In 1976, U.S. Rep. John Conlan (RAZ) amended an education appropriations bill to state tha

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In 1976, U.S. Rep. John Conlan (R-AZ) amended an education appropriations bill to state that no funds could be used to support "secular humanism." (It passed the House but died in House-Senate conference.) In 1978, Dale Crowley sued the Smithsonian Institution for its evolution exhibit, which he claimed was an unconstitutional establishment of religion ("secular humanism" again). (He lost.) In 1981, Segraves v. California went to trial in attempt to protect Kasey Segraves (son of one of the directors of the San Diego-based Creation-Science Research Center, which separated from the ICR in an early schism) from being taught evolution in the public schools. (Most of the complaint was dropped before the conclusion of the trial.) In 1984, Orrin Hatch had an amendment to an appropriations bill passed which denied funding for the teaching of secular humanism (left undefined) in the public schools. In 1987, Brevard Hand ruled that secular humanism could not be taught in public schools--including evolution, which he said was a tenet of that "religion." His decision was overturned a few months later. Probably the most active group trying to have evolution removed from the public schools (as opposed to adding creationist pseudoscience) is the Creation-Science Research Center. This position of theirs was one of several that led to the creation of the ICR as a separate organization. (The CSRC existed first, as part of Christian Heritage College.) Jim Lippard Lippard@CCIT.ARIZONA.EDU Dept. of Philosophy Lippard@ARIZVMS.BITNET University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721

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