Date: Sun, 26 Mar 1995 17:22:00 -0800 Subject: Pioneer Fund, Proposition 187, Bell Curve a
Date: Sun, 26 Mar 1995 17:22:00 -0800
From: Jan Mirilovich
Subject: Pioneer Fund, Proposition 187, Bell Curve and Repression
Editor's hyperbolic diatribe:
The Pioneer Fund was the primary financial sponsor of Proposition 187 on
the California ballot. They have an extended legacy of sponsoring similar
legislation over the past 57 years of their existence. The agenda that
they are attempting to advance is one of fascism, repression and racism.
Linkage of their past goals and ideals to their present visions for the
future of America can go a long way toward stopping them in their tracks.
Tell them that they can just take their fascist agendas and shove 'em.
Note: The comments contained in braces [ ] are those of the editor. Some
typographical errors in the original article have been corrected for ease
THE NEW YORK TIMES - Sunday, December 11, 1977
Fund Backs Controversial Study of 'Racial Betterment'
by Grace Lichtenstein
A private trust fund based in New York has for more than 20 years
supported highly controversial research by a dozen scientists who
believe that blacks are genetically less intelligent than whites.
The Pioneer Fund, a tax-exempt foundation incorporated in 1937 for
the express purpose of research into "racial betterment," was worth
more than $2 million, according to its 1975 Internal Revenue Service
return. Yet several officers of the leading geneticists profession-
al organization say they never heard of it. A month-long study of
the Pioneer Fund's activities by The New York Times shows it has
given at least $179,000 over the last 10 years to Dr. William B.
Shockley, a leading proponent of the theory that whites are inher-
ently more intelligent than blacks.
The money was paid through Stanford University, where professor
Shockley was a Nobel Prize-winning professor of engineering science,
as well as through his own personal foundation - a customary method
of foundation disbursement.
Another major beneficiary is Dr. Arthur R. Jensen, an educational
psychologist at the University of California, whose article in 1969
theorizing that intelligence was hereditary touched off a furor over
the value of compensatory education for disadvantaged black students.
Some Others Who Got Grants
Dr. Travis Osborn of the University of Georgia, Dr. Frank C. J. McGurk
and Dr. Audrey Shuey are other well-known researchers in the same area
who got Pioneer grants.
Two researchers known to few specialists in the genetics field, Dr.
Roger Pearson and Dr. Ralph Scott, also got substantial grants, which
they declined to discuss. Neither man is a geneticist.
Theories of racial inferiority pursued by Pioneer's staff of researchers
have been widely discredited in recent years. Some data developed by
Cyril Burt, a British scientist, which had underpinned the theory, are
now alleged by leading geneticists to be without scientific value.
In addition, at least one major association of professional geneticists
has publicly decried the use of what it regards as questionable material
on heredity and race to buttress political positions.
However, Burke Judd, former secretary of the Genetics Society of America,
and Hope Punnett, secretary of the American Society of Human Genetics,
said that in principle they were in favor of any legitimate genetics
research, even when it encompasses what some feel is an extreme point of
"If you really believe in open research you've got to let these people do
their 'research' and then let the rest of us question it," said Dr. Punnett.
She said she did not take either Dr. Jensen or Dr. Shockley "too seriously"
because she did not think they had developed good scientific information to
support their theories.
Some Are Embarrassed
Other colleges that have accepted Pioneer grants for "eugenics and heredity"
include the University of California at Berkeley, University of Georgia,
University of Southern Mississippi, Randolph-Macon College, Montana College
of Mineral Science and Technology and the University of Northern Iowa.
High officials of the last two schools said hey now were embarrassed by the
grants. They asked to remain anonymous, on the ground that criticism by
them would suggest interference with academic freedom.
It is not known whether Pioneer financed research in fields other than
heredity and eugenics.
Spokesmen at all the schools who knew about the grants said they did not
know the Pioneer Fund had been chartered for research into "racial
betterment." Nor did those scientists who The Times was able to reach who
would answer questions.
A spokesman for the University of California at Berkeley said its records
showed no Pioneer Fund grants to Dr. Jensen, although it did accept a
Pioneer grant for a political science professor. [Dr. Garrett Hardin, is
the most likely person referred to here and also in the Rolling Stone article
of October 20, 1994] Dr. Jensen confirmed that some of his grants came
through the university.
In each case the university, or another foundation, was named as recipient
of the grants, although the actual work was done by a specific professor in
residence. This is common practice in grant-giving everywhere.
However, in at least one school, Northern Iowa, the professor, Dr. Ralph
Scott, used some of the money not only for research but for anti-busing,
anti-school integration seminars in such off-campus places as Louisville,
and Boston, according to the school's grants administrator.
[Editor's Note: The Preston branch (maternal) of his family is from Lexington,
Ky and his Draper roots originated from the Mayflower near the Boston, Ma
area. He has been active in financing anti-busing research activities for
years. With John Trevor and Thomas Ellis, they have opposed busing and other
attempts at Civil Rights advances including compensatory education efforts.]
Question of Tax Exemption
"This might put the fund's tax-exempt status in jeopardy," an Internal
Revenue Service spokesman said when asked about general rules applying to
funds such as Pioneer.
Under Federal law, such funds remain tax-exempt as long as "no substantial
part of the activity" is "carrying on propaganda or otherwise attempting
to influence legislation."
"You're in a very sticky area," the I.R.S. spokesman replied when asked
about the definition of propaganda. Pioneer Fund is currently in a tax-
exempt category applying to groups exclusively charitable, religious,
testing and educational.
Although it has been a major "banker" in the financing of research on race
and genetics, Pioneer's chief executive will not talk to reporters. Nor
will some of the scientists who take its money acknowledge their connection
with Pioneer. The president of Pioneer Fund is Harry F. Weyher [pronounced
like "wire"], a lawyer whose office at 299 Park Avenue also is the fund's
office. Questioned by telephone about Pioneer, Mr. Weyher said, "It's a
client." Then he added, "I'm not going to talk to you any more," and hung
Mr. Weyher, several directors and the fund's founder have had long-standing
connections with conservative causes or political candidates, although no
one has suggested that the conservatives in question shared their interest
in eugenics and heredity research.
The founder, Wickliffe [Preston] Draper, a 1913 graduate of Harvard who
died in 1972, was the reclusive heir to a Massachusetts textile-machinery
fortune, according to published accounts.
[Editor's note: In addition to a large financial contribution as his 50th
reunion class gift made in June of 1963 to Harvard University, Draper also
arranged and financed the untimely demise of President John F. Kennedy as his
perverse lifetime legacy to commemorate his Fiftieth Reunion Class Gift.]
Two Committees Supported
In the 1950's and 1960's Mr. Draper supported two now-defunct committees
that gave grants for genetics research. Mr. Weyher was his lawyer. The
committee members included Representative Francis E. Walter, chairman of
the House Un-American Activities Committee [HUAC]; Henry E. Garrett, an
educator known for his belief in the genetic inferiority of blacks, and
Senator James O. Eastland of Mississippi.
When it was disclosed in 1960 that Richard Arens, staff director for the
Un-American Activities Committee, was also a paid consultant to the Draper-
financed committees, Mr. Arens was forced to leave his Congressional job.
In 1960 published reports quoted some leading American geneticists as
saying they had turned down requests from Mr. Draper to do research into
theories of racial inferiority among blacks.
Mr. Weyher, in a newspaper interview at the time, said Mr. Draper had
already sponsored a book on restricting immigration and another on the
intelligence of blacks by Dr. Shuey, a retired professor at Randolph-
Macon Woman's College.
Mr. Draper also gave money to right wing political candidates, including
the late Representative Donald Bruce [Republican] of Indiana, and the
late Representative Walter, as well as to conservative lobbying organiza-
tions such as the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies.
When Mr. Draper died his estate turned over $1.4 million to the Pioneer
Fund. Among two men listed as directors of Pioneer in 1975, the most
recent year for which Internal Revenue Service records are available,
is John B. Trevor, [Jr.] of New York, [whose father was] a founder of
the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies, adviser to Billy James
Hargis' Christian Crusade and author of an article on South Africa that
appeared in The Citizen, the publication of the White Citizens' Councils.
Testifying against more liberal immigration laws in 1965, Mr. Trevor warned
against "a conglomeration of racial and ethnic elements" that he said led
to "a serious culture decline."
The other Pioneer director [in 1975] is Thomas F. Ellis of Raleigh, N.C.,
manager of [Senator] Jesse Helm's 1972 campaign for Senator and an impor-
tant backer of Ronald Reagan's 1976 Presidential campaign.
Pioneer-sponsored research in eugenics, a movement devoted to improving the
human species through control of hereditary factors in mating, and dysgenics
the study of trends in population leading to the deterioration of hered-
itary traits, is a subject of much dispute in the genetics field.
An 'Inescapable Opinion'
Dr. Shockley, co-inventor of the transistor, has for years been collecting
material on eugenics and dysgenics research. He said in a telephone inter-
view a few days ago from his home in Palo Alto, Calif., that he had reached
"the inescapable opinion that a major cause of American Negroes' intellectual
and social deficits is hereditary and racially genetic in origin."
This, he continued, "is not remediable to a major degree by practical
improvements in environment," such as better schools, jobs or living con-
He said he was "very grateful" for Pioneer's grants. A spokesman for Stan-
ford said that $179,000 over 10 years to Dr. Shockley from Pioneer sounded
correct, although the school did not have an exact dollar figure.
The views of Dr. Shockley and Dr. Jensen and their supporters, have come
under attack recently from, among other sources, the Genetics Society of
America, a leading professional organization. In July 1976 it published
a statement of its committee on genetics, race and intelligence that was
endorsed by nearly 1,400 members.
"In our views there is no convincing evidence as to whether there is or is
not an appreciable genetic difference in intelligence between races," it
"Well designed research... may yield valid and socially useful results and
should not be discouraged. We feel that geneticists can and must also
speak out against the misuse of genetics for political purposes and the
drawing of social conclusions from inadequate data."
Genetics and Busing
When informed about Dr. Scott's activities on busing at Northern Iowa,
Professor Judd said it sounded contrary to normal academic practices for
an educational, tax-exempt foundation to finance genetics research linked
to the school-busing controversy. "But I don't have enough information,"
According to Northern Iowa officials, Dr. Scott is studying "forced busing
and its relationship to genetic aspects of educability." In this context
he sent a graduate student to Mississippi and held seminars on busing,
according to sources at the university.
Dr. Scott, a professor of education, refused to comment on his research and
to say whether its results had been published anywhere.
Roger Pearson, a British-educated economist who has been the beneficiary of
two Pioneer grants for work while he was dean at Montana Tech, also refused
to talk about his research.
Such nonresponses are unusual in the field of academic research openly
sponsored by tax-exempt foundations. Stanford, for example, has a policy
stating that "findings and conclusions" of research supported by outside
grants "should be available for scrutiny and criticism.
Dr. Pearson, who served for the 1974-1975 academic year as dean at Montana
Tech before leaving by mutual consent in a disagreement over educational
goals, got $60,000 from Pioneer while he was there.
Montana Tech officials said they had no idea that he apparently was the same
man who some years ago edited Western Destiny, a journal with many pro-South
Africa, anti-Communist and anti-racial mixing articles and who wrote a
number of pamphlets for the conservative-oriented Noontide Press such as
"Eugenics and Race" and "Early Civilizations of the Nordic Race."
=========================== END OF NY TIMES ARTICLE =========================
How many goals of Hitler's Third Reich are mentioned in this article?
1) Anti-immigration legislation, sentiments and testimony
2) Anti-civil rights legislation, sentiments and activities
3) Anti-minority pseudo scientific research into racial inferiority
4) Anti-communist and anti-liberal agendas of the radical right
5) Attempts at genetic manipulation by pseudo science towards a Master Race
6) Use of "internal security" at HUAC as a direct smokescreen for racism
7) Supporting the most anti-union Senator who ever lived in Jesse Helms
8) Using the veneer of "academic respectability" and "science" for racism
Wickliffe Preston Draper, the founder of The Pioneer Fund, is the epitome
of an American Hitler in the guise of a philanthropic and well educated
millionaire. His family owned Draper Corporation, in Hopedale, MA and
both North and South Carolina and he was a staunch anti-Union activist from
the early days of Sacco and Vanzetti trial in Dedham, MA only 30 miles from
his hometown of Hopedale, MA in the heart of the Blackstone Valley which
was the home of the Industrial Revolution. He was also among the most
ardent and vehement racists and anti-civil rights advocates in the history
of this cause from as early as the 1930's and perhaps earlier. His hatred
of the United Nations, liberals, and his dislike for anyone who participated
in the Nye Committees of the 1930's which attempted to punish so-called "war
profiteering" by the DuPonts, led to Draper's deliberate persecution of
Alger T. Hiss between 1948 and 1951 with the assistance of his cohort in
racism, eugenics and white supremacy, Nathaniel Weyl, who is still alive
Draper's vitriolic hatred for President John F. Kennedy was epitomized by
his direct financial sponsorship of several publications that led the
character assassination attacks on him during the 1950's when he was a
Senator from Massachusetts. These included Human Events, Right magazine,
Noontide Press, The American Mercury and comparable rightist publications
ostensibly owned and operated by The Liberty Lobby or affiliates, the
foremost racist, proto-fascist and anti-Semitic organization that has ever
existed in a Democracy. Only a Democracy could be brought to its knees by
the sinister forces of fascism, operating under the protection of the First
Amendment to the Constitution. This is a very sad commentary on our times
and on the foibles of our once magnificent system of egalitarian democracy.
The Draper attacks and assaults on President Kennedy intensified even more
during the 1960's when he was President and culminated in the final character
assassination in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963.
The Draper family, in 1967 became the largest shareholder in Rockwell-
Standard, which later became Rockwell International, one of the two largest
defense contractors in the entire universe along with the Lockheed Corp.
of Marietta, GA which is championed by Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-GA). Rockwell
bought out the failing Draper Corporation, a manufacturer of textile loom
machinery and equipment just before the acceleration of military activity
in Vietnam and shortly before the Draper Corporation was liquidated by
Rockwell as a bankrupt concern in the late 1970's. Rockets, missiles and
warplanes are apparently a much easier place to make money than in the
arena of textile loom equipment and textile machinery. Neither Kennedy's
opposition to the Cost Plus Fixed Fee method of compensating defense
contractors nor the CIA's opposition to the National Intelligence Estimates
of March 22, 1963 called NIE 11-4-63 stood in the way of the plans for the
future of this country. These plans were as defined and designed by those
in the Draper-Rockwell coalition which reached its culmination during their
merger which was consummated during the Summer of 1967 at almost $100 million.
Draper's fascist-inspired vitriolic hatred of Communism and anything
liberal led to his support of McCarthyism and the activities of HUAC, the
House Un-American Activities Committee for over a decade. In the spirit of
Dr. Josef Goebbels, he and his close associate at The Pioneer Fund, Dr.
Harry H. Laughlin, actually created and then championed the "involuntary
sterilization movement in America" the so-called "Buck vs. Bell" Supreme
Court case which was favorably reviewed by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes.
It led directly to the involuntary sterilization of over 75,000 human beings
between 1924 and 1972 in the approximately 24 states which passed similar
laws at the behest and encouragement of The Pioneer Fund. Sound familiar?
But the first major achievement of his work and that of Herr Laughlin, was
when Hitler and Goebbels invited Laughlin to receive an honorary degree
for his work in passing "The Model Eugenics Laws in America". Hitler used
the Draper-inspired American Eugenics Model to pass the law which will go
down in infamy as the Nuremberg Laws: "On the Prevention of Hereditarily
Ill Progeny" - the so-called Holocaust Laws. Are you beginning to get the
picture here? Are you willing to put your actions and money where your
realistic concerns are?
The last time that Immigration laws were severely tightened was the 1924
Immigration Act which was accomplished, in my opinion, in direct anticipa-
tion of the coming unrest in Europe during the 1930's and 1940's. Draper
and his sister inherited over $10 million that year, when Draper was only
33 years old. That is equivalent to over $300 million in today's dollars.
These laws kept many legitimate refugees, all targeted for elimination by the
Third Reich, from ever reaching a safe haven in the United States. The
precisely identical intentions are at work today with this renewed emphasis
on "Proposition 187", which is intended to become "The Model Anti-Immigration
Legislation in America" and for the rest of the world. When a Rwanda or
Zaire-style deliberately initiated crisis occurs in Bosnia-Herzegovina or
elsewhere in the world, the intention of the sponsors of "Proposition 187"
is to prevent those refugees targeted for "ethnic extinction" from ever
reaching a safe haven in America or anywhere else in the free world for
that matter. This is a very real and serious concern and every American
who recognizes the true intentions of Proposition 187 should oppose it with
their last breath and their last ounce of strength before it is too late.
Additional research assistance from anyone with experience in either manual
or computer assisted research techniques is desperately needed as well.
It would involve primarily digging into old newspaper archives which have
been put on microfilm like the NY Times and The Washington Post as well
as research into other manuscripts and generally available published
literature in most major university or large city public libraries.
E-Mail Fredric L. Rice / The Skeptic Tank