Every story submitted that satisfies the criteria for publication will be included in a public database, accessible from the Internet and indexed so that it is easy to retrieve all stories from a particular region or about a particular topic. WHAT to Submit Each story should focus on only one use of the Internet, or one network-supported project. For instance, it might describe a collaboration between bilingual eighth-grade classes in different states, or a rural health-information delivery system. The story should be short (600 words or fewer) and should describe the use of the network and explain how the ability to use the network was of direct benefit to the activity supported. Specific details, examples and quotations will make the story more readable. Do not include material that does not support the narrative. Photographs and illustrations will be included in the printed booklet but not in the story database (for the first round). To submit a graphic, please mail camera-ready artwork (for charts, illustrations, or graphs) or photographic prints (any size, in black and white or color) to the address below. We welcome submissions of videos, software, computer graphics, documentation, and other supporting information and will index these as part of the story database. WHO Should Submit Anyone may submit a story for consideration. HOW to Submit We prefer that you submit stories electronically to the Internet address below. You may also submit them by fax or postal mail. You must use the Story Submission Form at the end of this announcement so that we can readily enter the stories into the database. FARNET's address is: Email: stories@farnet.org Postal mail: FARNET, 100 Fifth Avenue, Waltham, MA 02154 Phone: (800) 72-FARNET Fax: (617) 890-5117 CRITERIA for Publication To be included in the database, stories must describe how access to or use of the Internet for education, research, health care, libraries or manufacturing resulted in one or more of the following: Innovative or improved ways of doing things More equitable access to technology or electronic information Creation of new ideas, products, or services Technology transfer Local investment in, commitment to, and control of network-based activities Leverage of public funding Volunteer contributions of time and energy Partnerships between public sector and private sector organizations Other social, economic or educational benefits THE PANEL of Reviewers The review panel for the stories to be included in the booklet will consist of eight people representing key public sector interests in networking, including libraries, education, health care, and economic development. One of these representatives will be named by FARNET. The others will be named by other national organizations, including the Coalition for Networked Information, the Consortium for School Networking, Educom's NTTF, and the Science and Technology Council of the States. NOTIFICATION of Acceptance All submissions will be acknowledged upon receipt. If a submission is incomplete, the author will receive a comment sheet and will have the opportunity to amend the submission for inclusion in the database. COPYRIGHT The Story Submission Form requires each author to grant FARNET a non-exclusive, royalty-free copyright license to use his or her story for the purposes described in this Call for Stories. All stories must be original with the author, and the author must have obtained permission to use the names of any person or organization identified in the story. WHAT is FARNET? FARNET is a national non-profit association dedicated to advancing the use of computer networks for research and education. Its members are network service providers and other organizations that support its mission. PROJECT Underwriters (to date) Coalition for Networked Information Interop, Inc. National Science Foundation --- cut here --- Story Submission Form 1. Your name Title: Department: Organization: Street address: City, State, ZIP: Phone: Fax : Email: 2. Person to contact for more information, if different from above Name: Title: Department: Organization: Street address: City, State, ZIP: Phone: Fax : Email: 3. Put an "X" before the category of use or user that this story focuses on: .......Education, K12 .......Education, higher .......Education, continuing or distance .......Research, academic .......Research, government .......Research, commercial .......Economic development .......Health care/health services .......Manufacturing technology .......Opportunities for people with disabilities .......Library .......Museums, arts .......Other 4. Put an "X" before all the criteria that you believe this story addresses: .......Innovative or improved ways of doing things .......More equitable access to technology or electronic information .......Creation of new ideas, products, or services .......Technology transfer .......Local commitment to network-based activities .......Leverage of public funding .......Volunteer contributions of time and energy .......Partnerships between public and private sector 5. Story text (600 word maximum): Please include the organization(s) involved, the objectives of the project and the benefits. Use full names of people, places and organizations. Don't forget to address at least one of the areas listed above in the criteria for inclusion. 6. Put an "X" in front of all categories of supporting information available: .......Video .......Software .......Documentation .......Slides/photographs .......Audio recordings .......Computer graphic images, such as GIF files .......CD/ROM .......Other 7. Story site if different from contact information: Town or City: State: 8. COPYRIGHT LICENSE AND WARRANTY I, the author listed below, hereby grant to FARNET, Inc., and its sublicensees, the following non-exclusive, royalty-free irrevocable licenses with respect to the enclosed story (the "Story") submitted in response to FARNET's solicitation dated February 12, 1993 entitled "51 Reasons to Build the National Information Infrastructure:" To edit, copy, distribute, and make the Story generally accessible through one or more free public databases; and, (At FARNET's option) to edit, copy, and distribute the Story in one or more printed collections of stories for non-commercial use consistent with FARNET's organizational purposes. My grant of these rights is in consideration of FARNET's agreement to make the Story available on a public database as described in the first subparagraph above if the Story meets FARNET's criteria. I will retain copyright in the Story. (It is understood that FARNET's right to modify the Story is limited to non-substantive editorial modifications.) FARNET will, through appropriate copyright notices and other legends, reasonably attempt to restrict any commercial use of the Story, but FARNET will not be liable to me if another party does not abide by these attempted restrictions. FARNET may grant to other noncommercial organizations sublicenses to any of the rights granted by me to FARNET. I acknowledge and warrant to FARNET and its sublicensees that Story is original with me, and that I have permission to use the names and/or descriptions of any individuals or organizations which are identified in the Story. I give FARNET and its sublicensees permission to use my name in connection with the rights granted above. I HAVE READ AND AGREE TO THE ABOVE COPYRIGHT LICENSE AND WARRANTY. ................................. (Sign name, if submitting by postal mail; otherwise, typing your name for Email transmission constitutes the equivalent of your signature) FARNET's address is: Email: stories@farnet.org Mail: FARNET, 100 Fifth Avenue, Waltham, MA 02154 Phone: (800) 72-FARNET Fax: (617) 890-5117 ------------------------------ End of Computer Underground Digest #5.19 ************************************

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