Loren I. Petrich Jun0793 05:34PM FAQ suggestion: Family Tree I have an idea for a talk.ori

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Loren I. Petrich Jun-07-93 05:34PM FAQ suggestion: Family Tree Organization: Lawrence Livermore National Labs, Livermore CA From: lip@s1.gov (Loren I. Petrich) Message-ID: <1v0qap$jka@s1.gov> Newsgroups: talk.origins I have an idea for a talk.origins FAQ file: a summary of what is known of the family tree of Earth life. The purpose of it is to illustrate a major result of the evolutionary biologists' effort. Are there any good introductory books that give reasonably comprehensive accounts of family trees (phylogenies, to be technical)? Here is a partial tree: Ultimate Ancestor: Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotes Eubacteria: Proteobacteria Gram-positives Cyanobacteria Proteobacteria: [is that now the established term?] Purple photosynthetic bacteria Many Gram-negative aerobic bacteria like _Escherichia coli_, _Pseudomonas_, and _Rhizobium_ (root-nodule bacterium) Mitochondria Gram-positives: Spore-formers (clostridia, _Bacillus_, etc.) Actinomycetes Cyanobacteria: Blue-green ones proper Prokaryotic green algae Chloroplasts (and other colors of plastids) Archaebacteria: Thermoacidophiles (sulfur eaters) Methanogens Extreme halophiles Eukaryotes: Various flagellates Ciliates Green plants Other-colored algae Animals Fungi Fungi: Yeasts Molds Mushrooms Green plants: Some green algae Land plants Land plants: Mosses Liverworts Vascular plants Vascular plants: Horsetails Ferns Seed plants Seed plants: Gymnosperms Angiosperms Gymnosperms: Conifers Cycads Ginkgos Angiosperms: Dicots (broad-leaf plants) Monocots (narrow-leaf plants) Animals: Sea sponges Metazoa Metazoa: Cnidaria (coelenterates, comb jellies) Bilateria Bilateria: Protostomia Lophophorata Deuterostomia Protostomia: Annelids Arthropods Mollusks Annelids: Earthworms Marine ones Leeches Arthropods: Onychophora (velvet worms) Tardigrades Trilobites Crustaceans Chelicerates Uniramia Chelicerates: Spiders Scorpions Mites Uniramia: Insects Centipedes Millipedes Insects: Silverfish and other flightless ones Flying insects Flying insects: 3-stage life cycle (egg, immature, adult) 4-stage life cycle (egg, larva, pupa, adult) 3-stage life cycle (egg, immature, adult): Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets) Hemiptera Dragonflies and mayflies 4-stage life cycle (egg, larva, pupa, adult): Beetles Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, and ants) Diptera (flies and mosquitoes) Mollusks: Cephalopods (squids, octopuses, nautiloids, and ammonoids) Gastropods (snails) Pelecypods (clams, oysters, and mussels) Lophophorata: Brachiopods Bryozoans Deuterostomia: Echinoderms Chordates Echinoderms: Starfish Sand dollars Sea urchins Sea lilies Chordates: Tunicates Amphioxus Arrow worms Vertebrates Vertebrates: Jawless fish (lamprey, hagfish) Jawed fish Jawed fish: Elasmobranchs (sharks, rays, skates) Ray-finned bony fish Lobe-finned bony fish Ray-finned bony fish: Sturgeons, gars, etc. Teleosts (most common bony fish) Lobe-finned bony fish: Coelacanth Lungfish Amphibians Amphibians: Frogs and toads Salamanders Caecilians Reptiles Reptiles: Extinct forms (_Seymouria_, etc.) Turtles Lizards (including snakes) Rhynchocephalians (the tuatara is the only survivor) Ancestral crocodilians Mammal-like reptiles (including mammals) Ancestral crocodilians: Crocodilians Dinosaurs (including birds) Pterosaurs Mammals: Monotremes (egg-layers) Marsupials Placentals Monotremes (egg-layers): Extinct forms Duckbill platypus Spiny anteater Marsupials: Opossum Kangaroos Wallabies Wombats Thylacine (marsupial wolf) Placentals: Insectivores Bats Rodents Anteaters Even-toed ungulates Odd-toed ungulates Cetaceans Elephants Sirenians (manatees, dugongs) Carnivorids Primates Insectivores: Shrewmouse Hedgehog Mole Rodents: Mice, rats, etc. Squirrels Guinea pigs Prairie dogs Capybaras Beavers Even-toed ungulates: Cervids (deer, giraffes) Bovids (bovines, antelope, etc.) Suids (pigs, peccaries) Camelids (camels, llamas, alpacas) Hippopotamus Odd-toed ungulates: Equids (horses, donkeys, zebras) Rhinoceroses Tapirs Cetaceans: Toothed whales (dolphins, killer whales [orcas], sperm whale) Baleen whales Carnivorids: Mustelids (weasels, ferrets) Canoids Feloids Pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, walruses) Canoids: Canids (wolves, domestic dogs, jackals) Foxes Raccoons Bears (including the giant panda) Feloids: Civet cats Hyenas Felines (domestic cats, cougars, lions, tigers, etc.) Primates: Prosimians (tree shrew, lemurs, lorises, etc.) Simians Simians: New World Monkeys Old World Monkeys Old World Monkeys: Monkeys proper (macaques, baboons, etc.) Apes Apes: Gibbons and siamangs Great apes Great apes: Orangutan Gorilla Chimpanzee Hominids Hominids: _Australopithecus_ _Homo_ _Homo_: _Homo erectus_ _Homo sapiens_ [if not split] _Homo sapiens_: _Homo sapiens neanderthalensis_ _Homo sapiens sapiens_ [I guess I saved the best for last :-] . -- /Loren Petrich, the Master Blaster /lip@s1.gov


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