Computer Underground Digest--Sat, Oct 12, 1991 (Vol #3.36) Moderators: Jim Thomas and Gord

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Computer Underground Digest--Sat, Oct 12, 1991 (Vol #3.36) Moderators: Jim Thomas and Gordon Meyer (TK0JUT2@NIU.BITNET) CONTENTS, #3.36 ( October 12, 1991) Subject: File 1-- Intro to Biblio and ResourcesModerators' Corner Subject: File 2-- General CU-Related Bibliography Subject: File 3-- Dissertations and Theses Subject: File 4-- General On-Line and Print Resources Subject: File 5-- Misc. Books for Fun Reading Issues of CuD can be found in the Usenet news group, on CompuServe in DL0 and DL4 of the IBMBBS SIG, DL1 of LAWSIG, and DL0 and DL12 of TELECOM, on Genie, on the PC-EXEC BBS at (414) 789-4210, and by anonymous ftp from (,, and To use the U. of Chicago email server, send mail with the subject "help" (without the quotes) to COMPUTER UNDERGROUND DIGEST is an open forum dedicated to sharing information among computerists and to the presentation and debate of diverse views. CuD material may be reprinted as long as the source is cited. Some authors do copyright their material, and they should be contacted for reprint permission. It is assumed that non-personal mail to the moderators may be reprinted unless otherwise specified. Readers are encouraged to submit reasoned articles relating to the Computer Underground. Articles are preferred to short responses. Please avoid quoting previous posts unless absolutely necessary. DISCLAIMER: The views represented herein do not necessarily represent the views of the moderators. Digest contributors assume all responsibility for ensuring that articles submitted do not violate copyright protections. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: 12 Oct 91 11:21:19 CDT From: Moderators Subject: Intro to Biblio and ResourcesModerators' Corner We continually receive requests for information about studies, 'zines and people doing research on cyber issues. The number of works appearing in the past two years has dramatically increased. Below is a select bibliography of some of the oft-cited works. We tried to be representative rather than inclusive, and selected articles, stories, or publications that include references to other works or that are considered classics and must be read to understand the CU. Some readers may questions the selection or why we excluded particular items in favor of others. If any glaring omissions occur, send over your choices and we will add a supplement in a few weeks. ------------------------------ Date: 12 Oct 91 11:21:19 CDT From: Moderators Subject: General CU-Related Bibliography The following list is not intended to be exhaustive, but reflects some of the basic resource literature relevant to the Computer Underground and related culture. Journalists specializing in media coverage of the topic include Joe Abernathy of the Houston Chronicle, John Markoff of the New York Times, and John Schnieder of Newsweek, and Adam Gaffin, of the Middlesex News (Framingham, Mass). All are accessible on internet. Susan Ross ( is currently comparing Canadian and U.S. civil rights laws as they pertain to cyberspace. Allman, William F. 1990. "Computer Hacking goes on Trial." U.S. News and World Report, January 22: 25. Barlow, John Perry. 1990 (Forthcoming). "Crime and Puzzlement." Whole Earth Review. Bequai, August. 1978. Computer Crime. Lexington (Mass.): Lexington. Bequai, August. 1987. Technocrimes. Lexington (Mass.): Lexington. Bloombecker, Jay. 1988. Interview, Hour Magazine. NBC television, November 23. Brunner, John. 1989. The Shockwave Rider. New York: Ballantine. Camper, John. 1989. "Woman Indicted as Computer Hacker Mastermind." Chicago Tribune, June 21: II-4. Charles Ess. 1987. "Computers and Ideology: Limits of the Machine." Quarterly Journal of Ideology. 11(2): 33-39. "Civil Liberties Hacked to Pieces: Jolyon Jenkins Refuses to Panic over Computer Crime." New Statesman & Society, February 9: 27. "Computer Expert's Son Cited as Virus Creator.' 1988. Chicago Tribune, November 5: 1, 2. "Computer Hacker Ring with a Bay Area Link." 1990. San Francisco Chronicle, May 9: A-30. "Computer Saboteur gets Probation." 1988. Chicago Tribune, Oct. 22: 4. Conly, Catherine H. and J. Thomas McEwen. 1990. "Computer Crime." NIJ Reports, 218(January/February): 2-7. Conly, Catherine H. 1989. Organizing for Computer Crime Investigation and Prosecution. Cooley, Ronald B. 1984. "RICO: Modern Weaponry against Software Pirates." Computer Law-Journal, 5(Fall): 143-162. Denning, Dorothy E. 1990. "Concerning Hackers Who Break into Computers Systems." Paper present at the National Computer Security Conference, Washington, D.C., Oct. 1-4. Edwards, Lynda. "Samurai Hackers." Rolling Stone, Sept. 19, 1991: 67-69. Geertz, Clifford. 1973. The Interpretion of Cultures. New York: Basic Books. 1973. Gibson, William. 1984. Neuromancer. New York: Ace. "Hacker, 18, Gets Prison for Fraud." 1989. Chicago Tribune, February 15: III-1. Haffner, Katie and John Markoff. 1991. Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier. New York: Simon and Schuster. Harper's Forum. 1990. "Is Computer Hacking a Crime? A Debate from the Electronic Underground." Harper's, 280(March): 45-57. Hollinger, Richard C. and Lonn Lanza-Kaduce. 1988. "The Process of Criminalization: The Case of Computer Crime Laws." Criminology, 26(February): 101-126. Hollnger, Richard C. 1990. "Hackers: Computer Heroes or Electronic Highwaymen?" Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Baltimore, Nov. 7. Jensen, Eric C. 198?. "An Electronic Soapbox: Computer Bulletin Boards and the First Amendment." Federal Communications Law Journal, 39(3): 217-258. Kane, Pamela. 1989. V.I.R.U.S. Protection: Vital Information Resources under Siege. New York: Bantam. Kling, Rob, and Suzanne Iocono. 1988. "The Mobilization of Support for Computerization: The Role of Computerization Movements." Social Problems, 35(June): 226-243. Landreth, Bill. 1985. Out of the Inner Circle: A Hacker's Guide to Computer Security. Belleview (Wash.): Microsoft Press. Langworthy, Robert H. 1989. "Do Stings Control Crime? An Evaluation of a Police Fencing Operation." Justice Quarterly, 6(March): 27-45. Levy, Steven. 1984. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. Garden City: Doubleday. Levy, Steven. 1990. Cloak and Dagger. Markoff, John. 1990a. "3 Arrests Show Global Threat to Computers." New York Times, April 4, A1, A11. Markoff, John. 1990a. "3 Arrests Show Global Threat to Computers." New York Times, April 4, A1, A11. Markoff, John. 1990b. "Drive to Counter Computer Crime Aims at Invaders." The New York Times, June 3: 1, 21. Marx, Gary T. 1988a. Undercover: Police Surveillance in America. Berkeley: University of California Press. Marx, Gary T. 1988b. "The Maximum Security Society." Deviance et Societe, 12(2): 147-166. Marx, Gary T., and Nancy Reichman. 1985. "Routinizing the Discovery of Secrets: Computers as Informants." Software Law Journal, 1(Fall): 95-121. McEwen, J. Thomas. 1989. Dedicated Computer Crime Units. Washington D.C.: National Institute of Justice. Meyer, Gordon R. "Hackers, Phreakers, and Pirates: The Semantics of the Computer Age." 1989. Pp. 74-82 in P. Kane, V.I.R.U.S. Protection: Vital Information Resources under Siege. New York: Bantam. Meyer, Gordon R. and Jim Thomas. 1989. "Role Differentiation in the computer underground." Paper presented at the Society for the Study of Social Problems annual meetings, Berkeley, August. Meyer, Gordon R. 1989a. The Social Organization of the computer underground. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Northern Illinois University. Michalowski, Raymond J. and Erdwin H. Pfuhl. 1990 (forthcoming). "Technology, Property, and Law: The Case of Computer Crime." Contemporary Crisis. Pope, Kyle, 1990. "U.S. Computer Investigation Targets Austinites." Austin-American Statesman, March 17, Pp A-1, A-12. Parker, Donn B. 1983. Fighting Computer Crime. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Pfuhl, Erdwin H. 1987. "Computer Abuse: Problems of Instrumental Control." Deviant Behavior, 8(2): 113-130. Rosenbaum, Ron. 1971. "Secrets of the Little Blue Box." Esquire, 76(October): 116-1125, 222-226. Rosenblatt, Kenneth. 1990. "Deterring Computer Crime." Technology Review, 93(FebruaryMarch): 34-40. Sandza, Richard. 1984. "Revenge of the Hackers." Newsweek, 104(December 10): 25. Sandza, Richard. 1984. "The Night of the Hackers." Newsweek, 104(November 12): 17-18. Schwartz, Eddie. 1988. "Special on 'Computer Hacking.'" WGN Radio, Sept 27. Schwartz, John. 1990. "The Hacker Dragnet: The Feds Put a Tail on Computer Crooks--and Sideswipe a few Innocent Bystanders." Newsweek, April 30: 50. Scientific American. 1991. Special Issue: How to Work, Play and Thrive in Cyberspace. September. Sterling, Bruce. 1988. Islands in the Net. New York: Ace Books. Sterling, Bruce. Forthcoming. The Hacker Crackdown: The True Story of the Digital Dragnet of 1990 and the Start of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Stoll, Clifford. 1989. The Cuckoo's Egg: Tracking a Spy through the Maze of Computer Espionage. New York: Doubleday. Thomas, Jim and Gordon R. Meyer. 1990. "(Witch)Hunting for the Computer Underground: Joe McCarthy in a Leisure Suit." The Critical Criminologist, 2(September): 7-8, 19-20. Thomas, Jim, and Gordon R. Meyer. 1990a (forthcoming). "The Baudy World of the Byte Bandit: A Postmodernist Interpretation of the Computer Underground." In F. Schmalleger (ed.), Computers in Criminal Justice. Bristol (Ind.): Wyndham Hall. Thomas, Jim, and Gordon R. Meyer. 1990b. "In Defense of the Computer Underground: The End of the Frontier?" Paper presented to the American Society of Criminology annual conference, Baltimore (November). Tompkins, Joseph B., Jr., and Linda A. Mar. 1986. "The 1984 Federal Computer Crime Statute: A Partial Answer to a Pervasive Problem." Computer-Law Journal, 6(Winter): 459-481. Van, John. 1989. "Oddballs no More, Hackers are now a Threat." Chicago Tribune, March 5, IV: 4. Winter, Christine. 1988. "Virus Infects Huge Computer Network." Chicago Tribune, November 4, 1, 18. "Yes, You Sound very Sexy, but I Really Need a Probation Officer." 1989. Chicago Tribune, June 13, 10. Zablit, Jocelyne. 1989. "Fraud Sweep Nabs 2 Michigan Teens in Computer Ring." Detroit Free Press, 25 May: 1, 18. ------------------------------ Date: 12 Oct 91 11:21:19 CDT From: Moderators Subject: Dissertations and Theses The following come from International Dissertation Abstracts and from persons who responded to our request for information on theses. The dissertation list should be fairly complete. It excludes works limited to computer crime or computer-mediated communication (contact Bitnet's CMC newsgroup for information on CMC). The thesis list is incomplete because of the relatively low number of institutions responding. But, judging from bibliographies and discussions, there seem to be relatively few CU-related theses. ("Dissertations" are normally done for a PhD, and "theses" are written for a Master's degree). ++++++++++++++++++++++++ DISSERTATIONS ++++++++++++++++++++++++ Friedman, Batya. 1988. SOCIAL JUDGMENTS AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION: ADOLESCENT'S CONCEPTIONS OF COMPUTER PIRACY AND PRIVACY. (Director: none listed). University of California, Berkeley. 186 pp. Order No. DA 8916665. Dunn, Thurman Stanley. 1982. METHODOLOGY FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF RESOURCES IN THE DETECTION OF COMPUTER FRAUD. (Directory: Jay F. Nunamaker). The University of Arizona. 198 pp. Order No. DA 8305976. Baker, Donald R. 1990. RELATIONSHIP SOF INTERNAL ACCOUNTING CONTROLS AND OCCURRENCES OF COMPUTER FRAUD. (Chair: Edward A. Becker). Nova University. 133 pp. Order No. DA 9022334. Esquerra, Ronald Lee. 1982. PERSONAL PRIVACY IN A COMPUTER INFORMATION SOCIETY. (Director: Jay F. Nunamaker). The University of Arizona. 377 pp. Order No. DA 8217495 Honan, Ava Smith. 1988. ANALYSIS OF KEYSTROKE PATTERNS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SECURITY SYSTEM FOR VALIDATION OF COMPUTER ACCESS. (Chair, Saeed Maghsoodloo). Auburn University. 115 pp. Order No. DA 8918795. Lu, Wen-Pai. 1986. SECURITY OF COMMUNICATION IN COMPUTER NETWORKS. (Director: Malur K. Sundareshan). The University of Arizona. 282 pp. Order No. DA 8702350. Pozzo, Maria Mildred. 1990. TOWARDS COMPUTER VIRUS PREVENTION. (Chair: David G. Cantor). University of California, Los Angeles. 202 pp. Order No. DA 9033944 Shamp, Scott A. 1989. MECHANOMORPHISM AND THE PERCEPTION OF COMPUTER COMMUNICATION PARTNERS (University of Utah). Contact: sshamp@uga.bitnet ++++++++++++++++++++++++ MASTERS' THESES ++++++++++++++++++++++++ Meyer, Gordon. 1988. THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE COMPUTER UNDERGROUND. (Chair: James Massey). Northern Illinois University. Contact: Gordon Meyer: "72307.1502@COMPUSERVE.COM" Wang, Shenhsien J. 1986. DETECTIVE SECURITY SYSTEM THAT MEASURES AND PREVENTS NETWORK VIOLATIONS. (Chair: Kenneth C. Kung). Northrop University. 109 pp. Order No. MA 132853 Lankewicz, Linda Bright. 1986. RESOURCE UTILIZATION AND SECURITY. (Major Professor: Marino J. Niccolai). University of South Alabama. 190 pp. Order No. ??). ++++++++++++++++++++++++ WORKS IN PROGRESS ++++++++++++++++++++++++ (The following include projects in the planning stage as well as those nearing completion) William Curran (Arizona State University). Writing a Masters Thesis on the introduction of wide area and local nets into the Soviet Union, combining technological and sociological analysis that summarizes the changes and prospects for early nineties. Contact: WCURRAN@CARAT.ARIZONA.EDU Mark Smith (Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles). Dissertation (in progress) that focuses on the power and politics of the "information society". Recurring themes include the role of time/space compression and surveillance in society. Significant influences include David Harvey, Michel Foucault, Mark Poster, Herbert expand. One issue includes the clash between Enlightenment rhetoric and post-modern technology. Contact: SMITHM@DUVM.BITNET Peter S. Markham (University of Melbourne, Dept. of Criminology). Masters' Thesis in progress on a comparative study of the Criminalisation of Computer Misuse in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Contact: pmark@ARIEL.UCS.UNIMELB.EDU.AU Elizabeth M. Reid (University of Melbourne). Supervisor: Donna Merwick. Honours Thesis on computer-Mediated Communication communication processes in synchronous conferencing, including computer networks, internet, and electronic mail. The focus is on cultural themes of communication, including power, interpreting social contexts, socialization and learning, from a deconstructionist perspective. ((Moderators' note: We've read a draft, and it's first-rate)). Contact: "" Paul Taylor (University of Edinburgh). Finishing a dissertation on hacking/viruses and the politics behind them. Focus includes hackers and their computer security industry counterparts. Examines the issue of technological determinism and the "information revolution" and also the idea of hackers being perhaps an extension or most recent development of an alternative culture. It also raises the whole issue of the exact nature of cyberspace and the implications it holds: Are we entering a new realm of informational colonialism? What is information? Who has rights over it, and are hackers/the computer underground fighting a battle of principle the importance of which has passed most people by? Contact: "" Robert Berry (U. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Journalism). M.A. Thesis on the First Amendment implications of computer-based communication technologies. The focus includes a political analysis of the history of governmental harassment of hackers and how that harassment threatens to infringe the First Amendment rights associated with this new technology. The analysis centers around Operation Sun Devil and the related prosecutions that have taken place during the past few years. Contact: rrberry@SHELTIE.CHAPEL-HILL.NC.US ------------------------------ Date: 12 Oct 91 11:21:19 CDT From: Moderators Subject: General On-Line and Print Resources The following "phreak/hacker" newsletters and magazines provide insights into the culture of the CU. Some are defunct, others are still publishing. An (*) indicates continued publication. (E) indicates published in electronic format, (H) indicates hardcopy. Most are available in the CuD ftp archives. TAP (*H): General phreak/hack information. Contact TAP, PO Box 20264 Louisville, KY 40250. ATI (*E): Political oriented posts. Appears every few months. Contact NIA (Network Information Access) (*E): News digest and p/h information. NIA (*E): National Information Access, appears every few months. Contact nuchat! P/Hun (E): Five issues appeared. Primarily technical information. PIRATE (E): News related to software piracy. Five issues appeared. LoD/TJ (E): Hacker technical journal with occasional news. Four issue appeared. Weltanschaaung (*E): Political and editorial information focusing on cyber issues. Began August, 1991. Contact 2600--The Hacker Quarterly (*H): Quarterly issue devoted to hacker-related technical information and news. Contact Boardwatch Magazine (*H): Published monthly; Billed as a "guide to the world of online services," focus is on BBS world. Essential reading for serious modemers. Contact MONDO 2000 (*H): A slick, "postmodernist" oriented magazine, Mondo covers music, art, and other cultural topics as well as cyber culture. Contact EFFECTOR (*HE): The newsletter of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Mainly covers EFF activities and summaries of its involvement in various projects. Contact eff@org RISKS Digest (*E): An on-line, moderated newsgroup identifying computer risks to society. Available through Usenet. Contact TELECOM Digest (*E): A on-line, moderated newsgroup focusing on telecommunications issues and the related social, ethical, and political problems. Available through Usenet. Contact CuD (*EH): On-line magazine/journal specializing in legal, ethical, and social issues related to the computer culture. Available through Usenet. Contact CuD ftp archives (*E): A collection of legal and academic papers and phreak/hacker/pirate 'zines and newsletters. Collection also includes a variety of state and federal laws and university policies along with other CU-related documents. Contact: or VIRUS-L Digest: on-line moderated newsgroup for discussions of computer viruses. Available through Usenet. Contact virus-l@lehiibm1 (*E): Unmoderated newsgroup for discussion of issues related to cyberspace. Available through Usenet. Computer/Law Journal (*H): Legal journal devoted to all legal aspects of computer technology, including security, privacy, and copyright. Chalisti (*E): German hacker newsletter (written in German) covering European hacker news and technology. ------------------------------ Date: 12 Oct 91 11:21:19 CDT From: Moderators Subject: Misc. Books for Fun Reading (Compiled by "Dark Mage") Title Author ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Johnny Zed Betancourt, John Gregory When Gravity Fails Effinger, George Alec The Long Orbit Farren, Mick The Company Man Faust, Clifford A Death of Honor Faust, Clifford Cyber Way Foster, Alan Dean Neuromancer Gibson, William Mona Lisa Overdrive Gibson, William Count Zero Gibson, William Burning Chrome Gibson, William Barking Dogs Green, Terrence M. The Glass Hammer Jeter, K.W. Farewell Horizontal Jeter, K.W. Bad Voltage Littel, Jonathan Armageddon Blues Moran, Daniel Keys Emerald Eyes Moran, Daniel Keys Yesterdays Pawn Quick, W.T. Dreams of Flesh and Sand Quick, W.T. Dreams of Gods and Men Quick, W.T. Systems Quick, W.T. Eclipse Penumbra Shirley, John Eclipse Shirley, John Little Heroes Spinrad, Norman Other Americas Spinrad, Norman Islands in the Net Spinrad, Norman Mercedes Nights Weaver, Michael D. Angel Station Williams, Walter Jon Hardwired Williams, Walter Jon Voice of the Whirlwind Williams, Walter Jon ------------------------------ End of Computer Underground Digest #3.36 ************************************


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