DEM BONES, DEM BONES THE NEBRASKA MAN Nebraska Man was discovered in 1922 by Harold Cook i

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DEM BONES, DEM BONES THE NEBRASKA MAN Nebraska Man was discovered in 1922 by Harold Cook in the Pliocene deposits in the Pliocene deposits of Nebraska. A tremendous amount of literature was built around this supposed missing link which allegedly lived 1 million years ago. The evidence for Nebraska Man was used by evolutionists in the famous Scopes evolution trial in Dayton Tennessee in 1925. William Jennings Bryan was confronted with a battery of "great scientific experts" who stunned him with the "facts" of Nebraska Man. Mr. Bryan had no retort except to say that he thought the evidence was too scanty and to plead for more time. Naturally, the "experts" scoffed and made a mockery out of him. After all, who was he to question the world's greatest scientific authorities? But what exactly was the scientific proof for Nebraska Man? The answer is a tooth. That's right; he found one tooth! The top scientists of the word examined this tooth and appraised it as proof positive of a prehistoric race in America. What a classic case of excessive imagination! Years after the Scopes trial, the entire skeleton of the animal from which the initial tooth came was found. As it turns out, the tooth upon which Nebraska Man was constructed belonged to an extinct species of pig. THE "AUTHORITIES," WHO RIDICULED MR. BRYAN FOR HIS SUPPOSED IGNORANCE, CREATED AN ENTIRE RACE OF HUMANITY OUT OF THE TOOTH OF A PIG! What an embarrassment to the scientific community and a noteworthy commentary on our human nature. Needless to say, little publicity was given to the discovered error. Surely, there is a lesson here for us concerning the reliability of so-called "expert testimony," which is so often used to manipulate and intimidate the layman. A similar discovery, which was also based upon a tooth, was the Southwest Colorado Man. It is now known that this particular tooth actually belonged to a horse! How resourceful and imaginative scientific "experts" can be at times. Give them one tooth, not necessarily human, and they create an entire race of prehistoric humanity. JAVA APE-MAN One of the most famous of all the anthropoids is the Java Ape- Man, Pithecanthropus erectus (erect ape-man). He was discovered in 1891 by Dr. Eugene Dubois, a fervent evolutionist. Dr. Dubois' find consisted of a small piece of the top of a skull, a fragment of a left thigh-bone, and three molar teeth. Although this evidence is admitedly more substantial, it is still fragmentary. Furthermore, these remnants were not found together. They were collected over a range of about 70 feet. Also, they were not discovered at the same time, but over the span of one year. To further complicate matters, these remains were found in an old river bed mixed in with the bones of extinct animals. Despite all of these difficulties, evolutionists calmly assure us that Java Ape-Man lived about 750,000 years ago. Although the "experts" would have us believe that these mere fragments provide sufficient information from which to reconstruct an entire prehistoric race, certain questions are raised. For instance, how is it possible to reconstruct so completely with such confidence from such scanty evidence? How can the "experts" be so certain that all the pieces came from the same animal? How have these unpetrified bones managed to survive for so long without disintegrating. And so on. Well, as it turns out, even the "experts" differed greatly about the identification of these fossil fragments. In fact, of the twenty- four European scientists who met to evaluate the find, then said they came from an ape; seven from a man; and seven said they belonged to a no longer missing link. Controversy and division surrounded the discovery. The renowned Professor Virchow of Berlin said: "There is no evidence at all that these bones were parts of the same creature." Even Dr. Dubois himself later reversed his own opinion. His final conclusion was that the bones were the remains of some sort of gobbin. But one would never gather the truly equivocal nature of the world-famous Java Ape-Man by viewing museum exhibits or reading college textbooks, which are so dogmatic. The dubious nature of Java Ape-Man (and human evolution as well) is either conveniently ignored or concealed behind the mask of "scientific fact." One final note regarding Java Ape-Man. Another Pithecanthropus was found in Java in 1926. Typically, this discovery was billed as a prodigious breakthrough, the missing link for sure. It turned out to be the kneebone of an extinct elephant. PILTDOWN MAN The remains of Piltdown Man were allegedly discovered in 1912 by Charles Dawson, an amateur fossilogist. He produced some bones, teeth, and primitive implements, which he said he found in a gravel pit at Piltdown, Sussex, England. He took them to Dr. Author Smith Woodword, an eminent paleontologist at the British Museum. The remains were acclaimed by anthropologists to be about 500,000 years old. A flood of doctoral disertations were performed on Piltdown Man. Surely, this find will stand the test of time and establish evolution as a fact of science; or will it? All was well until October of 1956 when the entire hoax was exposed. Reader's Digest came out with an article, summarized from Popular Science Monthly, entitled The Great Piltdown Hoax. Using a new method to date bones based upon fluoride absorption, the Piltdown bones were found to be fraudulent. Further critical investigation revealed that the jaw-bone actually belonged to an ape that had died only 50 years previously. The teeth were filed down, and both teeth and bones were discolored with bichromate of potash to conceal their true identity. And so, Piltdown Man was built upon a deception which completely fooled all the "experts" who promoted him with the utmost confidence. According to M. Bowden: "...the person responsible for placing the faked fossils in the pit was Teilhard de Chardin S. J." Teilhard authored several philosophical books in which he attempted to harmonize evolution and Christianity. Exasperated by the lack of convincing evidence for Darwin's theory, Teilhard was apparently motivated into assisting the theory of evolution by fabricating the needed missing link. It should be noted that Piltdown Man was viewed in stately museums and studied in major textbooks for several generations. What will today's "facts" of humen evolution turn out to be in the near future? And so, once again, the veracity of "experty testimony" is called into question. How fitting are the words of Scripture which declare: "Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools." (Romans 1:22) NEANDERTHAL MAN Neanderthal Man was first discovered at about the turn of the century in a cave in the Neanderthal Valley near Dusseldorf, Germany. He was portrayed as a semi-erect, barrel-chested, brutish sort of fellow, an intermediary link between man and apes. With the discovery of other neanderthal skeletons, it is now known, however, that Neanderthal Man was fully erect and fully human. In fact, his cranial capacity even exceeded that of modern man by more than 13%. The old misconceptions about Neanderthal Man were due to two factors: first, the bias of pre-programmed evolutionary anthropologists who reconstructed him; and second, the fact that the particular individual on whom the initial evaluation was made was crippled with osteo-arthritis and rickets. Today Neanderthal Man is classified as Homo sapiens, completely human. LUCY Present-day speculation about human evolution revolves about a group of fossils called australopithecines and, in particular, a specimen called Lucy, a 40% complete skeleton. Lucy was discovered by D. C. Johanson in the Afar area of Ethopia during investigations conducted from 1972-1977. In a National Geographic article (December 1976) Johanson claimed that: "The angle of the thigh bone and the flattened surface at its knee joint end...proved she walked on two legs." However, the knee joint end of the femur was severely crushed; therefore, Johanson's conclusion is pure speculation. Anatomist Charles Oxnard, using a computer technique for analysis of skeletal relationships, has concluded that the australopithecines did not walk upright, at least not in the same manner as humans. In this connection, it should be mentioned that the chimpanzee spends a considerable amount of time walking upright. Thus, there is no scientific basis for a conclusiion of bipedalism in Lucy. Lucy and her relatives are probably just varieties of apes. Finally, there is evidence that people walked upright before the time of Lucy. This would include the Kanapoi hominid and Castenedolo Man. Obviously if people walked upright before the time of Lucy, then she must be disqualified as an evolutionary ancestor. Marnatha! Ministries Maranatha! Net International Canada

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