ACLU NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE ACLU and 45 Organizations C

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ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE ACLU and 45 Organizations Condemn President Bush; Say the U.S. Is Moving Toward War Without Congressional Approval For IMMEDIATE RELEASE November 15, 1990 The American Civil Liberties Union today released a joint statement signed by the 45 national organizations that condemned President Bush for moving toward a war in the Persian Gulf without Congressional approval. "We call upon the President to publicly affirm that, as the Constitution mandates, he will not take the nation into war without prior congressional authorization," the statement said. Ira Glasser, the executive director of the ACLU, said, the "Constitution makes absolutely clear that only the Congress can declare war. The President, therefore, has no authority to initiate a war by himself." "The ACLU takes no position on what role the United States should play in the Gulf and whether or not force should be used," Glasser said. "However, we take a strong position that the Constitution's fundamental safeguard prohibiting one lone man from committing the nation to war must be upheld." "Congress must also take an active role in shaping our policy in the Gulf, through consultation with the President, hearings with administration officials and outside experts representing all perspectives, and through a special session of Congress, if necessary," said Morton H. Halperin, the director of the ACLU's Washington National Office. The joint statement calls upon Congress to "immediately conduct hearings to examine the complex issues of our continued military presence in the Gulf and the most effective means for Congress to insure compliance with the Constitution." The full text of the statement follows. JOINT STATEMENT To the President and Congress On the Constitution and the Persian Gulf Crisis For IMMEDIATE RELEASE November 15, 1990 All Americans undoubtedly hope that the crisis in the Persian Gulf will be settled peacefully. But even if the President decides that all such efforts have been exhausted, the Constitution insures that the decision of whether America goes to war should not be his alone. Before engaging in any offensive military action, the President of the United States must explain his position to the American people and is constitutionally required to obtain congressional authorization for the military action. We therefore: 1. Call upon the President to publicly affirm that, as the Constitution mandates, he will not take the nation into war without prior congressional authorization. 2. Call upon all Members of Congress to exercise their constitutional responsibilities by (a) demanding that commitment from the President, (b) immediately conducting hearings to examine the complex issues of our continued military presence in the Gulf and the most effective means for Congress to insure compliance with the Constitution, and (c) holding constituent meetings on these issues. American Civil Liberties Union Americans for Democratic Action Arab American Institute Bread for the World Church of the Brethren Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador Conference of Major Superiors of Man, Justice and Peace Office Council for a Livable World D.C. Area Students Against War Fellowship of Reconciliation Friends Committee on National Legislation Friends of the Earth Fund for New Priorities Grandmothers for Peace Grassroots International International Jewish Peace Union, New York Jewish Committee for Israeli-Palestinian Peace Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers Justice and Peace Office National Conference of Black Lawyers National Lawyers Guild-D.C. Chapter National Rainbow Coalition NETWORK, a National Catholic Social Justice Lobby New Jewish Agenda Palestine Solidarity Committee Pax Christi USA Pax World Foundation Peace Links Physicians for Social Responsibility Professionals Coaltion for Nuclear Arms Control Progressive National Baptist Convention SANE/FREEZE: Campaign for Global Security Sojourners 20/20 Vision National Project Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations United Church of Christ, Office for Church in Society Unity-and-Diversity World Council U.S. Comprehensive Test Ban Coalition World Federalist Association Women for a Meaningful Summit Women Strike for Peace Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament Women's Peace Initiative YWCA of the USA Additional Signers: Association of National Security Alumni National Black Women's Political Leadership Conference Palestine Aid Society

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