The following quotes are reprinted with permission from the book, _Voices for Evolution_,

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The following quotes are reprinted with permission from the book, _Voices for Evolution_, edited by Betty McCollister, published by the National Center for Science Education, Inc. (NCSE). The full resolutions from these and many other groups, scientific, educational, and religious, can be found within that book, which can be ordered for $10 from NCSE at P.O. Box 9477, Berkeley, CA 94709. Some of the resolutions may also be available for download on the bulletin board from which you acquired this file, which was put together by David Bloomberg, Sysop of The Temples of Syrinx BBS, (217) 787-9101; FidoNet 1:2430/2112. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- "The methodology employed by creationists is another factor which is indicative that their work is not science. A scientific theory must be tentative and always subject to revision or abandonment in light of facts that are inconsistent with, or falsify, the theory. A theory that is by its own terms dogmatic, absolutist and never subject to revision is not a scientific theory." -- Judge William R. Overton McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education, January 5, 1982 (response to Act 590, a law requiring that creation be taught in biology classes as well as evolution) "The Court would never criticize or discredit any person's testimony based on his or her religious beliefs. While anybody is free to approach a scientific inquiry in any fashion they choose, they cannot properly describe the methodology used as scientific, if they start with a conclusion and refuse to change it regardless of the evidence developed during the course of the investigation." -- Judge William R. Overton McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education, January 5, 1982 (response to Act 590, a law requiring that creation be taught in biology classes as well as evolution) "The Academy of Science of the Royal Society of Canada considers that `scientific creationism' has nothing to do with science or the scientific method. `Scientific creationism' does not belong in any discussion of scientific principles or theories, and therefore should have no place in a science curriculum." -- Academy of Science of the Royal Society of Canada, 1985 Delivered by Fellows of the Academy to each Provincial Minister of Education in Canada "The theory of evolution by natural selection was first clearly formulated in 1859, and for over a century it has been tested and improved by the research of many thousands of scientists: not only by biologists and geologists, but also by chemists and physicists. From deductions based on abundant data, the theory has been developed to explain the changes that have taken place in living things over much of the Earth's history. In its modern form, it remains the only explanation for the diversity of life on this planet that is acceptable to the scientific community." -- Academy of Science of the Royal Society of Canada, 1985 Delivered by Fellows of the Academy to each Provincial Minister of Education in Canada "Scientific creationists adopt an entirely different approach in their attempt to explain the natural world. They accept either biblical or some other authority as overriding other kinds of evidence. They reject much of the accumulated scientific knowledge, and commonly deny the validity of deductions based on directly observable phenomena such as radioactive decay." -- Academy of Science of the Royal Society of Canada, 1985 Delivered by Fellows of the Academy to each Provincial Minister of Education in Canada "The methodology and conclusions of scientists and `scientific creationists' are therefore incompatible, and the term `scientific creationism' is a contradiction in terms, since it has no basis in science." -- Academy of Science of the Royal Society of Canada, 1985 Delivered by Fellows of the Academy to each Provincial Minister of Education in Canada "...a century of scientific research has confirmed the reality of evolution as a historical process, and the concept of evolution, in all its diversity, has explained the scientifically known evidence and successfully predicted fruitful paths of further research" -- American Anthropological Association from resolution passed at 1980 annual meeting "...the American Anthropological Association affirms the necessity of teaching evolution as the best scientific explanation of human and nonhuman biology and the key to understanding the origin and development of life, because the principles of evolution have been tested repeatedly and found to be valid according to scientific criteria" -- American Anthropological Association from resolution passed at 1980 annual meeting "Efforts to require teaching Creationism in science classes, whether exclusively, as a component of science curricula, or in equal-time counterpoint to evolution, are not based on science but rather are attempts to promote unscientific viewpoints in the name of science without basis in the record of scientific research by generations of anthropologists and other scholars" -- American Anthropological Association from resolution passed at 1980 annual meeting "The Commission on Science Education of the American Association for the Advancement of Science is vigorously opposed to attempts by some boards of education and other groups to require that religious accounts of creation be taught in science classes." -- American Association for the Advancement of Science from a resolution adopted by the Commission on Science Education at its meeting on 10/13/72 "The various accounts of creation that are part of the religious heritage of many people are not scientific statements or theories. They are statements that one may choose to believe, but if he does, this is a matter of faith, because such statements are not subject to study or verification by the procedures of science." -- American Association for the Advancement of Science from a resolution adopted by the Commission on Science Education at its meeting on 10/13/72 "Thus the statments about creation that are part of many religions have no place in the domain of science and should not be regarded as reasonable alternatives to scientific explanations for the origin and evolution of life." -- American Association for the Advancement of Science from a resolution adopted by the Commission on Science Education at its meeting on 10/13/72 "...the theory of creation is neither scientifically grounded nor capable of performing the roles required of scientific theories" -- American Association for the Advancement of Science from a resolution passed by the Board of Directors, 10/22/72 "...Creationist groups are imposing beliefs disguised as science upon teachers and students to the detriment and distortion of public education in the United States" -- American Association for the Advancement of Science from a resolution passed by the Board of Directors on 1/4/82 and passed by the Council on 1/7/82 "THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that because `Creationist Science' has no scientific validity it should not be taught as science, and further, that the AAAS views legislation requiring `Creationist Science' to be taught in public schools as a real and present threat to the integrity of education and the teaching of science" -- American Association for the Advancement of Science from a resolution passed by the Board of Directors on 1/4/82 and passed by the Council on 1/7/82 "We agree with the findings of Judge William Overton that the Arkansas creationism law represents an unconstitutional intrusion of religious doctrine into the public schools, that `creation science' is not science, and that its advocates have followed the unscientific procedure of starting from a dogmatically held conclusion and looking only for evidence to support that conclusion." -- American Astronomical Society Resolution on Creationism Adopted unanimously, 1/10/82 "The Board of Directors of the American Chemical Society reaffirms its statement of December 2, 1972 that creationism theories, often mistermed `scientific creationism,' should not be taught as science in the nation's science classes. These theories were not derived from scientific data and are not amenable to scientific test. Any implication that such theories are within the framework of science would confuse students about the nature of both religion and science." -- American Chemical Society, Addendum to Report on Committee on Professional and Member Relations, Endorsed by the ACS Board of Directors on 12/6/81 "Scientific evidence indicates beyond any doubt that life has existed on Earth for billions of years. This life has evolved through time producing vast numbers of species of plants and animals, most of which are extinct. Although scientists debate the mechanism that produced this change, the evidence for the change in undeniable. Therefore, in the teaching of science we oppose any position that ignores this scientific reality, or that gives equal time to interpretations based on religious beliefs only." -- American Geological Institute Unanimously approved by governing board, 11/5/81 "Principles of evolution are an essential part of the knowledge base of psychology. Any attempt to limit or exclude the teaching of evolution from the science curriculum would deprive psychology students of a significant part of their education." -- American Psychological Association from a resolution passed by vote of 100 in favor to 1 opposed at the APA annual meeting, 1982 "The American Psychological Association, without questioning the right of any individual to hold `creationist' beliefs, views `creationism' as a set of religious doctrines that do not conform to criteria of science." -- American Psychological Association from a resolution passed by vote of 100 in favor to 1 opposed at the APA annual meeting, 1982 "The term `Creation-Science' obscures the profound differences between religious beliefs and scientific theory. The proper education of the nation's youth for citizenship in a technological age demands that the distinction between these two major currents in human affairs be maintained in keeping with the precepts of our Constitution." -- American Society of Biological Chemists from a ballot referendum approved by ASBC membership by vote of 2624 in favor to 151 opposed, 8/25/82 "The American Society of Parasitologists -- a national membership organization of 1500 professional scientists -- vigorously opposes any state or federal law or any public school board policy that would diminish public education on the principle of evolution, or that would demand comparable funding or treatment of creationism." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "Science is a disciplined method of obtaining naturalistic explanations of the world and universe. God is believed to exist outside the domain of natural law and to transcend its limitations. Creationism inherently rests on belief in this supernatural Creator, and no supernatural can ever be correctly be considered a science." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "Science makes no pretense of judging whether or not God exists or why He works as He does; science has always acknowledged these questions as being outside the domain of its authority. In their private beliefs, many, perhaps the majority, of scientists who believe the principles of evolution are also God-believing Christians, Jews, Moslems, or other theists, and see no contradiction between these beliefs." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "...the official positions enunciated by American and world leaders of Roman Catholic, Episcopal, Presbyterian, and other churches are that evolution is not a contradiction of Biblical religion." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "The 123-year history of creationism clearly shows it to be tied to no other cause but (fundamentalism), and to be overwhelmingly rejected by the majority of Christian denominations and by scientists of all faiths." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "Because creationism is linked solely with fundamentalist Christianity, all creationist laws infringe on the First Amendment clause prohibiting the establishment of religion." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "The word `theory' has different meanings to the scientist and layman. Virtually all scientists accept the evolution of current species from fewer, simpler, ancestral ones as undisputed fact. The `theory' of evolution pertains merely to the mechanisms by which this occurs, and the much-touted arguments among scientists about evolution are over details of these mechanisms, not about the factuality of evolution itself." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "To call evolution a theory implies no more doubt about its factuality than referring to the atomic theory or the theory of gravitation mean we doubt the existence of atoms or gravity." -- American Society of Parasitologists from a resolution adopted by ASP Council, 1982 "Creationism weakens the emphasis on scientific reasoning that is essential to the continued advancement of scientific knowledge." -- Geological Society of America from a resolution adopted by the Council, 5/83 "...`scientific creationism' or `divine creationism' is not based upon objectively-gathered data and testing of the model as required by science." -- Georgia Academy of Science from a resolution passed unanimously by plenary session, 4/19/80 "Based upon overwhelming scientifically verifiable evidence to date, most scientists, regardless of religious preference, think that the earth and all forms of life evolved over a period of several billion years." -- Georgia Academy of Science from a resolution adopted at its plenary session, 4/24/82 "It is contrary to the nature of science to propose supernatural explanations of natural events or their origins. With its appeal to the supernatural, creationism is outside the realm of science." -- Iowa Academy of Science from a resolution adopted by a majority of all voting members, 2/81 "The total membership of these `scientific' creationist groups constitutes only a fraction of one percent of the scientific personnel in this country. Most of them are not trained in biology or geology, the areas in which professional judgements are made in the field of evolutionary theory. They often misrepresent the positions of respected scientists and quote them out of context to support their own views before audiences and government bodies." -- Iowa Academy of Science from a resolution adopted by a majority of all voting members, 2/81 "Although creationists claim that the entire geological record, with its orderly succession of fossils, is the product of a single universal flood that lasted a little longer than a year and covered the highest mountains to a depth of some 7 meters a few thousand years ago, there is clear evidence in the form of intertidal and terrestrial deposits that at no recorded time in the past has the entire planet been under water." -- "Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Sciences" "It is, therefore, our unequivocal conclusion that creationism, with its account of the origin of life by supernatural means, is not science. It subordinates evidence to statements based on authority and revelation. Its documentation is almost entirely limited to the special publications of its advocates. And its central hypothesis is not subject to change in light of new data or demonstration of error. Moreover, when the evidence for creationism has been subjected to the tests of the scientific method, it has been found invalid." -- "Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Sciences" "`Theory' -- to a scientist -- is a concept firmly grounded in and based on facts, contrary to the popular conception that it is a hazy notion or undocumented hypothesis." -- New Orleans Geological Society, 1985 "Creationists, in their charge that the `gaps' in the fossil record refute evolution, ignore the hundreds of identifiable transition species that have been catalogued." -- New Orleans Geological Society, 1985 "Creationism, as a scientific concept, was dismissed over a century ago and subsequent research has only confirmed that conclusion." -- New Orleans Geological Society, 1985 "Scientific Creationism is a religious concept masquerading as a scientific one." -- New York Academy of Sciences from a resolution passed by the Board of Governors, 5/22/80 "Creationists claim that biological evolution is a religious tenet; in fact it is one of the cornerstones of modern science." -- North Carolina Academy of Science from a resolution approved by NCAS Board of Directors on 7/18/81 and then by membership in a mail ballot, 1/82 "The application and content of the First Amendment principles are not determined by public opinion polls or by a majority vote . . . No group, no matter how large or small, may use the organism of government, of which the public schools are the most conspicuous and influential, to foist its religious beliefs on others." -- Judge William R. Overton McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education, January 5, 1982 (response to Act 590, a law requiring that creation be taught in biology classes as well as evolution) "...we call upon science teachers and local school authorities in all states to demand quality textbooks that are based on modern, scientific knowledge and that exclude `scientific' creationism" -- Central Conference of American Rabbis from resolution adopted at 95th Annual Convention, 6/84 "...the dogma of `Creationism' and `Creation-science' ... has been discredited by scientific and theologic studies and rejected in the statements of many church leaders" -- The General Convention of The Episcopal Church, 1982 "...we find no incompatiblity between the God of creation and a theory of evolution which uses universally verifiable data to explain the probable process by which life developed into its present form." -- Lexington Alliance of Religious Leaders from a resolution signed by 78 Kentucky ministers and religious leaders, 1981 "Current efforts to legislate the teaching of `creation-science' in the public school challenge and violate the basic principles which guide public schools and their responsibility for education of a public that is characterized by its cultural pluralism." -- United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. from resolution passed at 195th General Assembly, 1983 "Evolution as a scientific theory is supported by a vast body of scientifically scrutinizable evidence coming from such sources as anatomy and physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and the fossil record. To state, as Creationists do, that the Theory of Evolution is "only" a theory illustrates ignorance of science and the scientific method." -- Association of Pennsylvania State College and University Biologists

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