To: MIT.EDU!witchhunt Date: Fri, 2 Dec 1994 01:58:19 -0500 The Olympian Trhusday, Dec. 1,
Date: Fri, 2 Dec 1994 01:58:19 -0500
Trhusday, Dec. 1, 1994, page C1
Ingram seeks pardon from state
Board will recommend: The state Clemency and pardons Board will listen to
the sheriff deputy convicted of incest on Friday.
By Brad Shannon
A former top Thurston County sheriff's deputy convicted of incest is seeking
a pardon or some other help from Gov. Mike Lowry.
Advocates for Paul Ingram, who's controversial case is discussed in several
new books, will be given a hearing sometime after 9 a.m. Friday before the
Clemency and Pardons Board.
Because of an outpouring of interest, the meeting has been moved to a larger
room, Hearing Room 4, in the Cherberg Building, which is the Senate office
building, according to Anne Fennessy, the governor's press secretary.
The board can reject Ingram's request, ask for more information or make a
recommendation of anything from a partial to full pardon, according to
Fennessy. The five-member board's rulings are advisory only, although 18
clemency actions have been taken by Washington governors since 1986, Fennessy
But as one of some 22 cases before the pardons board, Ingram supporters may
have little time to make a case.
Ingram, the former top civil sheriff's deputy and head of the Thurston County
Republican Party, pleaded guilty to six counts of child rape in 1989 and is
serving a 20-year prison term at Delaware State Prison.
He since has tried unsuccessfully to withdraw his guilty plea, claiming he
was coerced into confessing to acts he did not commit.
But both the state Supreme Court and U.S. District Court have upheld the
validity of Ingram's plea, which also underwent a five-day review in Thurston
County Superior Court.
Gary Tabor, the county's chief criminal deputy prosecutor, says Ingram
implicated himself in statements to police, long before investigators, a
minister or psychologists got involved in the questioning.
However, victims of so-called "recovered memory" are rallying behind Ingram,
creating a defense fund and trying to generate support for his cause.
The advocates suggest Ingram's memories of abuse were manufactured.
Among those advocates is Seattle-based Chuck Noah, a former Lewis County
resident, who says he himself was falsely accused of abuse by his daughter
after a therapist encouraged her to remember events that Noah claims were
Ingram conviction heats up debate on recovered memories
Who's the victim? Some activists say memories of past sex abuse are often
the result of poor therapy.
By Brad Shannon
The Paul Ingram case lies at the center of a national debate over the value
of so-called "recovered memories" of childhood sexual abuse.
Activists rallying behind Ingram, who was convicted of raping his daughters,
say memories of long-forgotten sex abuse are actually the result of sloppy
therapy or implanting, a phenomenon they call false memory syndrome.
Among the activists is Chuck Noah, a Seattle man who was accused of abuse by
one of his own daughters, a charge Noah heatedly denies. Noah believes
Ingram similarly was the victim of false accusations.
But Thurston County Sheriff Gary Edwards and Chief Criminal Deputy Prosecutor
Gary Tabor have stood by investigator' handling of the case in which Ingram,
a former top official in the sheriff's office, admitted his guilt and then
tried to take back his guilty plea.
"Before there was any opportunity for anyone to brainwash him, he had already
admitted (the abuse)," Tabor said Wednesday. "The brainwashing theory was
only a theory."
Those advocating he brainwashing theory have had several chances to make
their case, Tabor said, "but it has been found not to be credible by any
number of courts." Tabor noted that the Superior Court, Court of Appeals,
state Supreme Court and U.S. District Court in Seattle all have let Ingram's
Edwards said recently that Ingram had admitted molesting his daughters - even
before Ingram was subjected to questioning that became the focus of critical
books, magazine articles and television specials.
After being told the girls would need counseling, Ingram told Edwards: "You
better get some help for the boys (Ingram's sons), too."
But in Lawrence Wright's book, "Remembering Satan: A Case of Recovered
Memory and the Shattering of an American Family," Ingram is described as
being encouraged by both police investigators and his pastor to recall
According to Wright's research of the Ingram case files, Ingram was told that
in cases like this one, a suspect sometimes will find that he can remember
better once he confesses.
A day or hours after certain questions would be asked concerning new
allegations made by his daughters, Ingram would come back with detailed
recollections that seemed to incorporate the previous day's questions.
Ingram also made hypothetical statements, describing how he would have done
the abuse, if he were to have done it.
Ingram was arrested on the charges in 1989. No physical evidence of sexual
abuse or satanic activity was ever produced.
The most bizarre element in the Ingram case involved unproven allegations by
Ingram's daughters that he and numerous other deputies engaged in satanic
rituals that included the sacrifice of babies and sexual abuse.
Police dug up land around Ingram's home on Fir Tree Loop, but found no bones.
Two other men accused of sex abuse in the case were never brought to trial as
the daughters' stories became entwined in stories of Satanism.
Charges against the men eventually were dropped, but Undersheriff Neil
McClanahan, who led the investigations has refused to clear their names.
Richard Ofshe, a Berkeley sociologist who believes Ingram manufactured his
memories of satanic abuse, has suggested the sheriff's office went on a
Matt says: I'll post on the hearing tomorrow evening.
To: u.washington.edu!eloftus, aol.com!Lwrighter, MIT.EDU!witchhunt
Date: Mon, 5 Dec 1994 04:23:34 -0500
As promised, here is my (hastily drafted) post on Paul Ingram's appeal to the
Governor's Pardon and Clemency Board.
The hearing began at 9:00 this morning. Paul Ingram had supporters from
Seattle and Olympia as well as his parents and nephews and Dan Brailey from
Spokane, and Robin Ingram, his sister from Alabama. Jim Rabie and Ray Risch,
Paul's co-defendants, were there. All together, about 15 people showed up to
support Paul, and most of them signed up to speak.
John Einen of Seattle had contacted the media. There were 2 cameras crews,
and as many as 5 print reporters there, though I don't know how many were
there for Paul Ingram's case, and how many were there for others.
Of the five board members, only one was on the list of names the governor's
office had supplied me weeks ago. We wanted to provide them with packets of
material on Paul's case. I don't know if they have a severe turnover problem
on the board, or if the governor's office just don't know who's on it.
Ingram's case was first on the agenda, because of the high interest. Hugh
McGavick of Monty Hester's law firm, represented Ingram. When the head of
the pardon board asked about the number of people who had signed up to speak,
McGavick said "I have not orchestrated any of the audience participation."
Indeed, he did not know, and had never met, any of us, including members of
Paul's family. Hester's firm has not been good about keeping in contact with
anybody who has been working to support Paul. A note to anybody
contemplating a similar campaign - it would be a very good idea to work
closely with a legal team.
The head of the board said a few words about their procedures. "The board has
thoroughly reviewed all the materials - we want to hear why you think this
case deserves our consideration."
McGavick began his pitch. "This is a high profile case. I have submitted
some materials to the board. I apologize for the delinquency. We are asking
for clemency, the relief that is available nowhere else. This case has one
of the most extraordinary fact patterns that will ever be seen by any
As he was starting to say something about Wright's New Yorker articles, the
head of the board interrupted and said, "Our understanding is the case is
pending in the Federal 9th Circuit Court. We can't take action until all
appeals have failed. We can take testimony today for a possible future
McGavick seemed as surprised by this news as the rest of us were. He seemed
disinterested in testifying further, and concluded by saying, "The likelihood
is that Paul Ingram will be back before this body when his Federal appeals
have all failed, which they will."
The board next heard another case, also argued by McGavick, where the basic
thrust of the argument was that the Battered Woman Syndrome should have been
invoked in the trial, but was not. The board summarily rejected the plea for
clemency. It was quite apparent that they had already made up their minds
before the hearing, and if anything were to be said in the hearing room that
would change their minds would have to be something quite extraordinary.
There was a short break, in which several of Paul's supporters went and spoke
with the head of the board. She agreed to let Robin Ingram speak, since
Robin had traveled so far to be here. Robin spoke, eloquently, and then we
This evening, story was reported on KPLU, the Tacoma NPR radio station, as
'Paul Ingram's request for a pardon from the Governor's Pardons and Clemency
Board was denied today, on the basis of a technicality.
Ingram's case has been the subject of several critical books and a long
article in an issue of the New Yorker. His case has become a rallying point
for people who believe they, too, have been unjustly accused based on false
memories implanted by therapists.
Many such people attended the pardons board hearing.
Paul Ingram's sister, Robin, traveled all the way from Tuscaloosa, Alabama to
berate the authorities for imprisoning her brother.
Robin: "He only, quote, confessed, after intense coercive interrogations.
They brainwashed him, and they made him think that he had a dark side, and
that he did things he didn't remember."
Washington State's pardon board refused to consider the case until all
possible court appeals have been exhausted.
Ingram's lawyer has an appeal pending in the Federal 9th Circuit Court, which
the layer thinks will fail.
Paul Ingram is serving a 20 year sentence that started when a motion to
retract his confession was denied.'
How could this have happened? Poor communication by the Governor's Office, no
communication from Ingram's attorneys, lack of experience and knowledge of
the law on our parts. Who knows? At any rate, I believe the efforts of
people who wrote letters were not wasted, only deferred. We are all
resolved, individually and collectively, to continue working on Paul's behalf
with whatever new strategies we can come up with.
Date: Mon, 5 Dec 1994 04:21:14 -0500
The Olympian, Saturday, Dec. 3, 1994
Ingram's Pardon Bid Rejected
* "No winners": The convicted child rapist will be back before the state
once his appeals are exhausted, his lawyer says.
By Brad Shannon
Convicted child rapist Paul Ingram lost his bid for relief from the state
Clemency and Pardons Board on Friday.
Board Chairwoman Anita Peterson told a disappointed group of 20 Ingram
supporters that the board cannot recommend the governor offer any relief
until Ingram's legal appeals are exhausted.
The board can recommend that Gov. Mike Lowry intervene, commuting a sentence
or giving an outright pardon in cases with extraordinary circumstances.
"This looks like a case where there are no winners," Peterson said after
hearing remarks from Ingram's sister, Robin, who traveled here from Alabama.
Tacoma lawyer Hugh McGavick, who is seeking a pardon or new trial for Ingram,
said he expects to be back before the pardons board within a couple of years
once Ingram has exhausted his appeals to the U.S. Supreme Court. Ingram is
trying to withdraw his 1989 guilty plea in the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals
in San Francisco.
Ingram, a former top civil deputy in the Thurston County Sheriff's Office who
is serving a 20-year prison term in Delaware, has tried unsuccessfully at
four lower legal levels to withdraw his plea.
Ingram claims he was coerced by his psychologist and a pastor into admitting
to the six counts of third-degree rape.
Because she had traveled so far, Robin Ingram was the only member of the
public allowed to address the pardons board. She said all she and her
brother have wanted is a fair trial - which Ingram gave up when he entered a
Inside: Ingram's backers say they won't give up their crusade.
Sister: 'We will clear Paul's name'
* Ingram case: The former civil deputy's confession is a matter of some
By Brad Shannon
Family and backers of Paul Ingram pledged Friday to keep working until he is
"We will win," Robin Ingram said in an interview. One of Paul Ingram's
sisters, Robin had come from Alabama to speak before the Clemency and Pardons
"It make take us a little while, but we will win. We will clear Paul's
name," she said.
She also blasted Sheriff Gary Edwards, claiming he lied by saying on a
Seattle television show that Paul Ingram confessed within 10 minutes of
being arrested on Nov. 28, 1988.
Whether Ingram confessed that day is hotly disputed.
The undersheriff's report of Ingram's unrecorded statements that day contains
no outright confession. But after Ingram's rights were read to him the
morning of Nov. 28, Ingram did comment on the allegations of abuse,
suggesting that not only his daughters but also his sons may need some help.
The report quotes him as saying: "I know if this did happen we need to take
care of it."
The undersheriff's report says Ingram went on to say, "There may be dark side
of me that I don't know about."
Gary Tabor, the chief criminal prosecutor who handled the case for Thurston
County, on Friday produced copies of a taped statement Ingram gave six hours
after the 1988 arrest. That incriminating statement, Tabor says, came long
before any brainwashing by a psychologist and pastor could have been done.
Ingram's supporters say he was coerced.
At one point in the taped statement, Ingram says he "probably" abused his
daughters but repressed the memory of it. But later, when asked about
specific abuse of two months before, he says, "I keep trying to, to recollect
it and I'm still kind of looking at it as a third party but, uh, the
evidence, and I am trying to put this in the first person, it's not coming
A little later, the tape recorder is shut off at Ingram's request for 40
minutes. After that, Ingram resumes talking, answering questions about
events concerning his daughters Ericka and Julie.
Although Ingram speaks to varying degrees in a theoretical voices, saying
that events "would have" occurred, he eventually admits to having intercourse
with the girls going back to when Julie, the youngest, was 5.
Ingram also goes on to speak of getting Julie pregnant and taking her for an
abortion - a story Julie also told. But no record of the abortion was ever
found, Tabor acknowledges.
(sidebar) For more information:
Daniel Brailey, an organizer of the Paul Ingram Right to a Fair Trial
Organization, said people can call the group at (509) 534-7830 or by write
(sic) P.O. Box 7465, Spokane, Wash. 99207
E-Mail Fredric L. Rice / The Skeptic Tank