Filename: RC2016.TXT Source: +quot;Simplified Scientific Astrology+quot; by Max Heindel [P

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Filename: RC2016.TXT Source: "Simplified Scientific Astrology" by Max Heindel [PAGE 698] THE RISING SIGN AND THE TWELVE HOUSES: TO illustrate how a horoscope is cast, we will first cast four horoscopes for persons born in Chicago, August 2, 1909, at 2:15 A.M., 8:15 A.M., 2:15 P.M., and 8:15 P.M., as far as the placing of th signs upon the cusps of the houses. The cusps are the dividing lines between the houses. Finding Chicago on the map, we note that it is located near the 42nd de- gree of the North latitude, and close to 88 degrees of longitude West from Greenwich. Our first concern is to find the True Local Time of Birth. We first turn to the rule on page 22 which says "to the NEAREST Standard Meridian Time, ADD four minutes for each degree the birth place is EAST of the Meridian corresponding to that Time. If the birth place is WEST of that Meridian, SUBTRACT four minutes for each degree it is West thereof. The nearest Standard Meridian Time is Central Time gauged by the 90th me- ridian. Chicago, being 88 degrees West Longitude, is two degrees East of the 90th meridian. We therefore add two times four, or eight minutes, to the time shown by the clock, in order to find true local time. In the case NOTE: SOME FOREIGN COUNTRIES HAVE ADOPTED STANDARD TIME, BUT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS MUST BE OBTAINED IN EACH CASE FROM THE COUNTRY IN QUESTION. [PAGE 699] of the first birth hour, when the clock showed 2:15 A.M. on August 2nd., the true local time is thus found to be 2:23 A.M. This True Local Time of Birth will be used in all subsequent calculation of th horoscope. Note, however, that this correction of Standard to Local Time applies only to the United States, and is required only for dates subsequent to Nov. 18th, 1883, when standard time was adopted. (See footnote, page 32.) We will now proceed to find the sidereal time (abbreviated to S.T.) at the birth place at the moment of birth. As a starting point for our calcu- lations we have the S.T. (sidereal time) for Greenwich at noon. From that we may calculate the sidereal time at the birth-place and hour by the fol- lowing rule: To the sidereal time for the noon PREVIOUS to birth (given in the ephmeris) ADD-- FIRST, 10 seconds correction for every 15 degrees of longitude the birth-place is west of Greenwich. SECOND, the interval between the PREVIOUS noon and birth. THIRD, 10 seconds correction for every hour of this interval. Following the above rule we turn to the page of ephemeris in the back of this book and find the column marked Sidereal Time. As our first birth hour is August 2nd, 2:23 A.M., true local time, we note that the PREVIOUS noon is August 1st. Opposite that date we note the sidereal time as being 8 hours 37 minutes, which we put down thus: [PAGE 700] H. M. S. S.T. at Greenwich for noon PREVIOUS to birth . . . . 8 37 Correction for 10 seconds for each 15 deg. W. Long. of birthplace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Internal between the previous noon (Aug. 1st) and . the time of birth (Aug. 2nd, 2:23 A.M.) . . . . 14 23 Correction of 10 seconds per hour of interval . . . between PREVIOUS noon and birth (14 h. 23 m.). . equals 14 seconds or 2 min., 24 sec. . . . . . . 2 24 -- -- -- S.T. at the birthplace on the birth-hour. . . . . . 23 3 23 When the birthplace is located in EAST longitude, CORRECTION FOR LONGI- TUDE IS SUBTRACTED. In case standard time is not used in the country of birth (see footnote page 32), the given time of birth is assumed to be True Local Time, and no correction for standard time is made. Had the child been born August 2nd at 2:15 A.M., in latitude 42 north, but in longitude 88 East, the S.T. would be figured as follows: H. M. S. S.T. Greenwich for noon (Aug. 1st) . . . . . . . . 8 37 Correction of 10 seconds for each 15 degrees EAST Longitude (subtracted). . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 -- -- -- 8 36 1 H. M. S. Interval from previous noon (Aug. 1st) to birth, Aug. 2nd, 2:15 A.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 15 00 Correction of 10 seconds each hour of interval . . from previous noon to birth . . . . . . . . . . 2 22 -- -- -- S.T. at birthplace, at birth-hour. . . . . . . . . 22 53 23 As the Houses are governed by latitude, the same table of Houses is used as for the child born in Chicago. [PAGE 701] With this S.T. we turn to the table of Houses for the latitude of the birthplace, 42 degrees. There we search the various columns marked Sidereal Time for our S.T. at birth: 23-3-23. The one nearest to that is 23-4-46. In line with that sidereal time will be found the various degrees of the signs to be placed in our horoscope. In the first column under latitude 42N. opposite the sidereal time 23-4-46, we observe the figure 15; at the top of the column we find the sign pisces, and above that the figure 10, which means that the 15th degree of CHART OF BIRTH PLACE AUG. 2, 1909 2.15 A.M. LONG. 88W. LAT. 42N. ASCENDANT: CANCER 8:10 7TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 8:10 2ND HOUSE: CANCER 27 8TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 27 3RD HOUSE: LEO 19 9TH HOUSE: AQUARIUS 19 4TH HOUSE: VIRGO 15 10TH HOUSE: PISCES 15 5TH HOUSE: LIBRA 20 11TH HOUSE: ARIES 20 6TH HOUSE: SAGITTARIUS 1 12TH HOUSE: GEMINI 1 [PAGE 702] Pisces is to be placed on the 10th cusp, as done in the accompanying horo- scope. In the next column, in line with our sidereal time, we see the figure 20, at the top is the sign Aries, above that the figure 11, meaning that 20 de- grees of Aries is to be placed on the 11th cusp. In the third column, in line with our sidereal time, is the figure 1. Taurus and 12 are at the head of the column but beneath that is Gemini sig- nifying that 1 degree of Gemini is to be placed on the 12th cusp. The wide column marked Ascendant comes next. There we find the figures 8:10 in line with our sidereal time, and the sign Gemini at the top, but we disregard that sign because the sign Cancer is placed between our line and the top and WE ALWAYS TAKE THE FIRST SIGN ABOVE OUR LINE. Therefore we place Cancer 8:10 on the Ascendant. Proceeding along the figures in our line we note the figure 27 in the first column to the right of the wide column. At the top is the sign Cancer again and the figure 2. Accordingly we place the 27th degree of Cancer on the cusp of the Second House. In the extreme right hand column we find the figure 19, th sign Leo and the figure 3 at the top of the column. Therefore we place the 19th degree of Leo on the Third Cusp. We have thus obtained figures for six of our houses, the six opposite houses are given the opposite signs and degrees. [PAGE 703] Having Pisces 15 on the Tenth House, we place the opposite degree Virgo 15 on the Fourth Cusp, which is opposite the Tenth. Aries 20 on the Eleventh House is the opposite of Libra 20 placed on the Fifth Cusp. Sagittarius 1 placed on the Sixth Cusp forms an exact opposite to Gemini 1 on the Twelfth House. The Ascendant is opposite the Seventh Cusp and Capricorn 8:10 placed there is the opposite of Cancer 8:10 on the Ascendant. Cancer 27 on the Second House will be properly opposed by Capricorn 27 on the Eighth House, and Aquarius 19 placed on the Ninth is in opposition to Leo 19 on the Third. Now all the cusps are filled, but on account of the inclination of the earth's axis some of the signs may be INTERCEPTED between two cusps, there- fore it is necessary to see if all the twelve signs are in our horoscope be- fore proceeding further. Counting from Aries, we note the presence of Gemini. Taurus is missing, and we therefore place it in its proper position between Aries and Gemini. WHEN A CERTAIN SIGN IS INTERCEPTED, ITS OPPOSITE ALSO WILL BE MISSING. We may, therefore, at once place SCORPIO in its proper position between Li- bra and Sagittarius. It will now be found that all the twelve signs are placed in our horo- scope, Cancer and Capricorn each occupying two cusps. It is finished as far [PAGE 704] as placing the signs in their proper positions relative to the houses, and that is as far as we will proceed at the present time, so we will leave this horoscope and calculate one for a person born six hours later in the same place: Chicago, August 2, 8.15 A.M. We first have to find the True Local Time of Birth. As before, we add eight minutes to the time shown by the clock, namely 8:15 A.M. This gives us 8:23 A.M. which is the True Local Time of Birth. Our rule for finding the Sidereal Time at the birth hour and place re- quires that we note the-- H. M. S. S.T. at Greenwich on the noon previous to birth (Aug. 1st), as given in the Ephemeris . . . . . . . 8 37 Correction of 10 seconds for each 15 degrees W. Long. of birthplace (Chicago, 88 W.). . . . . . . . . . . 59 Interval from previous noon (Aug. 1st) to the time of birth (Aug. 2nd, 8:23 A.M.). . . . . . . . . . . . 20 23 Correction of 10 seconds for each hour of interval (20:23) equals 204 seconds . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 24 -- -- -- Sidereal Time at birthplace at the birth hour 29 4 23 Subtract the circle of 24 hours . . . . . . . . . . . 24 -- -- -- 5 4 23 As there can be only twenty-four hours in a day, we subtract 24 where necessary, and work with the remainder, in this case 5-4-23 which was the true Sidereal Time in Chicago at the birth. This time, or the nearest thereto, we accordingly seek in the Table of Houses for the latitude of Chi- cago, 42 degrees N. The nearest time is 5-3-29, and in line with that we find the degrees for the various cusps of our houses. In the column next to the right of the [PAGE 705] Sidereal Time is the figure 17. At the top of the column the sign Gemini and the figure 10. We therefore place the 17th degree of Gemini on the Tenth Cusp. In the next column to the right is the figure 21. At the top of the col- umn, the sign Cancer and the figure 11, so we place the 21st degree of Can- cer on the Eleventh Cusp. The next right hand column has the figure 22. At the top is the sign Leo and the figure 12, so we place the 22nd degree of Leo on the Twelfth House. The large column marked Ascendant has the sign Virgo and the figures 18:56 are in our line, so we place Virgo 18:56 on the Ascendant, or First House, of our figure. In the first column to the right of the wide column we note the figure 14. We not also that the sign Libra is above our line before we come to the top of the column, and we therefore disregard the sign found there, but note that figure 2, which indicates that the Second Cusp is occupied by the 14th degree of Libra. In the extreme right hand column we find the figure 13 and also a sign before we come to the top of the column, the sign Scorpio, so we place the 13th degree of Scorpio on the Third Cusp. Now we have placed signs on the six houses, and we proceed to put in the six opposite signs on the opposite houses as before: Opposite Gemini 17 on the Tenth House we place Sagittarius 17 on the Fourth House. Opposite [PAGE 706] Cancer 21 on the Eleventh we place Capricorn 21 on the Fifth. Opposite Leo 22 on the Twelfth we place Aquarius 22 on the Sixth. Opposite Virgo 18:56 on the Ascendant we place Pisces 18:56 on the Seventh. Opposite Libra 14 on the Second place Aries 14 on the Eighth, and opposite Scorpio 13 on the Third, place Taurus 13 on the Ninth House. Now all the cusps of the horoscope are filled, and we start to count the signs to see if they are all present or if it is necessary to put in any CHART OF BIRTH PLACE: AUG. 2. 1909 8.15 A.M. LONG. 88W. LAT. 42N. ASCENDANT: VIRGO 18:56 7TH HOUSE: PISCES 18:56 2ND HOUSE: LIBRA 14 8TH HOUSE: ARIES 14 3RD HOUSE: SCORPIO 13 9TH HOUSE: TAURUS 13 4TH HOUSE: SAGITTARIUS 17 10TH HOUSE: GEMINI 17 5TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 21 11TH HOUSE: CANCER 21 6TH HOUSE: AQUARIUS 22 12TH HOUSE: LEO 22 [PAGE 707] that may be intercepted. We commence our count at Aries, and find that all twelve signs are represented, and it is therefore at a stage of completion where we decide to leave it for the present. We next proceed to cast the horoscope for a person born at Chicago, Au- gust 2, at 2:15 P.M. We find that the PREVIOUS noon is August 2nd and so we start our calculations as follows: H. M .S. S.T. at Greenwich on the noon previous to birth (Aug. 2nd). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 41 Correction of 10 seconds for each 15 degrees W. Long. of birthplace (88 degrees). . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Interval from previous noon to the time of birth (noon to 2:23 P.M.). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 23 Correction of 10 sec's for each hour of interval. . . 24 -- -- -- S.T. at birthplace on birth hour . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5 23 Turning to our Tables of Houses for latitude 42N., we find the nearest S.T. to be 11-4-46. In the first column under latitude 42N. is the figure 15; the sign Virgo and the figure 10 are at the top of the column. Therefore we place 15 de- grees of Virgo on the Tenth Cusp. The second column has the figure 16, Libra and the figure 11 at the top, so 16 degrees of Libra is placed on the Eleventh House. The figure 10 is in the third column, and the sign Scorpio between our line and the top, therefore we disregard the sign at the top, but note the [PAGE 708] CHART OF BIRTH PLACE: AUG 2. 1909 2.15 P.M. LONG. 88W. LAT. 42.N ASCENDANT: SCORPIO 29:16 7TH HOUSE: TAURUS 29:16 2ND HOUSE: CAPRICORN 1 8TH HOUSE: CANCER 1 3RD HOUSE: AQUARIUS 8 9TH HOUSE: LEO 8 4TH HOUSE: PISCES 15 10TH HOUSE: VIRGO 15 5TH HOUSE: ARIES 16 11TH HOUSE: LIBRA 16 6TH HOUSE: TAURUS 10 12TH HOUSE: SCORPIO 10 figure 12, and accordingly place 10 degrees of Scorpio on the Twelfth House. In the wide column we see the figures 29:16, which we place on the Ascen- dant with the sign Scorpio found at the head of the column. The column to the right of the wide column contains the figure 1, with the sign Capricorn above and at the top is the figure 2. Therefore we put Capricorn 1 on the Second Cusp. The extreme right hand column shows the figure 8, the sign Aquarius above and the figure 3 at the head of the column. Accordingly we place the 8th [PAGE 709] degree of Aquarius on the Third House. Now our six cusps are filled, and we proceed to place the opposite signs and degrees on the other six cusps as described in detail in connection with the first two horoscopes. When that has been done we count our signs from Aries to see if all are represented. That brings out the fact that Gemini and Sagittarius are missing., so we insert them in their proper places--Gemini between Taurus and Cancer, Sagittarius between Scorpio and Capricorn. Our horoscope has been completed as far as the signs and houses are concerned, therefore we leave it for the present to cast the last of our four experimental maps for a person born in Chicago, August 2, 1909, at 8:15 P.M. True Local Time of Birth is 8 minutes later or 8:23 P.M. As before, we note the-- H. M. S. S.T. at Greenwich on the noon previous to birth (Aug. 2nd). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 41 Correction of 10 seconds for every 15 degrees the birthplace is West of Greenwich . . . . . . . . . . 59 Interval between the previous noon and birth . . . . . 8 23 Correction of 10 seconds for every hour of interval between previous noon and birth . . . . . . . . . . 1 24 -- -- -- Sidereal Time at birthplace at the birth hour. . . . . 17 6 23 With this sidereal time we turn to the tables of Houses for the latitude of birthplace, 42N., and find the nearest S.T. to be 17-7-49. [PAGE 710] In the first column under latitude 42N. we find 18. At the top of the column, Sagittarius and the figure 10, therefore we place Sagittarius 18 on the Tenth Cusp. The second narrow column shows the figure 9. Capricorn is above and the figure 11 is at the top of the column, so we place Capricorn 9 on the Elev- enth Cusp. The third narrow column has the figure 2 with Aquarius above and the fig- ure 12 at the head of the column, so we place Aquarius 2 degrees on the cusp of the Twelfth House. CHART OF BIRTH PLACE: AUG. 2. 1909 8.15 P.M. LONG. 88W. LAT. 42N. ASCENDANT: PISCES 7:08 7TH HOUSE: VIRGO 7:08 2ND HOUSE: ARIES 25 8TH HOUSE: LIBRA 25 3RD HOUSE: TAURUS 26 9TH HOUSE: SCORPIO 26 4TH HOUSE: GEMINI 18 10TH HOUSE: SAGITTARIUS 18 5TH HOUSE: CANCER 9 11TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 9 6TH HOUSE: LEO 2 12TH HOUSE: AQUARIUS 2 [PAGE 711] In the wide column are the figures 7:8, Pisces above and ASCENDANT at the top, so we place 7:8 of Pisces on the Ascendant. To the right of the wide column we find the figure 25; Aries and 2 are at the top, so we place Aries 25 on the Second Cusp. The extreme right hand column has the figure 26 and Taurus is at the top with the figure 3. Accordingly we place Taurus 26 on the Third Cusp. Having thus filled the six cusps, we proceed to fill the six opposite houses with the opposite signs. Gemini 18 on the Fourth in opposition to Sagittarius 18 on the Tenth. Cancer 9 on the Fifth in opposition to Capricorn 9 on the Eleventh, and so on. When all the cusps have been filled we count the signs an find that all twelve are present, hence our horoscope has reached the same stage of completion as the ones previously cast. These horoscopes of four children born in the same city (Chicago) on the same day and year (Aug. 2, 1909) BUT AT DIFFERENT HOURS, show graphically that people may be, and are, born under all the twelve signs anywhere on any day of the year. When we compare the four horoscopes we have cast we may learn several im- portant lessons. In the first place, we may see the worthlessness of the statements so often heard; "I was born under Taurus," or "I was born under Scorpio," which simply means that the person was born in May or November [PAGE 712] when the Sun was in the signs mentioned. Such a statement at once exposes the one who so expresses himself as being ignorant of the science of Astrol- ogy and reveals the fact that if he has had a horoscope east, it has been done by an incompetent astrologer. These sometimes advertise to cast a horoscope "telling your fortune from the cradle to the grave" for a very small sum. But a conscientious astrologer cannot give a simple delineation of character without spending at least an hour in calculation and close con- centration and to make predictions covering a whole life would require days of arduous work. The scientific astrologer may speak of a person as having Taurus or Scorpio RISING, and that statement at once shows that a calcula- tion has been made taking into consideration year, month, day, hour, and place, making the horoscope cast absolutely individual; while the other type of horoscope (?) is determined solely from the month when a person was born, without regard to day, hour or even year. If a horoscope could be cast by such a method or, rather, lack of method, there would be only twelve kinds of people on earth and all persons born in the same month would have the same fate. Such is manifestly not the case; in fact, there are no two people whose experiences are exactly alike, and an Astrology which does not make such a distinction cannot be a true science. The scientific astrologer asks first the year of birth because he knows that the planets do not come into the same relative positions more than once in a Great Sidereal Year; thus a child's horoscope cast for 1909 cannot be duplicated for 25,868 years. Next he asks the month, for upon that will de- pend the position of the Sun, which is in a different sign every month in the year. The day determines particularly the position of the Moon, which changes from one sign to another every two and one-half days; and the hour is also [PAGE 713] needful to fix its position, as it moves about 12 degrees each day. Yet even with these data the horoscope would lack individuality, for if a child is born every second that would mean that 3,600 people are born within the same hour. If we can bring the data to within ten minutes of the actual time of birth we should have the wherewithal to calculate a relative posi- tion of the planets such as would fit only 600 of the people on earth. If we add the last datum, PLACE, which enables us to calculate THE RISING SIGN AND DEGREE, we shall have an absolutely individual horoscope, for it is sel- dom indeed that two persons are born in the same place, at the same hour and minute. Event twins are born at an interval of from twenty minutes to sev- eral hours apart, and we can readily see that a different degree would then be rising for each of the two. When the last of a sign is rising for one of the twins, the other will usually be born under the next sign. As the ris- ing sign is one of the principal significators in moulding the body, the ap- pearance of the second twin might be totally different from the first. A comparison of the rising signs shows an apparent lack of uniformity in the diurnal motion of the earth. At 2:15 A.M. Cancer 8:10 is rising, while twelve hours later Scorpio 29-16 is on the Ascendant, showing that the birth place has travelled only about 141 degrees in the twelve hours involved. To [PAGE 714] complete the circle, it must travel 219 degrees in the remaining twelve hours. But as the diurnal rotation of the earth on its axis is uniform, the lack of uniformity in the motion noted above is due to its not being true diurnal motion. This condition is caused by the obliquity of the Ecliptic and the consequent unequal division of the latter by the planes separating the houses, these planes being those of the horizon and the meridian and four intermediate ones at 30 degree intervals. For this reason certain signs rise more slowly than others and are therefore called signs of long Ascension, while their opposites are called signs of Short Ascension. It will be evident from the foregoing that most people are born under the signs of long ascension,--Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio and Sagittarius in the Northern Hemisphere, and their opposites in the Southern Hemisphere. [PAGE 715] HOW TO CALCULATE THE POSITIONS OF THE PLANETS: As the Ephemeris is calculated for Greenwich at the time when the Obser- vatory clock strikes twelve, it is necessary to make corrections for other hours and for places East or West from that point when it is desired to cal- culate a horoscope. By adding four minutes for each degree of longitude the birthplace is West of Greenwich to the TRUE LOCAL time of birth we obtain the Greenwich Mean Time as recorded by the Observatory clock. This is written G.M.T. We will apply this rule to calculate the G.M.T. of the horoscope for Au- gust 2, 8:15 A.M. at Chicago, which is 88 degrees West longitude: H.M. True Local Time of Birth (see page 38) 8 23 A.M. Aug. 2 4 min. times 88 degrees equals 353 min. 5 52 -------- Greenwich Mean Time (G.M.T.)........... 2 15 P.M. Aug. 2 Multiplying the degree of West longitude of Chicago (88 degrees) by four minutes gives us 352 minutes, which we divide by 60 because there are 60 Note: To find the G.M.T. when the time given is standard time, it is only necessary to add the even number of hours that the time zone of the birthplace is West of Greenwich or subtract the number that it is East of Greenwich, paying no attention to true local time, because the correction for true local time is automatically included in this method without any calculation. Beginning students, however, had best follow the method given elsewhere. [PAGE 716] minutes in each hour. Thus we obtain 5 hours 52 minutes, which we add to the true local time of birth, 23 minutes after 8 in the morning, and the sum is 15 minutes past 2 o'clock in the afternoon, which is the G.M.T. That is to say, at the identical time when the child was born and the Chicago clocks pointed to 15 minutes after 8 o'clock in the morning, the Ob- servatory clock at Greenwich showed 15 minutes past 2 o'clock in the after- noon. This latter is the time we must use to make our calculations of the planets' places, and in order to have as few factors in mind as possible the beginner is advised to FORGET THE LOCAL TIME OF BIRTH when once he has found the G.M.T. In Western longitudes the G.M.T. may advance into the day following birth on account of the addition of 4 minutes for each degree of longitude. In the cases where the longitude of the birthplace is East of Greenwich a subtraction of 4 minutes is made for each degree; hence the G.M.T. may re- cede into the day preceeding birth. Therefore we speak neither of birthday nor birth hour, but of the G.M.T. day and hour. Our concern is now to find the motion of the planets of the G.M.T. day, which is from the noon before the G.M.T. to the noon after the G.M.T. The positions of the planets are found in the ephemeris. [PAGE 717] As our G.M.T. is Aug. 2, 1909, at 2:15 P.M., if we desire to calculate the daily motion of the Sun we note its longitudes on the noon of Aug. 2nd (the noon before G.M.T.) and Aug. 3rd (the noon after G.M.T.). As we are to subtract we place the longitude of the planet on the last day above, for that facilitates the operation. Deg. Min. The Sun's longitude at noon on Aug. 3rd, 1909, (as given in the ephemeris)................ 10 28 The Sun's longitude at noon Aug. 2nd.......... 9 31 -------- The motion of the Sun on the G.M.T. day....... 0 57 The next step is to FIND THE INTERVAL between the G.M.T. and the NEAREST NOON, for that is also a basis of our correction. In the present horoscope the G.M.T. is Aug. 2, 2:15 P.M. The nearest moon is obviously 12 o'clock August 2nd, and the interval between 12 o'clock noon and 2:15 P.M. is there- fore 2 hours and 15 minutes. The motion of the planet on the G.M.T. day and the interval from G.M.T. to nearest noon having been found, our problem may be thus stated: When the Sun moves 57 minutes of space in 24 hours, how much does it move in 2 hours and 15 minutes? Answer: 5 minutes. This method of working the corrections by simple proportion may be used with advantage where the motion of a planet is less than one degree; with Venus, Mercury, and particularly in the case of the Moon, it is much quicker [PAGE 718] safer and more exact to perform the correction by means of logarithms. A table of logarithms is found on the last pages of our Ephemeris for any year, also a partial table in the back of this book, and its use is exceed- ingly simple. At the top of the table is a line of figures: 0 to 23. They are for the Hours or Degrees ( both being divisible into 60 minutes); on the left hand side is another column having the minute figures: 0 to 59. When we wish to find the logarithm of a certain number of hours and min- utes we simply place our index finger upon the figure corresponding to the number of hours or degrees wanted, run it down the column till we reach the line corresponding to the minutes wanted. At that point where the line of minutes intersects the column of hours or degrees will be found the desired logarithm. For instance, the daily motion of the Sun in the horoscope under calcula- tion is 0 degrees 57 minutes. We place our index finger upon the column marked 0 at the top. We run the finger down the page till we come in line with the figure 57 in the minute column. Where this line intersects the column 0 is the figure 1.4025, which is the logarithm of the Sun's motion on the G.M.T. and the NEAREST noon. In this case the interval is 2 hours 15 minus. Running our index finger down the column marked 2 we find the figure [PAGE 719] 1.0280 in line with the figure 15 in the minute column. That logarithm (1.0280) is the logarithm of interval. The daily motion of each planet differs from the daily motion of all other planets. Therefore the travel of each must be separately calculated and the logarithm of its motion found, but the interval between the G.M.T. and the nearest moon applies equally in the calculation of all the planets, so that, ONCE THE INTERVAL HAS BEEN ASCERTAINED, ITS LOGARITHM MAY BE USED IN THE CALCULATION OF ALL THE PLANETS' PLACES. Continuing our calculation, we place the- Logarithm of the Sun's motion from noon Aug. 2nd to noon Aug. 3rd (57 minutes).................. 1,4025 Plus Logarithm of interval........................ 1.0280 ------ Logarithm of distance traveled by the Sun during the interval...................................... 2.4305 The value of that logarithm in degrees and minutes we ascertain by find- ing it or the logarithm nearest thereto in the table. In the present ex- ample the nearest logarithm is 2.4594. This figure is in the column marked 0 degrees at the top, and in line with the figure 5 in the extreme left-hand column which contains minutes. Therefore the value of the logarithm is 0 degrees 5 minutes. Thus we have obtained the same answer to our problem (When the Sun moves 57 minutes in 24 hours, how much does it move in 2 hours and 15 min.?) by using logarithms as we did working by proportion. The latter method may seem easier to the beginner, but once the logarithm of [PAGE 720] interval has been found the logarithmic method will be found to be easier, quicker and more exact, for the answers obtained by the two methods are not always quite identical, and particularly in the case of the Moon logarithms should be used. Having found the distance traveled by the planet during the interval be- tween the G.M.T. and the nearest noon, to find the place of the planet at the G.M.T. (which is the end and aim of our calculations), we must add this increment of correction to the planet's longitude on the noon nearest to the G.M.T. day if the G.M.T. is P.M., for in that case the planet has traveled farther than shown by the ephemeris. If, on the other hand, the G.M.T. is in the forenoon (A.M.) the planet has not yet reached the position indicated for noon in the ephemeris, hence it will necessary to subtract the distance of travel for the interval-the increment of correction-from the planet's longitude given in the ephemeris for the noon nearest to the G.M.T. In the present case the G.M.T. is after noon (P.M.) so we add: Longitude of the Sun n the noon nearest the Deg. Min. G.M.T., Aug. 2nd, as per ephemeris...Leo 9 31 Increment of correction..................... 5 -------------- 9 36 This position will be entered in the horoscope. [PAGE 721] For the convenience of the student we will now enunciate the rule for finding the planets' places, in consecutive order of operation: FIRST--Find the G.M.T. by adding to the LOCAL time of birth 4 minutes for each degree of longitude the birth-place is WEST of Greenwich (subtract for East longitude). SECOND--Find the INTERVAL between the G.M.T. and the NEAREST moon, also the LOGARITHM OF INTERVAL. THIRD--Find the planet's motion on the G.M.T. day, from the noon before the G.M.T. to the noon AFTER the G.M.T.; find also the logarithm of that mo- tion. FOURTH--Add to the logarithm of interval the logarithm of the planet's mo- tion on the G.M.T. day. The sum of these is the logarithm of the planet's travel during the in- terval. FIFTH--Find the VALUE of the logarithm of the planet's travel during the interval in degrees and minutes. This is the INCREMENT OF CORRECTION. SIXTH--(a) When the G.M.T. is before noon (A.M.) subtract the increment of correction from the planet's position on the noon nearest to the G.M.T. (b) When the G.M.T. is AFTER noon (P.M.) ADD the increment of correction to the planet's longitude on the noon nearest the G.M.T. WHEN PLANETS ARE RETROGRADE REVERSE THE 6TH RULE. The result in either case will give the exact position of the planet at G.M.T., which is entered in the proper place in the horoscope. [PAGE 722] These rules have ALL been applied in calculating the position of one planet-the Sun-but as the G.M.T. (August 2, 2:15 P.M.) and the logarithm of interval (1.0280) are the same for all the planets we need not calculate them again as directed by Sections First and Second but commence our calcu- lations of the Moon and planets according to Section Three: Deg. Min. Longitude of the Moon on the noon AFTER G.M.T. as per the ephemeris (Aug. 3)...........Pisces 2 39 Longitude of the Moon on the noon BEFORE G.M.T. as per the ephemeris (Aug.2)..........Aquarius 17 55 ------------ The Moon's motion on the G.M.T. day.............. 14 44 The student will remember that there are 30 degrees in each sign and 60 minutes in one degree. In the foregoing subtraction it was necessary to borrow 1 degree and add its 60 minutes to 39, for only then could we sub- tract from the total of 99 minutes the 55 minutes required, leaving a re- mainder of 44 minutes. Similarly, we borrow on e sign (30 degrees), adding it to the one degree of Pisces left after we borrowed the one degree to work our subtraction of the minutes. Thus we subtract 17 from 31 degrees, which leaves a remainder of 14 degrees. According to Section Four of our rule we add-- Logarithm of the Moon's motion on G.M.T. day..... .2119 Logarithm of interval............................ 1.0280 ------ Logarithm of Moon's travel in interval........... 1.2399 [PAGE 723] Section Five directs us to find the value of this logarithm, and in our table of logarithms we note as the nearest thereto the figure 1.2393. Above that, we see at the head of the column the figure 1; to the extreme left is the figure 23, indicating that the Moon has traveled 1 degree 23 minutes during the interval (between G.M.T. and the nearest noon). This is there- fore the increment of correction. Section Six (b) directs that we add the increment of correction to the-- Deg Min. Longitude of the Moon on the noon nearest G.M.T. (Aug.2)................Aquarius 17 55 Increment of correction.................. 1 23 -------------- The longitude of the Moon in the horoscope ........Aquarius 19 18 The motion of Neptune, Uranus, Saturn and Jupiter on the G.M.T. day from noon August 2nd to noon August 3rd is seen by a glance at the ephemeris to have been only a few minutes. Consequently the distance they have traveled in the interval is negligible and they may be entered in the horoscope as having the longitude of the NEAREST moon to the G.M.T., August 2nd. Mars has moved 15 minutes on the G.M.T. day, and we may therefore add 1 minute for his trael during the interval to his longitude August 2nd as given in the ephemeris; so that we enter him in the horoscope as being in Aries 3:58. [PAGE 724] Venus will need logarithmic correction. Deg. Min. Longitude of Venus on the noon after G.M.T. (Aug. 3)...........................Virgo 6 21 Longitude of Venus on the noon before G.M.T. (Aug.2)............................Virgo 5 9 -------------- Venus' motion on the G.M.T. day............. 1 12 Logarithm of Venus' motion on G.M.T. day.... 1.3010 Logarithm of interval....................... 2.3290 Increment of correction (value of log. 2.3290 or the nearest thereto, in this case 2.3133) equal 0 degrees 7 min. Deg. Min. Venus' longitude on the noon nearest G.M.T. (Aug.2nd)..........................Virgo 5 9 Increment of correction.................... 7 --------------- Venus' long. to be entered in horoscope.... 5 16 Mercury also has moved sufficiently to make it desirable to calculate his exact longitude at G.M.T. of birth by logarithms-- Deg. Min. Longitude of Mercury on the noon after G.M.T. .......................................Leo 9 22 Longitude of Mercury on noon before G.M.T. ......................................Leo. 7 17 ---------------- Mercury's motion on the G.M.T. day........... 2 5 Logarithm of Mercury's motion on G.M.T. day.. 1.0614 Logarithm of interval........................ 1.0280 ----------- Logarithm of Mercury's travel during interval 2.0894 Value of log. 2.0894, or increment of correction, 0 degrees, 12 minutes. [PAGE 725] Deg. Min. Longitude of Mercury on noon nearest G.M.T. .........................................Leo 7 17 0 12 ---------------- Mercury's long. to be entered in horoscope..Leo 7 29 The position of the Dragon's Head, or Moon's Node, and the Dragon's Tail, have now to be found. The longitude of the Dragon's Head for Aug. 2nd, the noon nearest to the G.M.T., is found in the ephemeris to be 13.47 Gemini. The Dragon's Tail occupies the opposite point, namely 13,4 7 Sagit- tarius. These points are to be entered in the horoscope. There remains yet another factor to complete the horoscope: the Part of Fortune. This is an imaginary point calculated from the longitude of the Sun, Moon, and Ascendant. The philosophy is, that the human body is pro- duced by the lunar forces. At the time of conception the Moon may be math- ematically demonstrated to have been in the degree which is the Ascendant at birth-at birth it has a different longitude. In one of these positions the Moon may be said to have magnetized the positive pole, in the other the negative pole of the seed atom which as a magnet draws to itself the chemical substance that builds the dense body. The solar forces vitalize the body and, as it is constantly decaying, a pabulum is necessary to repair waste. That nutriment and all material possessions, are therefore, astrologically speaking, derived through the combined influences of the Sum [PAGE 726] and the before-mentioned two positions of the Moon. When the planetary as- pects to this Part of Fortune are favorable material success and prosperity follow. When adverse influences center upon it, reverses are met. That na- ture of the aspecting planet, the sign and house it is in tell the sources whence we may expect one or the other, and thus show us where direct our en- ergies or what what to avoid. The Signs of the Zodiac are counted from Aries which is the first sign, and each is thus numbered- Aries......................... 1 Libra.......................... 7 Taurus........................ 2 Scorpio........................ 8 Gemini........................ 3 Sagittarius.................... 9 Cancer........................ 4 Capricorn...................... 10 Leo........................... 5 Aquarius....................... 11 Virgo......................... 6 Pisces......................... 12 To find the Part of Fortune: Add to the longitude of the Ascendant: sign, degree and minute, the lon- gitude of the Moon: sign, degree and minute: From that sum subtract the longitude of the Sun: sign, degree and minute: The remainder is the longitude: sign, degree and minute of the Part of Fortune. Applying this rule to the horoscope we are calculating, we note the fac- tors involved in the calculation as follows: [PAGE 727] Deg. Min. Longitude of the Ascendant......Virgo (6th sign) 18 56 Longitude of the Sun..............Leo (5th sign) 9 36 Longitude of the Moon.......Aquarius (11th sign) 19 18 We then follow the rule and add-- Sign Deg. Min. Longitude of the Moon.................. 11 19 18 Longitude of the Ascendant............. 6 18 56 --------------------- 18 8 14 Subtract-- Longitude of the Sun................... 5 9 36 --------------------- Longitude of the Part of Fortune 12 28 38 The twelfth sign is Pisces, hence the longitude of the Part of Fortune in the horoscope will be Pisces 28:38. In the above example the student will notice that when adding the degrees of the Moon and Ascendant: 19+18+the 1 degree carried in the addition of the minutes equals 38, but there are only 30 degrees in a sign, so one sign was carried forward and added to the other signs, the same as we add 60 minutes to degrees or hours. If, after subtracting the longitude of the Sun there are more than 12 signs left, we subtract the circle of 12 and work with the remainder. It also happens that the signs of the Sun's longitude exceed the combined longitudes of the Moon and Ascendant, so that it is impossible to perform the subtraction. For instance, if the-- [PAGE 728] Sign Deg. Min. Longitude of Ascendant......................Aries 1 25 55 Longitude of the Moon.......................Aries 1 25 50 ------------------- 3 21 45 If the Sun is in Capricorn, the 10th sign, we cannot subtract 10 from 3 so we Add the circle of 12 signs....................... 12 00 00 -------------------- 15 21 45 Then we may subtract-- Longitude of the Sun............................ 10 29 55 -------------------- 4 21 50 Longitude of Part of Fortune..............Cancer 21 50 In the foregoing subtraction of 55 minutes from 45 we borrowed 1 degree, 60 minutes, added that to the 45 minutes, and from their sum, 105 minutes, we subtracted 55, leaving 50 minutes. To subtract 29 degrees from 20 left after borrowing 1 degree for sub- tracting the minutes, is impossible, so we borrow one sign from the 15. That 30 degrees we add to the 20, which makes 50. From that 50 degrees we subtract 29, leaving 21 degrees. Of the 15 signs, we have borrowed 1, leav- ing 14, and 10 from 14 leaves 4. The fourth sign is Cancer 21:50. We will now make a list of the longitudes of the planets as we have fig- ured them, prior to placing them in the horoscope: [PAGE 729] Deg. Min. Longitude of the Sun...................Leo 9 36 Longitude of the Moon.............Aquarius 19 18 Long. of Neptune (noon Aug. 2)......Cancer 17 42 Long. of Uranus (noon Aug. 2)....Capricorn 18 15R Long. of Saturn (noon Aug. 2)........Aries 23 13 Long. of Jupiter (noon Aug. 2).......Virgo 15 10 Longitude of Mars....................Aries 3 58 Longitude of Venus...................Virgo 5 16 Longitude of Mercury...................Leo 7 29 Longitude of Part of Fortune........Pisces 28 38 Longitude of Dragon's Head..........Gemini 13 47 Longitude of Dragon's Tail......Sagittarius 13 47 The planets may now be placed in the horoscope. In placing the planets the student should particular regard to two points: FIRST--That the planets are placed intheir proper houses and order. The signs and degrees of the zodiac go in the direction shown by the arrows; consequently, starting from Aries 0 (which must be in the Seventh House, as Aries 14 is on the cusp of the Eighth House) we note that Mars is is Aries 3:58; consequently we place him in the Seventh House close to the cusp of the Eighth. As Aries 14 is on the cusp of line which marks the entrance of to the Eighth House, and Saturn is Aries 23:13, we place him in the Eighth House just above the cusp. Thus both planets are in their proper relation to one another and to the houses, AND THEY ARE SO PLACED THAT IN READING WE CAN MAKE MISTAKE AS TO THE SIGN THEY ARE IN. If Mars had been placed lower down in the Seventh House, at a cursory glance he might even seem to be in Pisces, and Saturn, placed further up in the Eighth, might appear to be in [PAGE 730] BIRTH CHART: AUG. 2, 1909 8:15 AM LONG. 88W LAT. 42N ASCENDANT: VIRGO 18:56 7TH HOUSE: PISCES 18:56 2ND HOUSE: LIBRA 14 8TH HOUSE: ARIES 14 3RD HOUSE: SCORPIO 13 9TH HOUSE: TAURUS 13 4TH HOUSE: SAGITTARIUS 17 10TH HOUSE: GEMINI 17 5TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 21 11TH HOUSE: CANCER 21 6TH HOUSE: AQUARIUS 22 12TH HOUSE: LEO 22 SUN: LEO 9:36 SATURN: ARIES 23:13 MOON: AQUARIUS 19:18 URANUS: CAPRICORN 18:15R MERCURY: LEO 7:29 NEPTUNE: CANCER 17:42 VENUS: VIRGO 5:16 DRAGON'S HEAD: GEMINI 13:47 MARS: ARIES 3:58 DRAGON'S TAIL: SAGITTARIUS 13:47 JUPITER: VIRGO 15:10 PART OF FORTUNE: PISCES 28:38 Taurus. That would cause an error in reading which a little care will obviate. If the student observes carefully the method used in placing the planets in this horoscope there will never be any doubt as to the signs the planets are occupying. SECOND--The positions of the planets should be readable without the neces- sity of turning and twisting the horoscope, which is subversive of proper concentration. If planets in the Third, Fourth, Ninth and Tenth Houses are [PAGE 731] written as we have inscribed Neptune and Uranus, this inconvenience will be overcome. The horoscope has now been cast and is complete. Most astrologers now start to read, but to do this work thoroughly it is necessary to make an in- dex such as will be found in a later chapter. In order to make the student thoroughly conversant with the manner of casting a horoscope we will first complete the figure cast in part for Aug. 2, 8:15 P.M., for that horoscope offers certain peculiarities worthy of illustration. To find the G.M.T. we add to the True Local Time of Birth, Aug. 2.................... 8 23 P.M. 4 min. for each of the 88 degrees longitude, birthplace is west of Greenwich.......... 5 52 ---------------- G.M.T., August 3rd.......................... 2 15 A.M. Here is an important point. When we add 5 hours and 52 minutes to 8 P.M., WE BRING THE G.M.T. INTO THE FOLLOWING DAY; at the indentical time when the child was born and the Chicago clocks pointed to 15 minutes past 8 on the evening of August 2nd, the Observatory clock at Greenwich showed 15 minutes past 2 on the morning of August 3rd. Thus the noon of August 3rd is nearest the G.M.T.. amd the interval between G.M.T. (2:15 A.M.) and nearest noon is therefore 9 hours, 45 minutes, the logarithm of interval being .3912. We have now performed the operations prescribed in Sections One and Two of our rule and we will next find the motion of the Sun on the G.M.T. day as [PAGE 732] directed by Section Three: Deg. Min. Long. of Sun on noon after G.M.T. (Aug. 3)...................Leo 10 28 Long. of Sun on noon before G.M.T. (Aug. 2)...................Leo 9 31 --------------- Sun's motion on the G.M.T. day... 57 Log. of Sun's motion on G.M.T. day 1.4025 Logarithm of interval............. .3912 -------------- Log. of Sun's travel during interval 1.7937 Deg. Min. Value of logarithm 1,7937 (increment of correction) 0 degrees, 23 minutes Long. of Sun on noon nearest G.M.T...Leo 10 28 Minus increment of correction........... 0 23 --------------- Long. of Sun at G.M.T................Leo 10 5 This position may be entered in the horoscope. In he last horoscope we added the increment of correction to the longi- tude of each planet because the G.M.T. was after noon. Here the G.M.T. is before noon hence we subtract the increment of correction from the longitude of each planet on the nearest noon to G.M.T. as directed by the rule Section Six (b). Deg. Min. Long. of Moon on noon after G.M.T.....Pisces 2 39 Long. of Moon on noon before G.M.T. ....................................Aquarius 17 55 --------------- Motion of Moon on G.M.T. day................ 14 44 [PAGE 733] Logarithm of Moon's motion.................. .2119 Logarithm of interval....................... .3912 ------- Log. of Moon's motion during interval....... .6031 Deg. Min. Value of logarithm .6031 (increment of correction) 5 degrees, 59 minutes. Long. of Moon on noon nearest G.M.T. (Aug.3)........................Pisces 2 39 Minus increment of correction........... 5 59 ----------------- Longitude of Moon at G.M.T.......Aquarius 26 40 As in the first horoscope we calculated, so in this we may pass Neptune, Uranus, and Saturn without correcting, and enter the longitude of each for the noon nearest G.M.T. in the horoscope. Mars' motion is 15 minutes on the G.M.T. day and his motion during the interval of 9 hours, 45 minutes would therefore be about 6 minutes. Subtracting 6 minutes from Mars' longitude on Aug. 3rd (the noon nearest G.M.T.), Mars' position in the horoscope will be Aries 4:06. Similarly Jupiter requires a correction of 4 minutes making his position Virgo 15.17. Longitude of Venus on noon after G.M.T. (Aug 3)..............................Virgo 6 21 Longitude of Venus on noon before G.M.T. (Aug. 2)............................Virgo 5 9 ----------------- Motion of Venus on G.M.T. day............ 1 12 [PAGE 734] Logarithm of Venus' motion on G.M.T. day......................................... 1.3010 Logarithm of interval....................... .3912 ---------------- Logarithm of Venus' travel during interval.. 1.6922 Deg. Min. Value of logarithm 1.6922 (increment of correction ) 0 degrees, 29 minutes. Long. of Venus on noon nearest G.M.T. .....................................Virgo 6 21 Minus increment of correction.............. 0 29 ---------------- Long. of Venus to be entered in horoscope... .....................................Virgo 5 52 Mercury is the last of the planets we have to calculate. Deg. Min. Longitude of Mercury on noon after G.M.T. (Aug. 3)..............................Leo 9 22 Longitude of Mercury on noon before G.M.T. (Aug. 2)..............................Leo 7 17 ---------------- Motion of Mercury of G.M.T. day............. 2 5 Log. of Mercury's travel on G.M.T. day...... 1.0614 Logarithm of interval....................... .3912 ---------------- Log. of Mercury's motion during interval.... 1.4526 Deg. Min. Value of logarithm 1.4526 (increment of correction) 0 degrees, 51 minutes. Longitude of Mercury on noon nearest G.M.T. (Aug. 3)................................Leo 9 22 Minus increment of correction.............. 0 51 ---------------- Longitude of Mercury to be entered in horoscope...............................Leo 8 31 [PAGE 735] The position of the Dragon's Head or Moon's Node, and the Dragon's Tail, have also to be found. The Dragon's Head for Aug 3rd, the noon nearest the G.M.T., is found in the ephemeris to be in 13:44 Gemini. The Dragon's Tail occupies the opposite point of 13:44 Sagittarius. It now remains to calculate the Part of Fortune, and we note the factors in that problem as being: Deg. Min. Ascendant, the 12th sign..............Pisces 7 8 Longitude of Sun, the 5th sign..........Leo 10 5 Longitude of Moon, the 11th sign...Aquarius 26 40 We proceed according to the rule given: Sign Deg. Min. Longitude of Ascendant................. 12 7 8 Longitude of Moon...................... 11 26 40 --------------------- 24 3 48 Minus: Longitude............................. 5 10 5 --------------------- 18 23 43 Subtract the circle of 12 signs....... 12 --------------------- 6 23 43 Longitude of the Part of Fortune ..............................Virgo 23 43 [PAGE 736] BIRTH CHART: AUG. 2, 1909 8:15 P.M. LONG. 88W LAT. 42N ASCENDANT: PISCES 7:08 7TH HOUSE: VIRGO 7:08 2ND HOUSE: ARIES 25 8TH HOUSE: LIBRA 25 3RD HOUSE: TAURUS 26 9TH HOUSE: SCORPIO 26 4TH HOUSE: GEMINI 18 10TH HOUSE: SAGITTARIUS 18 5TH HOUSE: CANCER 9 11TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 9 6TH HOUSE: LEO 2 12TH HOUSE: AQUARIUS 2 SUN: LEO 10:05 SATURN: ARIES 23:14 MOON: AQUARIUS 26:40 URANUS: CAPRICORN 18:13R MERCURY: LEO 8:31 NEPTUNE: CANCER 17:44 VENUS: VIRGO 5:52 DRAGON'S HEAD: GEMINI 13:44 MARS: ARIES 4:06 DRAGON'S TAIL: SAGITTARIUS 13:44 JUPITER: VIRGO 15:17 PART OF FORTUNE: VIRGO 23:43 We will now make a list of the planets as corrected for insertion in the horoscope: Deg. Min. The Sun..................................Leo 10 5 The Moon............................Aquarius 26 40 Neptune...............................Cancer 17 44 Uranus.............................Capricorn 18 13R Saturn.................................Aries 23 14 Jupiter................................Virgo 15 17 Mars...................................Aries 4 6 Venus.................................Virgo 5 52 Mercury.................................Leo 8 31 Part of Fortune.......................Virgo 23 43 Dragon's Head........................Gemini 13 44 Dragon's Tail...................Sagittarius 13 44 [PAGE 737] We have now cast the two horoscopes and a comparison reveals the fact that although cast for persons born in the same city on the same day of the year, the characteristics of one of these persons will be entirely opposite to those of the other, and as character is the determinator of destiny, the lives of these two persons will be entirely opposite. Before we can judge these two horoscopes it is necessary that we should obtain a clear conception of the relations of the planets to one another, to the signs of the Zodiac and to the houses as they are in each of the two horoscopes, and to that end we will make an index that shall reveal these relationships at a glance, so that our minds may not be hampered by math- ematics at the time when we are judging the horoscope, but be free and con- centrated upon the meaning of the different aspects and positions. RETROGRADATION: On the page of our ephemeris copied in this book, you will find in the columns of Saturn and Mars a capital R. The meaning is as follows: The planets of our solar system move in one direction, from west to east, but their orbits about the Sun are of varying sizes, and so are their ve- locities. The earth travels 65,000 miles an hour and still its circle is so large that it requires 365 days to journey around the Sun. Mercury makes a much smaller circle around the Sun, and travels 104,000 miles an hour, so it [PAGE 738] it completes a revolution around the Sun in 88 days. Uranus travels only 15000 miles an hour, but its circle is so large that it requires 84 years to complete. The other planets show similar variations of speed. If they traveled in a straight line the smaller and faster planets would soon leave the more ponderous and slow-moving behind, but as they move in circle, they pass a given point of observation again and again. Were that point central and stationary this constant forward motion of the planets in their respec- tive orbits would be apparent to all observers; but that is the trouble, there is no stationary point; every particle, from Jupiter, the giant of our solar system, to the smallest particle of "stardust" is in incessant motion around a common center, and therefore, at times one planet moves almost transversely to the path of another moving body and it appears for a time as if it stood still in its orbit. Astronomvers say that such a planet is sta- tionary. At other times this oblique motion of the planets relative to the earth's position in its orbit makes them seem to move backward in the zo- diac, and this we call Retrograde. In the ephemeris we find a capital R in line with the day when any planet commences thus seemingly to recede, and this retrogradation goes on until we find a capital D which indicates that a direct forward motion of the planet is again observable. Though this backward motion of a planet is only seeming, it has a very real effect in respect to the influence which a planet exerts, for it is the angle of the ray which determines the influence of a planet. The planets [PAGE 739] are foci which transmit and intensify the properties of fixed stars so that they affect us in a much greater degree than when not focussed upon the point of observation-the birthplace. Let us now suppose that at the time a child is born we look at Saturn and beyond him, right along our line of observation, we see the fixed star An- tares which is in about 8 degrees of Sagittarius; the child is then getting a tendency to eye trouble which is sufficiently severe even if the planet is traveling "direct" in its orbit as is generally the case, for then Antares gradually goes out of focus, and Saturn will not return to the conjunction until it has completed its circle journey around the Sun (which takes about 29 years). If, on the other hand, we find that on the day after birth Sat- urn has retrograded somewhat, and still more the next day, and so on for a week or two, then that also brings Antares out of focues, but THERE IS THIS IMPORTANT DIFFERENCE, that instead of taking 29 years to form the next con- junction Saturn may become "direct," and form the second conjunction with Antares in a few weeks after birth, and this repeated evil ray may aggravate the natal defect to such an extent that the child becomes blind. Thus we reiterate, that WHILE THE RETROGRADE MOTION OF A PLANET IS ONLY SEEMING, ITS INFLUENCE ON HUMAN AFFAIRS IS VERY REAL. [PAGE 740] THE ASPECTS: The circle of the zodiac, like any other circle, is divisible into 360 degrees. Within this circle move the heavenly bodies of our solar system, but their motion is far from uniform, as shown in the first chapter. There- fore those planets which move the slowest are overtaken, passed, and re-passed by the swifter bodies. When one planet is a certain number of degrees from another planet they are said to be in aspect. TABLE OF ASPECTS: The Opposition planets are 180 degrees apart The Square " " 90 " " The Sextile " " 60 " " The Trine " " 120 " " The Conjunction " " 0 " " The Parallel occurs when two planets have the same degree of declination, no matter whether one is north and the other south of the equator. This will be made clear in calculations which follow later. [PAGE 741] Of the aspects mentioned above, the Opposition and Square are said to be evil; the Sextile and Trine are designated good, while the Conjunction and Parallel are classed as indeterminate; if they occur between so-called good planets they bring good; if between the evil planets (so-called) they bring evil. A horoscope is considered fortunate or the reverse according to whether the sextiles and trines are more numerous than the squares and op- positions. Such a viewpoint is erroneous. In the Father's Kingdom there is no evil. What appears so is only good in the making. When a lapidary is cutting a precious stone he applies part after part of the rough gem to the grindstone and at each application we may hear the loud screeching, as if in pain, from the stone. By degrees, however, as a consequence of the harsh grinding pro- cess, it will acquire a beautifully polished surface with numerous facets capable of receiving, reflecting and refracting the brilliant sunlight. God and his Ministers, the Seven Planetary Spirits, are the Lapidaries and man is a diamond in the rough. To polish and uncover his spiritual na- ture varied experiences are necessary. They may be pleasant or otherwise, as indicated by what are commonly called good or bad aspects; but it is safe to say that the adverse experiences which come to us under so-called bad as- pects are as potent developers of spiritual muscle--removing more of our selfishness, serving to make us more tolerant and sympathetic, as the harsh [PAGE 742] grinding which serves to remove the rough coat of the diamond. Though a horoscope full of squares and oppositions may indicate what is ordinarily termed a hard life, such a one is infinitely preferable (from a spiritual standpoint) to a nativity with only "good" aspects, for that could give but an insipid existence, while a "bad" horoscope will give action and zest to the life in one direction or another. Moreover as the stars do not COMPEL, but give tendencies only, it lies with us in a large measure to assert our individuality and transmute present evil to future good. Thus we shall work in harmony with the stars and rule them by obedience to cosmic law. The influence of an aspect between the planets at birth is felt even if they are not EXACTLY 60, 90, 120 or 180 degrees apart; an "orb," so-called, of 6 degrees is allowed. In the accompanying cut Saturn and Jupiter are within orb of each other because one is 1 degree, the other 7 degrees of Aries. Saturn being 1 de- gree, is also within orb of Mars (3 degrees) and Mercury (5 degrees), but is not within orb of the Sun, Moon or Venus, as there are more than 6 degrees from 1 (Saturn's degree) to 9, 12 and 14, the degrees occupied by the Sun, Moon and Venus. The spiritual reason for this orb is as follows:--Besides the visible body of man which we perceive by our senses, man has also invisible vehicles called by Paul spiritual bodies, and man himself is a spirit. [PAGE 743] CHART: FLAT CHART: ASCENDANT: 0 ARIES, ETC. VENUS: LIBRA 12 SUN: LEO 9 MARS: GEMINI 3 MOON: AQUARIUS 14 JUPITER: ARIES 7 MERCURY: SAGITTARIUS 5 SATURN: ARIES 1 When we have developed the faculty of spiritual sight, which is latent in all, we shall see these finer bodies protruding far beyond the dense body which is located in the center of this "aura," much as the yolk of an egg is in the center of the egg, surrounded by the white on all sides. Before two human beings come in close physical contact their auras have mingled; that is the reason why we "feel the presence of another" at times before we become aware of him by means of our ordinary senses. [PAGE 744] As above, so below. Man is made in the image of God and of His ministers--the star angels. Each planet has an invisible world protruding into space beyond the dense visible sphere perceived by the eye. When these planetary auras come into aspect an influence is felt, though the visible planets may yet lack 6 degrees in forming an aspect or they may have gone 6 degrees past the aspect before the influence ceases. In order to determine at a glance just what aspect the planets in a horo- scope have to one another, when within orbs we note the following division of the zodiacal signs: CARDINAL SIGNS: CANCER--CAPRICORN ARIES--LIBRA FIXED SIGNS: LEO--AQUARIUS TAURUS--SCORPIO COMMON SIGNS: VIRGO--PISCES GEMINI--SAGITTARIUS Planets in Cardinal signs are in conjunction, square or opposition IF WITHIN ORB, planets in Fixed signs are also in conjunction, square or op- position if within orbs and so are planets in Common signs. A glance at the horoscope will reveal which of the three aspects is formed. [PAGE 745] Another division of the zodiac is: FIERY SIGNS: ARIES--LEO--SAGITTARIUS EARTHY SIGNS: TAURUS--VIRGO--CAPRICORN AIRY SIGNS: GEMINI--LIBRA--AQUARIUS WATERY SIGNS: CANCER--SCORPIO--PISCES Planets in fiery signs are in conjunction or trine IF WITHIN ORB. Plan- ets in earthy signs are in trine (or conjunction); so are the planets in airy or watery signs, as shown in the above diagram. ESSENTIAL DIGNITIES AND EXALTATION: Planets are said to "rule" or to be "essentially dignified" in certain signs where the essential nature of planet and sign agree. When placed in the opposite signs, they are in their "detriment," and hence out of harmony with their surroundings. Planets are more powerful in certain signs than in others, and are said to be "exalted" when placed in such signs. When occupying the opposite signs, they are in their "fall," hence comparatively weak. The following table will show the planets, and the signs in which they are strong or weak, in accordance with the foregoing. It will be noted that each of the planets, with the exception of Uranus and Neptune, rules two signs, while the Sun and Moon rule only one each. Also note that Uranus and Saturn are co-rulers of Aquarius and that Neptune and Jupiter are co-rulers of Pisces. [PAGE 746] TABLE OF PLANETARY POWERS: PLANET: RULES: DETRIMENT: EXALTATION: FALL: SUN LEO AQUARIUS ARIES LIBRA VENUS TAURUS, LIBRA SCORPIO, ARIES PISCES VIRGO MERCURY GEMINI, VIRGO SAGITTARIUS, PISCES VIRGO PISCES MOON CANCER CAPRICORN TAURUS SCORPIO SATURN CAPRICORN, AQUARIUS CANCER, LEO LIBRA ARIES JUPITER PISCES, SAGITTARIUS VIRGO, GEMINI CANCER CAPRICORN MARS ARIES, SCORPIO LIBRA, TAURUS CAPRICORN CANCER URANUS AQUARIUS LEO SCORPIO TAURUS NEPTUNE PISCES VIRGO CANCER CAPRICORN CRITICAL DEGREES: The following table shows certain degrees of the Zodiac which are desig- nated as "critical degrees." When a planet is within an orb of three de- grees of any of these points, it will be found to exercise a much stronger influence in the life than otherwise. This influence will tend to increase the strength of an exaltation, and also to offset the weakness resulting from a planet being in its fall or detriment. It will also increase the strength of aspects to that planet. TABLE OF CRITICAL DEGREES: CARDINAL SIGNS -- Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn; 1st., 13th., and 26th. degrees. FIXED SIGNS -- Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, Aquarius; 9th. and 21st degrees. COMMON SIGNs -- Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, Pisces; 4th. and 17th. degrees. [PAGE 747] ELEVATION: A planet placed in or near the ninth or tenth houses is said to be "el- evated." The nearer it is to the Midheaven, the more highly elevated it is. A planet in elevation is much more powerful, for either good or evil, than when placed at a lower altitude. THE ANGLES: When planets are found in the "angles" of the horoscope (First, Fourth, Seventh and Tenth Houses) they are said to be ANGULAR OR ACCIDENTALLY DIGNI- FIED. When so placed, they exert a greater influence for either good or evil, than when located in the other houses. When the student has digested the above information he should proceed to make a table or index of the relationship of the planets as shown in the diagram on page 89. [PAGE 748] MAKING THE INDEX: Looking at the horoscope for 8:15 P.M. we note that Saturn and Mars are in Aries, a Cardinal sign. We therefore place them under Cardinal signs in the index. Cancer, the next Cardinal sign, contains Neptune, and that planet is entered under the Cardinal signs in the index. Libra, the third Cardinal sign, contains no planets. Capricorn is the last of the Cardinal signs; Uranus is there and when we have entered him in the index we have a complete list of the planets which, in this horoscope, are placed in Cardi- nal signs. The Fixed signs are Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius. In Taurus we find no planet. The Sun and Mercury are in Leo, hence we enter them in the index under th heading "Fixed." Scorpio has no planets but the Moon is in Aquarius. It is therefore also entered under "Fixed" in the index. In this horoscope the Common signs Gemini, Sagittarius and Pisces, con- tain no planets, but Virgo, the other Common sign, has Jupiter and Venus; hence these are entered under the list of planets in Common signs, as is also the Part of Fortune. [PAGE 749] This completes our classification of the planets in respect to the tem- perament, and to make sure that we have entered all in the index, we count them: Four are in Cardinal; three are classified as Fixed, and two as Com- mon, making a total of nine planets, besides the Part of Fortune. That is right; so we proceed in like manner to note the planets in Fiery signs. We enter them in the index. Next the Earthy, Airy and Watery signs. We have then made our classification according to elements, and again we count to see that we have entered all the planets. Four are in Fiery signs; three in Earthy signs; one in Airy, and one in Watery signs. The total is nine planets, which is right. We next note the exaltation, etc., as given in the index. Now we are prepared to note the aspects, and the student is particularly requested to follow the system as here outlined; then he cannot possibly miss any aspect. Place the index finger of the left hand upon the first or left hand planet under th heading Cardinal in the index. (In the present case Mars.) Place your pencil point held in the right hand on the planet next to the right in the Cardinal line (Saturn here). Note by a glance at the horoscope if these two planets are in orb (6 degrees) of each other. Here the answer is, no; one is 4, the other 23 degrees. They are therefore not in aspect. Keep the left index finger in place, but move the pencil to the right to the [PAGE 750] next planet (Neptune here), and ask, are they within orb? --again the answer is no. Again the pencil point is moved to the right and is on the last planet in the Cardinal line (Uranus); the question, are the planets under the index finger and the pencil point within orb, is asked, and answered negatively. Thus we have ascertained that the planet under our left hand index finger (Mars) has no aspect to any of the other planets in Cardinal signs. We then move the left index finger one place to the right (to Saturn), place our pencil point on the planet next to the right of that (on Neptune here), re- peat the query, are the planets under the index finger and the pencil point (Saturn and Neptune here) within orb? A glance at the horoscope shows that they are; one being 17 and the other 23. They are therefore in aspect. Our rule says that--Planets in Cardinal, Fixed or Common signs are either in conjunction square or opposition if within orbs! A glance at the position of Saturn and Neptune shows that they are not in conjunction; nor in opposition; they must therefore be square to each other. other. We therefore write a square and the symbol of Saturn in Neptune's line in the Index; also a square and the symbol of Neptune in Saturn's line. Thus we have recorded that aspect. We leave our left index finger on Saturn, but move the pencil point to the right, to Uranus. We repeat our query, are they in orb? The answer is [PAGE 751] yes, and their positions indicate the aspect as being a square. This we note in the lines of Saturn and Uranus as in previous cases. Then we have recorded all the aspects of Saturn to the planets to the right of him, and we move our left index finger to the right (to Neptune and Uranus) and ask our question regarding orb. The answer is yes. Neptune and Uranus are within orb of each other, hence in opposition. This aspect is entered in the index also and completes the aspects of Neptune. We have now noted in a thorough and systematic manner all the aspects be- tween the planets in the Cardinal line. The same mode of procedure we em- ploy with the planets in the other lines WORKING IN EACH LINE STEADILY FROM LEFT TO RIGHT. If this method is followed no aspect can be missed. In dealing with the planets in the Fiery, Airy, Earthy and Watery signs, we remember of course that they are in trine or conjunction if within orb. In getting the Sextiles a different method is necessary. Start with Mars (Aries 4 here), add 60 degrees, which gives Gemini 4. As, is any planet in orb of Gemini 4? The answer is no. Pass the left index finger to the next planet in the horoscope (Saturn). He is in Aries 23; adding 60 degrees gives Gemini 23. There is no planet within orb of that point. The left in- dex finger is passed on to the next planet (Neptune) in Cancer 17. We add 60 degrees which gives Virgo 17. We ask our question, Is any planet in orb [PAGE 752] of that point? The answer is yes--Jupiter in Virgo 15. Then Neptune and Jupiter are sextile and are so entered in the lines of both planets in the index. Proceeding we move the left index finger to every plant in the horoscope in turn; adding 60 degrees and asking our question. When we have followed the circle around we shall also have recorded all the sextiles and missed none. The Dragon's Head and the Dragon's Tail exert an influence in the horo- scope only when in conjunction with a plant or the Ascendant. An orb of only two degrees or at most three degrees is allowed. The Dragon's Head is regarded as a benefic, its influence being analagous to that of the Sun in Aries, and Jupiterian in effect. The Dragon's Tail is malefic, being Satur- nine in quality and having an influence similar to that of Saturn in Libra. In the present case neither the Dragon's Head nor Tail is in conjunction with a planet, hence there are no aspects to them to be entered in the In- dex. There remain yet the Parallels. To find them we turn to the page from the ephemeris for the month of birth (August) found in the back of this book. At the top of the page we find the names of the planets: Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, etc., and below each planet is noted its Declination for the days of the month given in the left hand column. [PAGE 753] BIRTH CHART: AUG. 2, 1909 8:15 P.M. LONG. 88W LAT. 42N ASCENDANT: PISCES 7:08 7TH HOUSE: VIRGO 7:08 2ND HOUSE: ARIES 25 8TH HOUSE: LIBRA 25 3RD HOUSE: TAURUS 26 9TH HOUSE: SCORPIO 26 4TH HOUSE: GEMINI 18 10TH HOUSE: SAGITTARIUS 18 5TH HOUSE: CANCER 9 11TH HOUSE: CAPRICORN 9 6TH HOUSE: LEO 2 12TH HOUSE: AQUARIUS 2 SUN: LEO 10:05 SATURN: ARIES 23:14 MOON: AQUARIUS 26:40 URANUS: CAPRICORN 18:13R MERCURY: LEO 8:31 NEPTUNE: CANCER 17:44 VENUS: VIRGO 5:52 DRAGON'S HEAD: GEMINI 13:44 MARS: ARIES 4:06 DRAGON'S TAIL: SAGITTARIUS 13:44 JUPITER: VIRGO 15:17 PART OF FORTUNE: VIRGO 23:43 As our G.M.T. is early morning on August 3rd we place the declinations for August 3rd opposite each planet in the index. An exception is the Moon's declination which requires a logarithmic cor- rection in accordance with the G.M.T. This correction is made by the same method used in obtaining the Moon's longitude. We thus find the Moon's dec- lination to be 17-2. The declination of the Part of Fortune is the same as the declination of the Sun when in the same sign and degree. [PAGE 754] INDEX: ELEMENTS: DECLINATION: ASPECTS: CARDINAL: MARS, SATURN, SUN: 17:37-------CONJUNCT MERCURY; TRINE MARS; NEPTUNE, URANUS PARALLEL MOON FIXED: MERCURY, SUN, MOON VENUS: 10:32 COMMON: VENUS, JUPITER, MERCURY: 19:32---CONJUNCT SUN; TRINE MERCURY PART OF FORTUNE MOON: 17:02------SEXTILE SATURN; PARALLEL SUN FIERY: MARS, SATURN SATURN: 6:38-----SQUARE NEPTUNE, URANUS; MERCURY, SUN SEXTILE MOON; PARALLEL JUPITER EARTHY: VENUS, JUPITER, JUPITER: 6:47----TRINE URANUS; SEXTILE NEPTUNE; URANUS, PART OF PARALLEL SATURN FORTUNE MARS: 2:50-------TRINE MERCURY, SUN; PARALLEL AIRY: MOON PART OF FORTUNE URANUS: 22:41----SQUARE SATURN; OPPOSITION WATERY: NEPTUNE NEPTUNE; TRINE JUPITER, PART EXALTED: NEPTUNE OF FORTUNE; PARALLEL NEPTUNE ESSENTIALLY NEPTUNE: 21:35---SQUARE SATURN; OPPOSITION DIGNIFIED: MARS, SUN URANUS; SEXTILE JUPITER, PART ANGULAR: MARS, SATURN, OF FORTUNE; PARALLEL URANUS JUPITER, PART PART OF OF FORTUNE FORTUNE: 2:25----TRINE URANUS; SEXTILE NEPTUNE; CRITICAL PARALLEL MARS DEGREE: SATURN, MERCURY, DRAGON'S HEAD: SUN, VENUS, DRAGON'S TAIL: JUPITER RULER: NEPTUNE, JUPITER Here the Part of Fortune is Virgo 23:43. Take an ephemeris for any year and find when the Sun was there. That will be about September 17, and then the Sun's declination was 2:25 (ephemeris for 1909.) That, then, is the declination of the Part of Fortune. In the same way the declinations of the Midheaven and the Ascendant may be found if desired. [PAGE 755] Having entered all the declinations in the index, place the left index finger on the declination of Neptune at the bottom; the pencil point on the declination next above (Uranus); ask if they are within 1 degree or at most 1 1/2 degrees. The answer is yes, and so they are entered in the column of aspects as parallel. Move the pencil up the line, noting at each step if the declinations of the planets under the index finger and pencil point are within orb (one degree or a little more.) When the pencil point has reached the top, all parallels under the left index finger will have been noted. Then move the left index finger one step up (to Uranus) and the pencil point up to the declination of the planet next above; note their parallel, if any; move the pencil point upward, step by step, following the same method in moving from bottom upward to get the declination as was followed by moving the index finger and pencil point from left to right to get the conjunctions squares, trines and oppositions. When the Parallels have been recorded the index is finished; and if placed below the horoscope on one sheet of paper as shown in the accompany- ing illustration the student will have ready at hand every means of judging the figure without turning his attention from that to computing aspects. Thus a more concentrated attitude of the mind is attainable. Neither is the process of making the index as complicated as the process of describing it; in fact, it is simplicity itself, as it involves no mathematical calculation [PAGE 756] but only the proper methodical placement of the left index finger and moving a pencil point to the right or upward from that finger merely asking con- tinually: Are the planets under finger and pencil within orb? If this method is followed out the student can never miss an aspect and will be able to make such an index in from fifteen to twenty minutes. In order that proficiency may be achieved, the student should endeavor to make the index for the horoscope cast for August 2nd., 8:15 A.M. Aspects to the Ascendant, which represents the body, have an influence upon the health. Aspects to the Midheaven indicate the nature of one's op- portunities for spiritual advancement. But since the exact time of birth is rarely known, and since a small error in this makes several degrees differ- ence in the Ascendant or Midheaven, predictions made from aspects to these points are likely to be found unreliable. Hence we have not entered them in the Index. ----------------- NOTE: In addition to the foregoing, planets in the last six degrees of any sign must be compared with all planets in the first six degrees of other signs, because they may be in aspect to each other without coming under any of the preceding rules. Examples of this are as follows: Mars in 24-30 Aries is in conjunction with Venus in 0-30 Taurus; Mercury in 26-0 Taurus is sextile Jupiter in 2-0 Leo; Saturn in 27-9 Gemini is [PAGE 757] square Uranus in 2-0 Libra; Neptune in 28-0 Cancer is trine Mars in 3-0 Sag- ittarius; Venus in 29-30 Leo is in opposition to Mercury in 5-30 Pisces. NOTICE TO THE STUDENT: The foregoing chapters describe the basis of Astrology and illustrate in detail the method of erecting a horoscope. They also indicate the elements of the science of reading a horoscope. A great deal of additional informa- tion along these lines is given in the Philosophic Encyclopedia following. But the next volume in this series, the "MESSAGE OF THE STARS," is the Rosicrucian text book on the science of Astrological Reading, and the ap- plication of Astrology to our daily lives. It contains a complete exposi- tion of the methods used in judging the radical horoscope, also in progress- ing the chart and making predictions therefrom. Medical Astrology and the diagnosis of disease are comprehensively death with, as are also the bearing of Astrology upon evolution and the general nature and effect of planetary vibrations. All who wish to go further in the subject are referred to this volume. Continued with file "RC2017.TXT" End of File

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