READING LIST ON CHRISTIANITY, SCIENCE AND 'CREATION SCIENCE' Barbour, Ian. ISSUES IN SCIE
READING LIST ON CHRISTIANITY, SCIENCE
AND "CREATION SCIENCE"
Barbour, Ian. ISSUES IN SCIENCE AND RELIGION. Harper, 1966.
-Classic work covering a lot of ground.
Bube, Richard H. THE HUMAN QUEST: A NEW LOOK AT SCIENCE AND THE
CHRISTIAN FAITH. Word, 1971.
-By a well known evangelical apologist.
Burke, Derek; ed. CREATION AND EVOLUTION. InterVarsity, 1985.
-Debate format between proponents of "creation science"
and scientifically trained Evangelical opponents of
same. (A title in the series "When Christians
Frye, Ronald M.; ed. IS GOD A CREATIONIST?: THE RELIGIOUS CASE
AGAINST CREATION SCIENCE. Scribner's, 1983.
-Essays by various Christians collectively critiquing
the "creation science" approach to science and biblical
Gilkey, Langdon. MAKER OF HEAVEN AND EARTH: THE CHRISTIAN
DOCTRINE OF CREATION IN THE LIGHT OF MODERN KNOWLEDGE.
-A thorough study of the doctrine of creation.
-----. CREATIONISM ON TRIAL: EVOLUTION AND GOD AT LITTLE ROCK.
Winston Press, 1985.
-A participating theologian's account of the trial of
the Arkansas "balanced treatment" for "creation science"
law. Includes valuable ruminations throughout, and in
concluding chapters, on science and religion in modern
Gillispie, Charles Coulston. GENESIS AND GEOLOGY: A STUDY IN THE
RELATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT, NATURAL THEOLOGY, AND SOCIAL
OPINION IN GREAT BRITAIN, 1790-1850. Harper, 1959.
-A valuable standard work. See also, Porter '77.
Godfrey, Laurie R.; ed. SCIENTISTS CONFRONT CREATIONISTS.
-An excellent scientific critique of "creation science"
in an anthology format.
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Hooykaas, R. RELIGION AND THE RISE OF MODERN SCIENCE. Eerdmans,
-Argues that religion (esp. creation doctrine) provided
an impetus to the scientific revolution. For a critique
see Rolf Gruner, "Science, Nature and Christianity,"
JOURNAL OF THEOLOGICAL STUDIES, 26:55-81, 1975.
Hyers, Conrad. THE MEANING OF CREATION: GENESIS AND MODERN
SCIENCE. John Knox, 1984.
-Theology and cosmology of Genesis. Argues that any
attempt to evaluate the "scientific merit" of the Bible
(whether the purpose is to praise or denigrate) is a
concession of scripture to science. Genesis should be
interpreted in terms of issues and concepts current and
crucial to its authors, not those developed during the
scientific revolution. Criticizes "progressive
creationism" (Ramm '54 and Young '77) as well as "strict
Jeeves, Malcolm A. THE SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE AND CHRISTIAN FAITH.
-The compatibility of science and Christianity. Based
on the 1965 International Conference of Science and
Kitcher, Philip. ABUSING SCIENCE: THE CASE AGAINST CREATIONISM.
MIT Press, 1982.
-Critique of "creation science" focusing especially on
the philosophical issues (eg. evolution & ethics pp.
Lindberg, David C. & Ronald L. Numbers; eds. GOD AND NATURE:
HISTORICAL ESSAYS ON THE ENCOUNTER BETWEEN CHRISTIANITY AND
SCIENCE. Univ. of Calif., 1986.
-A superb and well organized collection of essays by
highly competent scholars. Numbers' essay on "The
Creationists" outlines the development of 20th century
anti-evolutionism. (A book length history by Numbers is
reportedly in progress.)
Livingstone, David N. DARWIN'S FORGOTTEN DEFENDERS: THE
ENCOUNTER BETWEEN EVANGELICAL THEOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT.
-Shorter work covering some of the same ground as Moore
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Moore, James R. THE POST DARWINIAN CONTROVERSIES: A STUDY OF THE
PROTESTANT STRUGGLE TO COME TO TERMS WITH DARWIN IN GREAT
BRITAIN AND AMERICA 1870-1900. Cambridge, 1979.
-A very important work with the surprising thesis "that
Darwin's theory was accepted in substance by those whose
theology was distinctly orthodox, and was not embraced
by liberal Christians." This book has a great
bibliography (which is expanded in the 1981 edition).
Peacocke, Arthur A. CREATION AND THE WORLD OF SCIENCE. Clarendon
-Going beyond issues of accommodation and relation, with
which most of the works here listed are concerned,
Peacocke attempts to fully incorporate modern science
Porter, Roy. THE MAKING OF GEOLOGY: EARTH SCIENCE IN BRITAIN
1660-1815. Cambridge, 1977.
-This standard history is included due to a common, if
tacit, assumption that "creation science" is merely
anti-evolutionary. In truth, its most distinctive
elements -- "flood geology," a young earth, and so on --
were falsified and abandoned by the scientific community
long before Darwin. (See also: Gillispie '59, and
Young '88 chapters 1-5.) Porter's work also shows that
pre-Darwinian geologists had little difficulty
reconciling their findings with their religious beliefs.
Ramm, Bernard. THE CHRISTIAN VIEW OF SCIENCE AND SCRIPTURE.
-This attempt to avoid the straitjacket of "hyper-
orthodoxy" was very influential among evangelicals
(though not so much, apparently, as the revival of
Ramm's "hyper-orthodoxy" in the guise of "scientific
creationism"). Ramm's defense of "progressive
creationism" is criticized in Hyers pp. 80-92.
Ratzsch, Del. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: THE NATURAL SCIENCES IN
CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE. InterVarsity, 1986.
-By a philosophy professor from Calvin College. A
volume in the "Contours of Christian Philosophy" series.
(Aside from its religious thrust, this work is a useful
introduction to the philosophy of science.)
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Russel, Colin A. CROSS-CURRENTS: INTERACTIONS BETWEEN SCIENCE
AND FAITH. Eerdmans, 1985.
-A very readable history of science and religion
Strahler, Arthur N. SCIENCE AND EARTH HISTORY: THE EVOLUTION/
CREATION CONTROVERSY. Prometheus, 1987.
-A monographic examination, in textbook format, of the
scientific issues in the Creation/Evolution controversy.
Van Till, Howard J. THE FOURTH DAY: WHAT THE BIBLE AND THE
HEAVENS ARE TELLING US ABOUT THE CREATION. Eerdmans, 1986.
-"Taking both the Bible and the Cosmos Seriously," Van
Till argues that the discoveries of modern science and
the Bible are compatible. Focus is on his specialty of
Astronomy. The creation/evolution controversy is
discussed incidently throughout, and in a separate
chapter, as generating "more heat than light." Brief
-----; Davis Young & Clarence Menninga. SCIENCE HELD HOSTAGE:
WHAT'S WRONG WITH CREATION SCIENCE *AND* EVOLUTIONISM.
-By scientists from Calvin College. "Creation science"
is charged with violating the "values of science":
professional competence, ethical standards in dealing
with data, and principles of sound judgement in
evaluating theories. "Evolutionary Naturalism" is
accused, in popularizations of science such as Sagan's
"Cosmos," of violating the "domain of science" by
fallaciously using science to justify its philosophical
Wonderly, D. E. GOD'S TIME-RECORDS IN ANCIENT SEDIMENTS. Crystal
-I have not seen this book, but it is frequently cited
as a good refutation of young earth creationism and
Wright, Richard T. BIOLOGY THROUGH THE EYES OF FAITH. Harper &
-Work in a series cosponsored by the Christian College
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Young, Davis A. CREATION AND THE FLOOD. Baker, 1977.
-An evangelical geologist reconciles Genesis and geology
in a "progressive creation" framework. (Discussed in
Hyers '84 pp. 80-92.)
-----. CHRISTIANITY AND THE AGE OF THE EARTH. Zondervan, 1982.
-A geologist shows that the claims of "young earth"
creationism and flood geology are falsified by the
relevant data. (This book is out of print with
Zondervan. Now available from Artisan Sales; P.O. Box
2497; Thousand Oaks, CA 91360. $8.50 postpaid per copy;
ten or more, $4.50 ea.)
Issues of the JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SCIENTIFIC AFFILIATION, now
retitled PERSPECTIVES ON SCIENCE AND CHRISTIAN FAITH.
-The ASA is an organization of Evangelical Christians
with scientific training. Membership includes both
progressive creationists and theistic evolutionists of
various sorts. Proponents of orthodox "creation
science" seem to be a distinct minority. ASA; P.O. Box
668; Ipswich, MA 01938.
Beck, Stanely D. "Natural Science and Creationist Theology,"
BIOSCIENCE, 32:732-42, 1982.
Hyers, Conrad. "The Fall and Rise of Creationism," THE CHRISTIAN
CENTURY, April 24, 1985.
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