ACLU NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE Court Orders The Citadel to

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ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU * ACLU NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE * NEWS RELEASE Court Orders The Citadel to Admit Shannon Faulkner to Cadet Corps; ACLU Asks The Citadel to Assure A Smooth Transition For IMMEDIATE RELEASE Friday, July 22, 1994 CHARLESTON -- Ruling in an ACLU case that has drawn national attention, a federal judge today ordered South Carolina's all-male military academy, The Citadel, to admit a woman, ending 152 years of exclusion from the state institution's Corps of Cadets program. "With this historic ruling, The Citadel must open its doors to Shannon Faulkner," said Sara L. Mandelbaum, Acting Director of the American Civil Liberties Union's national Women's Rights Project. "The ACLU calls upon The Citadel to assure her safety and a smooth transition when she enters the Cadet Corps in the Fall." In his decision today, Judge C. Weston Houck of the Federal District Court in Charleston said: "The defendants have failed to articulate an important policy that substantially supports offering the unique benefits of a Citadel-type education to men and not to women, and The Citadel's refusal to admit Faulkner to its Corps of Cadets because of her sex violates her constitutional rights under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution." On January 20, 1994, Faulkner became the first woman to enroll and attend classes along side cadets at The Citadel, which is a public institution. Today's ruling permits Faulkner to enroll in The Citadel's rigorous Corps of Cadets program in the Fall. The ruling grants The Citadel another 60 days to devise a remedial plan for meeting constitutional requirements for the admission of other women. A hearing may take place concerning that plan. If the school can not come up with a plan that meets the court's approval, it will be required to admit all eligible women for the 1995-96 school year. "Shannon Faulkner epitomizes the very qualities The Citadel seeks in its students -- leadership, persistence, honor and dignity," said Steve Bates, Executive Director of the ACLU of South Carolina. "We are pleased that she will be able to attend The Citadel as a cadet and we hope she can now get on with her education." The ACLU first took on Faulkner's case in February of 1993. As a high school senior, she had applied to The Citadel's Corps of Cadets program. A first-rate student and varsity athlete with a gender neutral name, she was accepted on her merit because the school did not realize she was a woman. When The Citadel discovered that she was female, it rescinded her acceptance. The ACLU subsequently filed Faulkner v. Jones, challenging The Citadel's males-only policy in its Corps of Cadets program. In addition to Faulkner v. Jones, the ACLU is also challenging The Citadel's policy of denying women admission to its day program for veterans in Johnson v. Jones. A decision in that case is now pending before the Fourth Circuit. Shannon Faulkner is represented by the ACLU's Mandelbaum, the ACLU of South Carolina, Henry Weisburg of the law firm of Shearman and Sterling, New York attorney Val Vojdik, Charleston attorney Robert Black and Greenville attorney Sue Coe. --endit-- ============================================================= ACLU Free Reading Room | A publications and information resource of the gopher://aclu.org:6601 | American Civil Liberties Union National Office ftp://aclu.org | mailto:infoaclu@aclu.org | "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty"

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