BIOGRAPHY: WILLIAM CLINTON BORN: August 19, 1946, Hope AR MARTIAL STATUS: married (Hillary

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BIOGRAPHY: WILLIAM CLINTON BORN: August 19, 1946, Hope AR MARTIAL STATUS: married (Hillary in 1975) RELIGION: Baptist EDUCATION: Georgetown Univ, BS, FS 1968 Rhodes Scholar, Oxford Univ., 1968-70 Yale Univ., JD 1973 POLITICAL & GOV'T POSITIONS: 1972 George McGovern campaign worker 1974 Democratic Nominee for US House of Reps. 1975 Chairman Housing Development Corp. 1976-78 Arkansas Attorney General 1978-80 Governor of Arkansas, lost in 1980 1982-PR Governor of Arkansas, term expires Jan. 1995 ELECTION RESULTS (GOVERNOR) 1990 General Bill Clinton (D) 57% Nelson Sheffield (R) 42% Primary Bill Clinton (D) 55% Tom McRae (D) 39% 1986 General Bill Clinton (D) 64% Frank White (R) 36% Primary Bill Clinton (D) 61% Orval E. Faubus (D) 33% 1984 General Bill Clinton (D) 63% Woody Freeman (R) 37% Primary Bill Clinton (D) 64% Connie Tucker (D) 24% 1982 General Bill Clinton (D) 55% Frank D. White (R) 45% Runoff Bill Clinton (D) 42% Joe Purcell (D) 29% 1980 General Frank D. White (R) 52% Bill Clinton (D) 48% 1978 General Bill Clinton (D) 63% A. Lynn Lowe 37% Primary Bill Clinton 60% Joe Woodward 22% NOTE: It appears from 1978-86, term for Gov was 2 years. From 1986, the term was 4 years. BUSINESS & PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS: 1973-76 Professor of Law, Univ. of Ark. at Fayetteville 1973-76 Attorney, private practice 1981-82 Attorney, Wright, Lindsay & Jennings, Little Rock HONORS & AWARDS: 1988 Distinguished Service Award, Council of Chief State Officers MEMBERSHIPS: National Governor's Association (Chairman 1987) Education Committee of States (Chairman 1987) National Association of Attorney Generals SUMMARY FROM THE 1992 ALMANAC OF AMERICAN POLITICS: As a politician, Bill Clinton has a lot going for him: brains, charm, sure political instincts, a genuine interest in real-world problems. However, he has had problems governing Arkansas. Education was Clinton's major focus and the one issue where he spent the majority of his time. From the beginning, he knew that to ensure Arkansas of a higher wage economy, it must have a higher- skill work force. Implementing this vision has not been easy for him. In 1983, he pushed through a reform package in the state legislature that including competency tests for new and working teachers, a teachers pay raise and a sales tax increase to pay for it. Teachers' groups vigorously opposed the tests, and the sales tax hike did not generate enough money for his programs. In 1987 and 1988, the legislature turned down his tax package twice. In 1989, it passed his entire education package, except for the taxes, which meant that teachers got raises of $1000 rather than $4000. The package included the following changes: choice provisions allowing parents to choose their children's schools, even across district lines, provided there is not a segregationist effect; mandatory kindergarten and mandatory curriculums for high schools; annual report cards for college faculty and schools; fines for parents of chronic truants; revocation of driver's licenses of school dropouts; reenactment of consolidation incentives for Arkansas's 300-plus school districts; banning beepers in schools and strict penalizes for drug sales near schools. In January 1991, the legislature passed a half-cent sales tax increase, which Clinton signed into law. These taxes were designed to raise teacher salaries by $4000 over the next two years, in addition to funding other educational programs. By the early 1990's, these reforms had not had their intended impact on education. Clinton's political opponents blamed him for low teacher pay, low test scores, neglecting the environment and raising taxes too much. During the 1990 campaign, his Republican opponent Nelson Sheffield, campaigned that ten years of Clinton was enough. In order to disarm voters' suspicions that he was too interested in national politics, Clinton promised not to run for President in 1992. In refuting opponents arguments that he is stale, he pointed to his latest ideas: new highways, apprenticeship programs and boot camps for nonviolent offenders. Clinton has shown that he is energetic and innovative, but can his programs help Arkansas overcome its natural disadvantages and compete in across the country and globe. During all this turmoil, Clinton has remained a nationally significant politician. He considered running for President in 1988, but declined saying it would be unfair to his 7-year old daughter. He co-chaired the National Governors' Conference task force on setting specific educational goals in connection of President Bush's 1989 Education Summit. In 1990, he became head of the moderate-leaning Democratic Leadership Conference.


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