DECA (pronounced "DECK-UH") is the FBI's program for the Development of
Espionage, Counterintelligence and Counterterrorism Awareness. The DECA
program disseminates information concerning national security matters.
The FBI is the lead counterintelligence agency in the United States. It
has the principal authority to conduct and coordinate counterintelligence
and counterterrorism investigations and operations within the United
States. The FBI, supported by other U.S. agencies as needed, conducts
espionage investigations when the subject of the investigation is not
under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, Uniform Code of
NATIONAL SECURITY THREAT LIST
The FBI's foreign counterintelligence mission is set out in a strategy
known as the National Security Threat List (NSTL). The NSTL combines two
First, it includes national security threat issues regardless of the
country of origin. Second, it includes a classified list of foreign
powers that pose a strategic intelligence threat to U.S. security
The issue threat portion of the NSTL was developed in concert with the
U.S. Intelligence Community and key elements of the U.S. Government. As
a result, the FBI identified seven categories of foreign intelligence
activity that were deemed to be significant threats to U.S. national
security interests. The FBI will investigate the intelligence activities
of any country that are related to any of these seven issues. They are:
Proliferation of special weapons of mass destruction to include
chemical, biological, nuclear, and delivery systems of those weapons
of mass destruction.
Collection of information relating to defense establishments and
related activities of national preparedness.
U.S. critical technologies as identified by the National Critical
Targeting of U.S. intelligence and foreign affairs information and
U.S. Government officials.
Collection of U.S. industrial proprietary economic information and
technology, the loss of which would undermine the U.S. strategic
Clandestine foreign intelligence activity in the United States.
Perception management and active measures activities.
NATIONAL CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES
Foreign intelligence activities directed at U.S. critical technologies
are of specific interest to the FBI. These critical technologies are
listed as follows:
Materials synthesis and processing
Electronic and photonic materials
High-performance metals and alloys
Flexible computer-integrated manufacturing
Intelligence processing equipment
Micro- and nanofabrication
Systems management technologies
Information and communications:
Micro and optoelectronics
High-performance computing and networking
High-definition imaging and displays
Sensors and signal processing
Data storage and peripherals
Computer simulation and modeling
Biotechnology and life sciences:
Applied molecular biology
Aeronautics and surface transportation:
Surface transportation technologies
Energy and environment:
Pollution minimization, remediation, and waste management
National Security Begins With You
You may be the target of foreign intelligence activity if you or your
company are associated in any of the critical technologies listed above.
Foreign powers may also seek to collect U.S. industrial proprietary
economic information and technology, the loss of which would undermine
the U.S. strategic industrial position. Foreign intelligence collectors
target corporate marketing information in support of their nation's
firms. Overseas travel, foreign contact, and joint ventures may further
increase your exposure to the efforts of foreign intelligence collectors.
If you suspect possible foreign intelligence activity, or have questions
concerning the National Security Threat List strategy, please contact
the FBI DECA Coordinator at the FBI Field Office nearest you.
Up to $500,000 Reward for Stopping Espionage
An amendment to title 18 U.S.C. Section 3071, recently enacted,
authorizes the Attorney General to make payment for information of
espionage activity in any country which leads to the arrest and
conviction of any person(s):
...for commission of an act of espionage against the United States;
...for conspiring or attempting to commit an act of espionage against
the United States; or which leads to the prevention or frustration of
an act of espionage against the United States.
Specifics of this amendment can be obtained from any FBI DECA Coordinator.
FBI Contact Numbers:
To report suspected illegal intelligence or terrorism activity against
the interest of the United States, telephone the DECA Coordinator at
the FBI Field Office nearest you.
Update Version: 9/25/95
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