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********************************************************************** F A L S E M E M O R Y S Y N D R O M E F O U N D A T I O N ********************************************************************** The problem: Increasingly throughout the country, grown children undergoing thera- peutic programs have come to believe that they suffer from "repres- sed memories" of incest and sexual abuse. While some reports of in- cest and sexual abuse are surely true, these decade-delayed memories are too often the result of False Memory Syndrome caused by a disas- trous "therapeutic" program. False Memory Syndrome has a devastating effect on the victim and typically produces a continuing dependency on the very program that creates the syndrome. False Memory Syndrome proceeds to destroy the psychological well-being not only of the primary victim but through false accusations of incest and sexual abuse other members of the primary victim's family. ********************************************************************** It is the purpose of the Foundation: To seek the reasons for the spread of False Memory Syndrome; To work for the prevention of new cases of False Memory Syndrome; and To aid the victims of False Memory Syndrome, and to bring their families into reconciliation. ********************************************************************** The Foundation will pursue these ends by collaborating with the professions in the following ways: By publicizing the nature and prevalence of False Memory Syndrome the conditions and practices causing and sustaining it, and the steps that affected individuals can take to bring truth and well-being back into their lives; By providing access to counseling, and guidance to those who are in- jured and hurt; By promoting and sponsoring competent scientific and medical research in False Memory Syndrome, and disseminating the results to the pro- fessions; and By helping the secondary victims (those falsely accused) to establish reliable methods to discriminate between true and false claims of incest and abuse charges, and the psychological and other reasons they are made, including the intentional or unwitting suggestion of therapists and therapeutic programs. ********************************************************************** The Foundation will seek to develop and support programs to: Provide and disseminate accurate information on False Memory Syndrome to the general public; Provide counseling on the psychological and emotional issues inherent in False Memory Syndrome; Provide information on, and access to methods that reliably assist in accurate decisions on issues of incest and abuse; and Provide information on legal rights, and access to legal counsel, to alleviate or remedy damage done by such accusations resulting from False Memory Syndrome. ********************************************************************** In the future if the Foundation has sufficient financial resources, it may develop additional programs to: Sponsor and conduct scientific and medical research on the existence and causes of False Memory Syndrome; Provide financial assistance to families who need help in paying for polygraph tests, counseling, or legal services. ********************************************************************** P R O F E S S I O N A L A D V I S O R Y B O A R D Oct 94 Terence W. Campbell, Ph.D. Clinical and Forensic Psychologist Sterling Heights, MI Rosalind Cartwright, Ph.D. Director, Sleep Disorder Clinic Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center Chicago, IL Jean Chapman, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology University of Wisconsin Madison, WI Loren Chapman, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Psychology University of Wisconsin Madison, WI Robyn M. Dawes, Ph.D. University Professor of Social and Decision Sciences Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA David F. Dinges, Ph.D. The Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital Associate Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA Fred Frankel, M.B.Ch.B., D.P.M. Psychiatrist-in-Chief, Beth Israel Hospital Professor of Psychiatry Harvard Medical School Boston, MA George K. Ganaway, M.D. Director, Ridgeview Center for Dissociative Disorders Clinical Assistant Prof of Psychiatry Emory University Atlanta, GA Martin Gardner Author Hendersonville, NC Rochel Gelman, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology University of California Los Angeles, CA Henry Gleitman, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA Lila Gleitman, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA Richard Green, M.D., J.D. Professor of Psychiatry Charing Cross Hospital London, UK David A. Halperin, M.D. Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry Mount Sinai School of Medicine New York, NY Ernest Hilgard, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Psychology Stanford University Palo Alto, CA John Hochman, M.D. Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry University of California Medical School Los Angeles, CA David S. Holmes, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology University of Kansas Lawrence, KS Philip S. Holzman, Ph.D. Rabb Professor of Psychology Professor of Psychiatry Harvard University Cambridge, MA John Kihlstrom, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology Yale University New Haven, CT Harold Lief, M.D. Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA Elizabeth Loftus, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology Adjunct Professor of Law University of Washington Seattle, WA Paul McHugh, M.D. Phipps Professor of Psychiatry Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD Harold Merskey, D.M. Professor of Psychiatry University of Western Ontario London, Ontario, CANADA Ulric Neisser, Ph.D. Woodruff Professor of Psychology Emory University Atlanta, GA Richard Ofshe, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology University of California Berkeley, CA Martin Orne, M.D., Ph.D. The Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital Professor of Psychiatry University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA Loren Pankratz, Ph.D. Professor of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Oregon Health Sciences University Portland, OR Campbell Perry, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology Concordia University Montreal, Quebec, CANADA Michael A. Persinger, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology Laurentian University Sudbury, Ontario, CANADA August T. Piper Jr., M.D. Psychiatrist Seattle, WA Harrison Pope, Jr., M.D. Associate Professor of Psychiatry Harvard Medical School Cambridge, MA James Randi Author and Magician Plantation, FL Carolyn Saari, Ph.D. Professor of Social Work Loyola University Chicago, IL Theodore Sarbin, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Criminology University of California Santa Cruz, CA Thomas A. Sebeok, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and Semiotics Indiana University Bloomington, IN Louise Shoemaker, Ph.D. Professor of Social Work University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA Margaret Singer, Ph.D. Adjunct Professor Emeritus of Psychology University of California Berkeley, CA Ralph Slovenko, J.D., Ph.D. Professor of Law and Psychiatry Wayne State University Law School Detroit, MI Donald Spence, Ph.D. Professor of Psychiatry Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center Piscataway, NJ Jeffrey Victor, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology Jamestown Community College Jamestown, NY Hollida Wakefield, M.A. Psychologist Institute of Psychological Therapies Northfield, MN Louis Jolyon West, M.D. Professor of Psychiatry UCLA School of Medicine Los Angeles, CA ********************************************************************** 3401 Market Street-suite 130 Philadelphia, PA 19104 215-387-1865 FAX: 215-387-1917 800-568-8882 Executive Director: Pamela Freyd, Ph.D. ********************************************************************** The Foundation is a 501(c)(3) institution funded by individual memberships and contributions. All contributions are tax exempt. ********************************************************************** ``When the memory is distorted, or confabulated, the result can be what has been called the False Memory Syndrome: a condition in which a person's identity and interpersonal relationships are centered around a memory of traumatic experience which is objectively false but in which the person strongly believes. Note that the syndrome is not characterized by false memories as such. We all have memories that are inaccurate. Rather, the syndrome may be diagnosed when the memory is so deeply ingrained that it orients the individual's entire personal- ity and lifestyle, in turn disrupting all sorts of other adaptive be- haviors. The analogy to personality disorder is intentional. False memory syndrome is especially destructive because the person assidu- ously avoids confrontation with any evidence that might challenge the memory. Thus it takes on a life of its own, encapsulated, and resist- ant to correction. The person may become so focused on the memory that he or she may be effectively distracted from coping with the real problems in his or her life.'' John F. Kihlstrom, Ph.D. ********************************************************************** ``While our awareness of childhood sexual abuse has increased enorm- ously in the last decade and the horrors of its consequences should never be minimized, there is another side to this situation, namely that of the consequences of false allegations where whole families are split apart and terrible pain inflicted on everyone concerned. This side of the story needs to be told, for a therapist may, with the best intentions in the world, contribute to enormous family suffering.'' Harold Lief, M.D. **********************************************************************

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