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READING LIST ON CHRISTIANITY, SCIENCE AND "CREATION SCIENCE" Barbour, Ian. ISSUES IN SCIENCE AND RELIGION. Harper, 1966. -Classic work covering a lot of ground. Bube, Richard H. THE HUMAN QUEST: A NEW LOOK AT SCIENCE AND THE CHRISTIAN FAITH. Word, 1971. -By a well known evangelical apologist. Burke, Derek; ed. CREATION AND EVOLUTION. InterVarsity, 1985. -Debate format between proponents of "creation science" and scientifically trained Evangelical opponents of same. (A title in the series "When Christians Disagree.") Frye, Ronald M.; ed. IS GOD A CREATIONIST?: THE RELIGIOUS CASE AGAINST CREATION SCIENCE. Scribner's, 1983. -Essays by various Christians collectively critiquing the "creation science" approach to science and biblical interpretation. Gilkey, Langdon. MAKER OF HEAVEN AND EARTH: THE CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF CREATION IN THE LIGHT OF MODERN KNOWLEDGE. Doubleday, 1959. -A thorough study of the doctrine of creation. -----. CREATIONISM ON TRIAL: EVOLUTION AND GOD AT LITTLE ROCK. Winston Press, 1985. -A participating theologian's account of the trial of the Arkansas "balanced treatment" for "creation science" law. Includes valuable ruminations throughout, and in concluding chapters, on science and religion in modern society. Gillispie, Charles Coulston. GENESIS AND GEOLOGY: A STUDY IN THE RELATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT, NATURAL THEOLOGY, AND SOCIAL OPINION IN GREAT BRITAIN, 1790-1850. Harper, 1959. -A valuable standard work. See also, Porter '77. Godfrey, Laurie R.; ed. SCIENTISTS CONFRONT CREATIONISTS. Norton, 1983. -An excellent scientific critique of "creation science" in an anthology format. - 2 - Hooykaas, R. RELIGION AND THE RISE OF MODERN SCIENCE. Eerdmans, 1972. -Argues that religion (esp. creation doctrine) provided an impetus to the scientific revolution. For a critique see Rolf Gruner, "Science, Nature and Christianity," JOURNAL OF THEOLOGICAL STUDIES, 26:55-81, 1975. Hyers, Conrad. THE MEANING OF CREATION: GENESIS AND MODERN SCIENCE. John Knox, 1984. -Theology and cosmology of Genesis. Argues that any attempt to evaluate the "scientific merit" of the Bible (whether the purpose is to praise or denigrate) is a concession of scripture to science. Genesis should be interpreted in terms of issues and concepts current and crucial to its authors, not those developed during the scientific revolution. Criticizes "progressive creationism" (Ramm '54 and Young '77) as well as "strict creationism." Jeeves, Malcolm A. THE SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE AND CHRISTIAN FAITH. InterVarsity, 1969. -The compatibility of science and Christianity. Based on the 1965 International Conference of Science and Faith. Kitcher, Philip. ABUSING SCIENCE: THE CASE AGAINST CREATIONISM. MIT Press, 1982. -Critique of "creation science" focusing especially on the philosophical issues (eg. evolution & ethics pp. 194-202). Lindberg, David C. & Ronald L. Numbers; eds. GOD AND NATURE: HISTORICAL ESSAYS ON THE ENCOUNTER BETWEEN CHRISTIANITY AND SCIENCE. Univ. of Calif., 1986. -A superb and well organized collection of essays by highly competent scholars. Numbers' essay on "The Creationists" outlines the development of 20th century anti-evolutionism. (A book length history by Numbers is reportedly in progress.) Livingstone, David N. DARWIN'S FORGOTTEN DEFENDERS: THE ENCOUNTER BETWEEN EVANGELICAL THEOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT. Eerdmans, 1987. -Shorter work covering some of the same ground as Moore '79. - 3 - Moore, James R. THE POST DARWINIAN CONTROVERSIES: A STUDY OF THE PROTESTANT STRUGGLE TO COME TO TERMS WITH DARWIN IN GREAT BRITAIN AND AMERICA 1870-1900. Cambridge, 1979. -A very important work with the surprising thesis "that Darwin's theory was accepted in substance by those whose theology was distinctly orthodox, and was not embraced by liberal Christians." This book has a great bibliography (which is expanded in the 1981 edition). Peacocke, Arthur A. CREATION AND THE WORLD OF SCIENCE. Clarendon Press, 1979. -Going beyond issues of accommodation and relation, with which most of the works here listed are concerned, Peacocke attempts to fully incorporate modern science into theology. Porter, Roy. THE MAKING OF GEOLOGY: EARTH SCIENCE IN BRITAIN 1660-1815. Cambridge, 1977. -This standard history is included due to a common, if tacit, assumption that "creation science" is merely anti-evolutionary. In truth, its most distinctive elements -- "flood geology," a young earth, and so on -- were falsified and abandoned by the scientific community long before Darwin. (See also: Gillispie '59, and Young '88 chapters 1-5.) Porter's work also shows that pre-Darwinian geologists had little difficulty reconciling their findings with their religious beliefs. Ramm, Bernard. THE CHRISTIAN VIEW OF SCIENCE AND SCRIPTURE. Eerdmans, 1954. -This attempt to avoid the straitjacket of "hyper- orthodoxy" was very influential among evangelicals (though not so much, apparently, as the revival of Ramm's "hyper-orthodoxy" in the guise of "scientific creationism"). Ramm's defense of "progressive creationism" is criticized in Hyers pp. 80-92. Ratzsch, Del. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: THE NATURAL SCIENCES IN CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE. InterVarsity, 1986. -By a philosophy professor from Calvin College. A volume in the "Contours of Christian Philosophy" series. (Aside from its religious thrust, this work is a useful introduction to the philosophy of science.) - 4 - Russel, Colin A. CROSS-CURRENTS: INTERACTIONS BETWEEN SCIENCE AND FAITH. Eerdmans, 1985. -A very readable history of science and religion emphasizing compatibility. Strahler, Arthur N. SCIENCE AND EARTH HISTORY: THE EVOLUTION/ CREATION CONTROVERSY. Prometheus, 1987. -A monographic examination, in textbook format, of the scientific issues in the Creation/Evolution controversy. Van Till, Howard J. THE FOURTH DAY: WHAT THE BIBLE AND THE HEAVENS ARE TELLING US ABOUT THE CREATION. Eerdmans, 1986. -"Taking both the Bible and the Cosmos Seriously," Van Till argues that the discoveries of modern science and the Bible are compatible. Focus is on his specialty of Astronomy. The creation/evolution controversy is discussed incidently throughout, and in a separate chapter, as generating "more heat than light." Brief annotated bibliography. -----; Davis Young & Clarence Menninga. SCIENCE HELD HOSTAGE: WHAT'S WRONG WITH CREATION SCIENCE *AND* EVOLUTIONISM. InterVarsity, 1987. -By scientists from Calvin College. "Creation science" is charged with violating the "values of science": professional competence, ethical standards in dealing with data, and principles of sound judgement in evaluating theories. "Evolutionary Naturalism" is accused, in popularizations of science such as Sagan's "Cosmos," of violating the "domain of science" by fallaciously using science to justify its philosophical conclusions. Wonderly, D. E. GOD'S TIME-RECORDS IN ANCIENT SEDIMENTS. Crystal Press, 1977. -I have not seen this book, but it is frequently cited as a good refutation of young earth creationism and flood geology. Wright, Richard T. BIOLOGY THROUGH THE EYES OF FAITH. Harper & Row, 1989. -Work in a series cosponsored by the Christian College Coalition. - 5 - Young, Davis A. CREATION AND THE FLOOD. Baker, 1977. -An evangelical geologist reconciles Genesis and geology in a "progressive creation" framework. (Discussed in Hyers '84 pp. 80-92.) -----. CHRISTIANITY AND THE AGE OF THE EARTH. Zondervan, 1982. -A geologist shows that the claims of "young earth" creationism and flood geology are falsified by the relevant data. (This book is out of print with Zondervan. Now available from Artisan Sales; P.O. Box 2497; Thousand Oaks, CA 91360. $8.50 postpaid per copy; ten or more, $4.50 ea.) ALSO: Issues of the JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SCIENTIFIC AFFILIATION, now retitled PERSPECTIVES ON SCIENCE AND CHRISTIAN FAITH. -The ASA is an organization of Evangelical Christians with scientific training. Membership includes both progressive creationists and theistic evolutionists of various sorts. Proponents of orthodox "creation science" seem to be a distinct minority. ASA; P.O. Box 668; Ipswich, MA 01938. Beck, Stanely D. "Natural Science and Creationist Theology," BIOSCIENCE, 32:732-42, 1982. Hyers, Conrad. "The Fall and Rise of Creationism," THE CHRISTIAN CENTURY, April 24, 1985. --Scott Faust


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