Creation or Evolution? Part III: The Fossil Record By Winkie Pratney Copyright (C) 1982, 1

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Creation or Evolution? Part III: The Fossil Record By Winkie Pratney Copyright (C) 1982, 1984 Last Days Ministries Typed by Servant, 2/28/87. Used without permission [This has taken too long to type, so please do not change anything or delete anything. Thank you for being considerate. -Servant-] Strange as it may seem, Darwin himself said that the fossil record is "one of the most obvious and serious objections which could be urged against the theory," and "the absence of transitional forms between species. . . presses hardly on my theory." He realized what many people today do not realize: the record of the rocks is more a testimony to EXTINCTION than to evolution. We see CHANGE all right between fossil and modern forms, but only of the "variation within kind" accepted by Creationists. Fossil forms on the whole are MORE COMPLEX and VARIED than their counterparts today, except from those creatures like the Coelacanth, the Tuatara, cockroaches, ants, and dragonflies. Like other "living fossils," they have not changed significantly at all -- a real problem in the theory that assumes life-forms tend to change!(1) Darwin hoped that further research by the science of paleontology (then still in its infant stages) would SUPPORT his theory; he thought he just didn't yet have enough data. "He who rejects this view of the imperfection of the geological record will rightly reject the whole theory. For he may ask in vain where are the numberless transitional (missing) links which must formerly have connected the closely allied or representative species...."(2) "MISSING LINKS" STILL MISSING Few scientists are still looking for "missing links;" it looks as if they will STAY missing. The most famous, "Archaeopteryx," once considered the link between reptiles and birds, is now generally acknowledged as one of the first birds; the discovery of another bird femur in the same strata has ruled her out as being the ancestor of birds, because they ALREADY EXISTED in her time.(3) "The fossil record," says Douglas Dewar, a British naturalist and once an ardent evolutionist, "cannot be regarded as other than a HOSTILE witness against evolution; the earliest known fossils of each class and order are not half-developed but have all the essential characteristics of their class and order."(4) "As we look at the main groups of fossil flora, we find there that at definite intervals they are all at once and quite suddenly there, in full bloom in all their manifold forms. Any change is entirely lacking. This all stands as crass a contradiction to the evolution theory as could possibly be imagined...all my investigations have led to incredible contradictions...on account of which the entire theory of evolution ought to be entirely is a serious obstruction to biological research. My attempts to demonstrate evolution by experiments carried out over 40 years have COMPLETELY FAILED."(5) "HOPEFUL MONSTERS?" More recently, some like Stephen Gould of Harvard have returned to the "hopeful monster" theory ("saltatory" [jumping] evolution, or the "punctuated equilibrium") of Richard Goldschmidt in the 1930's; the idea that radical change in genes or chromosomes make a lizard, for instance, give birth to a bird--a "hopeful" idea indeed. Gould himself points out the problems with this. (How VERY lucky can you get? And if you think PEOPLE have problems finding a mate, how about our hopeful monster?)(6) FOSSIL FOOTPRINTS There are some big (and I do mean BIG) problems getting the facts to fit in Sir Charles Lyell's geology. The neat "geological ages" chart you see on the school walls is a MYTH -- it never exists like that anywhere on earth or it would be a hundred miles high. Then there are many examples of TOTALLY REVERSED "STRATA LAYERS" that no known force on earth could have produced that way -- some are THOUSANDS of square miles (the Lewis overthrust for instance, weighs in at around 800,000 BILLION TONS, but shows no signs of grinding or sliding that a true "overthrust" would produce).(7) But some of the most embarrassing discoveries of modern times are ENTIRELY "MISPLACED FOSSILS," millions of years in the wrong place, such as human footprints found in Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Illinois, New Mexico, Kentucky, and other states, in rocks supposedly 250,000,000 years old. [Just under this statement is a box containing a photo of two fossil footprints, one looking kind of like a huge duck's and one obviously human, in very similar looking pieces of rock. The caption reads "Dinosaur and human tracks cut from the same strata in the Paluxy River Bed."] Only two explanations of these are possible: (a) Modern man lived in the earliest years of evolutionary history; (b) History must be shrunk to the time of man. Neither of these is acceptable to a geology based on uniformist principles. Albert C. Ingalls said, "If man...existed as far back as the Carboniferous period in any shape, then the whole science of geology is so completely wrong that all geologists will resign their jobs and take up truck driving. Hence, for the present at least, science rejects that attractive explanation that man made these mysterious prints."(8) Dinosaur AND giant human tracts cut from the same "Cretaceous" strata are an embarrassing find, if these lizards were extinct 70 MILLION YEARS before man "evolved."(9) Though the dino tracks (in the Paluxy River Bed in Glen Rose, Texas, for instance) are real, perhaps the human prints were later "clever carvings" by Indians (who must have gotten around other states a lot). Recent research, however, has shown that they CONTINUE under shale bulldozed away, and paleontologists like Dr. Camp of the University of California and Dr. G. Westcott of Ypsilanti, Michigan, have pronounced them GENUINE. SCORES of other similar finds have come in: Human sculls, gold chains, and an iron pot in coal; human skulls in the Pliocene strata; pollen and anthropods in Pre- Cambrian layers; even pictographs of a dinosaur among other animals on ancient canyon walls, which would knock some 70 million years out of the geologic column!"(10) HOW ABOUT DATING METHODS? A brief word on radioactive and other dating methods. We do not have space to go into the problems of some of the different methods used to establish the "long ages" of Earth's fossil records in a short treatment like this; suffice it to say that although these systems have value in confirming the age of more recent creatures or artifacts, much is based on ASSUMPTIONS that no radical changes have taken place in Earth's atmosphere or radiation decay rates.(11) TWENTY-THREE CENTURY SNAILS This may lead, for instance, to numerous ridiculous findings, like LIVING snails being dated (C-14 method) at 2,300 years old, New wood from growing trees at 10,000 years, and Hawaiian lava flows KNOWN to be less than two centuries dated by the potassium-argon method at up to 3 BILLION years old!(12) Wysong and others give a large list of factors that point to a YOUNG earth, like Gentry's "pleochroic halos," oil gusher pressure, decay of Earth's magnetic movement and its slowing spin rate, the shallow dust layer of the moon, and much more.(13) For nearly a century and a quarter, people have attempted to improve this "imperfection of the geologic record." Darwin would have been sick if he had seen what has been collected. The Curator of the Field Museum for Natural History in Chicago (housing 20% of all known fossil species) says, "...Ironically we have even FEWER examples of evolutionary transition than in Darwin's time. By this I mean that some of the classic cases of Darwinian change in the fossil record, such as the evolution of the horse in North America, have had to be discarded or modified as a result of more detailed information."(14) Famous paleontologists at Harvard, the American and even the British Museum say we have NOT A SINGLE EXAMPLE of evolutionary transition at all."(15) AM I MY KEEPER'S BROTHER? How about fossil men classified as pre-humanoid? How about all the pictures of beetle-browed, club-lugging Neanderthal muggers? How about them, indeed! Although some textbooks and magazines don't seem to have caught up with recent research, it appears as if "apemen" are largely figments of the artistic "reconstructor's" IMAGINATION. The vast majority of fossil finds (which include thousands of apes and a great many skeletons of MODERN man) have been shown to be either FICTITIOUS or MISTAKEN CLASSIFICATION. We shall not mention in detail embarrassing cases from the past like the elephant's knee- cap assigned to "Pithecanthropus" in 1926, or the "Hesperopithecus" tooth of 1922 introduced as evidence in the famous Scopes trial, but which turned out to be that of a pig! Others like the DuBois "Java Man" and "Peking Man" (whose remains "mysteriously disappeared") have been quietly removed from the textbooks, along with "Piltdown man," the clever but shameful hoax of Charles Dawson that fooled specialists and men of science for nearly 40 years. More recently, "Australopithecus" ("southern ape") was news; that is now quite likely all Donald Johanson's "LUCY" is.(16) Louis Leaky found tools at the site, and assumed Australopithecus made them; his son found "bones virtually indistinguishable from modern man" (the toolmaker?) underneath them 13 years later, and said then his discovery "shattered standard beliefs in evolution."(17) MANY fossilized skeletons of MODERN MAN have been unearthed at locations AS OLD OR OLDER than the supposedly less advanced humanoids found.(18) The "Cro-Magnon" men of Europe have superior size and brain capacity than modern man; a number of men of great age, but truly human, of gigantic size have been unearthed in the Far East, especially in Java. All these findings add to the principle that developmental evolution is not the universal law of biology, but rather DETERIORATION or degeneration. THE WORLD THAT WAS THEN WAS PERISHED How did the fossils form? James Hutton introduced to geology "uniformitarianism," an idea popularized by Sir Charles Lyell and deeply influencing Darwin's work -- that "the present is the key to the past." Sometimes it is indeed. Erosion, sedimentation, and the occasional island formation or flood, give us pictures of what has happened in some places. Of course, this all takes TIME and lots of it. And fossils do not form like that. FOSSILS ARE THE CHILDREN OF CATASTROPHE -- a living thing is buried suddenly by eruption, flood, or landslide. The world is filled with these "graveyards" of more than 100,000 different species; some fossil beds have not less than 10 BILLION individual fossils! COAL is a classic example. Trillions of tons of vegetation, much of it perfectly preserved even to the flowers and leaves, are buried, with some seams as much as 30-40 feet thick. Forget your grade school image of trees falling into a swamp and "millions of years later" becoming coal. Under the right conditions, coal can be formed in a few DECADES, and plants falling into water only rot unless SUDDENLY compressed and cut off from oxidation by a large dump of soil or clay. No known peat bog in the world grades into coal, and some coal seams have 75 or more stratas each representing up to 300-400 feet of original vegetable matter! And what about large tree trunks that go right through SEVERAL sedimentary strata?? A WARNING IN THE ROCKS It looks very much indeed as if the fossil record is one of great CATASTROPHE, an order of DEATH, not an order of ascending life. One creation model much researched today is that of Flood Geology, which postulates that much of the fossil record is an order of DEPOSITION, as a terrible judgement swept the world the first time.(19) All life was buried by walls of water, and so-called "ages" are actually ecological ZONES that were buried and choked in mud. In the Noarchian Flood, waters swirled over the planet face for 371 days, with tides 5,000 to 10,000 feet high creating tremendous pressure on all buried matter, providing the power to fossilize forests and petrify wood in a matter of months. Recently there have been popularized searches for the location of the last resting place of the Ark (NOAH'S Ark, not the one Indiana Jones was after!) It was a massive vehicle of some 43,300 tons displacement, around 450 x 75 x 45 feet in size, with a total deck area of 101,250 square feet and a carrying size equal to 8 FREIGHT TRAINS OF 65 CARS EACH! (1,396,000 cubic ft.) Ernest Mayr, leading systematic taxonomist, lists around 1,000,000 different species of modern animal life, of which, (even according to modern "kinds") only some 35,000 were land-based. With around 240 large animals to a standard 2-deck rail car, 2 trains hauling 73 such cars could carry the full load; the Ark had space for 522 cars this size, so there was plenty of room (even for the elephant's bathrooms)! It should be obvious that without supernatural CARE, Noah's little family would never have survived; without supernatural INTERVENTION, our world would STILL be buried in water. (See Isaiah 54:9-10) Scripture indicates a possible mammoth re-structuring of Earth's topology (Psalms 104:6-9- "The mountains ascend, the valleys descend"), creating our present deep ocean basins to drain off the floodwaters, and our ancestors finally stepped off into a new world. (Genesis 6:20, 7:15-16, 8:1) HOW LONG CAN WE TREAD WATER? "For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah," said Jesus, "For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, they were marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away; so shall the coming of the Son of Man be." (Matthew 24:37-39) The FIRST time He came as a baby; the NEXT time He comes as the rightful king of the Earth. The apostle Peter said: Know this first of all, that in the last days scoffers will come with their mocking, following after their own lusts, and saying 'Where is the promise of His coming?'...For this they willingly are ignorant of...the world that then was being overflowed with water perished; but the present heavens and earth by His Word are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgement and destruction of ungodly men." (2nd Peter 3:3-7) WATER THEN, FIRE NEXT TIME It is the considered conviction of thousands of respected researchers and scientists that, based on the evidence, it is time to return to the Lord. They say this not because they are blind, prejudiced, or stupid, but because the FACTS do not fit the alternative. If both the Creationist and Evolutionist picture are, in the final analysis, a matter of FAITH, it is better to stick with the faith that best coincides with the facts. It is a big gamble indeed to risk your soul and your future on the hope that you are nothing more than a blind product of time, chance, and matter, when you may have to stand one day before the Creator you rejected -- DESPITE THE FACTS -- and explain to Him your logic. It is also our conviction that you will not have to wait very long. Time's final drama is about to take place, and as C.S. Lewis put it -- "When the Author walks on the stage, the play is over." It is time to seek the Lord. The next move over to you.... [There is a large list of Creation Research materials listed at the end. I will only type in the organizations to contact for further info, and then the boring to type footnotes (yerx!)] FOR MORE INFO CONTACT: Creation Research Society, 2717 Cranbrook Rd., Ann Arbor, MI Institute for Creation Research, 2100 Greenfield Dr., El Cajon, Ca, 92021 (All their info is free, drop them a card) Bible-Science Association, 2911 E. 42nd St, Minneapolis, MN 55406 FOOTNOTES: 1. James Millot: Scientific American, Dec, 1955, p37; Charles Bogert: Scientific Monthly, 1953, p167; "Insects in Amber," Scientific American, Nov 1951, pp57-58, 60-61; "The Dragonfly -- Fossil on Wings," Science Digest, May 1961, p6. 2. Darwin, op. cit. 179. 3. Gary Parker: Creation -- The Facts of Life, pp 101-102. 4. Why We Believe in Creation, p312. 5. (Dr. Herbert Nilsson, Professor of Botany, Univ. of Lund, Sweden, after a LIFETIME STUDY of genetics and the fossil record.) 6. Stephen Gould: "The Return of Hopeful Monsters," Natural History, June- July 1977. 7. William Pierce: Bulletin of Amer. Assn. of Petroleum Geologists, Vol 41, 1958, p596; John Read: Experiences in Overthrust Areas, Bible Science Assn, op. cit. pp1-6. 8. "The Carboniferous Mystery," Scientific Monthly, vol 162, Jan 1940, p14. 9. Natural History, May 1939, p255. 10. Otto Stutzer: Geology of Coal, Chicago, Univ. of Chicago, 1940, p271. R.L. Wysong, op. cit., pp370-383; E. Scoyen: Arizonal Highways, 27, July 1951, pp36-39. 11. W.F. Libby: Radiocarbon Dating, Chicago, Univ. of chicago, 1952. F.B. Juneman: Industrial Research, 14, 1972, p15; Anderson & Spangler: "Radiometric Dating: Is the 'Decay Constant' Constant?" Pensee, 4, fall 1974, p34 12. Kieth & Anderson: "Radiocarbon Dating: Fictitious Results with Mollusk shells," Science, 141, 1963, p634; Funkhouser & Naughton: Journal of Geophysical Research, 73, 1968, p4606; Laghlin: Excessive Radiogenic Argon in Pegmatite Minerals, op cit, 74, 1969, p6684. R.L. Wysong: "Youth or Antiquity?" op cit, pp 145-179. 13. op cit, pp 158-178. 14. David Raup: "Conflicts Between Darwin and Paleontology", Field Museum Bulletin, Jan 1979. 15. Parker, op cit, 95. 16. Time, January 29, 1979. 17. Parker, op cit, 117-118. 18. Men of Galley Hill, Swanscombe, Foxhall, Grimaldi, & others. 19. Whitcombe & Morris: "The Genesis Flood; George Howe, ed: Speak to the Earth, Pres. & Reformed publishing Co.; Duane Gish: Evolution-The Fossils Say NO!, Creation-Life publishers. One final note, This article is typed from a reprint of The Last Days Newsletter. For a complete list of articles priced at whatever you can afford, or a free subscription, write Last Days Ministries, Box 40, Lindale TX 75771-0040. CREATION OR EVOLUTION? PART III---THE FOSSIL RECORD: NOW ENDED.


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