Publius Ancient rabbinical writings generally divide Sheol into two sections - the pleasan

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Publius Ancient rabbinical writings generally divide Sheol into two sections - the pleasant section, called 'Abraham's bosom' by the ancient rabbis, is the place of the righteous souls; while the rest of Sheol is the place for LIMITED retribution for the deeds done on the earth. According to the ancient rabbis, Sheol is only a temporary keeping place of the souls, until the time of resurrection, and 'Abraham's bosom' was NEVER confused with heaven, and the place of retribution in Sheol was very different from today's concept of hell. This is the afterlife picture of the ancient Rabbinical Judaism, as well as that of the New Testament and the early century Christianity (with the Hebrew word 'Sheol' translated into the Greek word 'Hades'.) At the time of Reformation, John Calvin, as well as many others, also subscribed to this version of afterlife theology, as it is solidly grounded in the New Testament. Unfortunately, after the earliest generations of Reformation passed away, many of those who came after them, lacking their Scriptural insight and understanding, simply took the afterlife theology from Roman Catholicism except with the purgatory deleted. But even that, a great number (possibly the majority) of evangelical *scholars* today still subscribe to Calvin's version of afterlife theology, which is consistent with the New Testament and the ancient rabbinical writings. If you don't believe this, just look under 'paradise' and 'hades' in Kittel's Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, and you can find that the prevailing opinion among evangelical scholars is still consistent with Calvin, ancient rabbinical writings, and the New Testament. Having said this, I am willing to admit that among many who call themselves 'fundamentalists' and get their theology from TV, the pagan heaven/hell picture of afterlife is the dominant theology.

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