American Civil Liberties Union Key Votes of U.S. Senate, 103rd Congress, First Session CAM

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American Civil Liberties Union Key Votes of U.S. Senate, 103rd Congress, First Session CAMPAIGN FINANCE 1. Congressional Spending Limit and Election Reform Act: McConnell (R-KY) constitutional point of order on whether the bill's limitations on campaign spending violated the First Amendment under the Supreme Court's ruling in Buckley v. Valeo (1976). The point of order was defeated 39-59 on June 17, 1993. The ACLU supported the point of order on free speech grounds. CHURCH/STATE 2. Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Reid (D-NV) amendment to exempt prisons from having to demonstrate a compelling interest advanced by the least restrictive means to interfere with a prisoner's exercise of religion. The amendment was defeated 41-58 on October 27, 1993. The ACLU opposed the amendment. CIVIL RIGHTS 3. Defense Authorization/Gay Ban: Boxer (D-CA) amendment to remove the language in the bill banning gay men and lesbians from serving in the military and to express the sense of Congress that the policy regarding the subject should be determined by the President. The amendment was defeated 33-63 on September 9, 1993. The ACLU supported the amendment. CRIME 4. Omnibus Crime Bill/Death Penalty: Levin (D-MI) amendment that would substitute life imprisonment without the possibility of parole where the bill would impose the death penalty. The amendment was rejected 26-73 on November 17, 1993. The ACLU supported the amendment. 5. Omnibus Crime Bill/Death Penalty: Passage of a bill to impose the federal death penalty for dozens of offenses. The bill was adopted 95-4 on November 19, 1993. The ACLU opposed the bill. NATIONAL SECURITY 6. Intelligence Budget/Public Disclosure: Metzenbaum (D-OH) amendment to express the sense of Congress that the intelligence budget should be made public. The amendment was adopted 52-48 on November 10, 1993. The ACLU supported the amendment. REPRODUCTIVE FREEDOM 7. Federal Employees Health Benefit Program: Nickles (R-OK) amendment that would prevent health plans under the Federal Employees Health Benefit Program from covering abortions. The amendment was defeated on the issue of germaneness 48-51 on August 3, 1993. The ACLU opposed the amendment. 8. Abortion/Federal Funding: Amendment to lift the ban on federally funded abortions and to strike the provision in the House bill restricting federal funding for abortions except in cases of rape, incest or to save the life of the woman. The amendment was defeated 40-59 on September 28, 1993. The ACLU supported the amendment. 9. Abortion Clinic Access/Passage: A bill creating new federal civil and criminal penalties for conduct interfering with individuals who are obtaining or providing pregnancy or abortion-related services. The bill was adopted 69-30 on November 16, 1993. The ACLU supported the bill. WOMEN'S RIGHTS 10. Family & Medical Leave Act/Final Passage: Final passage of the Family & Medical Leave Act that requires employers of more than 50 employees to provide 12 weeks of unpaid leave in the event of a family illness or birth or adoption of a child. The bill was adopted 71-27 on February 4, 1993. The ACLU supported the bill. Key to ACLU Votes: + Vote in favor of the ACLU position - Vote contrary to the ACLU position 0 Absent or not voting 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Alabama Heflin H (D) + + - - - + - - - - Shelby R (D) + - - - - - + - + + Alaska Murkowski F (R) + - 0 - - + - - - + Stevens T (R) + - - - - - + + + + Arizona DeConcini D (D) - + + - - + - - + + McCain J (R) - - - + - - - - - + Arkansas Bumpers D (D) - + - - - + + + + + Pryor D (D) - + - - - + + 0 + + California Boxer B (D) - + + - - + + + + + Feinstein D (D) - - + - - + + + + + Colorado Brown H (R) + - - - - - - - + - Campbell B (D) - + + - - + + + + + Connecticut Dodd C (D) - + + - - - + + + + Lieberman J (D) - + + - - - + + + + Delaware Biden J (D) - + + - - + - - + + Roth W (R) + - - - - - - - + + Florida Graham B (D) - - - - - + + - + + Mack C (R) + - - - - - - - - - Georgia Coverdell P (R) + - - - - - - - - - Nunn S (D) - - - - - - - - + + Hawaii Akaka D (D) - + + + - + + + + + Inouye D (D) - + + + - + + + + + Idaho Craig L (R) + + - - - - - - - - Kempthorne D (R) + + - - - - - - - - Illinois Moseley-Braun C (D) - + + + - + + + + + Simon P (D) - + + + + + + + + + Indiana Coats D (R) + + - - - - - - - + Lugar R (R) + + - - - - - - - - Iowa Grassley C (R) + + - - - - - - - - Harkin T (D) - + + + - + + + + + Kansas Dole B (R) + + - - - - - - + - Kassebaum N (R) - + - - - - - - + - Kentucky Ford W (D) - + - - - + - - + + McConnell M (R) + + - - - - - - + - Louisiana Breaux J (D) - - - - - - - - - + Johnston J (D) - - - - - + - - - + Maine Cohen W (R) - - - + - - + + + + Mitchell G (D) - + - + - + + + + + Maryland Mikulski B (D) - + + - - + + + + + Sarbanes P (D) - + + + - + + + + + Massachusetts Kennedy E (D) - + + + - + + + + + Kerry J (D) - + + + - + + + + + Michigan Levin C (D) - + + + - + + + + + Riegle D (D) - + + - - + + + + + Minnesota Durenberger D (R) - + - + + - - - + + Wellstone P (D) - + + + - + + + + + Mississippi Cochran T (R) + - - - - - - - - - Lott T (R) + - - - - - - - - - Missouri Bond C (R) + - - - - - - - + + Danforth J (R) + + - + - - - - + + Montana Baucus M (D) - - - - - + + + + + Burns C (R) + - - - - - - - - + Nebraska Exon J (D) - - - - - - - - - + Kerrey B (D) - - + - - + + + + + Nevada Bryan R (D) - - - - - + + - + + Reid H (D) - - - - - - - - + + New Hampshire Gregg J (R) + + - - - - 0 - - - Smith R (R) + - - - - - - - - - New Jersey Bradley B (D) - + + - - + + + + + Lautenberg F (D) - + + + - + + + + + New Mexico Bingaman J (D) - + + - - + + - + + Domenici P (R) + + - - - - - - + - New York D'Amato A (R) + + + - - - - - - + Moynihan D (D) - + + + - + + + + + North Carolina Faircloth L (R) + - - - - - - - - - Helms J (R) + - - - - - - - - - North Dakota Conrad K (D) - - - - - + - - + + Dorgan B (D) - - - 0 0 + - - 0 + Ohio Glenn J (D) - + 0 + - + + + + + Metzenbaum H (D) - + + + - + + + + + Oklahoma Boren D (D) - + - - - + + - + + Nickles D (R) + - - - - - - - - - Oregon Hatfield M (R) + + - + + + - - - + Packwood B (R) + + - - - - + + + + Pennsylvania Specter A (R) 0 + - - - + + + + + Wofford H (D) - + - - - + - - + + Rhode Island Chafee J (R) - + + + - - + + + + Pell C (D) - + + + - + + + + + South Carolina Hollings E (D) + - - - - + + + + - Thurmond S (R) + - - - - - - - - 0 South Dakota Daschle T (D) - - - - - + + - + + Pressler L (R) + - - - - - - - - - Tennessee Mathews H (D) - - - - - + + - + + Sasser J (D) - - - - - + + - + + Texas Gramm P (R) + - - - - - - - - - Hutchison K (R) + - 0 - - - - - + 0 Krueger B (D) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 + Utah Bennett R (R) + + - - - - - - - - Hatch O (R) + + - - - - - - - - Vermont Jeffords J (R) - + + - - - + + + + Leahy P (D) - + + + - + + + + + Virginia Robb C (D) - + + - - + + + + + Warner J (R) + + - - - - - - - - Washington Gorton S (R) + - - - - - - - + - Murray P (D) - + + + - + + + + + West Virginia Byrd R (D) - - - - - + + - + + Rockefeller J (D) - 0 - - - + + + + + Wisconsin Feingold R (D) - + + + + + + + + + Kohl H (D) - + - + - + + + + + Wyoming Simpson A (R) 0 - - - - - + - + - Wallop M (R) + - 0 - - - - - - 0 Notes 1. Bob Krueger (D-TX) was appointed to the Senate to succeed Lloyd Bentsen (D-TX) who resigned to become Secretary of the Treasury. 2. Kay Bailey Hutchinson (R-TX) replaced Bob Krueger after defeating him in a special election on June 5, 1993. ============================================================= ACLU Free Reading Room | A publications and information resource of the gopher://aclu.org:6601 | American Civil Liberties Union National Office ftp://aclu.org | mailto:infoaclu@aclu.org | "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty"

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