In-Reply-To: <1991Jul22.211534.6001@iWarp.intel.com> Date: Tue, 23 Jul 91 06:54:35 PDT Sub

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Newsgroups: talk.origins In-Reply-To: <1991Jul22.211534.6001@iWarp.intel.com> Organization: The Lion's Den, San Jose From: stassen@netcom.com (Chris Stassen) Date: Tue, 23 Jul 91 06:54:35 PDT Subject: Book recommendations Reply-To: stassen@netcom.UUCP (Chris Stassen) One of the best ways to learn about the Creation/Evolution debate is to pick up a few books. The periodicals (recommended earlier) are useful, but most assume some level of familiarity with the subject. Recommended reading materials: I. Anti-creationism (books which examine and debunk creationist arguments) Note: I don't recommend any general science books. The creationists' field of attack is very broad, and science books tend to be specialized. One would have to buy tens of such books to achieve the coverage of a single title which is tailored to the creationists' attack. Strahler, Arthur N., _Science and Earth History_; New York: Prometheus Books, 1987. This is the "evolutionist's encyclopedia." It's about 550 large pages filled with tiny print, and has an awesome index. It's a little long to just read, but is the best general reference on the topic. Godfrey, Laurie, Ed., _Scientists Confront Creationism_; New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1983. The best reference there was until Strahler's book. Shorter and easier to read. It's a collection of essays on various relevant topics from experts in the various fields. McGowan, Chris, _In The Beginning..._; New York: Prometheus Books, 1984. If I get to only recommend one book from this category to a creationist, this is the one I recommend. It's not as useful as a reference, but it's the easiest one to read. Kitcher, Philip, _Abusing Science_; Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986. Not recommeneded for creationists, who will likely find it offensive. Kitcher plays hardball with creationist tactics and arguments. II. Anti-evolution (creationist books which whomp on evolution) Know thine enemy. I don't really know any pro-creation books per se - except Biblically-oriented ones. Morris, Henry, _Scientific Creationism_; San Diego: Creation-Life Publishers, 1974. This is actually intended to be a teachers' handbook of material to use in science class. It is THE reference on creationist arguments. If you're only going to own one creationist book, it should be this one or the next one. Morris & Parker, _What Is Creation Science?_; San Diego: Master Books, 1982. This title is supposed to be an introduction to creation science. It shares much common material with _Scientific Creationism_. Since it's available in paperback (and the above title is not) buyers on a budget might prefer it. Gish, Duane, _Evolution: The Challenge of the Fossil Record_; San Diego: Master Books, 1985. This is a revised and expanded version of Gish's famous book, _Evolution: The Fossils Say No!_. If one is only going to have two creationist titles, this is the second one to buy. Wysong, R. L., _The Creation-Evolution Controversy_; Midland: Inquiry Press, 1986. While none of the three titles above could be accused of sterling scholarship, this one is an example of the bottom of the barrel. I purchased it because *any* really bad creationist argument can be found in it (the index is pretty good). III. Titles on the Origin of life Shapiro, R., _Origins: A Skeptic's Guide To The Creation Of Life On Earth_ New York: Bantam, 1986. This is one of two titles which I've seen for sale in both creationist and evolutionist book-ordering services. It's the best introduction to the various abiogenesis hypotheses and their strengths and weaknesses. Scott, Andrew, _The Creation Of Life: Past, Future, Alien_ New York: Basil Blackwell Inc., 1986. A title similar to Shapiro's which has also received favorable reviews in this group. Loomis, William F., _Four Billion Years: An Essay on the Evolution of Genes and Organisms_; Sunderland: Sinauer, 1988. A relatively technical abiogenesis scenario. Relatively long on speculation, especially near the end. Lots of hard-core chemistry in the early going. IV. Titles on the Arkansas Trial of Act 590. Back in the early 1980s, a bill somehow was passed in Arkansas which required equal time for creationism. It was eventually declared to be unconstitutional, in a trial which received television coverage and nationwide attention. Many books from both sides have been written on it. Montagu, Ashley, Ed., _Science and Creationism_ New York: Oxford University Press, 1984. A collection of essays on various topics related to the trial. Probably the best single title on the trial, as it contains multiple points of view. Gilkey, Langdon, _Creationism On Trial: Evolution and God at Little Rock_ Minneapolis: Winston Press, 1985. Dr. Gilkey is a liberal theologian who was one of the "theological witnesses" for the plaintiffs (who were trying to get the law declared unconstitutional). Geisler, Norman L., _The Creator in the Courtroom_ Milford: Mott Media Inc., 1982. Dr. Geisler is a professor of theology who was one of the defense "theological witnesses" (supporting creationism). It's pretty interesting to read both this book and Dr. Gilkey's book. One wonders if they were both at the same trial. V. Other random titles Dawkins, Richard, _The Blind Watchmaker_ New York: W. W. Norton, 1986 An in-depth examination of the 'argument from design' and a look at the 'apparent' designedness of life. -- "They tell us that / We lost our tails | Chris Stassen Evolving up / From little snails | I say it's all / Just wind in sails" | - Devo ("Jocko Homo") | stassen@netcom.UUCP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - -- - Stellar System Formation: Computer Simulation of the Formation of Planetary Systems by S. Dole in Icarus 13, 494-508 (1970) Extra-Solar Planetary Systems: A Microcomputer Simulation Fogg, Journal of the British Interplanetary Society (JBIS) Vol 38 pp 501-514 (1985) Calculations on the Composition of the terrestrial Planets Reynolds & Summers, Journal of Geophysical Research vol 74, no 10 May 15, 1969 p 2494 The formation of the Earth from Planetesimals Wetherill, Scientific American June 1981 Fractionation of Iron in the Solar System Harris & Tozer, Nature vol 215, Sept 30, 1967 Formation of the Sun and Planets A. G. W. Cameron, Icarus 1, 13-69 (1962) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Planet formation: On Volcanism and Thermal Tectonics on one-plate Planets Solomon, Geophysical Research Letters, vol 5, no 6 June 1978 Equation for Thermal Expansivity in Planetary Interiors Anderson, Journal of Geophysical Research vol 72 no 14 July 15, 1967 Internal Processes Affecting Surfaces of Low-Density Satellites: Ganymede and Callisto Parmentier & Head, Journal of Geophysical Research vol 84 no B11, Oct 10, 1979 The Supercontinent Cycle Nance, Worsley, & Moody, Scientific American, July 1988 Alfred Wegener and the Hypothesis of Continental Drift A. Hallam, Scientific American Feb 1975 Hargraves, R.B., "Precambrian Geological History", Science 193,4251 (30 July 1976), pp 363 - 371 Goldreich, Peter, and Stanton Peale, "Spin - Orbit Coupling in the Solar System", Astron. J. 71, 6 (August 1966), pp 425- 438 Cloud, Preston E., Jr., "Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Evolution on the Primitive Earth", Science 160, (17 May 1968), pp 729 - 736 Hart, Michael H, "Habitable Zones About Main-Sequence Stars", Icarus 37 (1979), pp 351 - 357 Mart, Michael H, "The Effect of a Planet's Size on the Evolution of its Atmosphere", published in some conference or another; I got a copy from the author. (ave Allen ) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Habitability Development: Planets for Man Dole Our Evolving Atmosphere Is Anyone There? by Isacc Asimov Second Planet, Second Earth S. L. Gillett, Analog Dec 84 The Postdiluvian World S. L. Gillett, Analog Nov 85 The Galaxy Before Man T. M. Donaldson, Analog Sept 84 The Steady State of the Earth's crust, atmosphere and oceans Siever, Scientific American, May 1974 The Prevalence of Earthlike Planets Pollard, American Scientist, vol 67, nov-dec 1979 p 653 Extra-solar planetary systems II: Habitable Planets in the Galaxy Fogg, JBIS vol 39, pp. 99-109, 1986 Problem of habitation on planetary systems of red-dwarf start Ksanfomality, JBIS vol 39, p 416-417, 1986 The Number of Inhabited Planets in the Galaxy Tang, JBIS, vol 37, p 410-413, 1984 The Evolution of the Atmosphere of the Earth Hart, Icarus, 33, 23-39, 1978 Evolution of the Atmosphere and Oceans Holland, Lazar & McCaffery, Nature vol 320, 6 mar 1986 World Builder: A modest Program for designing strange new Worlds S. Kimmel, Creative Computing, June 1983 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Atmospheric development: A Similarity Approach to the General Circulation of Planetary Atmospheres Golitsyn, Icarus, 13, p 1-24, (1970) The Atmosphere of Venus Schubert & Covey, Scientific American, July 1981, p66 The Runaway Greenhouse and the Accumulation of CO2 in the Venus Atmosphere Rasool & Bergh, Nature, vol 226, June 13 1970 The Volcanoes and Clouds of Venus Prinn, Scientific American, Mar 1985 Structure of the Lower Atmosphere of Venus C. Sagan, Icarus 1, 151-169 (1962) The Energy Budget and Atmospheric Circulation on a synchronously Rotating Planet Mintz, Icarus, 172-173 (1962) The Carbon Dioxide Question Woodwell, Scientific American, Jan 1978 The Energy Cycle of the Earth OOrt, Scientific American, Sept 1970 Heat and Helium in the Earth O'Nions & Oxburgh, Nature, vol 306, 1 Dec 1983 The Atmosphere Ingersoll, Scientific American, Sept 1983 _Advances in Geophysics_, Academic Press, a yearly publication. The 1983 volume (ISBN 0-12-018825-2, volume 25 in the series, edited by Barry Salzman) is entitled Theory of Climate. Volume 28 A and B (ISBN 0-12-018828-8 and 0-120018849-X, 1985, edited by Syukuro Manabe) is entitled Issues in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. My library has them under QC801.A283. The Circulation of the Upper Atmosphere R. E. Newell, Scientific American March 1964 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Climatic development: Enhanced CO2 greenhouse to compensate for reduced solar luminosity on early earth Owen & Cess, Nature, vol 227, 22Feb 1979 The Warm Earth Toon & Olson, Nature, october 1985 How climate Evolved on the Terrestrial Planets Kasting, Toon, & Pollack, Scientific American, Feb 1988 The Climate of Mars Haberle, Scientific American, May 1986 Climate Modeling Schneider, Scientific American, May 1987 The Climatic Effects of Nuclear War Turco, Toon, Ackerman, Pollack & Sagan, Scientific American, Aug 84 The Lost Seas of Venus W. J. Kaufmann, Science Digest Sept 1982 Climatic Changes of the last 18,000 years: Observations and Model Simulations COHMAP members, Science vol 241, 26 Aug 88, p 1043-1052 The Surface of Ice-Age Earth CLIMAP, Science vol 191, 19 mar 76 pp 1131 Components of the Ice Age Circulation Rind, J. of Geophysical Research, vol 92 p 4241-4281, 1987 The Influenc of Continental Ice Sheets on the Climate of an Ice Age Manabe & Broccoli, JofGR vol 90, p 2167-2190, 1985 The Role of Earth Radiation Budget Studies in Climate and General Circulation Research Ramanathan, JoGR vol 92, p 4075-4095, 1987 A Study of the Radiative Effects of Enhanced Atmospheric CO2 and CH4 on Early Earth Surface Temperatures Kiehl & Dickinson, JofGR vol 92, pp2991-2998, 1987 A Quasi-Three-Dimensional Climate Model Sellers, Journal of Climate and Applied Meterology, vol 22, sept 83, pp 1557 Atmospheric Effects of Nuclear War Aerosols in General Circulation Model Simulations: Influence of Smoke on Optical Properties Thompson & Ramaswamy, JofGR, vol 92, pp10942-10960, Sept 1987 - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Development of Life: Life in Darwin's Universe G. Bylinsky, Omni Sept 79 The Biosphere Cloud, Scientific American, Sept 1983 The Energy Cycle of the Biosphere Woodwel, Scientific American, Sept 1970 The Probability of Contact with extra-terrestrial Life Langton, JBIS, vol 29, 465-468, 1976 The Physical Appearance of Intelligent Aliens Spall, JBIS vol 32, 99-102, 1978 Evolutionary Objections to 'alien design' models Coffey, JBIS, vol39 #1, Nov 86 The Evolution of Ecological Systems May, Scientific American, Sept 1978 Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life Dickerson, Scientific American, Sept 1978 The Evolution of the Earliest Cells Schopf, Scientific American, Sept 1978 The Evolution of Multicellular Plants and Ani als Valentine, Scientific American, Sept 1978 The Evolution of Behavior Smith, Scientific American, Sept 1978 The Evolution of Man Washburn, Scientific American, Sept 1978 The Blind Watchmaker Richard Dawkins Computer-simulated Plant Evolution Niklas, Scientific American (last couple of years) (my copy doesn't have the date in it. GREAT article) Extraterrestrial Zoology R. A. Freitas, Analog July 81 Xenobiology R. A. Freitas, Analog Mar 81 Xenopsychology R. A. Freitas, Analog Apr 81 Huminoids on Other Planets R. Bieri, American Scientist, August, 52, 1964 Alien Sex R. A. Freitas, Analog, June 1982 Making Sense of Extraterrestrial Senses K. J. Rose, Analog Jan 1979 Those Halogen Breathers S. L. Gillett, Analog, Oct 1984 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - And finally, for those who like to keep track of developments after Man without requiring divine interference... Sociological & Cultural development: Numbers, Predication & War Dupuy Simulated International Processes Guetzkow & Valadez SOVMOD I: A macroeconomic Model of the Soviet Union Green & Higgins Presidents, Secretaries of State, and Crises in U.S. Foreign Relations: A Model and Predictive Analysis Falkowski A World Model The Club of Rome World Modeling: The Mesarovic-Pestel World Model in the Context of its Contempories Hughes Forecasting in International Relations Choucri Simulation in International Relations Guetzkow, Alger, Brody, Noel & Snyder Simulated Worlds Bremer Directly Interacting Extra-terrestrial Technological Communities Viewing, JBIS, vol 28, pp 735-755, 1975 Extra-Solar Planetary Systems III: Potential Sites for the origin and Evolution of Technical Civilizations Fogg, JBIS, vol 39, pp. 317-324, 1986 Computer Simulation of Cultural Drift: Limits on Interstellar Colonization Bainbridge, JBIS, vol 37, pp 420-429, 1984 The Improbability of Bahavioural Convergence in Aliens - Behavioural Implications of Morphology Coffey, JBIS, vol 38, pp 515-520, 1985 The Human Analogy and the Evolution of Extraterrestrial Civilizations Wertz, JBIS, vol 29, pp 445-464, 1976 The climatic background to the birth of civilization Lamb, Advancement of Science vol 25 pp 103 - 120 1968 AN INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL MODELS IN THE SOCIAL AND LIFE SCIENCES Michael Olinick vol. 2 of the global 2000 report. April and May 1988 Analog articles on Psychohistory

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