[Welcome to Mercury Center] [Day Two] [Dark Alliance] Frames: [ Enable | Disable ] Drug ag

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[Welcome to Mercury Center] [Day Two] [Dark Alliance] Frames: [ Enable | Disable ] Drug agent thought she was onto something big Meneses' trail was getting warm when her superiors took her off the case Published: Aug. 19, 1996 [Other stories] BY GARY WEBB 'Crack' born Mercury News Staff Writer in San Francisco On a November afternoon in 1981, San Francisco DEA agent Bay Area in Sandra Smith inadvertently uncovered the first direct '74 link between cocaine and the secret army the Central It was a Intelligence Agency was assembling to overthrow the failed government of Nicaragua. attempt to copy Smith, one of the first female Drug Enforcement something Administration agents in the Bay Area, was investigating else rumors that a cocaine ring run by Norwin Meneses was bringing drugs into California and, for some reason, Shadowy sending weapons down to Central America. origins of 'crack' It was, she said, ''the only (case) that I ever worked, epidemic in all the time I worked there, that I thought was really Role of big.'' CIA-linked agents a well-protected secret until now She had good reason to be excited. Federal agents had [document link] amassed a thick file on Meneses, running across his 1981 tracks in New Orleans and Los Angeles, a 1981 DEA affidavit affidavit said. As far back as 1978, it said, agents knew for search Meneses was bringing multi-kilo quantities of cocaine warrant into the United States -- huge amounts by the standards of the day. Smith staked out San Francisco International Airport and tailed two of Meneses' Southern California dealers to a house at 8 Bellevue Ave. in Daly City. Investigation terminated Because Smith's investigation was terminated shortly afterward, she never learned who lived in that house. But two years later, its owner would become involved in one of the more curious incidents in the annals of the war on drugs. His name was Carlos Augusto Cabezas, and, like Norwin [document link] Meneses, he'd been on the losing side of the Sandinista Cross-examination revolution in Nicaragua. Then 37, Cabezas held degrees in of Carlos law and accounting and ran the foreign division of the Cabezas Bank of America in Managua. During the war, he was a pilot for the Guardia, the army of U.S.-backed dictator [document link] Anastasio Somoza. Statement regarding Yet by February 1983, Cabezas was in jail in San defendant Francisco, accused by the FBI of being part of a drug Carlos ring that brought more than $100 million worth of cocaine Cabezas into the country aboard Colombian freighters. Police cracked the case when they nabbed frogmen swimming ashore at Pier 96 near Hunters Point with 400 pounds of cocaine. At the time, it was the largest cocaine seizure in California history, and 35 people were ultimately arrested. Though Meneses was never charged, court records said there was ''a direct and ongoing connection between the Meneses organization and Carlos Cabezas.'' Bay Area papers treated the case like any big drug bust [document link] -- a front-page headline and a picture of the dope. But Article from the Nicaraguan press saw something else entirely. San Francisco Managua press saw the story Chronicle about ''Somoza supporters involved in drug trafficking,'' is cocaine how the Feb. 20, 1983, edition of Barricada, a seizure pro-Sandinista daily in Managua, headlined its story. Citing unnamed Nicaraguan government sources, the story said that among the group arrested ''there were many who are linked to the ex-Guardia group of Somoza supporters in San Francisco, and through this link in the cocaine trafficking, they were giving economic support to the Contra revolution.'' The first inkling here that the Frogman Case was something extraordinary came in June 1984, when the attorney for the cocaine ring's alleged leader, Julio Zavala, asked the government to return money seized from Zavala's apartment the morning of his arrest. Along with an assortment of arms, drugs, passports and catalogs for machine guns and silencers, agents found $36,800 in cash. Federal prosecutors declared it was drug money and said they would use it as evidence at Zavala's trial. But Zavala insisted the cash wasn't from drugs; he said [document link] the money had been given to him by the Contra army to buy Declaration supplies in the United States. To prove it, two exiled of Zavala's Contra leaders wrote the court and swore that the money defense seized from the cocaine dealer was ''for the attorney, reinstatement of democracy in Nicaragua.'' Judd Iverson Those letters were hurriedly sealed after prosecutors invoked the Classified Information Procedures Act, a law designed to keep national security secrets from leaking out during trials. The money is returned [document link] Stipulation Soon, U.S. Attorney Joseph P. Russoniello decided he regarding really didn't need the money as evidence. Nor did he want disposition it forfeited to the government, which is standard of funds procedure in drug cases. Instead, on Oct. 2, 1984, the Justice Department gave Zavala the money back. But that wasn't the end of the issue. A few weeks later, at Zavala's trial, Carlos Cabezas took the stand as a government witness against his old boss and exposed additional details of the Frogman ring's ties to the CIA's army. Cabezas said Zavala, who was convicted of the drug [document link] charges, had sent him to Costa Rica in late 1981 to pick Transcript up two kilos of cocaine from a man named Horacio Pereira, of court an exiled Nicaraguan businessman, and bring the cocaine proceedings back to San Francisco. But when he got there, Pereira had for U.S. vs changed his mind and wouldn't hand over the dope because Julio Zavala he'd heard Zavala was drinking heavily. Cabezas said Pereira didn't want someone unreliable handling the money because he ''was helping the Contra revolution in Nicaragua.'' Cabezas said he agreed to be responsible for the Contras' cocaine profits and said Pereira eventually sold him a total of 12 kilos, worth at that time about $600,000 wholesale. Pereira, a business associate of Norwin Meneses, was [document link] later convicted on drug charges in Costa Rica. Secret FBI report tapes made during that investigation revealed he was in regarding frequent contact with Contra commanders. In addition, a cocaine 1982 FBI report -- which wasn't made public until 1988 -- distribution identified him and two other Contra leaders as the by Julio cocaine suppliers for the Frogman ring. Pereira was Zavala ''chopped into tiny bits'' a few years ago as a result of a drug debt, according to Meneses. Why DEA agent Smith's investigation of Meneses -- which predated the FBI's Frogman bust by two years -- was halted is not clear. Smith said her superiors didn't share her enthusiasm for the case and she was sent off to investigate motorcycle gangs in Oakland. ''I'm not so sure the DEA management took (my investigation) seriously enough to allow me the time and the assistance I would have needed,'' she said. When she quit in 1984, Smith asked her fellow DEA agents if they wanted the intelligence files she'd collected on Meneses in case ''anyone might be interested in picking up where I left off,'' she recalled. ''No one was. So I had a lot of notes that I had made that, just for lack of doing anything else (with them), I just shredded. No one was interested.'' TUESDAY: The impact of the crack epidemic on the black community, and why justice hasn't been for all. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Go to: [ Home | Dark Alliance: ] | Mercury Center Home | Index | Feedback | NewsLibrary | 1996 Mercury Center. The information you receive on-line from Mercury Center is protected by the copyright laws of the United States. The copyright laws prohibit any copying, redistributing, retransmitting, or repurposing of any copyright-protected material.

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